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Online Learning vs In Class Learning

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  1. 1. In Class Learningvs. Online LearningAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann,Amy Perrin, and SJ SmithJuly 2012
  2. 2. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Table of contents Introduction pg 3 The Student pg 4 Teachers Point of View pg 12 Going Online pg 21 Assessment pg 25 Summary pg 31 References pg 34Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  3. 3. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Introduction This presentation is intended to show how the differences and similarities found in face-to-face classroom learning and online learning can pose important questions of which direction to take, when adults return to school. There are many new ways of taking and accomplishing adult education. Technology brings many challenges to adult learners as they need to know the technology in order to use it. The aspect of self-regulation is very important as it ensures that goals are met, no matter if the class is conducted online or in-person.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  4. 4. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning The Student Meet our subject, Karen MerryAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  5. 5. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Meet Karen Merry Hi, my name is Karen. I am 32 years old and live in a condo just outside the city. I am a single mother of 2 girls, aged 4 and 9 years old, and a 10 year old dog named Kelly. Once a week I receive treatment for my rheumatoid arthritis, which can sometimes make typing difficult for me. Problem: - I want to expand on my education so that I am more employable - I have to work full time while I do this - I don’t have a lot of free time now as it is Solution: - Sign up for adult education courses - Choose part-time, weekend or evening classes - Find or make a working schedule Issues: - Where and when will I take these courses? - Will I take them in person or online?Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  6. 6. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Why are these goals so important to me and my family at this time? - Will make me more employable - Find out other things I’m good at - Make a good impression on my daughters having a mother that embraces lifelong learning Are my goals realistic? - Many single parents return to school - People I work with are taking courses - Members of my family can help me if I run out of time Which is better for me, Online or In class? - In class I can make friends and talk directly to the instructor - Online I can work from home - In class, I will commit to an in person schedule - Online I have to use self-disciplineAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  7. 7. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 1 I will learn the terminology 2 I will understand the history 3 I will create a comparison chartAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  8. 8. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 1 I’ll learn the terminology Adult Education: People who are considered to be “adults” as defined by the country or culture they belong to, can pursue educational goals, sometimes by passing formal requirements using their adult status as an entry into higher education. Andragogy: training/education of adults Asynchronous learning: Learning in your own time. Using email, online forums, etc., allows you to determine the best time for you to do your assignments Blended: The combination of both in class and online education. Students in a class can log into sites as directed by a teacher, or can combine their online sessions with in class tests or guidance. Correspondence Course: Assignments are sent/received by mail, for marking and review. Distance: Physical location that is not close to home. Traditionally was done by mail - is now mostly done online. Formal : Could be defined as a “process” going from elementary school, to high school, to college or university. Can be a mix of both, although elementary school is usually done in a synchronous setting. Informal : Typically is seen as learning on the job, learning from a book or from a mentor. The school of “hard knocks” can also be considered informal education. In Class: Classroom setting in a defined location. Run by a teacher in the room with the students.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  9. 9. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 1 Continued... Online: A direct spin-off of distance education, but done across the internet - exclusively. Synchronous learning: Learning in real time. Can be either in class or online - but you are engaged at the same time. Screen Casts: Most commonly used in corporations to teach a new software application, screen casts are a video screen capture of an interface. They walk you through the process of using an interface - describing menu features, navigation and key functionality. Screen Sharing: Synchronous event, in which a screen sharing tool is used to allow others to see your computer screen live. They can also interact with your screen to test something or show that they know how to use a specific interface. Telecommunication: The science of information transport using wire, radio, optical, or electromagnetic channels to transmit or receive signals for voice or data communications using electrical means. Teleconferencing: Two-way electronic communication between two or more groups in separate locations via audio, video, and/or computer systems. Virtual Classroom: Synchronous learning online. Everyone logs on for a learning session with real-time live teaching. Skype, VOIP and U-verse may play a role in this. Webinar: Web based seminar or lecture series. Most of the time this is a video, but it can also be audio only.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  10. 10. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 2 History of Education Formal: Ancient cultures that developed spoken/written language (Greeks, Egyptian, Chinese, Samaritan, etc.) had to create education to pass this knowledge and skill to future generations. It even goes as far back as cave drawings and the use of beads as a means to communicate. Formal education has really always been with us. Informal (Distance/Correspondence): Mid-nineteenth century Europe is the origin of this unique way to get an education through the mail. It really took off in the US and Canada in the 1700’s when rural education was desired. Online Education: Actually began as electronic learning, which involved network and server, described as a tool for exchanging information that started with the CIA around 1986. There was no interface to work with then, so I’m not sure what this looked like!Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  11. 11. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 3 Comparison Chart Traditional Class Online Location in a classroom anywhere you can log into a computer Students listen and learn self-learning on your own from the instructor Instructor instructs the course facilitates the course teaches the material helps to understand course Material Print, lecture, black/white board Computer, smartphone Time Management time is pre-scheduled you determine when you and set review the course material Communication in class orally written form online Written assignments/tests Participation limited to class time no limitAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  12. 12. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Teachers Point of View... Lets take a look at some of the learning theories used in an adult classroom.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  13. 13. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Karens best friend Helen is a teacher. She thought if she exposed Karen to some of the teaching philosophies that teachers consider when running a class, Karen might think about how her life issues and her desire for more education can work. Helen teaches both in class sessions and online sessions. Helen thinks Karen will be more confident in her choice if she understands what teachers know about engaging students. Knowles Bloom Cognitive Rogers Freire Kolb Maslow Skinner Bandura Humanistic Mezirow Holt Pavlov Behaviorism Motivation Andragogy GagneAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  14. 14. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Helen’s favorite teaching/learning theorists are: 1 Maslow 2 Bandura 3 Bloom 4 KolbAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  15. 15. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 1 Maslow Focused on motivation - used a pyramid to demonstrate the hierarchy of human needs. How would a teacher express this? List the agenda at the beginning of class so that the instructor communicates what their plans are for the lesson · Informs the students of the topics to be covered in the lesson · Organizes the information · Provides clarity · Ensures that there are ‘no surprises’ about what will be coveredAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  16. 16. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 2 Bandura Theory focuses on understanding the 4 elements of behaviorism: Attention, Retention, Reproduction and Motivation. How can a teacher use this knowledge to reach their students? Employ different learning tools to stimulate learning. By using different learning tools, an instructor can adapt the lesson to accommodate different learning styles and behavioral outcomes. Tools can include: lecture, demonstrations, role playing, group discussions, visual tools like videos and practice exercises.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  17. 17. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 3 Bloom Theory focuses on understanding 3 key behaviors: Cognitive, Affective and Psychomotor. What steps would an instructor take to make this happen? Start with a lesson strategy · Introduce a learning topic · Instructor asks how students feel about the topic (affective) · Instructor introduces and discusses the theory (cognitive) · Instructor provides opportunity to practice the skills through various exercises e.g. role-playing (psychomotor) · Instructor has students evaluate lessons learned which allows for personal insight and an increase in self-awareness thus enhancing learningAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  18. 18. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 4 Kolb The theory is based on a test that measured an individuals strength and weakness in four abilities: learning by experiencing, reflecting, thinking and doing. Kolb believed that a person was strong in two of these areas which reflected one of four learning styles. This means that the student will learn best when taught in their own unique style. How can the teacher instruct a class that has strong preferences for specific learning styles? - Test the students first to determine their dominant learning style - Create seperate lesson modules to reflect different needs when dealing with large topics - Be very aware of students experiencing difficulties and adapt the lesson for them - Use a variety of teaching and training techniquesAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  19. 19. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning As you can see Karen, the same guiding theories apply for teaching online - and for in class Establishing a positive climate and spirit of cooperation Define the expectations of the course Provide students with a clear set of goals Allow for feedbackAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  20. 20. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Online or in class? I am confident that the teaching styles are not affected by either system. I understand the history and the terminology. Now it comes down to me: I have a disability that affects how I feel sometimes. I have children - they need mommy time and help with their homework. And I work full-time. Online sounds like the right way...Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  21. 21. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Going Online Now that youve made your decision, lets take a look at some of the facts.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  22. 22. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning What common problems occur with online education? Most Response text books time delays are not in ebook Can be format 24 hours or more Connectivity Have to not maintain always own reliable equipmentAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  23. 23. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Numbers... Despite these issues, online education is the leading choice among adults who want to further their education. We’ve got the numbers to prove it....Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  24. 24. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning 10% Higher education students nationwide who took at least one online course in fall 2002. 29% Higher education students nationwide who took at least one online course in fall 2009. 753,640 Enrollments in online or distance education courses in the 1994-95 school year, around the world. 