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Korean History in North-East Asia

Korean History in North-East Asia

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  • 1. Korean History in North-East Asia KSEA-SC Christmas Party Dec 4 2010 Jongwook Woo, PhD [email_address] High-Performance Internet Computing Center (HiPIC) Computer Information Systems Department California State University, Los Angeles
  • 2. Contents
    • Two myths at East Asia
    • The oldest culture in Asia
    • Old Choson (BC 2333 - ?)
    • Gija/Wiman Chosun
    • War with Han
    • The states
    • Xiungno in Korean History
  • 3. The views of Korean history
    • Chosun ( 조선 ) Kingdom in Korea (1392- 1892, 1892 – 1910)
      • Ideology to establish the Land of the Wiseman ( 군자 )
      • Since 16C, studied Chinese Confucianism too seriously
      • Wanna-Be Chinese
        • Doctrinaire attitudes/beliefs
      • Wanted to have a link between the Old Chosun and Chinese Gija ( 기자 )
  • 4. The views of Korean history (Cont’d)
    • Korean old histories have been used politically
      • Korea-Japan Annexation (1910-1945):
        • Japanese Imperial Government distorted the old history of Korea
          • 쓰다 소우키치 ( 津田左右吉 ) 와 그 제자 이병도 , 손진태
        • Most historians in South Korean universities were educated by Japanese Imperial Government or theirs disciples
          • 실증사학 ( 식민사학 ?)
            • 이병도 ( 조선사 편수회 , 진단학회 ), 손진태 ( 진단학회 ) 및 제자들
      • North-East Project ( 동북공정 ) of China (2002 – 2006)
        • any pre-modern people or states that occupied any part of what is now the People's Republic of China are defined as having been part of that greater Chinese state
        • Others
          • Northwest Project:Tibet
          • Southwest Project: Xinjiang
  • 5. The views of Korean history (Cont’d)
    • Many other Korean historians
      • Different from and Reforming the old history of Korea, especially the Old Chosun and Three Kingdoms
      • South Korea
        • 민족사학
          • 신채호 ( 독립운동가 , 사학자 ), 문정창 ( 사학자 ), 윤내현 ( 단국대학교 ), 김용운 ( 단국대학교 ), 이덕일 ( 한가람역사문화연구소 소장 ), 김병기 ( 한가람역사문화연구소 위원 ), 이종기 , 김운회 ( 동양대 ) etc
      • North Korea
        • 주체사학
          • 김석형 주체사학 과 제자들
        • Under Military Government (1961 - 1993) in South Korea
          • Arrested if you had the same opinion with North Koreans
      • If you read many history books, you will have the similar view with 민족사학자
  • 6. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 )
  • 7. Two myths at East Asia (The symbols of Korea and its brothers)
    • The Sons of Heaven ( 천손 )
      • Respect Sun, Light
      • Worship birds
      • Love gold, especially Shilla
      • Respect horse
      • Good at Archery
      • Also use horn-shaped cup, especially Shilla and Kaya
        • Koreans, Kazakhs, Bryats, Evenkies, Mongols, Yakuts, Machurians, Japanese
    • The Oviparity ( 난생 )
      • Born from egg
        • Eggs from the heaven
          • Chu-Mo ( 주몽 ), Kim Soo-Ro ( 김수로 ), Park Hyok-Go-Se ( 박혁거세 )
  • 8. The sons of heaven and Phoenix 천손신화와 신조사상 분포 김병모 (Hanyang Univ.), “ 금관의 비밀”
  • 9. The sons of heaven and The Ovaparity 천손 과 난생신화 분포 김병모 (Hanyang Univ.), “ 금관의 비밀”
  • 10. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 ) Two Cultures in Northeast Asia © jwoo
  • 11. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 ) It has been believed that Korean and her brothers are originated from Baikhal Lake Lake Baikhal ( 바이칼호 )
  • 12. 구환 (Nine- Hwan, Han), 동이 (East Yi, 東夷 )
    • 규원사화 (Kyoo-Won History) by Book-Ae, AD1675, King Sook-Jong, Chosun)
      • Hwan-In, Hwan-Wong (Shin-Shi), Dan-Goon
      • 구한 Nine Hwans
        • National Library, Seoul, Korea; 국립 중앙도서관 , 귀 626 ( 고 2105-1) 1 책
    • 夷 : 大   (“big”) +  弓   (“bow”)
      • That Chinese called Korean and her brothers (Nine Yi’s)
      • The origin of the everything, “Book of the Later Han ”
        • 後漢書 ; 王制 ; 云 : [ 東方曰夷 .] 夷者 , 也 , 言仁而好生 , 萬物 地而出 .[1] 故天性柔順 , 易以道御 , 至有君子不死之國焉 .[2] 夷有九種 ,[3] 曰 夷 , 于夷 , 方夷 , 黃夷 , 白夷 , 赤夷 , 玄夷 , 風夷 , 陽夷 .[4] 故孔子欲居九夷也 .
