Tiny Summary of Renaissance SculptureEarly Renaissance High Renaissance Late Renaissance ca. 1400-1500 ca. 1500-25 ca. 1525-1600Ghiberti, Donatello Michelangelo Giambologna
Renaissance Sculpture• Renaissance can be divided into three periods. The Early Renaissance, during which artistic skill in physical realism and classical composition was developed. These efforts culminated in the High Renaissance, during which artists reached the apex of classical balance, harmony, and restraint. Then came the Late Renaissance, during which severe classicism was relaxed in order to allow for a measure of complexity and dynamism.
Renaissance Sculpture• A distinct sub-movement of Late Renaissance art was mannerism: the deliberate pursuit of novelty and complexity. In sculpture, the mannerist approach resulted in distorted anatomy (e.g. elongated limbs) and complex postures. Many Late Renaissance artists worked in a full-blown mannerist style; those who did not were often influenced by Mannerism, to varying degrees.
Early Renaissance The founder of Renaissance sculpture was Ghiberti, whosemasterpiece is the Gates of Paradise, a pair of bronze doors for the Florence Baptistery.These doors feature tenbiblical scenes renderedwith impressive realism, including deep perspective.
Early Renaissance• Panel from the Gates of • Panel from the Gates of Paradise Paradise
Early Renaissance One of Ghiberti’sassistants, Donatello, became the greatest sculptor of the Early Renaissance. It was Donatello who fully reawakened the classical statue, with Saint Mark. Donatello is alsoresponsible for the first large- scale equestrian statue since antiquity: Gattamelata. His other foremost works include Saint George and David.
Gattamelata Large-scale equestrian statue. Life-size representation of a horse and rider wasand attractive subject for sculptors but did not become possible, due to thecost of execution andtechnical problems to cast the bronze .
High RenaissanceThe uncontested master ofHigh Renaissance sculpture is Michelangelo, whodivided his career between Florence (his hometown) and Rome. Pieta is the foremost of his early works, while his masterpiece, David, is often considered the greatest sculpture of all time. His foremost late work may be Moses.