Anthem The national anthem O Canada was composed in 1880 by Calixa Lawallee to the lyrics by Adolphe-Basile Routhier. The anthem was first written in French and translated into English by Robert Stanley Weira in 1908. On 1st July 1980 O Canada became the national anthem of the country.
The Centennial Flame is located on the walkway leading to the Centre Block of Parliament. It was first lit on January 1, 1967 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Confederation.
Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952) Governor-General: Michaëlle Jean (2005) Prime Minister: Stephen Harper (2006) Canada is f ormally considered a constitutional Monarchy . It is governed by its own House of Commons . T he governor-general is officially the representative of Queen Elizabeth II . I n reality the governor-general acts only on the advice of the Canadian prime minister.