Ambiguity, OER& Open Badges    Doug Belshaw   Mozilla Foundation  http://bit.ly/OER13doug
I’m @dajbconf   on Twitter
Here’s a tweet-sized summary for you...
Invented terms are ambiguous,but that’s OK. Both #ukoer and#openbadges love metadata, so we complement one another.    Sta...
2013http://bit.ly/LettingGrow(this is why I’m more hairy than usual)
Threads that I’ll try to weave   together at the end...1. Evidence (OER & Open Badges)2. Experience (Ambiguity)3. Expectat...
Structure1. Ambiguity(Experience)2. OER & Open Badges(Evidence)3. Web Literacy standard(Expectation)
1. Ambiguity
Lessambiguous              More            ambiguous
“Since we cannot introduce the realitiesthemselves into our discussions, but have touse words as symbols for them, we supp...
Ambiguity can be a  GOOD  thing
(but it needs to be the right type)
What have thesegot in common?
Open= open standards,open source, open      ethos
...whereas:
Open  = open standards(kinda), er... open for     business?
Open?
F U    ear               ncertainty             D         oubt                           !=http://fairworldproject.org/blo...
http://neverendingthesis.com
http://dougbelshaw.com/ambiguity
GENERATIVE                                          PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY                                            AMBIGUI...
GENERATIVE                                     PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY                                       AMBIGUITY        ...
GENERATIVE                                 PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY                                   AMBIGUITY                ...
“Old metaphors are constantly dying offinto literalness, and then serving as aplatform and foil for new metaphors.”       ...
One definitionof ‘Open’ to rule      them all?             CC BY-SA bandita
GENERATIVE               PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY                 AMBIGUITY               OER?              CREATIVE           ...
Creative ambiguity= 360° of movementaround a fixed point
</experience>
2. OER &Open Badges
What’s the biggestthing that impacts    learners?
ASSESSMENT
What’s the point of  assessment?
Feedback     &Credentialing
Teacher  Senior Leader   JISC infoNetMozilla Foundation
“Open Educational Resources (OER) areteaching and learning materials that are freelyavailable online for everyone to use, ...
Is free the definingcharacteristic of OERs?
FreeOpenly-licensed  Metadata  (paradata?)
(hold that thought!)
v1.0 two weeks ago (March 2013)       60,000+ badges  issued to 23,000+ learners    by 600+ organisations
I don’t get this?
CC BY-SA Kyle Bowen
Trusted credentials?
Metadata!
This is notan OpenBadge    (I just ripped this off David Kernohan’s blog in anattempt to trade on his reputation in the OE...
These areOpen Badges!
...but WHY?!
OER                                   contributor                                                   Silo 2        Silo 1  ...
Breaking SILOS
Providing  TRUSTEDCREDENTIALS
JAILBREAKINGFORMAL EDUCATION
OpenBadgeInfrastructure(OBI)
http://backpack.openbadges.org
Open Badges encourage  LEARNERSOVEREIGNTY
They allowNON-TRADITIONAL   PATHWAYS
Some examples:http://bit.ly/badgevalidation
Alice goes to an after-school program at the local museumand works with a robot exhibit where she has to use acomputer pro...
Bob is an accountant who was laid off a few months ago ashis company cut back. He is actively looking for a job butthings ...
Eve’s Company is a nonprofit that is working         on curriculum to educate people onconsiderations for privacy online a...
</evidence>
3. Web Literacy   standard
Mozilla!(global non-profit)
We’re trying to create a more web literate        planet
n !                              c t io                         st ru                      o n                   r c      ...
Eve’s Company is a nonprofit that is working         on curriculum to educate people onconsiderations for privacy online a...
Eve’s Company is a nonprofit that is working             on curriculum to educate people on    considerations for privacy ...
...aligned with a learning standard                                                 ...earn                               ...
INNOVATION          OBI(Open Badges Infrastructure)          THE WEB        (complicated stuff)
</expectation>
Conclusion
Bringing thethreads together...                      CC BY-NC-ND tpvarshitha
Remember this?
OER & Open Badges  sitting in a tree...• Metadata = important• Can be designed well or badly• Use open to mean beyond just...
OER13 = ‘creating a virtuous circle’                Learners                   LearnersInstitutions     OER         ?   OB...
