Polymer Primer - Polymers are chemical compounds made of smaller, identical molecules (monomers), used in the making of plastics, concrete, glass, and rubber.
Monomers are light hydrocarbons also known as “ aromatics ”
Monomers are created from crude oil
8% of all crude oil is used to manufacture Monomers & Polymers
Polymers are created from Monomers
1964 The Graduate: Son, I have one thing to say to you about your future..…… Plastics! Rubber Vulcanization First artificial plastic - “Bakelite” Staudinger’s classic Polymerization Polystyrene Nylon History 1839 1909 1911 1920 1930 1938 1941 1970 1976 Polyethylene Ekonol Rayon- first synthetic fiber Plastic outpaces steel, aluminum, and copper Crude Oil Polymers Monomers
Polymer Primer - Why are polymers so important to each of us?
Global Warming is increasingly a topic of concern as evidenced by:
UN report on Global Warming
Eastern states join in greenhouse gas reduction
Major companies off-set their CO 2 emissions
Ohio advocates alternative energy initiatives
The only solution to diminishing landfill capacity is incineration, which generates additional greenhouse gases
The Polyflow process is the first viable alternative energy technology that also deals with the polymer waste problem – with negligible impact on the environment!
Polyflow’s Equation for Success + ( + + ) The number of Landfills is decreasing The amount of Polymer Waste is increasing The price of Energy is rising The focus on the Environment is increasing The result: An equation for Polyflow’s Success! =
Sustainability is defined as a process that can be maintained indefinitely. Environmentally it refers to the potential longevity of vital human ecological support systems, such as agriculture, industry, forestry and the systems on which they depend. The preference is for systems to be productive indefinitely, or be sustainable
Sustainability in the Polyflow World
The Polyflow process is sustainable in that once initiated, it generates 90% of the energy needed to perpetuate the process
The process requires two elements, raw material, of which there is a virtually unlimited supply in landfills, and heat
The byproducts of the Polyflow technology are a light gas and char that can both be burned to drive the process
Polymer - chemical compounds made of smaller, identical molecules (monomers), used in the making of plastics, concrete, glass, and rubber
Pyrolysis - the decomposition of complex matter into simpler molecules by heating in the absence of oxygen
PyGas - Pyrolysis Gasoline. The liquid condensed product of the pyrolysis process on polymer waste.
Aromatics - Aromatics, derived from crude oil, are hydrocarbons. The main aromatics, benzene, toluene and the xylenes, are the starting materials for a wide range of consumer products.
Cracking - Cracking is the process that takes large hydrocarbons and breaks them into smaller ones
Styrene - Styrene is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is the precursor to polystyrene, an important synthetic material.It is used for synthetic rubber, plastic, insulation, fiberglass, pipes, automobile parts, food containers, and carpet backing.
Benzene - Benzene, an aromatic hydrocarbon, is an important industrial solvent and used in the production of drugs, plastics, synthetic rubber, and dyes.
Ethylbenzene - Ethylbenzene is an aromatic hydrocarbon used in the production of styrene, as well as polystyrene, a commonly used plastic and in some paints.
Limonene - Limonene is a hydrocarbon used in food manufacturing and some medicines. It is also added to cleaning products, used as a solvent for the removal of oil from machine parts, and as a paint stripper when applied to painted wood.
Toluene - Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon widely used as an industrial feedstock and as a solvent.
Cumene - Cumene is an aromatic hydrocarbon. Nearly all the cumene that is produced is converted to cumene hydroperoxide, an intermediate in the synthesis of other industrially important chemicals such as phenol and acetone.
Octane - A rating scale used to grade gasoline as to its antiknock properties. Also an isometric liquid paraffin hydrocarbons. Normal octane is a colorless liquid found in petroleum boiling at 124.6 degrees Celsius.