Inclusive Publishing in the Educational Environment
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Inclusive Publishing in the Educational Environment

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Bernhard Heinser's presentation (Dublin, November 29, 2012: Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication). There is a need for publishing standards, processes, tools and best ...

Bernhard Heinser's presentation (Dublin, November 29, 2012: Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication). There is a need for publishing standards, processes, tools and best practices that allow publishers to create, distribute, and sell accessible materials.

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    Inclusive Publishing in the Educational Environment Inclusive Publishing in the Educational Environment Presentation Transcript

    • INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING in the Educational Environment UNIVERSAL DESIGN This means that the design of products, environments, programs and services is usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. "Universal design" shall not exclude assistive devices for particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed. [Art. 2, UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities]Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 1b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • REALISTICALLY ACHIEVABLE VISION WHAT WILL BE BEST? (from the perspective of the accessibility and disability communities)Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 2b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • THE BEST WILL BE… The Publishing Industry Delivers Accessible Content (Inclusive Publishing) if so, there is a need for publishing standards and processes that allow publishers to create, distribute, and sell accessible materials easily = Vision of the DAISY Consortium [http:/www.daisy.org/mission]Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 3b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • ACCESSIBILITY AND THE PUBLISHING ECOSYSTEM Accessibility calls for the interoperability of► Content (i.e. books or documents of any kind)► Rendering Technologies (Internet, reading systems)► Distribution Channels (portals, downloads)► Assistive Technologies (screen readers, Braille displays, other alternative entry and controlling systems / devices)► Consumers (able/enabled to use the technologies) If one of these fails, accessibility failsBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 4b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (I) NAVIGABILITY Find the desired spot in the book / document logical reading order, header hierarchy, sections, paragraphs, pagination, footnotes, annotations, side notes, marginal notes, embedded text boxes etc.Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 5b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (II) SYNCHRONIZED PERCEPTION CHANNELS Reading with Eyes, Ears, Fingers depending on the abilities / disabilities content is read and further processed by using different perception channels or combining them (blindness, low vision, deafness, hard of hearing, dyslexia, physical or mental handicaps etc.)Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 6b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (III) Machine-Readability Text-to-speech technology cannot read IMAGESBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 7b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • SCIENTIFIC CONTENT FORMULASBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 8b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • ACCESSIBLE CONTENT VIABLE DEFINITION Books or documents of any kind (including educational materials and textbooks) as fully integrated synchronized and navigable electronic multimedia products (= eBooks)Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 9b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • Oh, my God… ... how can we as Publishers meet all these requirements? ... how much will it cost? ... what are our benefits? ... is there a market? ... what is the business model?Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 10b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (I)► 10% to 15% of the population has special needs / disabilities (WHO)► Demographic change / aging populations with corresponding limited abilities► Rapidly growing global ICT penetration – all areas of life are affected (Education, Formation, Professional Life, eServices, eLearning Platforms, Entertainment, Social Media, Internet, TV, Multimedia, etc.)