Does   ?   =
INNOVATION          OBI(Open Badges Infrastructure)          THE WEB        (complicated stuff)
Here’s that tweet-sized  summary again...
Invented terms are ambiguous,but that’s OK. Both #ukoer and#openbadges love metadata, so we complement one another.    Sta...
dougbelshaw.com
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges
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Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges

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Slides to accompany my keynote at the OER13 conference, March 2013.

Published in: Education

Ambiguity, OER & Open Badges

  1. 1. Ambiguity, OER& Open Badges Doug Belshaw Mozilla Foundation http://bit.ly/OER13doug
  2. 2. I’m @dajbconf on Twitter
  3. 3. Here’s a tweet-sized summary for you...
  4. 4. Invented terms are ambiguous,but that’s OK. Both #ukoer and#openbadges love metadata, so we complement one another. Standards FTW! #OER13
  5. 5. 2013http://bit.ly/LettingGrow(this is why I’m more hairy than usual)
  6. 6. Threads that I’ll try to weave together at the end...1. Evidence (OER & Open Badges)2. Experience (Ambiguity)3. Expectation (Web Literacy standard)
  7. 7. Structure1. Ambiguity(Experience)2. OER & Open Badges(Evidence)3. Web Literacy standard(Expectation)
  8. 8. 1. Ambiguity
  9. 9. Lessambiguous More ambiguous
  10. 10. “Since we cannot introduce the realitiesthemselves into our discussions, but have touse words as symbols for them, we supposethat what follows in the words will follow inthe realities too, like people reckoning withcounters. But it is not the same. For whereaswords and the quantity of sentences arelimited, realities are unlimited in number. Itis therefore inevitable for the same sentenceand the one word to mean more than onething.” (Aristotle)
  11. 11. Ambiguity can be a GOOD thing
  12. 12. (but it needs to be the right type)
  13. 13. What have thesegot in common?
  14. 14. Open= open standards,open source, open ethos
  15. 15. ...whereas:
  16. 16. Open = open standards(kinda), er... open for business?
  17. 17. Open?
  18. 18. F U ear ncertainty D oubt !=http://fairworldproject.org/blogs/rainforest-alliance-is-not-fair-trade/
  19. 19. http://neverendingthesis.com
  20. 20. http://dougbelshaw.com/ambiguity
  21. 21. GENERATIVE PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY AMBIGUITYclosest to vague - an individual gives a nameto a nebulous collection of thoughts and ideas.(e.g. noticing a similarity between two objectsor ideas, or having a similar feeling when in thepresence of two otherwise completely differentpeople) CREATIVE AMBIGUITY
  22. 22. GENERATIVE PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY AMBIGUITY less ambiguous than Generative ambiguity - terms are more readily-understandable and applicable to contexts other than the very narrow one originally thought of. (e.g. talking of something being digital) CREATIVE AMBIGUITY
  23. 23. GENERATIVE PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY AMBIGUITY least ambiguous part of the continuum - usually involves metaphor. Abbott talks of a term exhibits a directness of feeling while the concept behind the feeling remains ambiguous. (e.g. divorce rates being taken to indicate something about the status of the family) CREATIVE AMBIGUITY
  24. 24. “Old metaphors are constantly dying offinto literalness, and then serving as aplatform and foil for new metaphors.” (Rorty, 1989:118) CC BY-NC Sam and Ian
  25. 25. One definitionof ‘Open’ to rule them all? CC BY-SA bandita
  26. 26. GENERATIVE PRODUCTIVEAMBIGUITY AMBIGUITY OER? CREATIVE AMBIGUITY
  27. 27. Creative ambiguity= 360° of movementaround a fixed point
  28. 28. </experience>
  29. 29. 2. OER &Open Badges
  30. 30. What’s the biggestthing that impacts learners?
  31. 31. ASSESSMENT
  32. 32. What’s the point of assessment?
  33. 33. Feedback &Credentialing
  34. 34. Teacher Senior Leader JISC infoNetMozilla Foundation
  35. 35. “Open Educational Resources (OER) areteaching and learning materials that are freelyavailable online for everyone to use, whetheryou are an instructor, student or self-learner.Examples of OER include: full courses, coursemodules, syllabi, lectures, homeworkassignments, quizzes, lab and classroomactivities, pedagogical materials, games,simulations, and many more resourcescontained in digital media collections fromaround the world.” (OER Commons, quoted in the JISC infoNet OER infoKit)
  36. 36. Is free the definingcharacteristic of OERs?
