The Essential Elements of Digital Literacies

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A presentation to the Association of Independent Schools of New South Wales (Australia) ICT Managers Conference 2011. …

A presentation to the Association of Independent Schools of New South Wales (Australia) ICT Managers Conference 2011.

Since this presentation, I've written an e-book entitled 'The Essential Elements of Digital Literacies' that you may want to check out: https://gum.co/digilit

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  • 1. THE ESSENTIALELEMENTS OFDIGITAL LITERACIES DOUG BELSHAW DOUGBELSHAW.COM
  • 2. THE ARGUMENTIN ONE SLIDE1. THERE ARE 8 ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL LITERACIES2. DEFINITIONS NEED TO BE CO-CREATED TO HAVE POWER3. GET STARTED! (THERE’S PLENTY OF RESOURCES TO HELP YOU)
  • 3. OVERVIEW WHAT ARE DIGITAL LITERACIES? 5-STEP PROCESS MODEL 8 ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL LITERACIESDIGITAL LITERACIES IN YOUR CONTEXT CONCLUSION
  • 4. #DIGILIT @DAJBELSHAW
  • 5. PART IWHAT AREDIGITAL LITERACIES?
  • 6. SAME WORDDIFFERENT MEANING
  • 7. DIFFERENT WORD CC BY-NC-SA sparkiebluesSAME MEANING
  • 8. DO WE EVENKNOW WHATLITERACYIS, ANYWAY?
  • 9. Literacy is a characteristic acquired byindividuals in varying degrees from just abovenone to an indeterminate upper level. Someindividuals are more or less literate thanothers but it is really not possible to speak ofilliterate and literate persons as two distinctcategories.” (UNESCO, 1957)
  • 10. AUTONOMOUS IDEOLOGICAL“[Literacy as] independent “[Literacy as] an activeof and impartial towards relationship or a way oftrends and struggles in orienting to the socialeveryday life.” and cultural world.”(Street, 1984) (Lankshear, 1999)
  • 11. MEDIALITERACY
  • 12. INFOCOMM
  • 13. DIGITALKOMPETANSE
  • 14. DIGITALMEDIALITERACY
  • 15. INFORMATIONLITERACY
  • 16. DIGITALMEDIALITERACY
  • 17. ACADEMICSLIKE THEIRUMBRELLATERMS CC BY Pink Sherbert Photography
  • 18. Text“Digital literacy is a complex and contested term. It is often understoodas the ability to participate in a range of critical and creative practicesthat involve understanding, sharing and creating meaning with differentkinds of technology and media.” (2010:3) http://futurelab.org.uk/resources/school-approaches-developing-students-digital-literacy
  • 19. TextWhat are digital literacies? Planning activitiesHow does it relate to my practice? Activities for the classroom http://futurelab.org.uk/resources/digital-literacy-professional-development-resource
  • 20. PART II5-STEPPROCESS MODEL
  • 21. TextResources created for Becta before it was abolished. http://www.timmuslimited.co.uk/archives/117
  • 22. 5-step process model:Define, Access, Understand & Evaluate, Create, Communicate http://www.slideshare.net/TabethaNewman/digital-literacy-literature-review-from-terminology-to-action
  • 23. 8C s http://www.slideshare.net/TabethaNewman/digital-literacy-literature-review-from-terminology-to-action
  • 24. C s Q. WHAT KIND OF TOOLS8 ARE HELPFUL HERE? WIKIPEDIA FLICKR MS WORD http://www.slideshare.net/TabethaNewman/digital-literacy-literature-review-from-terminology-to-action
  • 25. PART III8 DIGITAL LITERACIESOF ELEMENTS
  • 26. Cu Cg Cn CoCultural Cognitive Constructive CommunicativeTHE 8 ELEMENTSOF DIGITAL LITERACIESCf Cr Ct CiConfident Creative Critical Civic
  • 27. Cu CulturalTHE 8 ELEMENTS“The nature of literacy in a culture is repeatedlyredefined as the result of technologicalchanges.” Hannon (2000)