► Multiple distribution channels for content consumed on many different devices with different propertiesBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 11b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (II)► Corporate Social Identity (the industry’s social responsibility)► Inclusive Education (students with special needs / disabilities are educated in “mainstream” classes vs. “special schools”)► More regulatory measures (public procurements, accessible eBook readers in the schools, accessible learning materials) High Level Principles / Guidelines UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [http://www.un.org/disabilities/default.asp?navid=14&pid=150]Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 12b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • WIN-WIN SITUATION KILL TWO BIRDS WITH ONE STONE1. Adapt to the eBook market by► rethinking the production workflows [XML-first workflow is recommended]► produce one source file [generate multiple output formats from it, using multiple distribution channels for multiple rendering tools]2. Aim for and include built-in accessibility► consider the accessibility aspects from the startBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 13b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • RE-USABLE CONTENT Create re-usable content (simply said: create one output-agnostic source file from which many output formats can be generated in automated conversion processes) “For years I’ve been telling that in order to build e-books we need content that is re-usable . Many editors and publishers are still thinking about paper books and don’t think about the fact that they are producing content that can be scalable and used on other devices.” [Luc Audrain, Hachette Livre, 2012]Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 14b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • WHERE TO START - STRATEGICALLY?► Accessible Publishing - Best Practice Guidelines for Publishers [http://www.editeur.org/109/Enabling-Technologies-Framework-Guidelines/]► Make the Inclusive Publishing a top priority at the senior management level of the company [appoint a person responsible for accessibility concerns]► Build up partnerships with agencies specialized in providing accessible material (libraries for the blind, service centres for disabled students etc.)Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 15b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • WHERE TO START - TECHNICALLY? EPUB 3 STANDARD Natively supports key accessibility requirements built-in accessibility Open de facto standard for eBooks XML based – XHTML5 – HTML5 Developed and maintained by the International Publishing Forum (IDPF), not-for-profit [http://idpf.org/] In close collaboration with the Inclusive Publishing - focusedBernhard Heinser community (DAISY Consortium) Publication Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and [http://www.daisy.org/] 16b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • EPUB 3 SUPPORTS► Navigability► Synchronization of Content for Perception Channels (“Media Overlays” [text, audio, video])► Reflowability (automatic adaption to screen sizes)► Global Language Support (worldwide adoption)► MathML (scientific content)► Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG)► Online – Offline Reading► Rich and flexible meta data management► Fixed Layout [http://idpf.org/epub/fxl/]Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 17b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • DO YOU WANT TO KNOW MORE ABOUT IT (I)? O‘Reilly publications http://shop.oreilly.com/ “Best Practices” (February 2013)► EPUB Forums: http://idpf.org/forums► EPUB Accessibility Forum: http://idpf.org/forums/epub-accessibility► EPUB Accessibility Guidelines: http://idpf.org/accessibility/guidelines/Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 18b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • DO YOU WANT TO KN0W MORE ABOUT IT (II)? EPUB 3 Samples http://code.google.com/p/epub-samples/Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 19b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • DO YOU WANT TO KN0W MORE ABOUT IT (III)? Reading Systems► READIUM (reader, reference implementation, developed by IDPF [ http://readium.org/]► READIUM (now on Chrome Web Store) [ http://readium.org/news/readium-now-on-chrome-web-store]► Book Industry Study Group (BISG) develops / maintains the EPUB 3 Support Grid [ http://www.bisg.org/what-we-do-16-152-epub-3-support-grid.php]Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 20b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • SPECIAL ATTENTION TO BE PAID TO NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS images, graphs, animations, videosBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 21b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (I)Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 22b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (II)Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 23b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (III)Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 24b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • IMAGE DESCRIPTIONS / DIAGRAM PROJECT [http://diagramcenter.org/about.html]► The DIAGRAM Center […] to make it easier, faster, and more cost effective to create and use accessible images so that students with print disabilities have timely access to the information they need► The Project Partners : Benetech, US [http://www.benetech.org], National Center for Accessible Media, US [http://ncam.wgbh.org/], DAISY Consortium, CH/US [http://www,daisy.org]► The DIAGRAM Content Model [ http://diagramcenter.org/development/content-model.html]► TOBI : authoring tool developed by the DAISY Consortium that supports the DIAGRAM content model [http://www.daisy.org/tobi]Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 