In most tales, the hero eventually encounters a female of the utmost beauty.
This female can be a goddess, a lover, a mother, a sister, mistress, bride, a family member, or whomever the Hero has admired throughout the story.
The goddess in most tales represents sublimity to the Hero.
In many tales, the goddess serves as a guide to the Hero and assists him. The goddess may show the Hero the way to his final destination or she may provide him with an amulet to help him on his journey.
The meeting with the goddess is the final test of the talent of the hero to win the boon of love.
One great example of a meeting with the goddess is when King Arthur meets the Lady in the Water.
The father provides the hero with an initiation. At the initiation, the father tends to shatter the ego of the hero.
The Hero must put his self aside and do what is right for mankind.
One great example of this atonement is when Luke must accept the fact that his nemesis, Darth Vader, is his father. Once he can accept the fact that Darth Vader (Anakin) is his father, he can take down the empire.
The self-contradictory father takes two forms, that of the blessing, and that of the curse
Each of these beings is described as appearing one of two ways:
The father, when bringing blessings to the world, appears with his attendants applying oil and fragrances to his beautiful skin
The father, when bringing a curse, however, appears as our conception of the grim reaper, with scabs and sores all over his body, his attendants gathering up the maggots that are falling from his person
These two sides of the father could possibly indicate the two sides of God that people see; i.e., that of a God who protects and blesses them, and /or that of a God who punishes them
Close relationship between myth, psychology, and metaphysics
Psychoanalysis- a technique to cure excessively suffering individuals of the unconsciously misdirected desires and hostilities that weave around them their private webs of unreal terrors and ambivalent attractions
The aim of religious teaching is to detach people from delusion all together
Ex: Nirvana- the final “extirpation of delusion, desire, and hostility”- the mind rests in its true state
Image of indestructibility is represented in the folk idea of the “spiritual double” – an external soul not afflicted by the losses and injuries of the present body, but existing safely in some place removed
Ex: Odysseus- wants his reputation to live on forever