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Iterations paper prototype

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  • 1. Usability test ofballot paper prototypes fortablet -design iterationsUniversity of BaltimoreDrew DaviesDana ChisnellKathryn SummersMegan McKeeverNovember 11-14, 2012
  • 2. Iteration 1
  • 3. Iteration 2 Localizes the ballot for the testing location.
  • 4. Iteration 3Reorients to verticalfrom horizontal,getting ready for tinyscreens.
  • 5. Instructions to voters
  • 6. Iteration 1 Appears after the title screen. Text comes from NIST research.
  • 7. Iteration 2 Corrects emphasis in the first paragraph.
  • 8. Iteration 3 Added illustration, which did not seem to help.
  • 9. Iteration 4Moved from horizontalto vertical changes theproportions, whichfeels different.
  • 10. Iteration 5Added a simplerillustration back intothe vertical version.
  • 11. Help versionHere we added apointer to thesupplemental contentthat acts like contexthelp.
  • 12. Straight party voting
  • 13. Iteration 1 The NIST ballot includes straight-party.
  • 14. Iteration 2 Expands explanation of straight-party voting.
  • 15. Iteration 2, selected state
  • 16. Iteration 3 Paring down the instructions substantially.
  • 17. Iteration 4 Simplifying wording, and adding paragraph breaks.
  • 18. Iteration 5Vertical layoutenforces order. Weadded (i) buttons forsupplemental content.
  • 19. Vote for 1
  • 20. Iteration 1 Showing the number of choices remaining was helpful.
  • 21. Iteration 1, selected state
  • 22. Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions for changing votes.
  • 23. Leads to information Information about the about contest marking the ballot for this contest Position statements from the candidatesIteration 3 Removing most instructions and adding entry to supplemental content.
  • 24. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  • 25. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  • 26. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  • 27. Iteration 4Vertical, with minimalinstructions.
  • 28. Supplementalcontent,iteration 2In addition to goingvertical, we addedsimplified illustrations.
  • 29. Supplementalcontent,iteration 2
  • 30. Multi-candidatecontests
  • 31. Iteration 1
  • 32. Iteration 1, selected state Avoiding a testing artifact, we changed party names.
  • 33. Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions for changing votes.
  • 34. Iteration 2, content scrolled down
  • 35. Iteration 2, content scrolled to end
  • 36. Iteration 3Vertical format,minimal instructions.
  • 37. Iteration 3,contentscrolled
  • 38. Iteration 4
  • 39. Iteration 4,scrolledWe still have questionsabout how scrollingshould work.
  • 40. Judge retentioncontests
  • 41. Iteration 1
  • 42. Iteration 2 Changing the order of and shortening instructions.
  • 43. Iteration 3Vertical, minimalist.
  • 44. Referenda
  • 45. Iteration 1 Note “Yes” or “No.”
  • 46. Iteration 2, and selected state
  • 47. Iteration 3 Correcting the instructions on changing votes. Switching to “For” and“Against.” The literature is unclear about whether it’s better than “Yes” and “No.”
  • 48. Iteration 4Staying with “For” and“Against” for thevertical version posedno problems.
  • 49. Ballot measures
  • 50. Iteration 1
  • 51. Iteration 2 Correcting the instructions on changing votes.
  • 52. Iteration 3 Localizing the state the ballot measure applies to.
  • 53. Iteration 4Pared-downinstructions, and roomfor a question that canbe answered “Yes” or“No.”
  • 54. Write-ins
  • 55. Iteration 1 Instructions from the NIST study.
  • 56. Iteration 1
  • 57. Iteration 2Vertical version, withminimal instructions,focusing on whatwould invalidate thevote.
  • 58. Iteration 2
  • 59. Supplementalcontent,iteration 1Touching the (i) leadsto the instructions thatused to be on thesurface screen.
  • 60. Reviewing votes
  • 61. Iteration 1
  • 62. Note the use of the word, “choices”Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 2)
  • 63. Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 3)
  • 64. Iteration 1, scrolled to the end
  • 65. Iteration 2Vertical format, withwording change in thescroll button.
  • 66. Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 2)
  • 67. Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 3)
  • 68. Iteration 2,scrolled down(page 4)
  • 69. Iteration 3,scrolled down(page 4)
  • 70. Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 2)Revelation! “Choices”means there are stillmore choices to make.Wording changes bothin the title and thebutton label.
  • 71. Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 3)The wording changesand simple instructionshelped participantsunderstand thepurpose and use ofthe Review.
  • 72. Supplementalcontent,iteration 1
  • 73. Changing a vote
  • 74. Iteration 1
  • 75. Iteration 2Changing the buttonlabel to telegraph thenavigation.
  • 76. Iteration 3
  • 77. Iteration 4
  • 78. Casting the vote
  • 79. Iteration 1
  • 80. Iteration 1
  • 81. Iteration 2We’re hoping that thevertical format willscale well to tinyscreens.
  • 82. Iteration 2
  • 83. 18 participants4 days16 versions
  • 84. Next:Usability testing ofdigital prototypesmid-January 2013