HOW TO DEVELOPDIGITAL LITERACIESIN YOURSELF AND OTHERS.              DOUG              BELSHAW        DOUGBELSHAW.COM
THE ARGUMENTIN ONE SLIDE1. THERE ARE 8 ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL LITERACIES2. DEFINITIONS NEED TO BE CO-CREATED TO HAV...
#DIGILIT    @DAJBELSHAW
TWO PARTS      PART 1               PART 2LITERACY AND DIGITAL   SOME EXAMPLES OF  LITERACIES: WHAT     DEVELOPING DIGITAL...
TWO PARTS        PART 1  LITERACY AND DIGITAL    LITERACIES: WHAT     ARE WE TALKING         ABOUT?
GESTURESJoão Machadohttp://vimeo.com/7338692
DO WE EVEN KNOWWHATLITERACY IS?
“   It is really not possible to    speak of illiterate and                          “    literate persons as two    disti...
OBJECTIVECAN BE                                             OP   M E NTDELIVERED                           CY             ...
CYBERLITERACY COMPUTER LITERACYINFORMATION LITERACY ELECTRACYDIGITAL LITERACYINFOTENTION   DIGITAL FLUENCY   ICT LITERACY ...
ACADEMICSLIKE THEIRUMBRELLATERMS        CC BY Pink Sherbert Photography
NEVERENDINGTHESIS.COMDOUG’S DOCTORAL THESIS ON DIGITAL LITERACIES (2011)
DIGITAL LITERACIES ARESUBJECTIVENEED TO BEDEVELOPED
Cu          Cg           Cn              Co Cultural   Cognitive   Constructive   CommunicativeTHE 8 ELEMENTSOF DIGITAL LI...
Cu CulturalTHE 8 ELEMENTS“The nature of literacy in a culture isrepeatedly redefined as the result oftechnological changes...
Cg                 CognitiveTHE 8 ELEMENTS“Functional internet literacy is not the abilityto use a set of technical tools;...
Cn                               ConstructiveTHE 8 ELEMENTS“[Digital literacy is] the awareness, attitude andability of in...
Co                                            CommunicativeTHE 8 ELEMENTS“Digital literacy must therefore involve a system...
“Modern society is increasingly looking to [people] whocan confidently solve problems and manage their ownlearning through...
“The creative adoption of new technology requiresteachers who are willing to take risks... a prescriptivecurriculum, routi...
“Once we see that online texts are not exactly written orspoken, we begin to understand that cyberliteracy requiresa speci...
“The ability to understand and make use of ICT - digitalliteracy - is proving essential to employment success, civicpartic...
“   Digital literacy is                “    a condition, not a    threshold.                     Martin (2006)
DIGITAL LITERACY PRACTICES                                CHANGE                                                       CC ...
IT’SALL ABOUTCONTEXT
5MODEL           PROCESS           STEP(SEE NEWMAN, 2009: HTTP://SLIDESHA.RE/NISDTV)
5    1. DEFINE    2. ACCESS    3. UNDERSTAND    &CREATE 5. COMMUNICATE    4.       EVALUATE
WE NEED TO DEVELOP SKILLS IN ALL 4 ZONES                  SOCIAL             ?                (EDITING)PROCEDURAL         ...
?    ?QUESTIONS
TWO PARTS      PART 1               PART 2LITERACY AND DIGITAL   SOME EXAMPLES OF  LITERACIES: WHAT     DEVELOPING DIGITAL...
TWO PARTS      PART 2  SOME EXAMPLES OF  DEVELOPING DIGITAL     LITERACIES IN       PRACTICE
BABY THINKS A MAGAZINE IS A BROKEN IPADDo digital skills and literacies need to be taught?                  http://youtu.b...
CC BY chwalker01                 CC BY queefette                        LOLCATS                        AN INTERNET MEMECC ...
CC BY queefette                               CC BY-NC-SA dantekgeek                               WHICH ELEMENTS         ...
A RECENT EXAMPLE          http://nyti.ms/uRU64gCASUAL PEPPER SPRAY COP
http://chzb.gr/uVUECnA RECENT EXAMPLECASUAL PEPPER SPRAY COP
IT’SALL ABOUTCONTEXT
TRADITIONAL              + NEWCONTEXT        TWIST        =DIFFERENTLITERACY
Cu        Cultural                                  Confident                                                     CI       ...
