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How to Read at BCP


A guide to active reading for students at Brophy College Prep in Phoenix, AZ, USA.

A guide to active reading for students at Brophy College Prep in Phoenix, AZ, USA.

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  • 1. How to Read Mr. Damaso © Brophy College Preparatory
  • 2. How to Read at BCP
    • When you are asked to read something in a Brophy English class, you must…
      • Read everyday (7 days per week)
      • Read with purpose (know your objectives)
      • Read actively (see next slide)
    • You will be asked to read for…
      • Content : who, what, where, when, why, how?
      • Author bias : what is the intent of the writer?
      • Theme : what aspects of humanity are examined?
  • 3. 6 Reading Habits for Interrogating Texts (Harvard)
    • 1. Preview
    • Look “around” the text before you start reading. 
    • 2. Annotate
    • Annotating puts you actively and immediately in a "dialogue” with an author and the issues and ideas you encounter in a written text.  It's also a way to have an ongoing conversation with yourself as you move through the text and to record what that encounter was like for you.
      • Throw away your highlighter
      • Mark up the margins of your text with words and phrases
      • Develop your own symbol system
      • Get in the habit of hearing yourself ask questions
    • 3. Outline, Summarize, and Analyze
    • Outline, summarize, analyze: take the information apart, look at its parts, and then try to put it back together again in language that is meaningful to you. 
      • Outlining
      • Summarizing
      • Analyzing
  • 4. 6 Reading Habits for Interrogating Texts (Harvard)
    • 4. Look for repetitions and patterns
    • The way language is chosen, used, positioned in a text can be important indication of what an author considers crucial and what he expects you to glean from his argument .
      • Recurring images
      • Repeated words, phrases, types of examples, or illustrations
      • Consistent ways of characterizing people, events, or issues
    • 5. Contextualize
    • Once you’ve finished reading actively and annotating, take stock for a moment  and put it in perspective. When you contextualize, you essential "re-view" a text you've encountered, framed by its historical, cultural, material, or intellectual circumstances.
    • 6. Compare and Contrast
    • Set course readings against each other to determine their relationships (hidden or explicit).
  • 5. What is Active Reading?
    • What is Active Reading ?
      • Pen : underline, margin notes, provocative ?s
      • Highlighter : color-coded markers for character, theme, etc.
      • Paper/Notecard : character lists, theme notes, notable quotations, motif inventory
      • Book : Re-read the passage
    • What is wrong with this man here?
      • Lacks pen, paper…
      • Plus, this guy has no body.
      • And…he’s read from right to left.
  • 6. What is Active Reading?
  • 7. What is Active Reading?
  • 8. Examples of Active Reading
    • Underlining/Copying an attractive word, phrase, or sentence
    • Defining difficult words
      • Oh, feline means “cat.”
    • Connecting text to your life
      • Ah, this reminds me of when my cat was maimed.
    • Noting character changes or development (∆)
    • Circling and labeling various literary devices (metaphor, hyperbole, allusion, synecdoche)
    • Drawing arrows (   ) between connected passages
    • Listing page numbers near page numbers with similar or related elements ( see p.37)
  • 9. Student Example of Active Reading
    • NOTICE…
    • $ for “money words” (SAT)
    • Literary terms (personification)
    • Paraphrases
    • Interpretations
    • Observations
    • Characters
    From “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” by Ambrose Bierce
  • 10. Student Example of Active Reading
    • NOTICE…
    • Concrete details
    • Plot points
    • Short-hand abbreviations
    • Comparisons/ connections to world (“mythical heroes”)
    From “Hearts and Hands” by O Henry
  • 11. Minimum Expectations
    • Short Stories and Articles
      • Something highlighted and something written for each paragraph
    • Novels
      • Two underlines and one marginal written comment for every two pages (a spread) of text
    • Most nightly active reading assignments are worth 10 points