      • The root of everything: 萬物之 柢
        • I forgot which book says so; another version of “Book of the Later Han ”?
      • There are Nine Yi’s
  • 13. Hong-San Culture
    • Yellow River Culture (Yangshao culture ( 仰韶文化 ), BC 5000 – BC 3000)
      • was believed first in the east Asia
      • Chinese history
        • Yangshao -> Yellow River -> Xia ( 하 ) Dynasty (c. 2100 - c. 1600 BC)
    • But in the area of Yi, the oldest ruins found
      • At Da-ring-Ho ( 대릉하 ) : 요하 where the area Yi lived in,
        • Sing-Rung-Wa ( 흥륭화 ) ruins (BC6200 – BC5200) were found
          • Chahai ( 사해 ) ruins (BC5600)
        • Believed that Korean is originated from the lake Bikhal but should be originated from here
  • 14. Hong-San Culture (Cont’d)
    • Hong-San ( 红山文化 ) culture was found at Liao-Ning ( 요녕 ), Manchuria and Jok-Bong, Inner-Mongolia
      • BC 4500 – BC3000 (2000 earlier than Yellow River Culture)
      • Originated from Chahai and Sing-Rung-Wa
      • Ha-Ga-Jom ( 하가점 하층문화 ), Jok-Bong, Inner-Mongol
        • BC2000 – BC1200
    • Probably Korean is originated from Hong-San civilization
      • Because the area is the origin of Yi’s
  • 15. Hong-San Civilization Hong-San Culture (BC 4500 – BC 3000) 흥륭화 (BC6200 – BC5200), 사해 (BC 5600) located where Yi ( 東夷 ) lived
  • 16. Hong-San Culture 흥륭화 (BC6200 – BC5200), 사해 (BC 5600), Hong-San Culture ( BC 4500 – BC 3000) Yangshao culture ( 仰韶文化 ): BC 5000 -
  • 17. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 ) Then, Korean and her brothers should be originated from Hong-San Culture Lake Baikhal
  • 18. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 , 아사달 , Asa-Dal)
    • Originated from Hwan-In and Hwan-Woong
      • Hwan-Woong is a son of Hwan-In
        • Migrated to human land from the heaven with the advanced technology
      • Who they are?
        • Hong-San civilization?
    • BC 2333 - ?
      • Dan-Goon found chosun (Asa-Dal)
        • Dan-Goon Myth
          • Bear and Tiger; only the bear became a human woman
      • The Sacred Tree ( 신수 ), Dolmen Tombs ( 고인돌 ), Mandolin-shaped dagger ( 비파형동검 )
  • 19. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 , Asa-Dal, Cont’d)
    • Chosun (Joseon, 朝鮮 , Asa-Dal)
      • Is it Jusen (Manchuria)?