JISC is the UK’s expert oninformation and digital technologiesfor education and research          F R E E  URCES!         ...
http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/elearning/developingdigitalliteracies.aspx
http://bit.ly/dsdiglitworkshops
http://www.caledonianacademy.net/spaces/LLiDA/
“   Digital literacy defines    those capabilities which    fit an individual for living,                     “    learnin...
DEFINITIONSNEED TO BECO-CREATEDTO HAVEPOWER!
• Economic uncertainty• High competition for employment                                WE NEED• Alternative models of empl...
• Designing flexible learning opportunitiesWE CAN HELP   • Situating learning opportunities in authentic contexts         ...
BUTWHAT ABOUTME?
Ct              Critical                                  Cu                                  CulturalCrCreative          ...
CnEXAMPLE 1: CONTRIBUTING   ConstructiveTO A WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE      CI                             Civic                  ...
CuEXAMPLE 2: PARTICIPATING IN     CulturalA CONFERENCE BACKCHANNEL                                Cu                      ...
Cu     EXAMPLE 3: CREATING AN     Cultural     AUDIO/VIDEO/IMAGE MASHUP                                Cg                 ...
RESOURCES MENTIONED•   Belshaw, D. (2011) What is digital literacy? A Pragmatic investigation            http://neverendin...
THE ARGUMENTIN ONE SLIDE1. THERE ARE 8 ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL LITERACIES2. DEFINITIONS NEED TO BE CO-CREATED TO HAV...
?    ?QUESTIONS
How to Develop Digital Literacies in Yourself and Others
How to Develop Digital Literacies in Yourself and Others
How to Develop Digital Literacies in Yourself and Others
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How to Develop Digital Literacies in Yourself and Others

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If literacy is just ‘reading and writing’ then why has so much ink been spilled over such a simple concept? Is there just one ‘literacy’ to rule them all? Or are there multiple literacies? Is what we do online a ‘literacy’?

I believe there to be 8 essential elements to digital literacies and that definitions of digital literacies should be co-created to have power. In this presentation I point to useful resources (from JISC and elsewhere), ask some questions as conversation starters and provide some practical examples of how you can develop digital literacy skills in yourself and others.

Since this presentation, I've written an e-book entitled 'The Essential Elements of Digital Literacies' that you may want to check out: https://gum.co/digilit

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  • I found your assumptions on digital literacies weak because of the lack of theory/theories. Sure, it's interesting with bytes of 8 bits but as they say, 'so what?' Needs more work and proper foundation, even for an EdD. It opens up questions that need answers which you don't provide.
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How to Develop Digital Literacies in Yourself and Others

  1. 1. HOW TO DEVELOPDIGITAL LITERACIESIN YOURSELF AND OTHERS. DOUG BELSHAW DOUGBELSHAW.COM
  2. 2. THE ARGUMENTIN ONE SLIDE1. THERE ARE 8 ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL LITERACIES2. DEFINITIONS NEED TO BE CO-CREATED TO HAVE POWER3. GET STARTED! (THERE’S PLENTY OF RESOURCES TO HELP YOU)
  3. 3. #DIGILIT @DAJBELSHAW
  4. 4. TWO PARTS PART 1 PART 2LITERACY AND DIGITAL SOME EXAMPLES OF LITERACIES: WHAT DEVELOPING DIGITAL ARE WE TALKING LITERACIES IN ABOUT? PRACTICE
  5. 5. TWO PARTS PART 1 LITERACY AND DIGITAL LITERACIES: WHAT ARE WE TALKING ABOUT?
  6. 6. GESTURESJoão Machadohttp://vimeo.com/7338692
  7. 7. OVERVIEW WHAT IS LITERACY?8 ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL LITERACIES 5-STEP PROCESS MODEL 4 SKILL ZONES CONCLUSION & QUESTIONS
  8. 8. DO WE EVEN KNOWWHATLITERACY IS?
