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Mayan civilization

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  • 1. The mayans
    • By: Dane Tahbaz
  • 2. Government
    • In the Mayan civilization, Priests were the most revered political figures.
    • They ran the government, ruled the cities and led religious festivals.
    • Lord Pakal was one of the most remembered Priests/Kings in Mayan history.
  • 3. art
    • Carvings and reliefs were some of the primary focuses of Mayan Artists. They used stucco to create these masterpieces.
    • Mayan pottery and ceramics are also highly valued artifacts.
  • 4. Architecture
    • The most recognizable Mayan Architecture is undoubtedly the enormous stepped pyramids erected during the pre-classical period.
    • An especially famous Mayan pyramid is Tikal, situated deep in the rain forests of Guatemala.
    • The pyramid dates back all the way back to the 4th century bc.
  • 5. Writing system
    • Mayan writing system consisted of a combination of phonetic symbols and logograms.
    • It is said to be the only writing system of the New World to completely represent the civilization’s spoke language.
    • Presently, over 10,000 million Mayan texts have been recovered.
  • 6. Religion
    • Very similar in belief to the Aztecs and Incas, the Mayans possessed a polytheistic religion.
    • Mayan religion coincided with the celestial and terrestrial cycles. The Mayan priest was in charge of interpreting these cycles and relaying their meaning to the Mayan people.
    • Similar to many mainstream religions, the Mayans believed in an underworld, earth, and the heavens.
  • 7. Agriculture
    • Plant cultivation was fairly difficult in Mayan territory because of the less than stellar condition of soil.
    • Mayans would practice slash and burn techniques in order to gain more land as well as enrich the soil.
    • Mayans had four staple crops which the livelihood of their civilization depended upon. These were maize, squash, beans and chili pepper.
  • 8. Mathematics
    • Mayan mathematicians were the first in the world to develop the concept of zero. This demonstrates how advanced the society was.
    • Their mathematic prowess allowed them to make extremely accurate celestial observations and predictions.
  • 9. Mayan Collapse
    • Archaeological evidence shows that the Mayan Civilization collapsed shortly after their peak in the classic periods.
    • No definitive answer has been established but many theories have been postulated on the subject.
    • Crop failure as a result of drought, foreign invasion, overpopulation, widespread revolt, and a collapse of trade routes are all possibilities.
  • 10. sources
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_civilization
    • http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/latinamerica/meso/cultures/maya.html

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