      • Asa-Dal: Morning Kingdom
        • Still ASA is morning in Japanese
        • How similar Korean and Japanese are
    • Dolmen Tomb
      • More than 60% of World Dolmen tombs are at Chosun Area
    • Mandolin-shaped daggers and spheres
      • Can assemble the dagger parts
      • Later Sharpen and narrow style
  • 20. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 ) Map in the textbook at Korean School
  • 21. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 ) Map based on Shin Chae-Ho’s Three Chosun ( 조선상고사 )
  • 22. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 ) Map by Lee ( 이덕일 ) and Kim ( 김병기 ), “ 고조선은 대륙의 지배자 였다”
  • 23. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 ) History Special ( 역사스페셜 ), KBS “ 첫나라 고조선 , 수도는 어디였을까”
  • 24. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 )
  • 25. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 )
  • 26. Old Chosun ( 고조선 , 古朝鮮 )
  • 27. Bronze Mirror (Hard to make it even at the present time)
  • 28. Carriage Parts found at Pyong-Yang, North Korea 1992 1992 북한 평양 정백동 , History Special, KBS, “ 첫 나라 고조선 , 수도는 어디였을까”
  • 29. Carriage Parts found at Pyong-Yang, North Korea 1992 CG Carriage ( 북한 평양 정백동 ), History Special, KBS, “ 첫 나라 고조선 , 수도는 어디였을까”
  • 30. Mirror
  • 31. Gija Chosun, Wiman Chosun
    • Gija Chosun
      • Shang ( 은 ) Dynasty collapsed by Zhou ( 주 ) Dynasty (1066BC)
        • Wandering people from Shang migrated to the west board of Choson ( 고조선 )
        • Chosun allowed Gija people live in the west board ( 요녕 ) between Zhou and Chosun
    • Wiman Chosun
      • In 195 BC,  King Jun  of Gija Chosun (?) appointed a refugee from Yan ( 연 ),  Wiman .
      • Wiman later rebelled in 193 BC
        • Became a king of Gija Chosun
  • 32. The Board of the Great Wall
    • Chin China
      • The first united China
    • Great Wall ( 만리장성 )
      • built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China , Qin Shi Huang
      • In order to defend China from Northern Countries such as
        • Chosun
        • The Xiongnu ( 匈奴 ; Xiōngnú ; Hsiung-nu)
          • The Hun?
          • Brother kingdom of Chosun?
      • Where is the great wall?
  • 33. The Great Wall Great Wall Historians under The Imperial Japanese 이덕일 , 김병기 “고조선은 대륙의 지배자 였다”
  • 34. War between Wiman-Chosun and Han China
    • Han Moo-Je, Emperor Wu (Wudi; 武帝 ),
      • wants to control the Xiongnu and its ally ChoSun
      • Han invaded Wiman Chosun at 109 BC
        • 東伐朝鮮 起玄 樂浪 以斷匈奴之左臂 『漢書』卷 73
        • Han History said “we cut the left arm of Xiongnu”
        • war for 1 year
          • But ChoSun had an internal trouble and surrendered
          • Sima Qian says in Records of the Grand Historian ( 史記 )
            • Chosun fell by Generals Yang Pu ( 杨仆 ) and Xun Zhi ( 荀彘 ) in 108 BC
            • But, they were all sentenced to death by Emperor Wu (Why?)
  • 35. Mirror Too far from China at BC 108 Great Wall War between Wiman Chosun and Han China at BC 108
  • 36. The result of the war
    • Records of the Grand Historian ( 史記 ) says that
      • the Han established Four Commanderies of Han
        • But did not mention where they were
      • Mystery
        • Who won?
          • Chosun fell by Generals Yang Pu ( 杨仆 ) and Xun Zhi ( 荀彘 ) in 108 BC
            • But, they were all sentenced to death by Emperor Wu (Why?)
          • The chinese generals were sentenced to death
          • The ministers of Chosun who surrendered were all assigned to the east coast of china as governors
        • Fought against which Chosun?
          • Wiman Chosun, the western board of Chosun by 신채호 , 윤내현 , 이덕일 , 김병기등
  • 37. The Great Wall Great Wall Historians under The Imperial Japanese 이덕일 , 김병기 “고조선은 대륙의 지배자 였다” Nak-Rang province under Han after the war
  • 38. The states ( 열국 , 列國 )
    • Chosun consists of many states
      • the northern region of the peninsula and Manchuria was occupied by the states of Buyeo , Goguryeo , Okjeo , Dongye , and other minor states
      • It is hard to tell when Chosun lost its central authority
        • It seems that Bu-Yo took the central authority
        • Is Bu-Yo Chosun?
