• Like
Dms 1108 Polyflow
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Dms 1108 Polyflow

  • 600 views
Published

Polymer Recycling technology development - Revolutinary

Polymer Recycling technology development - Revolutinary

Published in Technology , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
600
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
29
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Polymer Primer - Polymers are chemical compounds made of smaller, identical molecules (monomers), used in the making of plastics, concrete, glass, and rubber.
    • Monomers are light hydrocarbons also known as “ aromatics ”
    • Monomers are created from crude oil
      • 8% of all crude oil is used to manufacture Monomers & Polymers
    • Polymers are created from Monomers
    1964 The Graduate: Son, I have one thing to say to you about your future..…… Plastics! Rubber Vulcanization First artificial plastic - “Bakelite” Staudinger’s classic Polymerization Polystyrene Nylon History 1839 1909 1911 1920 1930 1938 1941 1970 1976 Polyethylene Ekonol Rayon- first synthetic fiber Plastic outpaces steel, aluminum, and copper Crude Oil Polymers Monomers
  • 3. Polymer Primer - Why are polymers so important to each of us?
    • Quality of Life - Plastics/Polymers are necessary
    • and are everywhere!
    • Our Health
    • Our Product Quality
    • Our Convenience
    • Our Pocketbook
    • Durability
  • 4.
    • Polymer products last virtually forever
    • Environmental issues
      • More than 500 million tons are buried in our landfills
      • More than 3.5 million tons are floating in our oceans
      • More than 31 million new tons are generated each year, just in the U.S.
    • Disposal is a real problem
      • The number of Landfills is decreasing (they are filling up)
        • 30% of landfill volume is polymer waste
      • Burning creates toxins (dioxin)
      • Recycling is difficult, expensive and incomplete
    • Polymer Production is dependent upon fluctuating supply/prices of foreign crude oil
    • To date, poor economics and limited technology for recycling have not provided a viable solution
    Polymer Downsides - it isn’t always easy to be green
  • 5. Who is Polyflow?
    • Gathering of people, linking business and science to address this common and critical issue. Experience includes:
      • Scientists/Chemists
      • Waste Industry
      • Business Professionals
      • Petrochemical Industry
      • Environmental
      • Academic
    • An Akron, Ohio based company that has patented a revolutionary process that cracks mixed polymer waste, returning it back to useful & valuable products
  • 6. Who is Polyflow?
    • The Polyflow Process technology leverages Akron’s strengths in polymers and advanced materials
    • Polyflow is delivering and licensing this process along with a profitable business model that will allow the licensed plant operators to establish a business that is:
      • Highly Profitable
      • Addresses the environmental landfill problem with a sophisticated solution
    • We bring a technically , economically , and environmentally viable solution to the problem of polymer waste
  • 7. What do we do?
    • We have patented a revolutionary process that turns mixed polymer waste , back into original monomer building blocks
    • This is accomplished by “ cracking ” the polymer back into its original monomer components
    • Cracking is not a new process, what is new is our successful methodology that uses mixed polymer waste to produce valuable aromatics in an environmentally responsible manner
    Sustainability Polyflow Process Monomers Crude Oil Polymers Monomers Plastic
  • 8. Polyflow History
    • Process and equipment for producing chemicals through the reclamation of polymer waste invented by Polyflow
    • Equipment patent issued on March 18, 2008
    • Currently there is a 1/2 ton “proof-of-concept” processor operating in Akron in 1,000 lb. batches
      • Weekly demonstrations since February 2008
      • Polymer waste mixture, representative of typical landfill
      • Independent, documented lab results from each run
      • Over 30 runs YTD, with consistent aromatics production
    Brief History
  • 9. Business Plan
    • Prove the Chemistry
    • 2003-2008
    • Build a development Center in Akron, Ohio
    • Use the existing 1/2 ton reactor to demonstrate the system's ability to “crack” polymers
    • Demonstrate the production of high quality aromatics ( styrene , ethyl benzene , toluene , and xylene, among others)
    • The major technology hurdles have been met
    • Prove Efficiency
    • 2009-2010
    • Build production sized Continuous Polyflow processor
    • Build pilot plant to prepare polymer scrap (500,000 pounds per month)
    • Run the Polyflow processor continuously for 24 hours, once each month
    • Build Production Plants
    • 2010-2025
    • Each plants include a complete polymer waste transfer station
    • Continuous preperation & shredding of Polymer waste to feed process
    • Continuous Polyflow Processor will run 24/7 (same size as pilot plant)
    • Onsite refining of aromatic liquid into raw monomers (optional)
    • US market will support 250 Polyflow Production plants
  • 10. Market Analysis - Landfills
    • Landfill limitations are universally accepted as a challenge that must be addressed
    • Less than 5.4% of all polymer waste is recycled, leaving over 94% to end up in landfills; over 30% of landfill volume is polymer waste
    • Polyflow’s process disposes of material from landfills, without sorting, and converts this polymer waste into valuable chemicals for sale and future use
  • 11. Market Analysis - Landfill
  • 12. Market Analysis - Polymer Production
    • Polymers are one of the primary building components in the plastic items we use on a day-to-day basis
    • To create new plastic items we use on a day-to-day basis requires aromatic and specialty aliphatic chemical feedstock for engineering polymers
  • 13. Market Analysis - Crude Oil
    • The world economy is dependence on Oil, coupled with strong upward price pressures due to supply concerns
      • Remaining reserves increasingly located in Middle East
      • Oil production growth potential in doubt
      • Transportation and shipping risks
    • Energy demand in China and India expected to continue to increase
    • Recent energy crunches and price spikes highlight the need for improved energy security and reduced dependence on foreign oil
  • 14. Market Analysis - Crude Oil
  • 15. Market Analysis - Environmental
    • Global Warming is increasingly a topic of concern as evidenced by:
      • UN report on Global Warming
      • Eastern states join in greenhouse gas reduction
      • Major companies off-set their CO 2 emissions
      • Ohio advocates alternative energy initiatives
    • The only solution to diminishing landfill capacity is incineration, which generates additional greenhouse gases
    • The Polyflow process is the first viable alternative energy technology that also deals with the polymer waste problem – with negligible impact on the environment!
