Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at work
HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7)
Every employer shall ensure that there are in place effective methods for identifying existing hazards, and (if possible before they arise) new hazards to employees at work.
WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is a worried or nervous feeling that makes you unable to relax, or a situation that makes you feel like this.
Lack of focus
TYPES OF STRESSORS
-External environment represented by "nature."
-The "social environment."
-The internal environment. Example sickness and injury
-Psychological condition mostly caused by the above stressors
NEGATIVE STRESS This is a long-term stress that is harmful to your body. It can drain your energy and your ability to perform well. Characteristics:
Causes anxiety or concern
Is perceived as outside of our coping abilities
Can lead to mental and physical problems
POSITIVE STRESS This is a good feeling stress that gives you extra energy to perform at your best. However this is only a short- term feeling. Characteristics:
Motivates, focuses energy
SYMPTOMS OF STRESS
High blood pressure
Affects your thinking
Lack of concentration
Seeing only the negative
Anxious or racing thoughts
Drug or alcohol abuse
Irritability or short temper
Agitation, inability to relax
Sense of loneliness and isolation
Depression or general unhappiness
STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES
Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as;
Heart Attack and High blood pressure
COSTS OF STRESS Stress Statistics
Stress is recognized as the number one killer today. The American Medical Association stated that stress was the cause of 80 to 85 percent of all human illness and disease or at the very least had a detrimental effect on our health.
In 2005/6 work related stress, depression and anxiety cost Great Britain in excess of £530 million. The number of workers who had sought medical advice for what they believed to be work related stress increased by 110,000 to an estimated 530,000.
Stress at Work
FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS
The drive for success
Changing work patterns
Relationship at work
Causes of Stress
External Stresses - Organisational
Poor employee benefits
Fast paced work
Increasing number of redundant
Consistent poor performance
External Stresses - Major Life Events
Change in financial status
Death of a loved one
Minor violations of the law
Internal stress remain in our bodies, unknown to us, in the form of emotions. They are also restrictions that have been imposed on us by our parents, our teachers and various authority figures that have taught us what to do and more importantly, what not to do.
When internal stressors interact with the internal stressors it creates arousal in our body systems, then it will become stress.
Take 40 deep slow diaphragmatic breaths each day.
Use regular relaxation periods for work breaks.
Get regular exercise.
Eat healthy foods.
Get focused on new directions and regular planning.
Have a positive attitude.
Protect yourself from negative co-workers and relationships.