25b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • ACCESSIBILITY DESCRIPTION META DATA - ONIX The ONIX Standard contains meta data for the description of Accessibility List 196 E-publication Accessibility Details http://www.editeur.org/files/ONIX%20for%20books%20-%20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProduct_CodeLists_Issue_19.htmlBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 26b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • THE PATH TO INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING► Focus on EPUB 3► Assume Social Responsibility - Make Accessibility a top Priority (in your company)► Think of Image Descriptions (non-textual elements)► Develop Partnerships (with organizations that can make your eBooks more accessible / access-enhancements)► Add Accessibility Meta Data (to your products)Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 27b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • RESOURCES (I)Inclusive Publishing► UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; high level principles for Inclusion: http://www.un.org/disabilities/default.asp?navid=14&pid=150#accessible_pdf► Accessible Publishing - Best Practice Guidelines for Publishers (in English, German, French, Japanese, Spanish, Italian). Those Guidelines have been endorsed by The International Publishers Association, the Federation of European Publishers, and the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers: [ www.editeur.org/109/Enabling-Technologies-Framework-Guidelines/]Basic References► International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF): www.idpf.org► DAISY Consortium: www.daisy.org► Strategy of the DAISY Consortium: http:/www.daisy.org/missionBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 28b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • RESOURCES (II)► EPUB 3 specifications (2011): www.idpf.org/epub = DAISY distribution standard► DAISY(4) authoring specification (2012): Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification , ANSI/NISO Z39.98-2012: www.daisy.org/z3998/2012/z3998-2012.html.► Image Description: DIAGRAM Project: www.diagramcenter.org/about.html► Accessibility Metadata: www.editeur.org/files/ONIX%20for%20books%20-%20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProHandbooks► Garrish, Matt: What is EPUB 3 (1st Edition), 2011, O’Reilly Media► Garrish, Matt: Accessible EPUB 3 (1st edition), 2012, O’Reilly Media► Garrish, Matt, Gylling Markus: EPUB 3, Best Practices, February 2013 , O’Reilly MediaAll available at: http://search.oreilly.com/?q=garrish%2C+matt&x=60&y=9Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 29b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • RESOURCES (III)Further Information Sources► EPUB Forums (general): http://idpf.org/forums► EPUB Accessibility Forum: http://idpf.org/forums/epub-accessibility► EPUB Accessibility Guidelines (technical-oriented, including sample code): http://idpf.org/accessibility/guidelines/EPUB 3 Samples► EPUB samples for download / browsing source codes http://code.google.com/p/epub-samples► Dante‘s Comedy - example, including Media Overlays with audio (human narration): http://www.smuuks.it/index.php/en/projects/divine- comedy-read-prof-lino-pertileReading System (EPUB 3)► READIUM Reference Implementation (IDPF): http://www.readium.orgBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 30b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • RESOURCES (IV)► READIUM on Chrome Web Store: http://readium.org/news/readium-now- on-chrome-web-store► Book Industry Study Group (BISG): EPUB 3 Grid: http://www.bisg.org/what-we-do-16-152-epub-3-support-grid.phpOther Helpful Resource► EPUB Resources: “A comprehensive (OK, probably not) list of EPUB devices, tools, and applications. Items marked with [EPUB3] claim to provide some level of support for EPUB 3.”: http://epubtest.com/resources.phpTools developed by the DAISY Consortium► PIPELINE 1 (multi-format converter); cross-platform, open source transformation framework for creating DTB-based documents from DTBook or XHTML documents - (free): http://www.daisy.org/pipelineBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 31b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • RESOURCES (V) ► PIPELINE 2 (multi-format conversion, under development); cross- platform, open source transformation framework for creating DTB-based documents from DTBook or XHTML documents - (free), supports EPUB 3: http://www.daisy.org/pipeline2 ► TOBI (authoring tool for DAISY and EPUB 3, including support for the DIAGRAM object model, open source, free): http://www.daisy.org/tobi ► OBI (DAISY 3 audio production tool): http://www.daisy.org/project/obi Other DAISY 3 / 2.02 authoring tools ► Save As DAISY add-in for Microsoft Word (supports MathML): http://www.daisy.org/project/save-as-daisy-microsoft-word-add-in ► odt2daisy - OpenOffice.org Writer Extension (supports MathML): http://odt2daisy.sourceforge.net/Bernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 32b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012
    • Thank you very much for your attention! Don’t hesitate to contact me at: b.heinser@sbs.chBernhard Heinser Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication 33b.heinser@sbs.ch Dublin, 29 November 2012