    • Bu-Yo (Bu-Ri)
      • North Bu-Yo, East Bu-Yo, Cholbon Bu-Yo
      • Buryat is Bu-Yo?
    • Ko-Ri (Koree, Koguryo),
      • Goguryeo 's traditional founding date is 37 BC,
        • but it was mentioned in Chinese records as early as 75 BC, or possibly even 2nd century B
  • 39. The states ( 열국 , 列國 ) (Cont’d)
    • Baek-Je, Shil-La, Ka-Ya, Okjeo, Ye/Mac
    • Three Hans ( 삼한 )
    • Who these guys are?
      • Jusen, Wa, Cathay, Mongol
        • Should be one of Nine Hwans ( 구환 )
  • 40. Yol-Gook Bu-Yo Go-Gu-Ryo Baek-Je Nak-Rang
  • 41. Korean History before 3C
    • Korean old history before 3C has been removed
    • Two major history books about Korea before 3C
      • 삼국사기 written in 13C by Korean
      • 삼국지 위지 동이전 ( 한전 ) written in 3C by Chinese
    • Korean ( 강단 식민사학자 ) and Japanese historians
      • Only trust 삼국지 위지 동이전 ( 한전 )
        • That illustrates Korea is composed of 78 small kingdoms
      • Only trust 삼국사기 after 2 or 3C
        • Illustrates Korea is composed of the strong 4 kingdoms ( 고구려 , 백제 , 신라 , 가야 )
        • Believe that 삼국사기 is fabricated as 일본서기
  • 42. 한국사에서의 흉노 Shil-La, 신라 ( 新羅 )
    • Kim (Altai, Gold) originated from The Hun (Xiungno)
      • Kim Al-Chi from a golden box at Chicken woods ( 계림 )
        • Al: egg
        • Chiken: bird, heaven
      • Moon-Moo King’s Stone says
        • Kim is from Kim, Il-Je, Xiungno’s princess
      • Another stone of Ms Kim from Shilla at Dang China
        • Has the same content
    • Symbols of Shil-La ( 57 BC – 935 AD )
      • Respect Horse, Egg, Heaven, Gold, flat or cone head, Rhyton (Drinking Horn), Bronze Pot
      • Golden crowns: 60%
        • 6 out of 10 golden crowns in the world are found at Shilla area
  • 43. Meaning of the Crown ( 금관의 비밀 , 김병모 , 한양대 ) Bird (Wings) Antler Sacred Tree Leaves fruits
  • 44. Rhytons, Koo-Ho-Dong #5 tomb, Dong-Hae
  • 45. Flat- and Cone Head Forming, History Special, KBS
  • 46. Kaya 가야 ( 加倻 ) (AD 42 - 562)
    • Kim (Altai, Gold) probably from The Hun (Xiungno)
      • Confederacy
        • 6 clans
          • Kim Soo-Ro ( 김수로 )
            • Boys became kings of each clan, incubated from 6 eggs descended from the heaven Boys became kings of each clan, incubated from 6 eggs descended from the heaven
      • Probably the same origin as Kim in Silla
        • Symbols
          • Gold, Egg, Heaven, Iron
      • Called Gara ( 가라 ; 加羅 )
    • Iron Kingdom
    • Close to Baek-Je and Wa Japan
      • Attack Shilla with the allies
      • Attacked by Koguryo 5C
      • Merged to Shilla 6C
        • Did major role to destroy Baek-Je and Koguryo and unite Korea
  • 47. Rhyta, relationship with Shil-La and Xiungno
  • 48. Bronze Pot, relationship with Xiungno Shil-La’s cavarlies with Bronze Pots Kaya’s Bronze Pot Bronze Pots of Shil-La and Sophia, Bulgaria
  • 49. Flat Head Forming, relationship with Xiungno
  • 50.