One Laptop Per Child http://www.teachingmatters.org/evaluations/olpc_kappa.pdf
Founder of OLPC
MIT; Media Lab
Creator of the modern workstation. OLPC is based on Kay's Dynabook idea. Squeak and Etoys software.
“ It's an education project, not a laptop project.” — Nicholas Negroponte
OLPC: Five Principles
Free and Open Source
1967— Logo , the first programming language written especially for children is introduced.
1982--Papert and Negroponte distribute Apple II microcomputers to school children in a suburb of Dakar, Senegal
1985--The MIT Media Lab opens its doors.
1988--Costa Rican teachers meet at MIT. LEGO/Logo launches as a commercial product.
2002--Negroponte provides 20 Cambodian children with connected laptops.
2005--sketches of $100 laptop are developed
Negroponte presents at the World Economic Forum
AMD, News Corp, Google and Red Hat meet with OLPC.
Brazil, Thailand, Nigeria are the first to commit to OLPC
2006—OLPC website goes live and opens office in Cambridge, MA
Beta laptop tests begin
2007—Nov. Mass production begins--GIGI
Dec. Children begin learning with the XO
2008—Feb. $50 laptop forecasted by 2011
2008—Caribbean Project: www.waveplace.com/
2010- Current Deployments: http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Deployments
Global view Google Maps, Sept. 2008
Green : OLPC
(5000+, saturation) Purple : OLPC pilots
Blue : Preparing for a pilot
Poor children lack opportunity, not capacity
“ We look at children as
the key agents of change”
Providing laptops to every child without cost equalizes opportunity for
Inclusion in the global knowledge-based economy
300,000 XOs deployed in more than four thousand schools and is currently the world’s largest OLPC deployment.
1) Improving the quality of public primary education, especially that of children of the remotest places of extreme poverty;
2) Developing skills in curriculum design considered by students of primary level education through pedagogical application of XO laptops;
3) Train and provide continuous updating of teachers in pedagogical use of the XO laptop.
An early evaluation of progress in Peru released in May 2009 showed a 50% improvement in reading comprehension among students and of almost 60% for textual and mathematical analysis. The study also noted the texts produced by children and teachers demonstrate more creativity and improvement in writing and spelling.
Computer technology as a tool to access and organize information, and to construct personal knowledge
Assessment is individualized, performance-based, and carried out in the appropriate context
Develop a passion for learning
Access to information & tools
Investigate personally meaningful ideas
“ It's the best answer yet to "a global crisis of education" in which curriculums have no relevance. If we make education pertinent, something the student enjoys, then it won't matter if the classroom's walls are straw or the students are sitting on fruit boxes.” Oscar Becerra, Peru’s Head of Technology
Thailand Nigeria Brazil Peru
“ The biggest obstacle to the XOs success is … fear. Overseas ministers of education fear that changing the status quo might risk their jobs. Big-name computer makers fear that the XO will steal away an overlooked two-billion-person market. Critics fear that the poorest countries need food, malaria protection and clean water far more than computers.” David Pogue
Negroponte’s Response “ Nobody I know would say, ‘By the way, let’s hold off on education.’ Education happens to be a solution to all of those same problems.”
The OLPC XO Laptop
Linux® OS – Red Hat derivative
Dual-mode display—both a full-color, transmissive DVD mode, and a black and white, reflective and sunlight-readable
AMD Geode LX 700@.8W 433MHz processor
512MB of DRAM
1MB of Flash memory (No HDD)
3 USB ports/1 SD card slot
Wireless broadband that allows the devices to work as a mesh network; each laptop will be able to talk to its nearest neighbors, creating an ad hoc, local area network.
Each machine is a full-time wireless router
Sugar User Interface
Alternative power supply
The estimated product lifetime is at least five years.
Ctrl–C to copy (Select text first)
Ctrl–V to paste (Position the cursor where you want the cut text to go)
Ctrl–X to cut (Select text first)
Ctrl–U to view source while using the Browse Activity
Ctrl–Esc to quit (Esc is the X in the upper-left corner of the keyboard)
Ctrl–Alt–Erase to restart Sugar, the operating system for the XO
Alt–Tab to switch to another open activity
Alt–1 to save a snapshot of the screen into the Journal
F1 Neighborhood View Key
F2 Group View Key
F3 Home View Key
F4 Activities View Key
Alt–r to rotate the screen
Ctrl–Alt–F1 to open console 1
Ctrl–Alt–F2 to open console 2
Ctrl–Alt–F3 to open X Windows (Sugar)
Ctrl+l to add a link to the shared link tray
Alt+space Toggle the visibility of the shared link tray
Alt+enter to View in Fullscreen/Return from Fullscreen
Home View Activity Taskbar If you leave the Home View to engage in an Activity, you can return to the Home View at any time by pressing the Home Key (circle with one dot) on the keyboard or by clicking on the Home Icon (image), on the frame. Activities The Activity Circle Home Key Frame Group Key Neighborhood Key Activity Key
Group View Hover over a friend’s icon and choose to make a friend or invite them to join an activity. From the Group View, you can see which friends are on the network.
From the Neighborhood View (also called the Mesh View), you can see:
who is currently on the network
which activities and objects are being shared
which networks are available
Your XO icon appears in the center of the screen in the Neighborhood View.
Activity View The Activity view displays the particular activity, or application, that a child is currently working within, such as Browse, Write or Draw.
“ Despite all the obstacles and doubters, OLPC has come up with a laptop that’s tough and simple enough for hot, humid, dusty locales; cool enough to keep young minds engaged, both at school and at home; and open, flexible and collaborative enough to support a million different teaching and learning styles.” Pogue
The XO-2 is the next prototype for OLPC and is expected to be released on 2010. With regards to the price OLPC estimates the XO-2 to cost around $75.