Plant Growth & Development

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Plant Growth & Development

  1. 1. Plant Growth & Development Brenda Felix
  2. 2. Goals Brenda Felix
  3. 3. Goals Observe a plant’s growth process from a seedling Brenda Felix
  4. 4. Goals Observe a plant’s growth process from a seedling Determine the crucial roles played by the factors: A Water B Light C Temperature Brenda Felix
  5. 5. Goals Observe a plant’s growth process from a seedling Determine the crucial roles played by the factors: A Water B Light C Temperature Experiment with different environments to analyze effects Brenda Felix
  6. 6. Natural Growth Process Brenda Felix
  7. 7. Natural Growth Process Growth Diagram Radicle (root) -> Shoot -> Cotelydon Brenda Felix
  8. 8. Natural Growth Process Growth Diagram Seed Structures Radicle (root) -> Shoot -> Cotelydon Brenda Felix
  9. 9. Fertilization and Growth Process Brenda Felix
  10. 10. Fertilization and Growth Process Diagram Brenda Felix
  11. 11. Fertilization and Growth Process Ideally, pollination takes place Diagram in flowering plants Brenda Felix
  12. 12. Fertilization and Growth Process Ideally, pollination takes place Diagram in flowering plants In the experiment however, it did not take place Brenda Felix
  13. 13. Fertilization and Growth Process Ideally, pollination takes place Diagram in flowering plants In the experiment however, it did not take place The growth and development was instead observed from a germinating seed. Brenda Felix
  14. 14. Seed Development Brenda Felix
  15. 15. Seed Development Diagram Conceptually, after a seed is planted it would follow through its natural course Brenda Felix
  16. 16. Seed Development Diagram Conceptually, after a seed is planted it would follow through its natural course However, the optimal development of the seed was not achieved in the experiment for various variables that must be taken into account. Brenda Felix
  17. 17. Trial 1 Brenda Felix
  18. 18. Trial 1 Unsuccessful Brenda Felix
  19. 19. Trial 1 Unsuccessful Seedlings failed to develop Brenda Felix
  20. 20. Trial 1 Unsuccessful Seedlings failed to develop OBSERVATIONS A Germinating seeds were planted, but no development occurred Brenda Felix
  21. 21. Trial 1 Unsuccessful Seedlings failed to develop OBSERVATIONS A Germinating seeds were planted, but no development occurred B Exposure to sunlight was from 7 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Brenda Felix
  22. 22. Trial 1 Unsuccessful Seedlings failed to develop OBSERVATIONS A Germinating seeds were planted, but no development occurred B Exposure to sunlight was from 7 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. C Routinely watering at 7 a.m. and when soil was deemed dry Brenda Felix
  23. 23. Trial 1 Unsuccessful Seedlings failed to develop OBSERVATIONS A Germinating seeds were planted, but no development occurred B Exposure to sunlight was from 7 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. C Routinely watering at 7 a.m. and when soil was deemed dry D Routinely watering at 7 a.m. and when soil was deemed dry Brenda Felix
  24. 24. Trial 1 Unsuccessful Seedlings failed to develop OBSERVATIONS A Germinating seeds were planted, but no development occurred B Exposure to sunlight was from 7 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. C Routinely watering at 7 a.m. and when soil was deemed dry D Routinely watering at 7 a.m. and when soil was deemed dry E No flooding took place Brenda Felix
  25. 25. Trial 2 Brenda Felix
  26. 26. Trial 2 Unique to trial New seeds New procedures Brenda Felix
  27. 27. Trial 2 Unique to trial New seeds New procedures OBSERVATIONS Instead of planting immediately after germination, seeds were allowed to continue their growth in petri dishes Brenda Felix
  28. 28. Trial 2 Unique to trial New seeds New procedures OBSERVATIONS Instead of planting immediately after germination, seeds were allowed to continue their growth in petri dishes SUCCESFUL TRIAL A Germinated and develop with more rapidity than trial 1 Brenda Felix
  29. 29. Trial 2 Unique to trial New seeds New procedures OBSERVATIONS Instead of planting immediately after germination, seeds were allowed to continue their growth in petri dishes SUCCESFUL TRIAL A Germinated and develop with more rapidity than trial 1 B However, reached phase 2 only, due to experimentation deadline Brenda Felix
  30. 30. 30.0 Trial 2 Data 22.5 No  Light  (Hours) Sunlight  Exposure  (Hours) 15.0 7.5 Day  1 Day  2 Day  3 Trial 2 Day  4 0 Day  5 Day  6 Exposure to sunlight and darkness correlated with growth Day  7 Brenda Felix
  31. 31. Environment Brenda Felix
  32. 32. Environment Factors A Water Brenda Felix
  33. 33. Environment Factors A Water B Light Brenda Felix
  34. 34. Environment Factors A Water B Light C Temperature Brenda Felix
  35. 35. Analysis: Water Brenda Felix
