Resiliency and Integrated Climate Change Adaptation Policies in Mediterranean Cities: the act Life Project
Emilio DAlessioArchitect, Town Planner, Sustainable Development ConsultantCoordinamento Agende 21 Locali Italiane15thMeeting of the Mediterranean Commissionon Sustainable DevelopmentMalta, 10-12 June 2013Toward an INTEGRATED ADAPTATION POLICYfor the MEDITERRANEAN CITIES:the ACT project
The ACT project aims to demonstrate that through anINCLUSIVE and PARTICIPATED PROCESS, shared by ALLTHE LOCAL ACTORS INVOLVED, it is possible to developa LOCAL ADAPTATION PLAN to forecast and mitigateENVIRONMENTAL , SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OFCLIMATE CHANGE on the most vulnerable sectors of theEuropean Cities in THE MEDITERRANEAN BASIN
SPECIFIC TARGETS definition of a STANDARD METHODOLOGY to create LOCAL ADAPTATIONSTRATEGIES, by means of a participatory approach within the LocalCommunities, INVOLVEMENT OF LOCAL ACTORS (private sector, citizens, health system,civil protection, etc.) in the development of a local adaptation strategy ENHANCING THE COMPETENCE OF LOCAL AUTHORITIES in understandingthe effects of climate change, and hence in planning and implementingpolicies and actions to adapt to them. PROMOTING AND IMPLEMENTING SYNERGIES between adaptation andmitigation policies at the local level Providing the Mediterranean Cities, characterized by different territorial,socio-economic and climatic conditions, WITH A COMMON METHODOLOGYFOR LOCAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT.
The municipalities chosen as partners represent different context due to their dimensions (Bullas counts 11,000inhabitants, Patrass counts around 200,000 inhabitants and Ancona 100.000) and to their main economic activity.This will facilitate the diffusion to other contexts and will enhance the applicability of the model.ACT PARTNER CITIES
A warming stronger in summer and weaker inwinter is predicted for all the emission scenariosTemperature projections:Ancona, Bullas and Patras Then mean temperature exhibits anincreasing trend which is almost linearthroughout the whole century. For minimum and maximumtemperatures, the trend does not showsignificant differences with respect to theincrease of mean temperature.
Larger uncertainty and irregular behaviourof precipitation projectionsPrecipitation projections:general results for Ancona,Bullas and PatrasANCONA: the model predicts a reduction of theannual cumulated precipitation during the last 10years of the century, ranging between - 1.8%(SMHIRCA) and - 17.0% (RM5.1).-BULLAS: ranging between - 29.7% (SMHIRCA)and - 39.0% (RACMO2).PATRAS: it’s estimated a reduction of the annualcumulated precipitation at the end of the 21stcentury, ranging between - 5.5% (RACMO2) and -28.3% (RM5.1).
INNOVATVE ASPECTS Down-scaling and Bottom-up approach:The forecast of climate change impacts will be smaller in scale and will involve empirical-statistical analysis and modelling, in order to describe more precisely the effects of climatechange on the municipalities involved in the project. The innovative bottom up approach iscrucial to define a climate change scenario that is closer to local communities andtherefore more functional to a local action. Sector vulnerability and impacts:The proposed approach integrates the knowledge and results based on differentmodelling tools, including IPCC scenarios at regional scale, empirical-statisticaldownscaling and current trend recognition and evaluation, and develops on this basisclimate change evaluation and forecasting at local level. The following social,environmental and economic impact assessment aims at defining the most relevant localvulnerabilities. Direct involvement of local authorities and stakeholders during all the key stages ofthe process:Local stakeholders will be involved in the definition of the actions that can be included inthe local adaptation strategy and as well as in the evaluation phase through a participatedprocess during the cost-benefit analysis.
ACHIEVED RESULTS State of the art review (31-05-2010) Mediterranean basin scenario (30-06-2010) Roadmap for the local adaptation strategies 31-03-2011 A shared methodology for the local Impactassessment analysis Establishment of 3 Adaptation Board (03-03-2011) 3 Adaptation Local Plans (Bullas, Patrass, Ancona) Guidelines for implementing a LOCAL ADAPTATIONSTRATEGY
The Local Adaptation BoardThe Local Adaptation Board is one of the maininstruments of stakeholder engagement thought in theproject.3 LABS were established last March to ensure alasting participation of all local stakeholders as a placewhere all the actors involved in a particular sectorhave the possibility to discuss and decide a commonstrategy and common actions to tackle the localimpacts of climate change10 members per Board totally: The number ofparticipants can vary according with city dimension,but in any case it won’t be more than 10 people inorder to assure an effective collaboration and teamwork between members.Focused Teams directly interested to the specificimpacts and issue analysed (4 Ancona, 3 Patras, 2Bullas)ANCONABULLASPATRAS
Problems and Barriers The lack of economical and financial resources.Fund raising remains a crucial problem to be solved in order toguarantee a continuous investments in new technologies andinnovative solutions. The weak involvement of local communities and Institutions.If not continually stimulated, the key-local actors were not able to workas an integrated system within shared and concerted strategies. Difficulties in Communicating the concept of “ADAPTATION” Not so much consolidated experiences, knowledge and skills onthis field.Exchanging best practices, ideas and good experiences is themandatory pathway to follow.