An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun. (By "noun" we include pronouns and noun phrases.) An adjective "qualifies" or "modifies" a noun (a big dog). Adjectives can be used before a noun (I like Chinese food) or after certain verbs (It is hard). We can often use two or more adjectives together (a beautiful young French lady).
There are 2 basic positions for adjectives: 1. before the noun We sometimes use more than one adjective before the noun: I like big black dogs. She was wearing a beautiful long red dress. 2. after certain verbs An adjective can come after some verbs, such as: be, become, feel, get, look, seem, smell, sound. Ram is English. Because she had to wait, she became impatient.
We use comparative adjectives when talking about 2 things (not 3 or 10 or 1,000,000 things, only 2 things). Often, the comparative adjective is followed by "than". There are two ways to make or form a comparative adjective: 1. short adjectives: add "-er“ John is 1m80. He is tall. But Chris is 1m85. He is taller than John. 2. long adjectives: use "more" I want to have a more powerful computer.
We use a superlative adjective to describe one thing in a group of three or more things. As with comparative adjectives, there are two ways to form a superlative adjective: 1. short adjectives: add "-est“ Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. 2. long adjectives: use "most" Neptunus planet is the most distant from the Sun. Another example: quiet → the quietest/most quiet clever → the cleverest/most clever simple → the simplest/most simple
Adjectives describe qualities (characteristics) of nouns. 1. Some qualities can vary in intensity or grade (for example: rather hot, hot, very hot, hotter, the hottest). The adjective hot is gradable. 2. Other qualities cannot vary in intensity or grade because they are: extremes (for example: freezing) absolutes (for example: dead) classifying (for example: nuclear) The adjectives freezing, dead and nuclear are non-gradable.
We use possessive adjectives to show who owns or "possesses" something. The possessive adjectives are: my, your, his, her, its, our, their whose (interrogative)Example: Possessive Number Person Gender Example adjective singular 1st male/female my This is my book. 2nd male/female your I like your hair. 3rd male his His name is “John”. female her Her name is “Mary”. neuter its The dog is licking its paw. plural 1st male/female our We have sold our house. 2nd male/female your Your children are lovely. 3rd male/female/neuter their The students thanked their teacher. singular/plural 1st/2nd/3rd male/female (not whose Whose phone did you use? neuter)