  36. 36. Analysis: Water Diagram Brenda Felix
  37. 37. Analysis: Water Diagram Water is vital to all plants Brenda Felix
  38. 38. Analysis: Water Diagram Water is vital to all plants It is transported from the roots to the leaves through different processes Brenda Felix
  39. 39. Analysis: Water Transpiration Diagram Brenda Felix
  40. 40. Analysis: Water Transpiration Diagram Process Water enters roots Brenda Felix
  41. 41. Analysis: Water Transpiration Diagram Process Water enters roots N2 aids in transportation Brenda Felix
  42. 42. Analysis: Water Transpiration Diagram Process Water enters roots N2 aids in transportation Translocation Brenda Felix
  43. 43. Analysis: Water Transpiration Diagram Process Water enters roots N2 aids in transportation Translocation Osmosis Brenda Felix
  44. 44. Analysis: Water Transpiration Diagram Process Water enters roots N2 aids in transportation Translocation Osmosis Photosynthesis in the leaves Brenda Felix
  45. 45. Translocation Diagram Brenda Felix
  46. 46. Translocation Diagram Transportation of food with in the phloem from the leaves to roots Brenda Felix
  47. 47. Translocation Diagram Transportation of food with in the phloem from the leaves to roots A sieve tubes Brenda Felix
  48. 48. Translocation Diagram Transportation of food with in the phloem from the leaves to roots A sieve tubes B disaccharide sucrose Brenda Felix
  49. 49. Translocation Diagram Transportation of food with in the phloem from the leaves to roots A sieve tubes B disaccharide sucrose C hormones, amino acids, minerals Brenda Felix
  50. 50. Osmosis Diagram Definition The passage of water from a region of high water concentration through a semi-permeable membrane to a region of low water concentration Brenda Felix
  51. 51. Guard Cells Diagram Brenda Felix
  52. 52. Guard Cells Vital role in Osmosis Diagram Brenda Felix
  53. 53. Guard Cells Vital role in Osmosis Control openings (stomatas) Diagram Brenda Felix
  54. 54. Guard Cells Vital role in Osmosis Control openings (stomatas) Swells and opens when turgid, Diagram or lots of H2O is present Brenda Felix
  55. 55. Guard Cells Vital role in Osmosis Control openings (stomatas) Swells and opens when turgid, Diagram or lots of H2O is present Usually open during the day and closed at night Brenda Felix
  56. 56. Pressure Flow Mechanism Diagram Brenda Felix
  57. 57. Pressure Flow Mechanism Diagram Sugar source location of high amounts of sugar Brenda Felix
  58. 58. Pressure Flow Mechanism Diagram Sugar source location of high amounts of sugar Sugar sink location is low amounts of sugar Brenda Felix
  59. 59. Pressure Flow Mechanism Diagram Sugar source location of high amounts of sugar Sugar sink location is low amounts of sugar Season effects Change from spring to summer directs the flow to roots Brenda Felix
  60. 60. Analysis: Light Diagram Brenda Felix
  61. 61. Analysis: Light Diagram Photosynthesis Process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar Brenda Felix
  62. 62. Analysis: Light Diagram Photosynthesis Process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar Takes place in Chloroplasts Brenda Felix
  63. 63. Analysis: Light Diagram Photosynthesis Process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar Takes place in Chloroplasts Reaction in leaves A Mesophyll Brenda Felix
  64. 64. Analysis: Light Diagram Photosynthesis Process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar Takes place in Chloroplasts Reaction in leaves A Mesophyll B Vascular Bundles Brenda Felix
  65. 65. Analysis: Light Diagram Photosynthesis Process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar Takes place in Chloroplasts Reaction in leaves A Mesophyll B Vascular Bundles C Stomata’s Brenda Felix
  66. 66. Analysis: Light Diagram Photosynthesis Process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar Takes place in Chloroplasts Reaction in leaves A Mesophyll B Vascular Bundles C Stomata’s Light Reaction before Calvin Cycle Brenda Felix
  67. 67. Analysis: Temperature Diagram Brenda Felix
  68. 68. Analysis: Temperature Diagram Temperature’s role is important for the reason that it affects enzymes Brenda Felix
  69. 69. Analysis: Temperature Diagram Temperature’s role is important for the reason that it affects enzymes Dictates the type of plant that may survive in a biome Brenda Felix
  70. 70. Analysis: Temperature Diagram Temperature’s role is important for the reason that it affects enzymes Dictates the type of plant that may survive in a biome In the experiment, temperature was fairly 80-90 degrees Brenda Felix
  71. 71. Conclusion Optimal requirements for plant growth were met in Trial 2, and with the continuum of time, the seed is expected to develop into a plant. Brenda Felix
  72. 72. Plant Growth & Development Brenda Felix

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