Katekista

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Katekista

  1. 1. leitourgia A Greek word meaning originally a public duty; a service to the state undertaken by a citizen. leitos (people, public) + ergo (to do) Leitourgos – a man who performs a public duty
  2. 2. Later on, the meaning of the word LITURGY is then extended to cover any general service of a public kind.  Exodus 38:27; 39:12 Thence, it comes to have a RELIGIOUS SENSE as the function of PRIESTS, the ritual service of the temple.
  3. 3. So, in CHRISTIAN use, - the public official service of the Church
  4. 4. From what date was there a fixed and regulated service such as we can describe as a formal Liturgy? -- it must be said that an Apostolic Liturgy in the sense of an arrangement of prayers and ceremonies, like our present ritual of the Mass, did not exist.
  5. 5. IN THE FIRST PLACE, THE FUNDAMENTAL OUTLINE OF THE RITE OF THE HOLY EUCHARIST WAS GIVEN BY THE ACCOUNT OF THE: LAST SUPPER
  6. 6. We have everywhere from the very beginning at least this UNIFORM NUCLEUS of a liturgy: It would not have been a Eucharist at all if the celebrant had not at least done as our Lord did the night before He died. What the Lord had done then, the same thing He told His followers to do in memory of Him. bread and wine; on a table; Prayer: takes, thanks, breaks, gives the bread..wine
  7. 7. ALL CEREMONIAL EVOLVES GRADUALLY...DONE AT FIRST WITH NO IDEA OF RITUAL, BUT SIMPLY BECAUSE THEY HAD TO BE DONE FOR CONVENIENCE. Eucharistic Service was not all written down and read in FIXED forms, but in part composed by the BISHOP  The BREAD and WINE were brought to the altar when they were wanted,  The LESSONS were read from a place where they could be best heard  HANDS were washed because they were soiled.
  8. 8.  Readings from Sacred Books – 1Tim4:13; etc.  Sermons – Acts 20:7  Psalms and Hymns – 1Cor14:26  Public liturgical prayers for all classes – 1Tim2:8  Women covered heads – 1Cor11:5  Kiss of peace – 1Cor16:20; etc.  Offertory of goods for the poor – Rom15:26; etc.  Amen – 1Cor14:16  Breaking of the bread and thanksgiving – 1Cor10:16-21  Consecration prayers – Acts 2:42
  9. 9. That is why, LITURGY is the SUMMIT ANDFOUNT (SC10)  SUMMIT: the goal of the apostolic works is that all should come together to praise God in the midst of his Church, to take part in the sacrifice, and to eat the  FOUNT: ...draws the faithful into the compelling love of Christ and sets them on fire.
  10. 10.  The prayer of the Church gathered in assembly, an ecclesial activity, celebrated by the whole Christ, Head and members (Catechism for Filipino Catholics #1507) So, avoid: PRIVATE MASS, BAPTISM, WEDDING in a garden or beach!
  11. 11. CATHOLIC CHURCH LITURGICAL YEAR - the Catholic Church sets aside certain days and seasons to recall and celebrate various events in the life of Christ
  12. 12. ADVENT • The time of preparation for both the celebration of Jesus’ birth and his expected coming at the end of time. • This season lasts until Dcember 24 (Christmas Eve) • Often marked by the Advent Wreath, a garland of evergreens with four candles • Color: Violet (Gaudete Sunday, 3rd Sunday – Rose) • Omits the “Gloria in Excelsis” except for Masses celebrating a feast day. A Gradual is used instead of an Alleluia
  13. 13. CHRISTMAS • The traditional 12 days of Christmas begins with Christmas Eve on the evening of Dec 24 and ending with the feast of the Baptism of the Lord (Sunday after January 6). • Color: White or Gold
  14. 14. ORDINARY TIME (FIRST PORTION) • Ordinary Time consists of 33 or 34 Sundays and is divided into 2 sections. • The first portion extends from the day following the Feast of the Baptism of Christ until the day before Ash Wednesday (the beginning of Lent) • It contains anywhere from three to eight Sundays depending on how early or late Easter falls. • The main focus in the readings of the Mass is Christ’s earthly ministry • Color: Green
  15. 15. LENT • A major penitential season of preparation for Easter • The period of purification and penance which begins on Ash Wednesday and, if the penitential days of Good Friday and Holy Saturday are included, lasts for forty days, since the six Sundays within the season are not counted • Ends on Holy Thursday. • The Gloria is not used in the Mass...and the Alleluia and verse that usually precede the reading of the Gospel is either omitted or replaced with another acclamation. • The week before Easter is called Holy Week. • Color: Violet
  16. 16. EASTER TRIDUUM • The Holy Thursday evening Mass of the Lord’s Supper (white vestments) marks the beginning of the Easter Triduum. • Includes Good Friday, Holy Saturday, and Easter Sunday. Each of these days begins liturgically not with the morning but with the preceding evening. • These days recall Jesus’ Last Supper with his disciples, death on the cross, burial and resurrection • Mass is not celebrated during the day of Good Friday; instead, a celebration of the passion of the Lord is held in the afternoon or evening. Color varies: no color, red, or black. The service is usually plain with somber music, ending with the congregation leaving in silence. • Holy Saturday: commemorates the day during which Christ lay in the tomb. There is no Mass on this day; the Easter Vigil Mass, which, though celebrated properly at the following midnight, is often celebrated in the evening, is an Easter Mass
  17. 17. EASTER • The celebration of Jesus’ resurrection • A seven-week season, extends from the Easter Vigil and ends at Pentecost Sunday. • Pentecost Sunday: this last feast recalls the descent of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus’ disciples after the Ascension of Jesus • Ascension Thursday, which celebrates the return of Jesus to heaven following his resurrection, is the fortieth day of Easter, but in places where it is not observed as a Holy Day of Obligation...transfers it to the following Sunday. • Pentecost is the fiftieth and last day of the Easter Season. It celebrates the sending of the Holy Spirit to the Apostles, which traditionally marks the birth of the Church • Color: Gold or White, except on Pentecost, on which the color is Red.
  18. 18. ORDINARY TIME (2ND PORTION) • Follows the Easter season and the feasts of Easter, Ascension, and Pentecost. • Feasts during this season: - Trinity Sunday, the first Sunday after Pentecost - Corpus Christi, Thursday of the second week after Pentecost, often celebrated on the following Sunday. - Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Friday in the third week after Pentecost - Feast of Christ the King, last Sunday before Advent or last Sunday in October. In the final few weeks of Ordinary Time, many churches direct attention to the coming of the Kingdom of God, thus ending the liturgical year with an eschatological theme that is one of the predominant themes of the season of Advent that began the liturgical year.
  19. 19. ABLUTION CUP
  20. 20. AMBO
  21. 21. CASSOCK
  22. 22. CHALICE
  23. 23. CIBORIUM
  24. 24. COMMUNION PATEN
  25. 25. CORPORAL
  26. 26. CREDENCE TABLE
  27. 27. CRUETS
  28. 28. LECTIONARY
  29. 29. PALL
  30. 30. PATEN
  31. 31. PURIFICATOR
  32. 32. SACRAMENTARY
  33. 33. SURPLICE
  34. 34. THURIBLE OR CENSER AND BOAT
  35. 35. GOSPEL BOOK
  36. 36. SACRISTY
  37. 37. SANCTUARY
  38. 38. STOLE
  39. 39. SKULL CAP
  40. 40. MITER
  41. 41. CROZIER
  42. 42. TABERNACLE

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