  • 16. Polyflow’s Equation for Success + ( + + ) The number of Landfills is decreasing The amount of Polymer Waste is increasing The price of Energy is rising The focus on the Environment is increasing The result: An equation for Polyflow’s Success! =
  • 17. Projected Growth
    • A U.S. patent for equipment has been issued and a U.S. process patent is pending
    • By December 2009 a full-size pilot plant will be in operation in N.E. Ohio
    • By August 2010 Polyflow Corporation will be able to license the national development of plants based on the Polyflow Process technology
  • 18. Business Methodology
    • Polyflow has the flexibility needed for establishing relationships with interested investors in the Polyflow plants via:
        • Technology licenses
        • Co-ownership & management of plants
        • Local ownership and investment
    • Each Plant operates in cooperation with local municipal authorities, fostering a cooperative relationship
    • Our focus is to grow responsibly and quickly while ensuring all parties receive a benefit
  • 19. Process Yields - Representative Numbers Mixed Polymer Waste Stream 70% Valuable Aromatics 30% High Octane Fuel These are burned to continue fueling the process 70% PyGas 20% Char 10% Off Gas
  • 20. Akron, Ohio Location
    • World renowned location for polymer R & D
      • 400 polymer related companies
      • Once known as the “Rubber Capital of the World”
      • The University of Akron is a leader in the polymer industry
      • Diverse, knowledgeable workforce to draw from
    The University of Akron, Goodyear Polymer Center
  • 21. Discussion of Chemistry
    • Most Plastic recycling depends upon the ability to sort and clean material, and the vast majority will not degrade in landfills
    • The Polyflow Process uses a mixed Polymer waste stream, eliminating the need for sorting
    • The material is shredded and fed into a processor (reactor) that is heated to a temperature below the melting point of aluminum
    • As the material is consumed the pyrolitic cracking process produces valuable aromatic chemicals, off gas and char (the off gas & char are used to fuel the processor)
  • 22. Sustainability
    • Sustainability is defined as a process that can be maintained indefinitely. Environmentally it refers to the potential longevity of vital human ecological support systems, such as agriculture, industry, forestry and the systems on which they depend. The preference is for systems to be productive indefinitely, or be sustainable
    Sustainability in the Polyflow World
    • The Polyflow process is sustainable in that once initiated, it generates 90% of the energy needed to perpetuate the process
    • The process requires two elements, raw material, of which there is a virtually unlimited supply in landfills, and heat
    • The byproducts of the Polyflow technology are a light gas and char that can both be burned to drive the process
  • 23. Recycling
    • Recycling processes convert used materials into new products
    • It prevents the waste of useful materials, reduces new material consumption, and reduces energy usage, air, and water pollution and lowers greenhouse gas emissions
    • Recycling is a key component in modern waste management; materials that can be recycled include:
      • glass, paper, metal, textiles, electronics and plastics
    • These materials are sorted, cleaned and reprocessed into new products bound for manufacturing, which is a labor intensive operation with a yield as low as 5.4%
  • 24. Recycling in the Polyflow World
    • The Polyflow Process uses a contaminated (dirt, paper, adhesives, inks, etc.) stream of material that doesn’t require separation, thus eliminating inefficiencies
    • The Polyflow Process produces a significant amount of valuable aromatic chemicals as well as 90% of the energy needed to sustain the operation
    • The Polyflow Process is superior because it:
      • Effectively addresses the landfill problem
      • Provides a profitable business model that converts waste material to usable product
      • Greatly reduces greenhouse emissions compared to incineration of plastics
  • 25. Overall Benefits
    • Environmentally friendly process
    • Increases recycling rates at the curb
    • Produces high-value virgin chemical feedstocks
    • Create revenue from what was previously an environmental liability
    • Energy efficient (90% self sustaining process)
    • High conversion rate – waste to useable commodity
    • No significant technical hurdles
      • Shredding polymer (proven)
      • Polyflow Process chemistry (proven)
      • Refining to finished products (proven)
  • 26. Waste Industry Benefits
    • Provides an alternative to acquiring increasingly scarce land for landfills
    • Allows the life extension or reclamation of current landfills as material is diverted to and processed in a Polyflow reactor
