There are some structures to lesson planning that allow learning to happen most times. Many that hinder learning. We will be unpacking what aspects make up effective lessons.
The traditional school often functions as a collection of independent contractors united by a common parking lot. - Robert Eaker
If we leave virtually every instructional choice up to individual teachers who work alone, then inferior practices will dominate in most schools. - Kati Haycock 2004
When students know what they are learning, their performance, on average, has been shown to be 27 percentile points higher than students who do not know what they are learning. Marzano 2003
Teacher provides the information and concepts of the lesson. Teacher models what you expect the student to do. ( Determining if the class has “got it” is a crucial aspect of this step ) Questioning techniques?
Immediately after your instruction, for the student to apply or practice what he/she has learnt. You observe performance and provide feedback and re-teaching if necessary.
Once the student has mastered the skill or concept it is time for them to further apply the new knowledge on their own. Exercises, projects, presentations, essays etc. Formative assessment continues during this stage.
You analyze the students understanding and help students makes sense of what they have learnt. Review key points of the lesson and how it relates to the overall curriculum.
Students and teacher have time to reflect on the lesson thinking about “what” and “how” they learnt.
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