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Irish potato famine


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A simple explanation of the causes of the Irish Famine 1845-1850

A simple explanation of the causes of the Irish Famine 1845-1850

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  • 1. Irish Potato Famine
  • 2. Potato Blight
    • Blight is caused by a fungus...the withered leaves here are a symptom
  • 3. The potato rots and is inedible
  • 4. Blight can still occur in Ireland
  • 5. Farmers must spray crops
  • 6. Absentee Landlords had tenants evicted if they couldn’t pay their rent..
  • 7. The Famine reduced the Population of Ireland drastically...
    • d graph
  • 8. Historians say there was plenty of food...
    • One of the most remarkable facts about the famine period is that there was an average monthly export of food from Ireland worth 100,000 Pound Sterling. Almost throughout the five-year famine, Ireland remained a net exporter of food.
    • Dr. Christine Kinealy, a fellow at the University of Liverpool and the author of two scholarly texts on the Irish Famine: This Great Calamity and A Death-Dealing Famine , says that 9,992 calves were exported from Ireland to England during "Black'47", an increase of thirty-three percent from the previous year. In the twelve months following the second failure of the potato crop, 4,000 horses and ponies were exported. The export of livestock to Britain (with the exception of pigs) increased during the "famine". The export of bacon and ham increased. In total, over three million live animals were exported from Ireland between 1846-50, more than the number of people who emigrated during the famine years.
    • Dr. Kinealy's most recent work is documented in the spring, 1998 issue of "History Ireland". She states that almost 4,000 vessels carried food from Ireland to the ports of Bristol, Glasgow, Liverpool and London during 1847, when 400,000 Irish men, women and children died of starvation and related diseases. The food was shipped under guard from the most famine-stricken parts of Ireland: Ballina, Ballyshannon, Bantry, Dingle, Killala, Kilrush, Limerick , Sligo, Tralee and Westport.
  • 9. The food however belonged to the Landlords...below is a picture of people attacking a food warehouse
  • 10. 1 million died, another million emigrated...between 1845-1850
    • Famine memorials can be found in many cities..this one is in New York