A Greek word meaning originally a public duty;
a service to the state undertaken by a citizen.
leitos (people, public) + ergo (to do)
Leitourgos – a man who performs a public duty
Later on, the meaning of
the word LITURGY is then
extended to cover any
general service of a public
Exodus 38:27; 39:12
Thence, it comes to have a RELIGIOUS
SENSE as the function of PRIESTS,
the ritual service of the temple.
So, in CHRISTIAN use,
- the public official
service of the Church
From what date was there a fixed and
regulated service such as we can describe as a
-- it must be said that an Apostolic Liturgy
in the sense of an arrangement of
prayers and ceremonies, like our present
ritual of the Mass, did not exist.
IN THE FIRST PLACE, THE FUNDAMENTAL
OUTLINE OF THE RITE OF THE HOLY
EUCHARIST WAS GIVEN BY THE ACCOUNT
We have everywhere
from the very
beginning at least this
of a liturgy:
It would not have
been a Eucharist at all
if the celebrant had
not at least done as
our Lord did the night
before He died.
What the Lord had
done then, the same
thing He told His
followers to do in
memory of Him.
bread and wine;
on a table;
Prayer: takes, thanks,
breaks, gives the
ALL CEREMONIAL EVOLVES
GRADUALLY...DONE AT FIRST WITH NO
IDEA OF RITUAL, BUT SIMPLY BECAUSE
THEY HAD TO BE DONE FOR
CONVENIENCE. Eucharistic Service was not
all written down and read in
FIXED forms, but in part
composed by the BISHOP
The BREAD and WINE were
brought to the altar when
they were wanted,
The LESSONS were read
from a place where they
could be best heard
HANDS were washed
because they were soiled.
Readings from Sacred Books – 1Tim4:13; etc.
Sermons – Acts 20:7
Psalms and Hymns – 1Cor14:26
Public liturgical prayers for all classes – 1Tim2:8
Women covered heads – 1Cor11:5
Kiss of peace – 1Cor16:20; etc.
Offertory of goods for the poor – Rom15:26; etc.
Amen – 1Cor14:16
Breaking of the bread and thanksgiving – 1Cor10:16-21
Consecration prayers – Acts 2:42
That is why, LITURGY is the
goal of the
works is that
praise God in
the midst of
his Church, to
take part in
and to eat the
FOUNT: ...draws the
faithful into the
compelling love of
Christ and sets them on
The prayer of the Church gathered in
assembly, an ecclesial activity,
celebrated by the whole Christ, Head
and members (Catechism for Filipino
So, avoid: PRIVATE MASS, BAPTISM,
WEDDING in a garden or beach!
- the Catholic Church sets
aside certain days and
seasons to recall and
celebrate various events in
the life of Christ
• The time of preparation for both the celebration
of Jesus’ birth and his expected coming at the
end of time.
• This season lasts until Dcember 24 (Christmas
• Often marked by the Advent Wreath, a garland of
evergreens with four candles
• Color: Violet (Gaudete Sunday, 3rd
Sunday – Rose)
• Omits the “Gloria in Excelsis” except for Masses
celebrating a feast day. A Gradual is used instead
of an Alleluia
• The traditional 12 days of Christmas begins
with Christmas Eve on the evening of Dec 24
and ending with the feast of the Baptism of
the Lord (Sunday after January 6).
• Color: White or Gold
ORDINARY TIME (FIRST PORTION)
• Ordinary Time consists of 33 or 34 Sundays and is
divided into 2 sections.
• The first portion extends from the day following
the Feast of the Baptism of Christ until the day
before Ash Wednesday (the beginning of Lent)
• It contains anywhere from three to eight Sundays
depending on how early or late Easter falls.
• The main focus in the readings of the Mass is
Christ’s earthly ministry
• Color: Green
• A major penitential season of preparation for Easter
• The period of purification and penance which begins on
Ash Wednesday and, if the penitential days of Good Friday
and Holy Saturday are included, lasts for forty days, since
the six Sundays within the season are not counted
• Ends on Holy Thursday.
• The Gloria is not used in the Mass...and the Alleluia and
verse that usually precede the reading of the Gospel is
either omitted or replaced with another acclamation.
• The week before Easter is called Holy Week.
• Color: Violet
• The Holy Thursday evening Mass of the Lord’s Supper (white vestments)
marks the beginning of the Easter Triduum.
• Includes Good Friday, Holy Saturday, and Easter Sunday. Each of these
days begins liturgically not with the morning but with the preceding
• These days recall Jesus’ Last Supper with his disciples, death on the cross,
burial and resurrection
• Mass is not celebrated during the day of Good Friday; instead, a
celebration of the passion of the Lord is held in the afternoon or evening.
Color varies: no color, red, or black. The service is usually plain with
somber music, ending with the congregation leaving in silence.
• Holy Saturday: commemorates the day during which Christ lay in the
tomb. There is no Mass on this day; the Easter Vigil Mass, which, though
celebrated properly at the following midnight, is often celebrated in the
evening, is an Easter Mass
• The celebration of Jesus’ resurrection
• A seven-week season, extends from the Easter Vigil and ends at
• Pentecost Sunday: this last feast recalls the descent of the Holy
Spirit upon Jesus’ disciples after the Ascension of Jesus
• Ascension Thursday, which celebrates the return of Jesus to heaven
following his resurrection, is the fortieth day of Easter, but in places
where it is not observed as a Holy Day of Obligation...transfers it to
the following Sunday.
• Pentecost is the fiftieth and last day of the Easter Season. It
celebrates the sending of the Holy Spirit to the Apostles, which
traditionally marks the birth of the Church
• Color: Gold or White, except on Pentecost, on which the color is
ORDINARY TIME (2ND
• Follows the Easter season and the feasts of Easter, Ascension, and
• Feasts during this season:
- Trinity Sunday, the first Sunday after Pentecost
- Corpus Christi, Thursday of the second week after Pentecost,
often celebrated on the following Sunday.
- Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Friday in the third week after
- Feast of Christ the King, last Sunday before Advent or last Sunday
In the final few weeks of Ordinary Time, many churches direct
attention to the coming of the Kingdom of God, thus ending the
liturgical year with an eschatological theme that is one of the
predominant themes of the season of Advent that began the