Usability testingAnywhere Ballot:before & afterUniversity of BaltimoreDrew DaviesDana ChisnellKathryn SummersMegan McKeever
PremiseEveryone should vote on the same ballot
BackgroundAVTI workshops in 2012
How might we design anaccessible electionexperience for everyone?Open IDEOAVTI workshops in 2012
What if you could voteanywhere, any time, onany device?
Effective Designs forthe Administration ofElections, 2007Design forDemocracy
NIST IR 7556Report: Language ofInstructions onBallots, 2008Redish, Chisnell,Newby,Laskowski, &Lowry
NIST mediumcomplexity ballotmodified, slightly18 pages
Paper prototype18 participants4 days16 versions
Digital prototype15 participants3 days3-4 versions
Iteration 1
Iteration 3
Instructions to voters
Iteration 1
Help version,paper final
How to vote,final digital
Straight party voting
Iteration 1
Iteration 5
Final digital
Vote for 1
Iteration 1, selected state
Iteration 4
Final digital
Supplemental content, iteration 1
Supplemental content, iteration 1
Supplemental content, iteration 1
Supplementalcontent,iteration 2
Supplementalcontent,iteration 2
Supplementalcontent,digital final
Multi-candidatecontests
Iteration 1
Iteration 1, selected state
Iteration 4
Iteration 4,scrolled
Digital final
Judge retentioncontests
Iteration 1
Iteration 3
Digital final
Referenda
Iteration 1
Iteration 4
Digital final
Ballot measures
Iteration 1
Iteration 4
Digital final
Write-ins
Iteration 1
Iteration 1
Iteration 2
Iteration 2
Supplementalcontent,iteration 1
Digital final
Reviewing votes
Iteration 1
Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 2)
Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 3)
Iteration 1, scrolled to the end
Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 2)
Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 3)
Supplementalcontent,iteration 1
Digital final
Digital final
Digital final
Changing a vote
Iteration 1
Iteration 2
Iteration 3
Iteration 4
Changingvotes,digital iteration1
Changingvotes,digital iteration2
Changingvotes,digital final
Casting the vote
Iteration 1
Iteration 2
Digital final
Iteration 1
Iteration 2
Digital final
2 prototypes33 participants7 days20+ versions
Responsivegood for devicesgood for UOCAVAgood for accessibility standards
Prevents user errorserror managementtyped write-inhelps voters see impact of straight-party voting
Focuses on ballotmarkingconnect to any EMSoutput in an appropriate format
Can run on COTSdevicesmore accessible (own pointer, ownscreen reader)software independent
Not “voting over theInternet”assume appropriate election systemcan produce printed ballot to castlogic is local (no trips ...
Anywhere ballotdesigned to be responsive to different formatsworks on any deviceaccessible for voters with disabilities
How can it be part of asecure, verifiableelection system? Who will it help? How will it help them? What voter need does it ...
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Anywhere Ballot iterations

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For a talk I gave with Whitney Quesenbery at EVN 2013 in Atlanta, GA.

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Anywhere Ballot iterations

  1. 1. Usability testingAnywhere Ballot:before & afterUniversity of BaltimoreDrew DaviesDana ChisnellKathryn SummersMegan McKeever
  2. 2. PremiseEveryone should vote on the same ballot
  3. 3. BackgroundAVTI workshops in 2012
  4. 4. How might we design anaccessible electionexperience for everyone?Open IDEOAVTI workshops in 2012
  5. 5. What if you could voteanywhere, any time, onany device?
  6. 6. Effective Designs forthe Administration ofElections, 2007Design forDemocracy
  7. 7. NIST IR 7556Report: Language ofInstructions onBallots, 2008Redish, Chisnell,Newby,Laskowski, &Lowry
  8. 8. NIST mediumcomplexity ballotmodified, slightly18 pages
  9. 9. Paper prototype18 participants4 days16 versions
  10. 10. Digital prototype15 participants3 days3-4 versions
  11. 11. Iteration 1
  12. 12. Iteration 3
  13. 13. Instructions to voters
  14. 14. Iteration 1
  15. 15. Help version,paper final
  16. 16. How to vote,final digital
  17. 17. Straight party voting
  18. 18. Iteration 1
  19. 19. Iteration 5
  20. 20. Final digital
  21. 21. Vote for 1
  22. 22. Iteration 1, selected state
  23. 23. Iteration 4
  24. 24. Final digital
  25. 25. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  26. 26. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  27. 27. Supplemental content, iteration 1
  28. 28. Supplementalcontent,iteration 2
  29. 29. Supplementalcontent,iteration 2
  30. 30. Supplementalcontent,digital final
  31. 31. Multi-candidatecontests
  32. 32. Iteration 1
  33. 33. Iteration 1, selected state
  34. 34. Iteration 4
  35. 35. Iteration 4,scrolled
  36. 36. Digital final
  37. 37. Judge retentioncontests
  38. 38. Iteration 1
  39. 39. Iteration 3
  40. 40. Digital final
  41. 41. Referenda
  42. 42. Iteration 1
  43. 43. Iteration 4
  44. 44. Digital final
  45. 45. Ballot measures
  46. 46. Iteration 1
  47. 47. Iteration 4
  48. 48. Digital final
  49. 49. Write-ins
  50. 50. Iteration 1
  51. 51. Iteration 1
  52. 52. Iteration 2
  53. 53. Iteration 2
  54. 54. Supplementalcontent,iteration 1
  55. 55. Digital final
  56. 56. Reviewing votes
  57. 57. Iteration 1
  58. 58. Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 2)
  59. 59. Iteration 1, scrolled down (page 3)
  60. 60. Iteration 1, scrolled to the end
  61. 61. Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 2)
  62. 62. Iteration 4,scrolled down(page 3)
  63. 63. Supplementalcontent,iteration 1
  64. 64. Digital final
  65. 65. Digital final
  66. 66. Digital final
  67. 67. Changing a vote
  68. 68. Iteration 1
  69. 69. Iteration 2
  70. 70. Iteration 3
  71. 71. Iteration 4
  72. 72. Changingvotes,digital iteration1
  73. 73. Changingvotes,digital iteration2
  74. 74. Changingvotes,digital final
  75. 75. Casting the vote
  76. 76. Iteration 1
  77. 77. Iteration 2
  78. 78. Digital final
  79. 79. Iteration 1
  80. 80. Iteration 2
  81. 81. Digital final
  82. 82. 2 prototypes33 participants7 days20+ versions
  83. 83. Responsivegood for devicesgood for UOCAVAgood for accessibility standards
  84. 84. Prevents user errorserror managementtyped write-inhelps voters see impact of straight-party voting
  85. 85. Focuses on ballotmarkingconnect to any EMSoutput in an appropriate format
  86. 86. Can run on COTSdevicesmore accessible (own pointer, ownscreen reader)software independent
  87. 87. Not “voting over theInternet”assume appropriate election systemcan produce printed ballot to castlogic is local (no trips to the server)
  88. 88. Anywhere ballotdesigned to be responsive to different formatsworks on any deviceaccessible for voters with disabilities
  89. 89. How can it be part of asecure, verifiableelection system? Who will it help? How will it help them? What voter need does it meet?
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