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Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Trends and Disparities in Homicides and Suicides
in Winnebago County from ...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Motivation
Rockford is rated as the 9th most dangerous city in the US
Homi...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Overview
Previous Work – Harrison, 2008
Examined overall trends in homicid...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Overview
Previous Work – Harrison, 2008
Examined overall trends in homicid...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Methods
Criteria for selection:
1
2
3

Resident of Winnebago County
Mortal...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Methods
Criteria for selection:
1
2
3

Resident of Winnebago County
Mortal...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Overall Trends in Homicides
Crude5Homicide5Rates5per5100,0005Population

C...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Overall Trends in Homicides
Proportion9of9Homicides9Committed9with9a9Firea...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Role of Violent Crime
600

Crude Assault Rates per 100,000 Crime Report

C...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Role of Violent Crime
Proportion of Assaults that Escalated to Homicide
3....
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Demographics
Risk Factors for Homicides
Race

Black

Age Group
15-24
25-34...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Demographics
Risk Factors for Homicides
Race

Black

Age Group
15-24
25-34...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Demographics
Risk Factors for Homicides
Race

Black

Age Group
15-24
25-34...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Locations of Homicides

Jeffrey B. Wang

Winnebago County Homicides and Sui...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Overall Trends in Suicides
Crude7Suicide7Rates7per7100,0007Population
Tota...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Overall Trends in Suicides
Proportion9of9Suicides9Committed9with9a9Firearm...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Demographics
Caucasian males aged 35–44 are roughly two times more likely
...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Summary
Identified major risk groups for homicides and suicides
Homicides: ...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Summary
Identified major risk groups for homicides and suicides
Homicides: ...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Summary
Identified major risk groups for homicides and suicides
Homicides: ...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Future Directions
Establish a local database for homicides and suicides in...
Introduction

Homicides

Suicides

Conclusions

Acknowledgments

Mr. Maichle Bacon,
WCHD
Ms. Kim Binder and Ms.
Becky Bart...
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Trends and Disparities in Homicides and Suicides in Winnebago County from 1968-2010

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A breakdown of the demographics and trends in homicides and suicides in Winnebago County, Illinois.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
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Transcript of "Trends and Disparities in Homicides and Suicides in Winnebago County from 1968-2010"