12.2 million Enrollments in online or distance education courses in the 2006-07 school year around the world. SOURCES: Babson Survey Research Group, Ohio Board of Regents, U.S. Department of EducationAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  25. 25. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Assessment How can you expect to monitor your progress in the course you have chosen?Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  26. 26. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Karen wants to understand, what are the best assessment methods? - Which perspectives will be used: cognitive, behavioral or humanistic? - Who is going to make the assessment: the student, their peers, or the instructor? - Will assessment strategies be learning experiences in themselves? - Is the assessment to be formative (providing feedback during learning) or summative (measuring learning at the end of the process)? - Are judgments of performance made against peer standards (norm referenced) or established criteria (criterion referenced)? - How can reliability and validity of assessment be assured?Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  27. 27. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning What do the experts say? Feedback is critical. Kibby (1999) sees assessment as, “…central to the teaching learning process and as part of the management system. Assessments should measure student performance and result in feedback to students about their performance . ” “If assessment is to be integral to instruction as explained, feedback must play a central role in the assessment process”. (Meyen et al., 2002).Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  28. 28. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning “In a face-to face course they (the instructors) could not deliver feedback strategically and provide the same level of feedback that they could in an online course, even though synchronous feedback was possible in a classroom. Such findings indicate that electronic feedback in an online distance course might be more effective than that of a traditional course . ” (Meyen et al., 2002).Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  29. 29. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning “Self-assessment is essential for progress as a learner: for under- standing of selves as learners, for an increasingly complex under- standing of tasks and learning goals, and for strategic knowledge of how go about improving. ” (Sadler, D.R., 1993)Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  30. 30. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning “Assessment is no longer the periodic formal process of exams and graded activities, which may or may not be discussed with the class; it is now in the context of a one-to-one relationship with the e-instructor and each student in the online course. ” (Meyen, Aust, & Issacson, 2000)Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  31. 31. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Summary Karen can now feel very confident in her decision.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  32. 32. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning In summary, I want to expand on my education so that I am more employable, I have to work full time while I do this, and I don’t have a lot of free time. I had to make a decision between enrolling in a traditional class or online learning. There were many factors to consider before I made a decision. I started by researching the terminology used in learning. Then, I researched the history of learning, before I composed a chart comparing the differences between traditional classroom learning and online learning. I am grateful that I have a best friend who is in the teaching profession. My friend Helen exposed me to some important teaching/ learning theorists: Maslow, Bandura, Bloom, and Kolb. These theorists have contributed important concepts in the field of learning, and now I have an understanding of how I learn. I know that there is an increasing number of people world-wide, that choose to take online courses over in class courses. I recognize that I will be assessed in online learning, but that teachers will use a variety of methods, as well as provide feedback. All of this information helped me to make a decision between enrolling in a traditional class or online.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  33. 33. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning Thank you Project partners: Melanie Baumann Debbie Maheras Amy Perrin SJ SmithAdult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith
  34. 34. In Class Learning vs. Online Learning References Chapman, Alan 2010, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Retrieved June, 2012 from: http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.htm Cherry, Kendra (2012), Hierarchy of Needs, The Five Levels of Maslows Hierarchy of Needs, Retrieved June, 2012 from: http://psychology.about.com/od/theoriesofpersonality/a/hierarchyneeds.htm McLeod, S. A. (2007). Simply Psychology; Maslow | Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved June, 2012 from: http://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html Chapman, Alan (2010), Blooms taxonomy - learning domains, Retrieved June, 2012 from: http://www.businessballs.com/bloomstaxonomyoflearningdomains.htm Forehand, Mary (2010,) Blooms Taxonomy, From Emerging Perspectives on Learning, Teaching and Technology, Retrieved June, 2012 from: http://www.roe11.k12.il.us/GES%20Stuff/Day%204/Process/Blooms/Mary%20Forehand%20discussion-Blooms%20Taxonomy.pdf Leonard, K., Noh, E.K., & Orey, M.(2007). Learning Theories and Instructional Strategies. Retrieved June, 2012 In M. K. Barbour & M. Orey (Eds.), The Foundations of Instructional Technology. from: http://projects.coe.uga.edu/itFoundations/ Gokhale, Anuradha (1995) Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking, Retrieved June, 2012 from: http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JTE/v7n1/gokhale.jte-v7n1.html?ref=Sawos.Org Cherry, Kendra (2012), Social Learning Theory, An Overview of Banduras Social Learning Theory Retrieved June, 2012 from: http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/sociallearning.htm Connor, M. (2008). Learning styles assessment: Ageless learner. Retrieved June 2012, from: http://agelesslearner.com/assess/learningstyle.html Kibby, M. (2003). Assessing students online. The University of New Castle Press. Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., Albright, M., & Zvacek, S. (2006). Teaching and learning at a distance Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.Adult Learning - DU-TEAC1980-S4 Debbie Maheras, Melanie Baumann, Amy Perrin, and SJ Smith

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