eBooks for Everyone: Inclusive Publishing


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Matt Garrish's presentation slides from a session: “eBooks for Everyone: LIA Project, Accessible Publishing Guidelines, EpubCheck and More” at BookExpo America held in New York City June 6th, 2012.

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  • Can affect anyone at any time: Inability to view screen (glare) Inability to view content (cellphone screen) Inability to hear sound (airplane, bus, subway)
  • eBooks for Everyone: Inclusive Publishing

    1. 1. e -B o o k s f o r E v e r y o n e In c lu s iv e P u b lis h in g a n d E P U B 3In t h e M o v e f r o m P r in t t o D ig it a l
    2. 2. Tr a d it io n a l b e n e f it s Print Disability A person who cannot effectively read print because of a visual, physical, perceptual, developmental, cognitive, or learning disability. (George Kerscher) Age-Related Difficulties 21% of people over the age of 50 experience severe vision, hearing or dexterity problems (EU research)
    3. 3. R e f r a m in g t h e Is s u e Situational Disabilities Temporary inability to interact with the content in the reader’s preferred modality Digital gives all readers the freedom to choose Read how you want when you want
    4. 4. E n t e r In c lu s iv e P u b lis h in g • Ebooks are disrupting traditional publishing models – chance to rebuild with accessibility in mind • Open standards with engrained accessibility benefit all • Retrofitting accessibility is rarely possible and never effective • Design workflows to integrate accessibility as early as possible The future is now…
    5. 5. D A IS Y t o E P U B 3 - E v o lu t io n DAISY EPUB 2 EPUB 3 Structure DTBook HTML4 or DTBook HTML5 Semantics N/A N/A epub:type Modalities SMIL text+audio N/A Media Overlays N/A N/A Video Navigation NCX/NCC NCX Navigation Document Interactivity N/A N/A Forms+Scripting+ARIA TTS text - only N/A SSML+PLS+CSS3 MathML Limited N/A Supported Styling/Layout CSS 2 CSS 2.1 CSS 2.1 + 3
    6. 6. S t r e n g t h e n in g t h e W o r k f lo w 1. Production – Author as resource – Maximize use of tools – Build checks in early not late 3. Validation – epubcheck 4. Quality Assurance – Machines miss things – Accessibility does not always come “out of the box” 6. DRM – Don’t restrict access
    7. 7. F a m ilia r iz in g A c c e s s ib ilit y http://shop.oreilly.com/product/0636920025283.do http://shop.oreilly.com/product/0636920025283.do
    8. 8. A c c e s s ib ilit y C h e c k lis t /G u id e lin e s • Companion to the O’Reilly best practices • Condensed information and examples • Includes content accessibility checklist • Work in progress… seeking community input http://www.daisy.org/daisy-epub-3-developments
    9. 9. ID P F A c c e s s ib ilit y F o r u m • Ask questions! http://idpf.org/forums/epub-accessibility • Someone will try to answer – I’m following as are DAISY staff
    10. 10. e pubc he c k • Canonical validation tool for EPUBs • Open source available at http://code.google.com/p/epubcheck/ • Customizable – can be used for internal production • Graphical interface coming • Plug-in architecture coming (modular validation)
    11. 11. W h a t v a lid a t io n d o e s • Ensures content is conformant to the specifications • Checks that required metadata is present • Ensures the EPUB has been put together properly
    12. 12. W h a t v a lid a t io n d o e s n ’ t d o • Tell you how the publication will render • Indicate all the things you might have done better • Tell you if the publication is accessible
    13. 13. A c c e s s ib ilit y C h e c k e r • Quality Assurance tool – Load EPUB and generate report – Step through known problem areas – Visually inspect reading order – Test scripted content • High level discussions ongoing
    14. 14. E P U B S a m p le s P r o je c t • Provide real-world examples covering all features – Reference for creation – Reference for reading system implementers http://code.google.com/p/epub-samples/
    15. 15. U n iq u e O p p o r t u n it y• Chance to start accessible – accommodate different reading modalities• Redefine the reading experience – importance of data quality• Distinguish your content and stand out from the crowd
    16. 16. Th a n k yo u ! • Epubcheck http://code.google.com/p/epubcheck/ • IDPF Accessibility Forum http://idpf.org/forums/epub-accessibility • Samples http://code.google.com/p/epub-samples/ • EPUB 3 Content Guidelines http://www.daisy.org/daisy-epub-3-developments Matt Garrish matt.garrish@cdata.biz