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US Labor Movement

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US Labor Movement slide show for Social Movements class.

US Labor Movement slide show for Social Movements class.

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  • 1. U.S Labor Movement
    1830 – 1940
    By Dana Hartman
  • 2. 1830 - 1860
    1834 – The “Mill Girls” of Lowell, Massachusetts go on strike to protest wage cuts.
    1835 – Philadelphians strike for a hour work day.
    1847 - New Hampshire enacts first state 10-hour-day law
    1860 – Shoemaker’s strike in New England.
  • 3. 1860 - 1890
    1866 – National Labor Union is founded.
    1877 – Great uprising of railroad workers begins in Martinsburg, Virginia.
    “Molly Maguires”, or Irish coal workers, hanged in Pennsylvania.
    1882 – First Labor Day celebrations take place.
    1885 – Knights of Labor founded in Chicago.
    1886 – American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded. The first president was Samuel Gompers.
  • 4. 1890 - 1900
    1890 – Carpenters’ Union strikes and wins the 8 hour day.
    1894 – The Pullman Strike; railroad workers boycott Pullman sleeping cars.
    1898 – Erdman Act prohibits discrimination against railroad workers for being in a union.
  • 5. 1900 - 1910
    1900 – U.S Industrial Commission declares trade unions good for democracy.
    1903 – Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL) founded.
    1905 – Industrial Workers of the World founded.
    1909 – Uprising of the 20,000 takes place to protest conditions within the garment industry.
  • 6. 1910 - 1920
    1911 – Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire kills almost 150 workers.
    1912 – “Bread and Roses” textile strike takes place in Lawrence, Mass.
    1913 – Ludlow Massacre kills 20 during a coal miners’ strike
    1919 – Great strike wave across America.
  • 7. 1920 - 1940
    1924 – Samuel Gompers dies, and Willam Green becomes new AFL president.
    1926 – Railway Labor Act is set up.
    1929 – Stock market crashes and Great Depression begins.
    1931 – President Franklin Roosevelt presents the New Deal to Congress.
    1935 – National Relations Act and Social Security Act passed.
    Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) formed.
    1937 - Auto Workers win sit-down strike against General Motors in Flint, Michigan.
    1938 - Fair Labor Standards Act establishes first minimum wage and 40-hour week.
  • 8. Sources
    "Labor History Timeline." Aflcio.org - America's Union Movement. AFL-CIO. Web. 03 July 2011. <http://www.aflcio.org/aboutus/history/history/timeline.cfm>.
    Lutins, Allen. "An Eclectic List of Events in U.S. Labor History." Web. 03 July 2011. <http://www.lutins.org/labor.html>.