  • 28. Cg CognitiveTHE 8 ELEMENTS“Functional internet literacy is not the abilityto use a set of technical tools; rather, it is theability to use a set of cognitive tools.” Johnson (2008)
  • 29. Cn ConstructiveTHE 8 ELEMENTS“[Digital literacy is] the awareness, attitude andability of individuals to appropriately use digitaltools...in order to enable constructive social action.” DigEuLit project, quoted in Martin (2006)
  • 30. Co CommunicativeTHE 8 ELEMENTS“Digital literacy must therefore involve a systematicawareness of how digital media are constructed and ofthe unique rhetorics of interactive communication.” Buckingham (2007)
  • 31. “Modern society is increasingly looking to [people] whocan confidently solve problems and manage their ownlearning throughout their lives, the very qualities which ICTsupremely is able to promote.” OECD (2001)THE 8 ELEMENTS Cf Confident
  • 32. “The creative adoption of new technology requires teacherswho are willing to take risks... a professional culture that isdominated by a prescriptive curriculum, routine practices... anda tight target-setting regime, is unlikely to be helpful.” Conlon & Simpson (2003)THE 8 ELEMENTS Cr Creative
  • 33. “Once we see that online texts are not exactly written orspoken, we begin to understand that cyberliteracy requires aspecial form of critical thinking. Communication in the onlineworld is not quite like anything else.” Gurak (2001)THE 8 ELEMENTS Ct Critical
  • 34. “The ability to understand and make use of ICT - digitalliteracy - is proving essential to employment success, civicparticipation, accessing entertainment, and education.” Mehlman (2007)THE 8 ELEMENTS Ci Civic
  • 35. Cu Co Cultural Cg Cn Communicative Cognitive ConstructiveRANK THESE IN ORDER OF IMPORTANCE Cr Ct Cf Creative Critical Ci Confidence Civic
  • 36. “And, whilst it may be possible to produce lists of the componentsof digital literacy, and to show how they fit together, it is notsensible to suggest that one specific model of digital literacy willbe appropriate for all people or, indeed, for one person over alltheir lifetime. Updating of understanding and competence will benecessary as individual circumstances change, and as changes inthe digital information environment bring the need for new freshunderstanding and new competencies; as Martin (2006a) puts it,digital literacy is "a condition, not a threshold".” (Bawden, 2008)
  • 37. GESTURESJoão Machadohttp://vimeo.com/7338692
  • 38. SHOULDWE TEACH(CONCEPTUAL)SHORTCUTS?
  • 39. PART 4DIGITAL LITERACIESIN YOUR CONTEXT
  • 40. DIGITAL LITERACY PRACTICES CHANGE CC BY-SA [nev]EVEN IF YOU DON’T QUITEUNDERSTAND THEM CC BY-NC-SA Alain Bachellier
  • 41. JOI ITO now (formerly of Creative Commons, Executive Director of MIT Media Lab)WHAT DODIGITAL LITERACIESDEPEND UPON?
  • 42. CC BY chwalker01 CC BY queefette LOLCATS AN INTERNET MEMECC BY zebedee.zebedee
  • 43. CC BY queefette CC BY-NC-SA dantekgeek WHICH ELEMENTS ARE INVOLVED HERE?CC BY zebedee.zebedee WHAT IS PRESUPPOSED?
  • 44. T ’S W H RE? ARADIUS OF H EINTEREST RADIUS OF OPPORTUNITY
  • 45. TA L ES IG I RACIINDIVIDUAL D LITEINTEREST EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
  • 46. WHICHDIGITAL LITERACIES PRACTICESSHOULD THE AVERAGE14 YEAR-OLDBE FAMILIAR WITH?
  • 47. WE NEED TO DEVELOP SOCIALSKILLSIN ALL 4 ZONES (EDITING)PROCEDURAL CRITICAL ? ? INDIVIDUAL
  • 48. CONCLUSIONHAS YOUR PERCEPTIONOF DIGITAL LITERACIESCHANGED?(NOT STRAIGHTFORWARD, ARE THEY?)
  • 49. THE ARGUMENTIN ONE SLIDE1. THERE ARE 8 ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL LITERACIES2. DEFINITIONS NEED TO BE CO-CREATED TO HAVE POWER3. GET STARTED! (THERE’S PLENTY OF RESOURCES TO HELP YOU)
  • 50. DOUG BELSHAWDOUGBELSHAW.COM