Innovation in the Wild, Wild Web

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This is a talk I gave on April 23rd at the WWW 2009 Conference in Madrid, Spain. I talked about innovation in the wild, that I have tended to look for and follow enthusiasts involved in technology. Enthusiasm is a quality I seem to recognize in others, perhaps because I see it in myself and in O'Reilly (both the company and Tim.)

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Innovation in the Wild, Wild Web

  1. 1. INNOVATION IN THE WILD, WILD WEB
  2. 2. Who Are These Innovators in the Wild? GEEKS, ENTHUSIASTS, AMATEURS, PIONEERS, SCOUTS, SAVANTS, SEERS, PROPHETS, FORECASTERS, HOBBIESTS, EXPLORERS, SCAVENGERS, COLLECTORS, MAKERS, EVEN ARTISTS.
  3. 3. A WILD-EYED ENTHUSIAST TIM BERNERS-LEE
  4. 4. User Manuals
  5. 5. “Users of products and services are increasingly able to innovate for themselves.” “Users do not have to develop everything they need on their own: they can benefit from innovations developed and freely shared by others.” “Users benefit directly from their innovations.”
  6. 6. Things Change By The Way They Are Used
  7. 7. Things Change By The Way They Are Used
  8. 8. Systems and devices should be designed so that users can change them.
  9. 9. Tools for Users
  10. 10. When the Multics system is shutdown, this group of researchers at BellLabs, against management’s wishes, begin writing their own operating system for their own use. The work began after they’d written the game “Space Travel.”
  11. 11. SHARING TOOLS, SHARING WORK “What we wanted to preserve was not just a good environment in which to do programming, but a system around which a fellowship could form. We knew from experience that the essence of communal computing, as supplied by remote- access, time-shared machines, is not just to type programs into a terminal instead of a keypunch, but to encourage close communication” http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/who/dmr/hist.html
  12. 12. HYPERCARD
  13. 13. Pei Wei
  14. 14. OPEN INNOVATION
  15. 15. LARRY WALL FATHER OF PERL, ENTHUSIAST
  16. 16. PERL CONFERENCE 1997 Andrew Schulman gave a talk “The Web as an API” Every UPS package has its own homepage on the Web. He talked about “how complex URLs can be used to cause programs to run on another machine and produce large ranges of data.” “Distributed Computation in the Guise of Hypertext!” http://www.sonic.net/~undoc/perl/talk/webapi1.html
  17. 17. OPEN SOURCE Tim O’Reilly organized a summit around Open Source in April, 1998, bringing together leaders of many open source projects. The infrastructure of the Internet was built on open source and continues to be developed as open source software.
  18. 18. WEB AS AN OS PLATFORM The Web as an Open Source Platform Blogs, Flickr, and RSS Small teams were creating cool applications
  19. 19. WEB 2.0 A new generation of applications built on the Web A new group of enthusiasts
  20. 20. EVAN WILLIAMS
  21. 21. TWITTER Twitter is an open API A Messaging platform for all kinds of devices
  22. 22. THE WEB MEETS THE WORLD OF THINGS
  23. 23. HACKS Hacks are clever solutions to interesting problems.
  24. 24. The First Hacker Peter Samson of MIT and the Tech Model Railroad Club in 1960’s “[He] had grown up with a specific relationship to the world, wherein things had meaning only if you found out how they worked. And how would you go about that if not by getting your hands on them?” from Steven Levy’s Hackers
  25. 25. The Hacker Ethic HACKERS SHOULD BE JUDGED BY THEIR HACKING, NOT BOGUS CRITERIA SUCH AS DEGREES, AGE, RACE, OR POSITION. from Steven Levy’s Hackers
  26. 26. “I just loved going down to the Homebrew Computer Club, showing off my ideas and designing neat Steve Wozniak computers. I was willing to do that for free for the rest of my life.”
  27. 27. “I’m not exactly sure why so many people are here. A lot of them are just curious about what’s going on.”
  28. 28. A DIY Tradition
  29. 29. MAKE IS WHERE HACKING MEETS TINKERING.
  30. 30. Makers are wild-eyed enthusiasts.
  31. 31. Send a Camcorder Up in a Model Rocket
  32. 32. ARDUINO OPEN SOURCE HARDWARE PLATFORM
  33. 33. Phil Torrone, Enthusiast
  34. 34. Look for the Wild-Eyed Enthusiasts Dale Dougherty dale@oreilly.com

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