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The mayans <ul><li>By: Dane Tahbaz </li></ul>
Government  <ul><li>In the Mayan civilization, Priests were the most revered political figures.  </li></ul><ul><li>They ra...
art <ul><li>Carvings and reliefs were some of the primary focuses of Mayan Artists.  They used stucco to create these mast...
Architecture <ul><li>The most recognizable Mayan Architecture is undoubtedly the enormous stepped pyramids erected during ...
Writing system <ul><li>Mayan writing system consisted of a combination of phonetic symbols and logograms.  </li></ul><ul><...
Religion <ul><li>Very similar in belief to the Aztecs and Incas, the Mayans possessed a polytheistic religion.  </li></ul>...
Agriculture <ul><li>Plant cultivation was fairly difficult in Mayan territory because of the less than stellar condition o...
Mathematics <ul><li>Mayan mathematicians were the first in the world to develop the concept of zero.  This demonstrates ho...
Mayan Collapse <ul><li>Archaeological evidence shows that the Mayan Civilization collapsed shortly after their peak in the...
sources <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_civilization </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/la...
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Mayan civilization

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Transcript of "Mayan civilization"

  1. 1. The mayans <ul><li>By: Dane Tahbaz </li></ul>
  2. 2. Government <ul><li>In the Mayan civilization, Priests were the most revered political figures. </li></ul><ul><li>They ran the government, ruled the cities and led religious festivals. </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Pakal was one of the most remembered Priests/Kings in Mayan history. </li></ul>
  3. 3. art <ul><li>Carvings and reliefs were some of the primary focuses of Mayan Artists. They used stucco to create these masterpieces. </li></ul><ul><li>Mayan pottery and ceramics are also highly valued artifacts. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Architecture <ul><li>The most recognizable Mayan Architecture is undoubtedly the enormous stepped pyramids erected during the pre-classical period. </li></ul><ul><li>An especially famous Mayan pyramid is Tikal, situated deep in the rain forests of Guatemala. </li></ul><ul><li>The pyramid dates back all the way back to the 4th century bc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Writing system <ul><li>Mayan writing system consisted of a combination of phonetic symbols and logograms. </li></ul><ul><li>It is said to be the only writing system of the New World to completely represent the civilization’s spoke language. </li></ul><ul><li>Presently, over 10,000 million Mayan texts have been recovered. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religion <ul><li>Very similar in belief to the Aztecs and Incas, the Mayans possessed a polytheistic religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Mayan religion coincided with the celestial and terrestrial cycles. The Mayan priest was in charge of interpreting these cycles and relaying their meaning to the Mayan people. </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to many mainstream religions, the Mayans believed in an underworld, earth, and the heavens. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Agriculture <ul><li>Plant cultivation was fairly difficult in Mayan territory because of the less than stellar condition of soil. </li></ul><ul><li>Mayans would practice slash and burn techniques in order to gain more land as well as enrich the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>Mayans had four staple crops which the livelihood of their civilization depended upon. These were maize, squash, beans and chili pepper. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mathematics <ul><li>Mayan mathematicians were the first in the world to develop the concept of zero. This demonstrates how advanced the society was. </li></ul><ul><li>Their mathematic prowess allowed them to make extremely accurate celestial observations and predictions. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mayan Collapse <ul><li>Archaeological evidence shows that the Mayan Civilization collapsed shortly after their peak in the classic periods. </li></ul><ul><li>No definitive answer has been established but many theories have been postulated on the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Crop failure as a result of drought, foreign invasion, overpopulation, widespread revolt, and a collapse of trade routes are all possibilities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. sources <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_civilization </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/latinamerica/meso/cultures/maya.html </li></ul>
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