Feasibility of a public bike scheme in Budapest


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  • Feasibility of a public bike scheme in Budapest

    1. 1. Public bicycle systems Péter Dalos COWI Hungary Consulting and Planning Ltd.
    2. 2. Index <ul><ul><li>What is a public bicycle system? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The evolution of bike-sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences between PBS and traditional bicycle rent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The role of PBS in urban transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PBS for Budapest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barrier factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key recommendations </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. What is a public bicycle system ? <ul><ul><li>New service of public transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessible at interchanges/other target areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively densely covered network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to access by anybody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free (or for a very low fare) to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cycling = transport mode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>„ Public bicycle system” = part of public transport system </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. The evolution of bike-sharing <ul><ul><li>1st generation (non-profit, Amsterdam) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd generation (dedicated racks, lockable bicycles, minimal deposit, Copenhagen) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3rd generation (modern payment-, locking-, and registration systems, Portsmouth) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. The public bicycle system is not a bicycle rental!   Bicycle rental (mainly for tourists) Public bicycle system (mainly for residents) Registration e ach time on site o nce on site or preliminary Access ID as a deposit customer card, bankcard or (mobile) phone application Bicycle design commercial special, unique look Time of usage 1 hr –several days few minutes – few hours Opening times Limited 24h/7 days Network character no yes Place of return same as the place of pickup anywhere within the network (collection point/docking station) One-way trip possible no yes Staff needed for pickup, return and maintenance for repair, maintenance and distribution Target market mainly tourists mainly residents (for everyday use) Financing user small portion by user, parking fees, road toll, advertising revenues
    6. 6. Role of PBS in urban transport <ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transport-alternative in the downtown </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enriching the supply-market </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modal shift (trip replacement) to bicycle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-> time/cost benefit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-> decreasing pollution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-> social (health) benefits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Target market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>25-60 year old </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Residents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traveling from/to/through downtown </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Motivation to use PBS
    8. 8. System elements – service area
    9. 9. System elements - registration, IT background
    10. 10. System elements - user identification, system access
    11. 11. System elements - redistribution, repair and maintenance
    12. 12. System elements - collection points (docking stations), bicycles
    13. 13. Budapest – defining the service area <ul><ul><li>Zone data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demography (KSH) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economy (KSH) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education (KSH) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trips (BKV household survey) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cycle-friendliness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure/facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Road transport </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Budapest – diversity of land-use <ul><ul><li>Indicator of land-use diversity – by mode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trips </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Workplaces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Office floor area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Educational institutions </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Budapest – Network coverage <ul><ul><li>Service area 9,8 km2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of docking stations: 73 pcs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of bicycles: 1009 pcs </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Barrier factors <ul><ul><li>Obsolete regulations (legal environment out of date) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cycling-friendly road infrastructure (traffic calming, accessibility) still to be developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited access to data on cycling transport and habits of urban cyclists (transport surveys) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of integrated cycling policy (professionals, administration, decision makers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PBS „best practice” constantly evolving </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Key recommendations <ul><ul><li>Constantly involve all stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconcile property rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customize and fine-tune by planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in the planning process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in the implementation process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in order to operate successfully </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Questions Thank you for your attention. Péter Dalos [email_address]
    19. 19. Resources 1. Photo: communities.canada.com 4. Photos: metrobike.net , Alkarex 5. COWI Hungary: Feasibility of implementing a public bicycle system in Budapest , wikipedia.org 7. Hermann Gelissen: OV-fiets: the solution of traveling by bike and train 8. Photos: criticalmass.hu 9. Photos: velib.paris.fr , callabike-interaktiv.de , bicing.com 10. Photos: Péter Dalos, metrobike.net , velib.paris.fr 11. Photos: Marc Belzunces, velib.paris.fr 12. Photos: bixi.com , Péter Dalos 13. COWI Hungary: Feasibility of implementing a public bicycle system in Budapest 14. COWI Hungary: Feasibility of implementing a public bicycle system in Budapest 15. COWI Hungary: Feasibility of implementing a public bicycle system in Budapest