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Inclusive Publishing: The Key to Accessible Digital Books
 

Inclusive Publishing: The Key to Accessible Digital Books

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Prashant Verma's presentation on August 15th 2013, Cape Town, South Africa Legal Affairs Committee Meeting, Publishers Association of South Africa.

Prashant Verma's presentation on August 15th 2013, Cape Town, South Africa Legal Affairs Committee Meeting, Publishers Association of South Africa.

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  • FIRST, set the context Build up the story of the value chain, from the user backwards.
  • FIRST, set the context Build up the story of the value chain, from the user backwards.

Inclusive Publishing: The Key to Accessible Digital Books Inclusive Publishing: The Key to Accessible Digital Books Presentation Transcript

  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Inclusive Publishing The Key to Accessible Digital Books 15 August 2013, Cape Town, South Africa Legal Affairs Committee Meeting, Publishers Association of South Africa Prashant Ranjan Verma Consultant – DAISY Consortium www.daisy.org
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish A TRUE STORY
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Without “access to knowledge” •Right to education •Right to employment •Right to information •Right to life is DENIED!
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish LESS THAN 5%OF PUBLISHED INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE IN ACCESSIBLE FORMATS In developing countries this is as low as 1%
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish CAN EVERYONE READ YOUR BOOKS?
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish CAN EVERYONE READ YOUR BOOKS? NO • Blind • Low vision • Mobility impaired • Intellectual disabilities Print disabled: Visual, physical or cognitive disability that hinders the ability to read print
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish What is accessible format? • Transcription of books or other content (such as notes or newspapers or magazines) into a format usable by people with special needs Examples * Large print * Braille * Tactile diagrams * Audio * DAISY Sometimes just conversion from one type of file format such as PDF to another such as Word
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Universal design • Can a separate road transport service be maintained for the persons with disabilities? • Then why special books for persons with disabilities? Persons with disabilities strive throughout their lives to live their life like others in the society. They do not want to be treated as “special” All services and products need to be designed in such a way that it can be used by everyone regardless of disability
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Why focus on persons with special needs? • 10% to 15% of the population has special needs / disabilities (WHO) • Demographic changes: 21% people over the age of 50 years experience severe vision, hearing or dexterity problems • Legal compliance (South Africa has ratified UNCRPD) • Inclusive Education (students with special needs / disabilities are educated in “mainstream” classes vs. “special schools”) • Corporate Social Identity “If we live long enough, each one of us will be a person with disability.”
  • Enhanced Publishing Technology How Publishing works, today Enhanced Publishing standards and laws Re-distributionRe-distribution People withPeople with disabilitiesdisabilities How we read How we publish Mainstream Distribution Mainstream Publication (Authors & Publishers) People without disabilities Publishing Technology Industry Publishing standards and laws Mainstream Customised Re-Re- publicationpublication (Enhanced Publishers) 12
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish The consequences Disabled people get • A fraction of the mainstream • Delivered late • Inefficient for everybody • Additional costs • Duplication of effort Frustration all around!
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish No one gains ! • Publishers lose out on potential customers • Non-profits spend their valuable resources on re-publishing instead of creating new services & products • Persons with special needs get little reading material, with delays and at extra cost • The charity money used for re-publishing could be used to buy accessible books if they existed
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Current situation • Re-publishers are fighting a losing battle. With their meager resources they can only convert a small percentage of the publications into accessible formats • Books that were created inaccessible cannot be transformed overnight • Conversion processes can be complicated and time consuming
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish People with disabilities say they want: • To easily find publications I can read • Far better availability of Braille & talking books • More publications with accessibility built in • A great reading experience with eyes, ears or fingers
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish What do authors and publishers want? • To reach a wider audience, regardless of disability • To create publications that benefit everyone • To comply with inclusion legislation (especially employers and in education) • Avoid huge costs on integrating access for the disabled
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish What do Governments want? • Access to information and education as required by the UN convention on the rights of people with disabilities (UNCRPD) • Inclusive Laws & partnerships that deliver: – Inclusive Society – Inclusive Education • Effective use of our funds
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Everybody wants Inclusive Publishing.
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish So how do we deliver Inclusive Publishing?
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish eBook - an opportunity • Exciting development for print-disabled and blind readers • Their properties make them ideal for finding alternative forms of access • When an e-book is presented in an accessible format on an accessible e-book reader, the user can choose to read the book using text- to-speech, Braille, or magnification
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish eBook - an opportunity…. • Publishers are re-designing workflows to produce print and e-books together THIS IS THE RIGHT TIME • To adopt a workflow which takes care of accessibility requirements
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Accessible e-books in an open market benefit everyone • Publishers gain access to an otherwise untapped revenue stream, those who cannot access traditional print materials • The general public gains access to books that are even more flexible and feature-rich • Blind and other print-disabled users, for the first time in history, gain access to the same books and publications at the same price and at the same time as the rest of society
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish How do we grasp this opportunity? • We must build in inclusiveness (not retro-fit) • Built-in inclusive publishing will cost far less, overall, to everybody • Must adopt open and interoperable standards • Adopt best practices