    • Provides a secondary revenue stream as aromatics generated by the Polyflow process are sold
    • Provides an avenue for expanding a basic business into a more sophisticated, multifaceted business model with higher value products
  • 27. PetroChemical Industry Benefits
    • Virtually unlimited supply of
      • Styrene
      • Limonene
      • Gasoline blendstock
      • Other hydrocarbons
      • Aromatics
    • Independence from crude oil and its associated pricing and availability
    • An emerging niche market
  • 28. State Government Benefits
    • Provides local waste management districts with an alternative to landfills
          • Reduces costs
    • Creates a potential revenue stream where there once was a budget liability
    • Creates new jobs without sacrificing jobs in other sectors
          • Expands tax base
    • Provides a way to keep polymer manufacturing jobs in the United States
  • 29. Environment vs. Polymer Product Manufacturers
    • Provides a common ground for a previously adversarial relationship
    • Environmentalists will find few concerns in a virtually self-sustainable, non-polluting solution to landfills
    • Polymer Product Manufacturers now have a virtually unlimited supply of material to drive profitable business models
    • Polymer Product Manufacturers can show a responsible end of life solution for their products and packaging
  • 30. Investor Benefits
    • Significant return on investment from high profit potential
        • Virtually unlimited source of material - at zero or low cost
        • Virtually unlimited demand for product – commodity chemicals at stable pricing
        • A portion of the US waste stream will support 250 Polyflow plants located in local municipal markets (Akron-Cleveland area will support 5+ such plants)
    • High profile niche market = alternative energy and sustainability
    • It’s a win-win-win solution for:
        • Global environment
        • Waste generators
        • Waste management industry
        • Petro-chemical industry
        • Polyflow
        • Investors
  • 31. Conclusion
    • There is NO downside to this technology
      • Produces high-value raw material for polymer manufacturing at a stabile cost for customers
      • Reduces waste disposal costs at the municipal level
      • Eliminates potential environmental liability for industrial polymer waste sources
      • Reduces greenhouse gases by 70% when compared with incineration or other waste-to-energy solutions
      • Reduces U.S. dependence on foreign oil
      • Creates jobs in an entirely new economic environment
      • Produces significant ROI for Polyflow investors
    • For more information contact Dale M. Siegel, Business Development, at 330-425-8484
  • 32. Polymer Terminology
    • Polymer - chemical compounds made of smaller, identical molecules (monomers), used in the making of plastics, concrete, glass, and rubber
    • Pyrolysis - the decomposition of complex matter into simpler molecules by heating in the absence of oxygen
    • PyGas - Pyrolysis Gasoline. The liquid condensed product of the pyrolysis process on polymer waste.
    • Aromatics - Aromatics, derived from crude oil, are hydrocarbons. The main aromatics, benzene, toluene and the xylenes, are the starting materials for a wide range of consumer products.
    • Cracking - Cracking is the process that takes large hydrocarbons and breaks them into smaller ones
    • Styrene - Styrene is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is the precursor to polystyrene, an important synthetic material.It is used for synthetic rubber, plastic, insulation, fiberglass, pipes, automobile parts, food containers, and carpet backing.
    • Benzene - Benzene, an aromatic hydrocarbon, is an important industrial solvent and used in the production of drugs, plastics, synthetic rubber, and dyes.
    • Ethylbenzene - Ethylbenzene is an aromatic hydrocarbon used in the production of styrene, as well as polystyrene, a commonly used plastic and in some paints.
    • Limonene - Limonene is a hydrocarbon used in food manufacturing and some medicines. It is also added to cleaning products, used as a solvent for the removal of oil from machine parts, and as a paint stripper when applied to painted wood.
    • Toluene - Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon widely used as an industrial feedstock and as a solvent.
    • Cumene - Cumene is an aromatic hydrocarbon. Nearly all the cumene that is produced is converted to cumene hydroperoxide, an intermediate in the synthesis of other industrially important chemicals such as phenol and acetone.
    • Octane - A rating scale used to grade gasoline as to its antiknock properties. Also an isometric liquid paraffin hydrocarbons. Normal octane is a colorless liquid found in petroleum boiling at 124.6 degrees Celsius.