Native american tribes
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This is an information presentation about the native American Tribes including what the different main parts' are

This is an information presentation about the native American Tribes including what the different main parts' are

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Native american tribes Native american tribes Presentation Transcript

  • IntroductionThere were many different Native American tribes and those withsimilar roles formed a main tribe or nation. Each had its ownlanguage, religion and customs.For the most part the tribes lived peacefully believing that naturewas sacred and was to be shared. However, the coming of theEuropeans and the removal of their land led to clash between thedifferent tribes and between the Indians and whites.By the end of the nineteenth century the Indians had lost theirfight to preserve their traditional way of life and those that hadsurvived the battles were confined to reservations.
  • Each of the main Plains tribesApache :Nomadic Navajo: Semi-NomadicHunter-gatherer Hunter-FarmerArapaho: Nomadic Nez Perce: Semi-NomadicHunters Hunter gathererBlackfoot: Nomadic Pawnee: Semi-NomadicHunter-Gatherer Hunter-FarmerCherokee: Static Shawnee: NomadicHunter-farmer Hunter-FarmerCheyenne: Nomadic Shoshone: NomadicHunter-Gatherer Hunter-gathererComanche: Nomadic Sioux: NomadicHunter-Gatherer HunterCrow: NomadicHunter-Gatherer
  • ApacheMade up of several different groupsLived in extended family unitsUsual shelter was a dome-shaped lodge called a wickiupPolygamy was allowed but rarely practisedReliant on the buffaloFrequent disputes with the Comanches led to their weakening in the1700sTraded with the Pueblos in Mexico or raided Spanish villages for goodsand horses1861 conflict between Apaches led by Concise and Americans in protestat being forced onto reservations1874 a group of Apaches led by Geronimo escaped capture and fled toMexico1886 Geronimo forced to surrender and taken to Fort Marion in Florida
  • ArapahoUsual shelter was a tipiWomen were in charge of the home and owned the tipiMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the campReliant on the buffaloPerform Sun Dance in the summerFrequent conflicts with Shoshone and Pawnee tribes1864 Arapaho were among those slaughtered in the Sand CreekMassacre1867 placed on Oklahoma reservation1876 Northern Arapaho placed on Wind River reservation in Wyoming1889 Active in bringing about the Ghost Dance movement
  • BlackfootMade up of several different groupsUsual shelter was a tipiWomen were in charge of the home and owned the tipiMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the campPolygamy was usualReliant on the buffaloPerformed Sun Dance in the summerMid 1800s many killed by smallpox1870 200 killed in the Marias Massacre
  • CherokeeMade up of seven different clansUsual shelter was cane and mud plaster hutsWomen were in charge of the home and landMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the campGrew corn, beans, squash, and sunflowersUsed canoes1821 Sequoyah invented the Cherokee alphabet1838-9 moved west to Oklahoma (Trail of Tears - 4000+ died on the 800mile journey)
  • CheyenneMade up of ten different bandsAllied with Arapaho and SiouxUsual shelter was a tipiWomen were in charge of the home and owned the tipiMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the campReliant on the buffalo1864 Cheyenne were among those slaughtered in the Sand CreekMassacre1876 Northern Cheyenne took part in the Battle of the Little Bighorn1877 Many forced to Oklahoma those that resisted were shot
  • ComancheEstablished around 1700 after breaking away from ShoshoneLed by Peace Chief and War ChiefUsual shelter was a tipiWomen were in charge of the home and owned the tipiMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the campReliant on the buffaloFrequent conflicts with Apache and Spanish50% killed by smallpox and cholera in the mid 1800s1874-5 Took part in the Buffalo War (Red River War) in protest at thenumbers of buffalo being slaughteredBy 1879 most were on Fort Sill reservation
  • CrowEstablished around 1700 after breaking away from the SiouxTwo groups - Mountain Crow and River CrowUsual shelter was a tipiWomen were in charge of the home and owned the tipiMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the campReliant on the buffaloFrequent conflict with Sioux, Shoshone and Blackfoot1851 Given 35 million acres of land1868 Land reduced to 8 million acres1870 Placed on reservation in Oklahoma
  • NavajoMoved to south-west around 1500Usual shelter was a Hogan (round stick house covered with mud orhides)Women were in charge of the home and owned the HoganMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the campKept sheep and women spun and wove wool into clothTraded with the SpanishFrequent conflict with SpanishConflict with Americans following Mexican War 18491863 American force under Kit Carson killed Navajo sheep1863-4 Forced to move 300 miles to Fort Sumner (The Long Walk) manydied on the way1869 Placed on reservation and given 30,000 sheep by US government
  • Naz PerceMade up of two groups - Upper and Lower Nez PerceName given by the French on account of the tribe piercingtheir nosesUsual shelter originally a longhouse but later used tipisWomen were in charge of the homeMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting thecampMade canoes and fished for salmonFrequent conflict with Crow and Shoshone1863 Allocated land reduced by 7 million acres1877 Under Chief Joseph actively resisted being moved toreservation (Nez Perce War)Defeated at the Battle of Bear Paw Mountains
  • PawneeMade up of four different bandsUsual shelter was an earth lodge but usedtipis when huntingWomen were in charge of the homeMen were in charge of hunting for food andprotecting the campMany killed by smallpox and cholera in themid 1800s1825 recognised supremacy of USgovernment1830-1860 - gave up increasing amounts ofland to US governmentMany Pawnee became scouts for the USgovernment1876 Moved to Oklahoma reservation
  • ShawneeMade up of five different groupsAllied with CherokeeUsual shelter was a wikkum or wigwam (small round dwelling)Women were in charge of the home and farming cornMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the campUsed canoes1740-1760 Caught up in the conflict between the French and Britishover OhioSome fought for the British in the War of Independence while othersremained neutralTecumseh led resistance against American expansion but was killed in1813Black Hoof led resistance against Indian removal until his death in 18311832 Shawnee tribe were living on reservations
  • ShoshoneMade up of seven different groupsUsual shelter was a tipi but some lived in brushwoodsheltersWomen were in charge of the home and owned thetipiMen were in charge of hunting for food andprotecting the campReliant on the buffaloDriven from their land by Mormon settlement of Utah1862 Bear Hunter led a series of raids on Mormonlivestock1863 Bear Hunter and 250 Shoshone killed in BearRiver MassacreAfter 1863 remaining Shoshone moved to Fort Hallreservation
  • SiouxMade up of seven different groupsLargest Indian tribeUsual shelter was a tipiWomen were in charge of the home and owned the tipiMen were in charge of hunting for food and protecting thecampReliant on the buffaloPerformed the Sun Dance in the summer1862 Group led by Little Crow massacred 800 settlers inMinnesota1866-68 Red Cloud led resistance to white settlement alongthe Bozeman Trail (Red Clouds War)1876 Took part in the Battle of the Little Bighorn1890 Finally defeated at Battle of Wounded Knee