  9. 9. “ It is really not possible to speak of illiterate and “ literate persons as two distinct categories. UNESCO (1957)
  10. 10. OBJECTIVECAN BE OP M E NTDELIVERED CY D EV EL TE RA LI OF V I EW S SUBJECTIVE NEED TO BE DEVELOPED
  11. 11. CYBERLITERACY COMPUTER LITERACYINFORMATION LITERACY ELECTRACYDIGITAL LITERACYINFOTENTION DIGITAL FLUENCY ICT LITERACY VISUAL LITERACY
  12. 12. ACADEMICSLIKE THEIRUMBRELLATERMS CC BY Pink Sherbert Photography
  13. 13. NEVERENDINGTHESIS.COMDOUG’S DOCTORAL THESIS ON DIGITAL LITERACIES (2011)
  14. 14. DIGITAL LITERACIES ARESUBJECTIVENEED TO BEDEVELOPED
  15. 15. Cu Cg Cn Co Cultural Cognitive Constructive CommunicativeTHE 8 ELEMENTSOF DIGITAL LITERACIESCf Cr Ct CiConfident Creative Critical Civic
  16. 16. Cu CulturalTHE 8 ELEMENTS“The nature of literacy in a culture isrepeatedly redefined as the result oftechnological changes.” Hannon (2000)
  17. 17. Cg CognitiveTHE 8 ELEMENTS“Functional internet literacy is not the abilityto use a set of technical tools; rather, it is theability to use a set of cognitive tools.” Johnson (2008)
  18. 18. Cn ConstructiveTHE 8 ELEMENTS“[Digital literacy is] the awareness, attitude andability of individuals to appropriately use digitaltools...in order to enable constructive social action.” DigEuLit project (2006)
  19. 19. Co CommunicativeTHE 8 ELEMENTS“Digital literacy must therefore involve a systematicawareness of how digital media are constructed and ofthe unique rhetorics of interactive communication.” Buckingham (2007)
  20. 20. “Modern society is increasingly looking to [people] whocan confidently solve problems and manage their ownlearning throughout their lives, the very qualities which ICTsupremely is able to promote.” OECD (2001) THE 8 ELEMENTS Cf Confident
  21. 21. “The creative adoption of new technology requiresteachers who are willing to take risks... a prescriptivecurriculum, routine practices... and a tight target-settingregime, is unlikely to be helpful.” Conlon & Simpson (2003)THE 8 ELEMENTS Cr Creative
  22. 22. “Once we see that online texts are not exactly written orspoken, we begin to understand that cyberliteracy requiresa special form of critical thinking. Communication in theonline world is not quite like anything else.” Gurak (2001) THE 8 ELEMENTS Ct Critical
  23. 23. “The ability to understand and make use of ICT - digitalliteracy - is proving essential to employment success, civicparticipation, accessing entertainment, and education.” Mehlman (2007)THE 8 ELEMENTS Ci Civic
  24. 24. “ Digital literacy is “ a condition, not a threshold. Martin (2006)
  25. 25. DIGITAL LITERACY PRACTICES CHANGE CC BY-NC-SA CC BY-SA [nev] Alain BachellierEVEN IF YOU DON’T QUITEUNDERSTAND THEM
  26. 26. IT’SALL ABOUTCONTEXT
  27. 27. 5MODEL PROCESS STEP(SEE NEWMAN, 2009: HTTP://SLIDESHA.RE/NISDTV)
  28. 28. 5 1. DEFINE 2. ACCESS 3. UNDERSTAND &CREATE 5. COMMUNICATE 4. EVALUATE
  29. 29. WE NEED TO DEVELOP SKILLS IN ALL 4 ZONES SOCIAL ? (EDITING)PROCEDURAL CRITICAL ? ? INDIVIDUAL
  30. 30. ? ?QUESTIONS
  31. 31. TWO PARTS PART 1 PART 2LITERACY AND DIGITAL SOME EXAMPLES OF LITERACIES: WHAT DEVELOPING DIGITAL ARE WE TALKING LITERACIES IN ABOUT? PRACTICE
  32. 32. TWO PARTS PART 2 SOME EXAMPLES OF DEVELOPING DIGITAL LITERACIES IN PRACTICE
  33. 33. BABY THINKS A MAGAZINE IS A BROKEN IPADDo digital skills and literacies need to be taught? http://youtu.be/APE8M9MeOWA
  34. 34. CC BY chwalker01 CC BY queefette LOLCATS AN INTERNET MEMECC BY zebedee.zebedee
  35. 35. CC BY queefette CC BY-NC-SA dantekgeek WHICH ELEMENTS ARE INVOLVED HERE?CC BY zebedee.zebedee WHAT IS PRESUPPOSED?
  36. 36. DOES THIS INVOLVE DIGITAL LITERACIES?(FOR THE PRODUCER? FOR THE READER?)
