US independence from Britain in 1777 – war of independence. Manroe Doctrine - ordered by James Monroe in 1823 Colonize – to establish, acquire and keep.
A policy statement issued in 1823 by the president; James Monroe. warn European countries that the Americas was closed to further ownership/colonisation by European countries. America would regard any attempt to re-colonise any territory that had gained its independence as a direct threat to the US.
The US businessmen had built and invested in a number of industries, they needed market for their goods. Opportunities were present in the Spanish Speaking Caribbean. The Caribbean represented a large potential market for US-manufactured goods. This would further encourage the growth of industry, thus the creation of wealth.
The Caribbean possessed a variety of raw materials that the US wished to exploit in its own economic interest. Agricultural enterprises such as sugar and banana attracted US investors at first, but bauxite, oil and tourism as well as railroads became increasingly important outlets for US investment up to 1962.
It was now time for US to own and control.
The United States' influence extended in most Caribbean territories. There objectives were: 1. The encouragement of trade 2. The protection of US interests 3. The formation of alliances to prevent interference by other powers 4. Regional support for US policies on the international scene.
. In addition, the US government became concerned about US investments (estimated to be over $50 million) as the conflict intensified. In 1898, the US military intervened in the conflict after the sinking of the ship the USS MAINE in the Havana harbour. Spain was easily defeated and by the Treaty of Paris in December 1898, the US assumed control of Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Cuba was granted independence and became the Republic of Cuba.
Agreement after the war“Paris Peace conference”
Summary of Chapter Monroe Doctrine American war of independence American ideology Clayton-Bulwer treaty US Central America and Cuba The Spanish – American war Jose Marti Cuban independence The Teller Amendment The Platt Amendment
When was the peace conference? When was the Paris Peace Treaty signed? Explain the Teller amendments. Why did the US intervene in Cuba in 1898? What happened to the Maine in Havana? What was Cuba’s issues with Spain? What attitude did the US have towards the Spanish? Name the countries involved in the Spanish- American war. What was the Pilipino reaction to America’s control ?
1. What decision did the United States take on Governance of Cuba and Puerto Rico ? 2. Explain the Platt Amendments 3. C ; 179 4. Read pages 177-181 and: Prepare a presentation for class on the key ideas. Conduct an interview with Theodore Roosevelt on the decisions and policies he made regarding the Caribbean colonies. (Columbia , Panama and other Latin America nations, Haiti, Dominica)