Arduino and the Promise of Open-Source Hardware
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Arduino and the Promise of Open-Source Hardware

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Given at the Harvard Graduate School of Design (GSD) as part of the FWD series of talks.

Given at the Harvard Graduate School of Design (GSD) as part of the FWD series of talks.

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    Arduino and the Promise of Open-Source Hardware Arduino and the Promise of Open-Source Hardware Presentation Transcript

    • Arduino and the Promise ofOpen-Source HardwareDavid A. MellisFebruary 27, 2012
    • Context: Manufacturing in the Digital Age• Digital Fabrication (CAD/CAM)• Microcontrollers• Internet
    • Context: Manufacturing in the Digital Age• Crowd-Sourcing: CUUSOO (Muji, Lego), KickStarter, Quirky• On-Demand Production: i.materialise, Ponoko, Shapeways, Advanced Circuits• Online Marketplaces: Etsy, Amazon, eBay• Generative Design• Mass Customization• Open-Source Hardware
    • Arduino
    • Breathalyzer Genie by Christopher T. Palmer (Photo by Christian Spanring)
    • Biomimetic Butterflies by the Barbarian Group
    • Photo by Jens Erik Mikkelsen
    • Rancilio Silvia espresso machine hacking by Tim Hirzel
    • Earthwalk by Jens Franke & Thomas Gläser
    • Open-Source Hardware
    • “Source”• Digital design file• Can be translated into physical object• Has to be the original
    • “Open”• Sharing online• Allowing commercial use• Complicated by expensive CAD software
    • Why open-source hardware?• Economics• Education• Moral
    • Why does it matter?• New and growing practice• Alternative to proprietary production• Increasingly a norm
    • Product• Developed to be sold• Useful because you can buy it• New variations are often new products
    • DecentralizedOpen-Source Hardware Open-Source Software
    • Not very well.• Lack of software tools• Differing component selections• Monetary complications
    • Bootstrapping• Started with $2000• Continually re-invested revenues• Possible because of digital (PCB) fabrication
    • Ecosystem
    • Ecosystem: Derivativeshttp://blog.makezine.com/2009/12/11/arduino-open-source-hardware-2009/
    • Ecosystem: Accessories
    • Ecosystem: DIY Drones
    • Ecosystem: LilyPad
    • Ecosystem: Robots
    • Ecosystem: DevicesEvil Mad Scientist Laboratories
    • Ecosystem: Media
    • Limits to Openness• Manufacturing process• Suppliers• Trademark / branding
    • David Robert Tayo FalaseHannah Perner-Wilson Jean-Baptiste Labrune
    • Tim Kunkel Gonglue JiangAndrew Payne Sarah Hirschman
    • Design for DIY Manufacturingdiymanufacturing.mit.edu
    • Open-Source Hardware Community• Summit• Definition• Logo• Association
    • Thank you.David A. Mellis (mellis@media.mit.edu)http://web.media.mit.edu/~mellis/http://diymanufacturing.mit.edu/