  37. 37. A RECENT EXAMPLE http://nyti.ms/uRU64gCASUAL PEPPER SPRAY COP
  38. 38. http://chzb.gr/uVUECnA RECENT EXAMPLECASUAL PEPPER SPRAY COP
  39. 39. IT’SALL ABOUTCONTEXT
  40. 40. TRADITIONAL + NEWCONTEXT TWIST =DIFFERENTLITERACY
  41. 41. Cu Cultural Confident CI Civi c Cr C o nic ativ e Crea tive Ct m mu Co Critical Cg Cn Con struct ive CognitiveDIGITAL LITERACIES
  42. 42. JISC is the UK’s expert oninformation and digital technologiesfor education and research F R E E URCES! http://www.jisc.ac.uk RE SOJISC is funded by all the UK post 16 and higher education funding bodies as well as the Research Councils.
  43. 43. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/elearning/developingdigitalliteracies.aspx
  44. 44. http://bit.ly/dsdiglitworkshops
  45. 45. http://www.caledonianacademy.net/spaces/LLiDA/
  46. 46. “ Digital literacy defines those capabilities which fit an individual for living, “ learning and working in a digital society. JISC (2009)
  47. 47. DEFINITIONSNEED TO BECO-CREATEDTO HAVEPOWER!
  48. 48. • Economic uncertainty• High competition for employment WE NEED• Alternative models of employment• The rise of interdisciplinary teams TO HELP• Multi-cultural working & living environments• Blurring boundaries of ‘real’ and ‘virtual’ STUDENTS• Ubiquitous and embedded digital technologies DEAL• Distribution of cognitive work into networks of expertise Findings from the JISC-funded LliDA study WITH:
  49. 49. • Designing flexible learning opportunitiesWE CAN HELP • Situating learning opportunities in authentic contexts • Designing learning opportunities to operate in distributed STUDENTS • networks Continually reviewing how technologies are integrated into curriculum tasks DEVELOP • Continually reviewing learners’ techno-social practice • Supporting learners with their own technologies EFFECTIVE • Using assessment and feedback to encourage innovation in learners’ study habits PRACTICES • Supporting learners in developing self-efficacy and self- direction to navigate complex learning landscapes • Supporting learners’ personal reflection, progression and BY : planning (e.g. by using e-portfolios and learning records) Findings from the JISC-funded LliDA study
  50. 50. BUTWHAT ABOUTME?
  51. 51. Ct Critical Cu CulturalCrCreative Cg Cognitive DEVELOPING DIGITAL LITERACIESCuConfident Cn Constructive Co Communicative CI Civic
  52. 52. CnEXAMPLE 1: CONTRIBUTING ConstructiveTO A WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE CI Civic Ct Critical
  53. 53. CuEXAMPLE 2: PARTICIPATING IN CulturalA CONFERENCE BACKCHANNEL Cu Confident Co Communicative
  54. 54. Cu EXAMPLE 3: CREATING AN Cultural AUDIO/VIDEO/IMAGE MASHUP Cg Cognitive Cr CreativeImage CC BY-NC-SA kyteacher
  55. 55. RESOURCES MENTIONED• Belshaw, D. (2011) What is digital literacy? A Pragmatic investigation http://neverendingthesis.com• JISC (2009) LliDA: Learning Literacies for the Digital Age http://www.caledonianacademy.net/spaces/LLiDA/• JISC (2011) Developing Digital Literacies Programme http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/elearning/developingdigitalliteracies.aspx• JISC (2011) Developing Digital Literacies Workshop Materials http://bit.ly/dsdiglitworkshops• Know Your Meme (2011) Casual Pepper Spray Cop http://chzb.gr/uVUECn• Machado, J. (2009) Gestures http://vimeo.com/7338692• Newman, T. (2009) Consequences of a Digital Literacy review: moving from terminology to action http://slidesha.re/nISdTV• Stelter, B. (2011) California University Puts Officers Who Used Pepper Spray On Leave http://nyti.ms/uRU64g• StormLogixLLC (2011) Baby Thinks a Magazine is a Broken iPad! http://youtu.be/APE8M9MeOWA
  56. 56. THE ARGUMENTIN ONE SLIDE1. THERE ARE 8 ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL LITERACIES2. DEFINITIONS NEED TO BE CO-CREATED TO HAVE POWER3. GET STARTED! (THERE’S PLENTY OF RESOURCES TO HELP YOU)
  57. 57. ? ?QUESTIONS

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