Reading Systems Showdown:  CSUN 2014 Presentation
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Reading Systems Showdown: CSUN 2014 Presentation



E-readers (reading systems primarily used for consuming digital book content) and general purpose tablets with reading apps, such as the iPad, Kindle HD or Nexus 7, are becoming popular options for ...

E-readers (reading systems primarily used for consuming digital book content) and general purpose tablets with reading apps, such as the iPad, Kindle HD or Nexus 7, are becoming popular options for reading the expanding selection of publications available in electronic formats. Specialized players still have accessibility advantages, but developers are now attempting to make their products more accessible to people with visual and dexterity disabilities. Accessibility evaluations can assist educators, students, developers and manufacturers.



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Reading Systems Showdown:  CSUN 2014 Presentation Reading Systems Showdown: CSUN 2014 Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Reading Systems Showdown 2014 Accessibility Evaluation George Kerscher Janet Sedgley Amy Salmon March 19th, CSUN 2014
  • Situation Analysis • Standards and the reading systems that support them continue to evolve • What does the law currently require when it comes to reading systems at colleges / universities?
  • Why We Have To Do It • Americans with Disabilities Act – Covered entities are required to ensure that communications with people with disabilities are as effective as communications with people without disabilities • “accessible electronic and information technology” is specifically listed as a means of achieving effective communication with people with vision disabilities • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act – Same as ADA for recipients of federal financial assistance • Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act – Requires federal government agencies to ensure that all electronic and information technology it procures, develops, maintains, or uses is accessible
  • Why We Have To Do It - Resources • ADA Home Page – • Section 508 Home Page - • Settlement with Arizona State University re. Kindle e-books - • Joint DOJ-DOE “Dear Colleague” letter re. e-books - • Sacramento Public Library settlement re. NOOK e-books - • 2011 DOJ Section 508 Survey - • Settlement with Law School Admission Council -
  • Standards: Born Accessible Leaders in the effort to build accessibility in at the source are coming together, creating an environment where content can be “born accessible.”
  • EPUB 3 Builds on W3C Technologies • HTML 5 content document • MathML • Canvas • Interactivity through JavaScript • Video • Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) incorporated
  • Accessibility features of EPUB 3 • Attention to accessibility from the beginning • Synchronized text and audio through Media Overlays • Rich navigation model made famous by DAISY • TTS lexicons for correct synthetic pronunciation
  • EPUB 3 Accessibility Support Tips for Creating Accessible EPUB 3: creating-accessible-epub-3-files.html EPUB 3 Accessibility Guidelines online: Accessibility Forum:
  • Reading Platforms in 2014 • Operating System based: iPhone & iPad, Android phones and tablets, Windows phones, Surface, and Windows 7 & 8, Mac, Linux • Dedicated devices: Kindle, Victor Stream, Plextor Pocket, BookPort, BookSense etc. • Books in browsers: Firefox, Chrome (Readium), Internet Explorer, Safari
  • - EPUB 3 and the Open Web Platform • Readium (an EPUB 3 rendering engine for browser-based cloud readers) • Readium SDK (an EPUB 3 rendering engine for native apps) • Will provide a reference implementation for EPUB 3 • Broad support in the disability community and publishing industry
  • EPUB 3 - rich reading experience Demonstration of Accessible: • Reading and book navigation • Images • Multimedia • Interactive elements and activities • Cross-platform functionality
  • Educator’s Perspective • Provision of alternative materials to print • What happens at a university that is selecting digital content? Digital is different! • Published best practices of policies and procedures that meet accessibility requirements
  • Notes From the Field • Which devices do universities / college instructors have at their disposal? • How do instructors assess reading systems? • Guidelines for work with students with special needs
  • How Do We Evaluate? Accessibility Screening Methodology Guidelines and Checklist methodology-guidelines-and-checklist.html
  • IDPF / BISG / DAISY Test Site • • results/ (temporary link) • Demonstratation of Accessibility Tests
  • Goals • Rich reading experience with eyes, ears, and fingers • Ensure that accessibility features and best practices are used consistently
  • Test and Collaborate • How do we achieve a reading experience where accessible content meets accessible reading systems? • Test and share reviews / information • Assist developers, manufacturers • Q & A Join our mailing list: send an email to