  1. 1. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Trends and Disparities in Homicides and Suicides in Winnebago County from 1968–2010 Jeffrey B. Wang Harvard University August 20, 2013 Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 1 / 13
  2. 2. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Motivation Rockford is rated as the 9th most dangerous city in the US Homicides and suicides account for 32% of all teenager (15–24) deaths in Illinois Homicides in 2005 cost the state $2.4 trillion CDC, WISQARS, 2012 Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 2 / 13
  3. 3. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Overview Previous Work – Harrison, 2008 Examined overall trends in homicides and suicides in Winnebago from 1979–2005 Identified disparities in suicides from 2000–2005 Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 3 / 13
  4. 4. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Overview Previous Work – Harrison, 2008 Examined overall trends in homicides and suicides in Winnebago from 1979–2005 Identified disparities in suicides from 2000–2005 Objectives Expand focus to existing mortality data from 1968–2010 Cross-reference data to Crime Databases from Illinois State and Rockford PD Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 3 / 13
  5. 5. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Methods Criteria for selection: 1 2 3 Resident of Winnebago County Mortality occured in Winnebago County Primary cause of death ICD coded as suicide or assault Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 4 / 13
  6. 6. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Methods Criteria for selection: 1 2 3 Resident of Winnebago County Mortality occured in Winnebago County Primary cause of death ICD coded as suicide or assault Demographics and mortality data drawn from CDC WONDER Violent crime data extracted from Uniform Crime Reports published by Illinois State Police Homicide demographics and locations acquired from Rockford PD by FOIA Request Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 4 / 13
  7. 7. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Overall Trends in Homicides Crude5Homicide5Rates5per5100,0005Population Crude Rate per 100,000 8 Illinois5Average Total5Homicides 7 6 5 National5Average 4 3 2 Firearm5Homicides 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Year Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 5 / 13
  8. 8. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Overall Trends in Homicides Proportion9of9Homicides9Committed9with9a9Firearm 80 Illinois9Average National9Average Percent 60 Winnebago9County 40 20 0 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Year Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 5 / 13
  9. 9. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Role of Violent Crime 600 Crude Assault Rates per 100,000 Crime Report Crude Rate per 100,000 500 400 300 200 100 0 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 Year Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 6 / 13
  10. 10. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Role of Violent Crime Proportion of Assaults that Escalated to Homicide 3.0 2.5 Percent 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 Year Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 6 / 13
  11. 11. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Demographics Risk Factors for Homicides Race Black Age Group 15-24 25-34 35-44 Other Total 15-24 25-34 35-44 White 45-54 Other Total Jeffrey B. Wang Homicides Rate 42 59.4 35 60.4 17 31.1 13 5.5 107 22 22 18 16 30 25.5 6.1 5.9 4.1 3.6 2.3 108 3.7 Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 7 / 13
  12. 12. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Demographics Risk Factors for Homicides Race Black Age Group 15-24 25-34 35-44 Other Total 15-24 25-34 35-44 White 45-54 Other Total Jeffrey B. Wang Homicides Rate 42 59.4 35 60.4 17 31.1 13 5.5 107 22 22 18 16 30 25.5 6.1 5.9 4.1 3.6 2.3 108 3.7 Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 7 / 13
  13. 13. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Demographics Risk Factors for Homicides Race Black Age Group 15-24 25-34 35-44 Other Total 15-24 25-34 35-44 White 45-54 Other Total Jeffrey B. Wang Homicides Rate 42 59.4 35 60.4 17 31.1 13 5.5 107 22 22 18 16 30 25.5 6.1 5.9 4.1 3.6 2.3 108 3.7 Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 7 / 13
  14. 14. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Locations of Homicides Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 8 / 13
  15. 15. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Overall Trends in Suicides Crude7Suicide7Rates7per7100,0007Population Total7Suicides 14 National7Average Crude Rate per 100,000 12 10 Illinois7Average 8 6 4 Firearm7Homicides 2 0 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Year Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 9 / 13
  16. 16. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Overall Trends in Suicides Proportion9of9Suicides9Committed9with9a9Firearm 70 National9Average 60 Percent 50 40 Illinois9Average 30 Winnebago9County 20 10 0 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Year Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 9 / 13
  17. 17. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Demographics Caucasian males aged 35–44 are roughly two times more likely to commit suicide than average Suicide by asphyxiation and drug overdose are on the rise Age disparities are not nearly as dramatic as those of homicides Due to low-number noise, age breakdown by race or gender is not possible Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 10 / 13
  18. 18. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Summary Identified major risk groups for homicides and suicides Homicides: African American Teens and Young Adults Suicides: Caucasian Middle-Aged Men Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 11 / 13
  19. 19. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Summary Identified major risk groups for homicides and suicides Homicides: African American Teens and Young Adults Suicides: Caucasian Middle-Aged Men Showed that firearm-related homicides are on the rise, whereas firearm-related suicides are declining No clear trends between Firearm Permit Issuance and firearm-related crimes Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 11 / 13
  20. 20. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Summary Identified major risk groups for homicides and suicides Homicides: African American Teens and Young Adults Suicides: Caucasian Middle-Aged Men Showed that firearm-related homicides are on the rise, whereas firearm-related suicides are declining No clear trends between Firearm Permit Issuance and firearm-related crimes Possible implication that homicide problems are reflective of a more general epidemic of violence Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 11 / 13
  21. 21. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Future Directions Establish a local database for homicides and suicides in conjunction with Rockford PD and local hospitals Investigate relationship between number of recovered illegal weapons and homicides Develop intervention and education strategies to deter violent activity among teens Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 12 / 13
  22. 22. Introduction Homicides Suicides Conclusions Acknowledgments Mr. Maichle Bacon, WCHD Ms. Kim Binder and Ms. Becky Bartkowicz, Rockford PD Lieutenant Steve Lyddon, Illinois State Police Jeffrey B. Wang Winnebago County Homicides and Suicides August 20, 2013 13 / 13
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