Work for the improvement of the people as well as China
The Chinese believed that China was central to the universe
Confucious (Chinese phiilosopher) introduced the idea of Confucianism, Filial Piety, Statecraft, Meritocracy, and Civil Service exams.
Filial piety , or family love, meant that China worked as a family- and each "member" of the family would help each other to make China stronger. The Emporer was like the father of the family, and this was like a hierarchy of relationships.
Statecraft is when you try to make a perfect nation or country. Meritocracy is part of statecraft, but instead, it is working extremely hard to get that perfect nation.
Civil Service Exams showed how much China valued Confucious's ideas. They had to take exams based on his ideas and ways of thinking.
Three important philosophers from Western Europe greatly influenced our government today. They did this by taking time to observe/ think about their outlooks on mankind, the nature of them, and how they should be controlled and governed.
John Locke - Thought nearly the opposite of Hobbes. In fact, he thought that people were good, and that the people should control the ways of the government just to keep things in order.
Jean Jacques Roseau - Came up with fair ideas to keep our society in tact, like a social contract. These ideas stated that if you follow the rules of society, then the government will protect your natural rights. Whereas if you break these rules, the government can/ will take them away from you.
Baron De Montesqueu - Based on his views, there were only three types of government- a Republic, Monarchy, and Despotic form of government. A Republic is based on civic virtue, while a monarchy has different levels of power. And a Despotic form of government is based mostly on fear, dictatorship and authoritarian leaders.
How Does All this Make up Our Government Today?
The main ideas that made up our Constitution came from Roseau.
Socrates came up with the Socratic Method, which is our current legal system.
Voltaire believed in having natural rights and freedoms. He said, "I may not agree with what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it." This contributed to the Bill of Rights.
Our universal laws came from Greece
Green, Anthony. Government notes and Lecture: Confucianism,
Ancient Greece, European Enlightenment. 12 October, 2010.
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