Elements   Line     Line is the path of a point moving through     space.
Elements   Shape/Form     Shape implies spatial form and is usually     perceived as two-dimensional. Form has     depth...
Elements   Color     Colors all come from the three primaries and     black and white. They have three properties     – ...
Elements   Valu     Value refers to relative lightness and     darkness and is perceived in terms of     varying levels ...
Elements   Texture     Texture refers to the tactile qualities of a      surface (actual) or to the visual      represen...
Elements   Space/Perspective     Space refers to the area in which art is     organized. Perspective is representing a  ...
Principles   Pattern     Pattern refers to the repetition or      reoccurrence of a design element, exact or      varied...
Principles   Rhythm/Movement     Rhythm or movement refers to the     suggestion of motion through the use of     variou...
Principles   Proportion/Scale Proportion is the size    relationship of parts to a whole and to    one another. Scale ref...
Principles   Balance     Balance is the impression of equilibrium in a     pictorial or sculptural composition. Balance ...
Principles   Unity     Unity is achieved when the components of a     work of art are perceived as     harmonious, givin...
Principles   Emphasis     Emphasis refers to the created center of     interest, the place in an artwork where your     ...
Principles and elements of art
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Principles and elements of art

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Principles and elements of art

  1. 1. Elements Line  Line is the path of a point moving through space.
  2. 2. Elements Shape/Form  Shape implies spatial form and is usually perceived as two-dimensional. Form has depth, length, and width and resides in space. It is perceived as three-dimensional.
  3. 3. Elements Color  Colors all come from the three primaries and black and white. They have three properties – hue, value, and intensity.
  4. 4. Elements Valu  Value refers to relative lightness and darkness and is perceived in terms of varying levels of contrast.
  5. 5. Elements Texture  Texture refers to the tactile qualities of a surface (actual) or to the visual representation of such surface qualities (implied).
  6. 6. Elements Space/Perspective  Space refers to the area in which art is organized. Perspective is representing a volume of space or a 3-dimensional object on a flat surface.
  7. 7. Principles Pattern  Pattern refers to the repetition or reoccurrence of a design element, exact or varied, which establishes a visual beat.
  8. 8. Principles Rhythm/Movement  Rhythm or movement refers to the suggestion of motion through the use of various elements.
  9. 9. Principles Proportion/Scale Proportion is the size relationship of parts to a whole and to one another. Scale refers to relating size to a constant, such as a human body.
  10. 10. Principles Balance  Balance is the impression of equilibrium in a pictorial or sculptural composition. Balance is often referred to as symmetrical, asymmetrical, or radial.
  11. 11. Principles Unity  Unity is achieved when the components of a work of art are perceived as harmonious, giving the work a sense of completion
  12. 12. Principles Emphasis  Emphasis refers to the created center of interest, the place in an artwork where your eye first lands.

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