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Usability test ofballot paper prototypes fortablet -design iterationsUniversity of BaltimoreDrew DaviesDana ChisnellKathry...
Iteration 1
Iteration 2 Localizes the ballot for the testing location.
Iteration 3Reorients to verticalfrom horizontal,getting ready for tinyscreens.
Instructions to voters
Iteration 1 Appears after the title screen. Text comes from NIST research.
Iteration 2 Corrects emphasis in the first paragraph.
Iteration 3 Added illustration, which did not seem to help.
Iteration 4Moved from horizontalto vertical changes theproportions, whichfeels different.
Iteration 5Added a simplerillustration back intothe vertical version.
Help versionHere we added apointer to thesupplemental contentthat acts like contexthelp.
Straight party voting
Iteration 1 The NIST ballot includes straight-party.
Iteration 2 Expands explanation of straight-party voting.
Iteration 2, selected state
Iteration 3 Paring down the instructions substantially.
Iteration 4 Simplifying wording, and adding paragraph breaks.
Iteration 5Vertical layoutenforces order. Weadded (i) buttons forsupplemental content.
Vote for 1
Iteration 1 Showing the number of choices remaining was helpful.
Iteration 1, selected state
Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions for changing votes.
Leads to                                                                             information              Information ...
Supplemental content, iteration 1
Supplemental content, iteration 1
Supplemental content, iteration 1
Iteration 4Vertical, with minimalinstructions.
Supplementalcontent,iteration 2In addition to goingvertical, we addedsimplified illustrations.
Supplementalcontent,iteration 2
Multi-candidatecontests
Iteration 1
Iteration 1, selected state Avoiding a testing artifact, we changed party names.
Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions for changing votes.
Iteration 2, content scrolled down
Iteration 2, content scrolled to end
Iteration 3Vertical format,minimal instructions.
Iteration 3,contentscrolled
Iteration 4
Iteration 4,scrolledWe still have questionsabout how scrollingshould work.
Judge retentioncontests
Iteration 1
Iteration 2 Changing the order of and shortening instructions.
Iteration 3Vertical, minimalist.
Referenda
Iteration 1 Note “Yes” or “No.”
Iteration 2, and selected state
Iteration 3 Correcting the instructions on changing votes. Switching to “For” and“Against.” The literature is unclear abou...
Iteration 4Staying with “For” and“Against” for thevertical version posedno problems.
Ballot measures
Iteration 1
Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions on changing votes.
Iteration 3 Localizing the state the ballot measure applies to.
Iteration 4Pared-downinstructions, and roomfor a question that canbe answered “Yes” or“No.”
Write-ins
Iteration 1 Instructions from the NIST study.
Iteration 1
Iteration 2Vertical version, withminimal instructions,focusing on whatwould invalidate thevote.
Iteration 2
Supplementalcontent,iteration 1Touching the (i) leadsto the instructions thatused to be on thesurface screen.
Reviewing votes
Iteration 1
Note the                                      use of the                                      word,                       ...
Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 3)
Iteration 1, scrolled to the end
Iteration 2Vertical format, withwording change in thescroll button.
Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 2)
Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 3)
Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 4)
Iteration 3,scrolled down(page 4)
Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 2)Revelation! “Choices”means there are stillmore choices to make.Wording changes bothin the...
Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 3)The wording changesand simple instructionshelped participantsunderstand thepurpose and us...
Supplementalcontent,iteration 1
Changing a vote
Iteration 1
Iteration 2Changing the buttonlabel to telegraph thenavigation.
Iteration 3
Iteration 4
Casting the vote
Iteration 1
Iteration 1
Iteration 2We’re hoping that thevertical format willscale well to tinyscreens.
Iteration 2
18 participants4 days16 versions
Next:Usability testing ofdigital prototypesmid-January 2013
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Transcript of "Iterations paper prototype"

  1. 1. Usability test ofballot paper prototypes fortablet -design iterationsUniversity of BaltimoreDrew DaviesDana ChisnellKathryn SummersMegan McKeeverNovember 11-14, 2012
  2. 2. Iteration 1
  3. 3. Iteration 2 Localizes the ballot for the testing location.
  4. 4. Iteration 3Reorients to verticalfrom horizontal,getting ready for tinyscreens.
  5. 5. Instructions to voters
  6. 6. Iteration 1 Appears after the title screen. Text comes from NIST research.
  7. 7. Iteration 2 Corrects emphasis in the first paragraph.
  8. 8. Iteration 3 Added illustration, which did not seem to help.