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Where to start? • Accessible Publishing - Best Practice Guidelines for Publishers (http://www.editeur.org/109/Enabling-Technologies-Framework-Guidelines/) • Make the Inclusive Publishing a top priority at the senior management level of the company [appoint a person responsible for accessibility concerns] • Build up partnerships with agencies specialized in providing accessible material (libraries for the blind, service centres for disabled students etc.)
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish WHERE TO START - TECHNICALLY? EPUB 3 STANDARD Natively supports key accessibility requirements built-in accessibility Open de facto standard for eBooks XML based – XHTML5 – HTML5 Developed and maintained by the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF), not-for-profit [http://idpf.org/] In close collaboration with the Inclusive Publishing - focused community (DAISY Consortium) [http://www.daisy.org/]
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish EPUB 3 has Accessibility features Open standard (IDPF) with support for video, interactivity – navigability – read aloud feature (“Media Overlays”) – reflowable – global language support – text-to-speech support – MathML support (scientific content) – scalable vector graphics (SVG) – online / offline reading – rich metadata management
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish EPUB 3 works everywhere • Computer • Mobile phones • Tablets • Numerous apps for different platforms • Add-ins for browser
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Retailer adoption of EPUB 3 • Apple • Kobo • Barnes & Noble • Sony • Google
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Association of American Publishers recommends EPUB 3 • Format for global distribution of e-books • The goal is to rapidly advance the adoption of EPUB 3 by publishers and retailers over the next six months and have publishers release a large number of titles to the marketplace that use the standard in the first quarter of 2014 • “retailers, digital content distributors, device makers, reading systems providers, assistive technology experts and standards organizations” are involved
  • What would inclusive publishing look like? How we publish How we read Mainstream Distribution Mainstream Publication (Authors & Publishers) People (With or without Disabilities) Publishing Technology Industry Publishing standards and laws • ONE version of a book, that anyone can read, the way they want...and it is a better read for all. • Dramatically increasing the number and timeliness of publications, usable by people with disabilities. 31
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Will there be no need of alternate formats? • Access-enhanced books would still be required for certain content and users with special needs • These would be a separate version of a mainstream publication, modified to be read by disabled persons using their eyes, ears or fingers to read. • This may include: • Re-design for Braille, adding additional description, speech narration. • Often, distributed separately via a special library. DAISY will continue to be the preferred format for such use cases
  • Example of Inclusive Publishing www.unicef.org/sowc2013
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish What is DAISY? • Open standard for structured, accessible digital books DAISY 2.02 most widely adopted, DAISY 3 (formally DAISY/NISO Z39.86 2005), DAISY features built into EPUB 3 • Synchronized text, audio and image files • Portable - well received internationally • Navigable and feature-rich • 3 types of DAISY books: audio and full text, audio with navigation and text-only
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish The DAISY Consortium Our Vision • People have equal access to information and knowledge, regardless of disabilities Our Mission • Working to create the best way to read and publish, for everybody, in the 21st century By delivering global partnerships ... that build a more effective solution for everyone
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish IDPF • The global trade and standards association for electronic publishing. • The IDPF develops and maintains the EPUB® standard format for reflowable digital books and other digital publications that are interoperable between disparate reading devices and applications. • The IDPF also provides a forum that fosters enhanced communication between all stakeholders in the emerging global digital publishing industry
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Partners in change • The DAISY Consortium will continue to be committed to collaboration with the IDPF in the development and evolution of digital publishing standards • The DC & IDPF are also sharing key resources: Markus Gylling is the CTO of both organizations • DAISY Consortium has endorsed EPUB 3 as the preferred standard for eBooks • DAISY Consortium has developed open source and free tools for conversion to DAISY & EPUB 3
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish THE PATH TO INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING • Focus on EPUB 3 • Assume Social Responsibility - Make Accessibility a top Priority (in your company) • Think of Image Descriptions (non-textual elements) • Develop Partnerships (with organizations that can make your eBooks more accessible / access-enhancements) • Add Accessibility Meta Data (to your products) The ONIX Standard List 196 E-publication Accessibility Details http://www.editeur.org/files/ONIX%20for%20books%20-%20code%20lists/ONIX_BookProduct_CodeLists_Issue_19.html
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish Things to remember • Everything digital is not accessible • There is no need to sacrifice look & feel of the book to make it accessible • Accessibility is the result of semantic markup, good coding practices and adherence to standards • All EPUB 3 files are not accessible unless accessibility guidelines are followed
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish User story A new customer • An avid reader • Waited for Braille or audio editions of best sellers for most of his life • Now purchases eBooks on Apple & Google the day it is published • Reads books on iPhone or Braille displayBlind, age 40 Lives in Mumbai, India
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish TO KNOW MORE (I) • EPUB Forums: http://idpf.org/forums • EPUB Accessibility Forum: http://idpf.org/forums/epub-accessibility • EPUB Accessibility Guidelines: http://idpf.org/accessibility/guidelines/ O‘Reilly publications http://shop.oreilly.com/ “Best Practices” (February 2013)
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish TO KNOW MORE (II) DAISY, EPUB 3 and Publishers http://daisy.org/daisy-epub-3-developments/ EPUB 3 Samples http://code.google.com/p/epub-samples/ EPUB 3 Validator http://validator.idpf.org/
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish TO KNOW MORE (III) Reading Systems • READIUM (reference implementation, developed by IDPF [http://readium.org/] • READIUM (now on Chrome Web Store) [http://readium.org/news/readium-now-on-chrome-web-store] • Book Industry Study Group (BISG) maintains the EPUB 3 Support Grid [http://www.bisg.org/what-we-do-16-152-epub-3-support-grid.php]
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish It is a “BOOK FAMINE” for people with print disabilities. Let us do our bit in ending the BOOK FAMINE
  • Creating the Best Way to Read and Publish THANK YOU Prashant Ranjan Verma Email: pverma@daisy.org Web: www.daisy.org Questions?