  37. 37. FreeOpenly-licensed Metadata (paradata?)
  38. 38. (hold that thought!)
  39. 39. v1.0 two weeks ago (March 2013) 60,000+ badges issued to 23,000+ learners by 600+ organisations
  40. 40. I don’t get this?
  41. 41. CC BY-SA Kyle Bowen
  42. 42. Trusted credentials?
  43. 43. Metadata!
  44. 44. This is notan OpenBadge (I just ripped this off David Kernohan’s blog in anattempt to trade on his reputation in the OER community)
  45. 45. These areOpen Badges!
  46. 46. ...but WHY?!
  47. 47. OER contributor Silo 2 Silo 1 Degree PRINCE2 What skills/ qualificationattributes are Silo 3missing here?(can we present them in a holistic way?)
  48. 48. Breaking SILOS
  49. 49. Providing TRUSTEDCREDENTIALS
  50. 50. JAILBREAKINGFORMAL EDUCATION
  51. 51. OpenBadgeInfrastructure(OBI)
  52. 52. http://backpack.openbadges.org
  53. 53. Open Badges encourage LEARNERSOVEREIGNTY
  54. 54. They allowNON-TRADITIONAL PATHWAYS
  55. 55. Some examples:http://bit.ly/badgevalidation
  56. 56. Alice goes to an after-school program at the local museumand works with a robot exhibit where she has to use acomputer program to move a robot across a course. Shehas to make decisions about angles and distances thatrequire higher level geometrical thinking than she’s beenexposed to at school. The museum encourages the youth tomake videos about their robots and she’s learned a lotabout digital storytelling and has emerged as the teamdocumentarian. Image: blackgirlscode.com
  57. 57. Bob is an accountant who was laid off a few months ago ashis company cut back. He is actively looking for a job butthings have changed a lot since he was on the job marketyears ago. He knows he needs to update his skills andunderstanding of changes to tax laws, but he does not havethe money to pay for the program at any of the onlinecertifications institutions.There are several opencourses he finds onlinethat each issue badges.
  58. 58. Eve’s Company is a nonprofit that is working on curriculum to educate people onconsiderations for privacy online and how to be empowered web citizens, and plan to issue badges to recognise these skills. CC BY-NC LibrarianWithoutBorders
  59. 59. </evidence>
  60. 60. 3. Web Literacy standard
  61. 61. Mozilla!(global non-profit)
  62. 62. We’re trying to create a more web literate planet
  63. 63. n ! c t io st ru o n r c d e un till SWith the community, we’re building a new, open learning standard for Web Literacy
  64. 64. Eve’s Company is a nonprofit that is working on curriculum to educate people onconsiderations for privacy online and how to be empowered web citizens, and plan to issue badges to recognise these skills. CC BY-NC LibrarianWithoutBorders
  65. 65. Eve’s Company is a nonprofit that is working on curriculum to educate people on considerations for privacy online and how to be empowered web citizens, and plan to issue badges to recognise these skills. Could align with theWeb Literacy standard CC BY-NC LibrarianWithoutBorders
  66. 66. ...aligned with a learning standard ...earn badges around the Web... Learners...
  67. 67. INNOVATION OBI(Open Badges Infrastructure) THE WEB (complicated stuff)
  68. 68. </expectation>
  69. 69. Conclusion
  70. 70. Bringing thethreads together... CC BY-NC-ND tpvarshitha
  71. 71. Remember this?
  72. 72. OER & Open Badges sitting in a tree...• Metadata = important• Can be designed well or badly• Use open to mean beyond just ‘free’• About changing the world for the better
  73. 73. OER13 = ‘creating a virtuous circle’ Learners LearnersInstitutions OER ? OBI* Open Badges Employers Releasers/ remixers Issuers Creative Ambiguity Productive Ambiguity *OBI = Open Badges Infrastructure
  74. 74. Does ? =
  75. 75. INNOVATION OBI(Open Badges Infrastructure) THE WEB (complicated stuff)
  76. 76. Here’s that tweet-sized summary again...
  77. 77. Invented terms are ambiguous,but that’s OK. Both #ukoer and#openbadges love metadata, so we complement one another. Standards FTW! #OER13
  78. 78. dougbelshaw.com
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