  9. 9. Iteration 4Moved from horizontalto vertical changes theproportions, whichfeels different.
  10. 10. Iteration 5Added a simplerillustration back intothe vertical version.
  11. 11. Help versionHere we added apointer to thesupplemental contentthat acts like contexthelp.
  12. 12. Straight party voting
  13. 13. Iteration 1 The NIST ballot includes straight-party.
  14. 14. Iteration 2 Expands explanation of straight-party voting.
  15. 15. Iteration 2, selected state
  16. 16. Iteration 3 Paring down the instructions substantially.
  17. 17. Iteration 4 Simplifying wording, and adding paragraph breaks.
  18. 18. Iteration 5Vertical layoutenforces order. Weadded (i) buttons forsupplemental content.
  19. 19. Vote for 1
  20. 20. Iteration 1 Showing the number of choices remaining was helpful.
  21. 21. Iteration 1, selected state
  22. 22. Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions for changing votes.
  23. 23. Leads to information Information about the about contest marking the ballot for this contest Position statements from the candidatesIteration 3 Removing most instructions and adding entry to supplemental content.
  24. 24. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  25. 25. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  26. 26. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  27. 27. Iteration 4Vertical, with minimalinstructions.
  28. 28. Supplementalcontent,iteration 2In addition to goingvertical, we addedsimplified illustrations.
  29. 29. Supplementalcontent,iteration 2
  30. 30. Multi-candidatecontests
  31. 31. Iteration 1
  32. 32. Iteration 1, selected state Avoiding a testing artifact, we changed party names.
  33. 33. Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions for changing votes.
  34. 34. Iteration 2, content scrolled down
  35. 35. Iteration 2, content scrolled to end
  36. 36. Iteration 3Vertical format,minimal instructions.
  37. 37. Iteration 3,contentscrolled
  38. 38. Iteration 4
  39. 39. Iteration 4,scrolledWe still have questionsabout how scrollingshould work.
  40. 40. Judge retentioncontests
  41. 41. Iteration 1
  42. 42. Iteration 2 Changing the order of and shortening instructions.
  43. 43. Iteration 3Vertical, minimalist.
  44. 44. Referenda
  45. 45. Iteration 1 Note “Yes” or “No.”
  46. 46. Iteration 2, and selected state
  47. 47. Iteration 3 Correcting the instructions on changing votes. Switching to “For” and“Against.” The literature is unclear about whether it’s better than “Yes” and “No.”
  48. 48. Iteration 4Staying with “For” and“Against” for thevertical version posedno problems.
  49. 49. Ballot measures
  50. 50. Iteration 1
  51. 51. Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions on changing votes.
  52. 52. Iteration 3 Localizing the state the ballot measure applies to.
  53. 53. Iteration 4Pared-downinstructions, and roomfor a question that canbe answered “Yes” or“No.”
  54. 54. Write-ins
  55. 55. Iteration 1 Instructions from the NIST study.
  56. 56. Iteration 1
  57. 57. Iteration 2Vertical version, withminimal instructions,focusing on whatwould invalidate thevote.
  58. 58. Iteration 2
  59. 59. Supplementalcontent,iteration 1Touching the (i) leadsto the instructions thatused to be on thesurface screen.
  60. 60. Reviewing votes
  61. 61. Iteration 1
  62. 62. Note the use of the word, “choices”Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 2)
  63. 63. Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 3)
  64. 64. Iteration 1, scrolled to the end
  65. 65. Iteration 2Vertical format, withwording change in thescroll button.
  66. 66. Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 2)
  67. 67. Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 3)
  68. 68. Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 4)
  69. 69. Iteration 3,scrolled down(page 4)
  70. 70. Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 2)Revelation! “Choices”means there are stillmore choices to make.Wording changes bothin the title and thebutton label.
  71. 71. Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 3)The wording changesand simple instructionshelped participantsunderstand thepurpose and use ofthe Review.
  72. 72. Supplementalcontent,iteration 1
  73. 73. Changing a vote
  74. 74. Iteration 1
  75. 75. Iteration 2Changing the buttonlabel to telegraph thenavigation.
  76. 76. Iteration 3
  77. 77. Iteration 4
  78. 78. Casting the vote
  79. 79. Iteration 1
  80. 80. Iteration 1
  81. 81. Iteration 2We’re hoping that thevertical format willscale well to tinyscreens.
  82. 82. Iteration 2
  83. 83. 18 participants4 days16 versions
  84. 84. Next:Usability testing ofdigital prototypesmid-January 2013
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