Poetry Explication
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Poetry Explication

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Introduction to poetry explication.

Introduction to poetry explication.

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Poetry Explication Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Explicating Poetry What It Is and How to Do It
  • 2. What is Explication? • Analysis of a poem • Describes meaning • Describes relationships of words, images, and other parts of a poem • Connects poem’s plot and conflicts with its structure
  • 3. Preparing to Write • Read poem silently, then read it aloud • Think of it as a dramatic situation, audience address • Identify and describe the voice or voices • Identify and describe conflicts and ideas • Describe language used
  • 4. The Design • Identify who, what, when, where, why, and how • Form (sonnet? sestina? free verse?) • Rhetoric • Syntax • Vocabulary
  • 5. Patterns • Rhetorical patterns • Rhyme • Sound patterns • Visual patterns • Rhythm and meter
  • 6. Metrical Terms to Know • Meter: recurrence of regular beats • Foot: basic unit of meter • Iambic (iamb): foot of poetry with unstressed syllable followed by stressed • Trochaic (trochee): foot of poetry with stressed syllable followed by unstressed • Anapestic (anapest): foot of poetry with two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed • Dactylic (dactyl): foot of poetry with one stressed syllable followed by two stressed
  • 7. Types of Meter • Monometer: one beat • Dimeter: two beats • Trimeter: three beats • Tetrameter: four beats • Pentameter: five beats • Hexameter: six beats
  • 8. Scansion • To “scan” a poem = to determine its metrical pattern
  • 9. Rhythm • How a line is spoken, e.g. iambic pentameter
  • 10. Writing the Explication • First paragraph: discuss large issues (who, what, when, where, why, how), conflicts, dramatic situation of speaker • Next paragraphs discuss details of form, rhetoric, syntax, vocabulary • The conclusion: sound effects and visual patterns to assert explanation
  • 11. Tips • Refer to the speaker of the poem as “the speaker” or “the poet”; the speaker may not necessarily be the poet • Use present tense • Avoid uses of the verb “to be”
  • 12. Good Verbs dramatizes asserts contrasts addresses presents posits juxtaposes emphasizes illustrates enacts suggests stresses characterizes connects implies accentuates underlines portrays shows enables