General presentation about wellbeing and the wellbeing wales network


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Wide ranging presentation for interactive discussion about what wellbeing means - specifically in Wales. Also what are the policy drivers for increasing wellbeing in Wales.

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  • Generally, we are no happier as a society than we were in the 1950s!
  • General presentation about wellbeing and the wellbeing wales network

    1. 1. How to get long term Wellbeing by Dafydd Thomas
    2. 2. Non well-being <ul><li>“ I mean, your health really does suffer on here. Everything does. I mean, I look about 40, I’m 23. Why? Because I live here. Nobody would take a house on here, nobody. Who’d want it? ‘Cause it’s just hell really, it’s horrible. But I’m here, so that’s that, isn’t it?...” </li></ul><ul><li>Single mother on a housing estate in Lancaster </li></ul><ul><li>Professor Gareth Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiff University School of Social Sciences </li></ul>
    3. 3. What makes you happy?
    4. 5. <ul><li>Community and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Stable family relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Financial situation </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual and personal values </li></ul><ul><li>Professor Sir Mansel Aylward (January 2010) </li></ul>Determinants of happiness:
    5. 6. Definitions Hedonic Wellbeing = consists of pleasure or happiness * Eudaimonic Wellbeing = realised in achieving the individual’s potential *(Ryan and Deci (2001)) Subjective Wellbeing = an individual’s assessment of their own circumstances, what they think and feel (harder to measure and influence) ** Objective Wellbeing = the social and material attributes that contribute or detract from an individual or community’s wellbeing ** Process or Outcome ? **(Felce and Perry (1995))
    6. 7. Definitions (cont’d) Quality of life is about the non-material aspects of human wellbeing, and includes subjective and objective features Well-being or welfare , is broader than quality of life: it comprises both material resources and non-material aspects Sustainability , which considers whether an activity or condition can be maintained indefinitely, is about whether wellbeing can last in the future (OECD 2010)
    7. 8. Subjective Wellbeing “ subjective well-being refers to all of the various types of evaluations, both positive and negative, that people make of their lives. It includes reflective cognitive evaluations, such as life satisfaction and work satisfaction, interest and engagement, and affective reactions to life events, such as joy and sadness. Thus, subjective well-being is an umbrella term for the different valuations people make regarding their lives, the events happening to them, their bodies and minds, and the circumstances in which they live” E. Diener, ‘Guidelines for National Indicators of Well-Being and Ill-Being’, 28 November 2005
    8. 9. What makes you happy? <ul><li>Popular use of the term ‘well-being’ usually relates to health but… </li></ul><ul><li>‘… Well-being’ suggests something more than physical health, and also something more than good mental health… </li></ul><ul><li>… philosophical use is broader: ‘how well a person’s life is going for that person’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ happiness’, ‘flourishing’; that which ‘ makes life worthy of choice and lacking in nothing ’ (Aristotle) </li></ul>
    9. 10. What makes you happy? Health: physical and mental well-being ; “ the absence of symptoms, illness, disease and morbidity” (WHO 1948 and 2004) Well-being: subjective state of being: happy and contented; comfortable and satisfied; a quality of life; Includes: physical, material, social, emotional, development and activity dimensions (Danna & Griffin 1999; Diener 2000)
    10. 11. Evidence for Different Outcomes – Priority Fields The Young Foundation HEALTH SPORTS AND THE ARTS COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT FAMILY AND CHILDHOOD EDUCATION WORK AGEING
    11. 12. Why well-being? <ul><li>‘ Well-being provides a strong test of the extent to which policies are coming together to reduce inequalities and to promote sustainable development . A high-level of well-being is a feature of strong and vibrant communities’ </li></ul><ul><li>Welsh Assembly Government </li></ul><ul><li>Health, Social Care and Well-Being Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Guidance 2003 </li></ul>
    12. 13. Policy drivers for well-being <ul><li>Health inequalities and inequities </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Community regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Ageing population </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic disease and ‘ways of life’ </li></ul><ul><li>Economic activity/inactivity </li></ul>
    13. 14. Policy Chronology <ul><li>1998 : Welsh Office publishes the green paper, Better Health Better Wales , which sets out its aims to “improve the health and wellbeing of the people of Wales.” </li></ul><ul><li>1999 : Welsh Assembly Government established with a statutory duty to promote sustainable development. </li></ul><ul><li>2000: Local Government Act passed placing a duty on local authorities “to promote social, economic and environmental wellbeing” within their area. </li></ul><ul><li>2001 : Welsh Assembly Government stated that “increasing GDP does not automatically lead to better quality of life for our people. The way develop is important too.” A Winning Wales Welsh Assembly Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Discretionary local government powers under the Local Government Act 2000 called the “Wellbeing Power” come into force in Wales. </li></ul>
    14. 15. Policy Chronology <ul><li>2002: Welsh Assembly Government launches Wellbeing in Wales. “well being as a core aim around which a concerted effort can be developed across policy areas.” Aimed at providing a “national direction and context for Local Health, Social Care and Well Being Strategies” </li></ul><ul><li>2006 : UK Government’s White Paper “Strong and Prosperous Communities” suggests a place shaping role for local authorities, to promote the general wellbeing of their citizens </li></ul><ul><li>2008: Professor Joseph Stiglitz from Columbia University is commissioned by President Sarkozy to establish the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Welsh Assembly Government’s Sustainable Development Scheme “One Wales: One Planet” launched. </li></ul><ul><li>President Sarkozy reports on the Stiglitz Commission stating the France to count happiness as a measure of national progress. </li></ul>
    15. 16. Major new ‘happiness test’ for the people of Wales The nation’s “happiness” would be officially measured under plans to protect and promote the wellbeing of Welsh people. Proposals by the Assembly Government to gauge overall life satisfaction have been welcomed by health experts and business leaders as a bold way of building a better balanced country. Western Mail 1 March 2010
    16. 17. France to count happiness in GDP “ Happiness, long holidays and a sense of well-being may not be everyone’s yardstick for economic performance, but Nicolas Sarkozy believes they should be embraced by the world in a national accounting overhaul” Financial Times 14 September 2009
    17. 18. Easterlin Paradox
    18. 19. “ The Gross National Product counts air pollution and cigarette advertising, and ... the destruction of the redwood and the loss of our natural wonder in chaotic sprawl ... Yet [it] does not allow for the health of our children, the quality of their education, or the joy of their play ... the beauty of our poetry or the strength of our marriages ... it measures everything, in short, except that which makes life worthwhile.” Robert Kennedy 1968
    19. 20. Aristotle and human advancement <ul><li>made a distinction between </li></ul><ul><li>moral life, which was necessary to attain happiness, and </li></ul><ul><li>material life, which was necessary to meet basic needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle thought of well-being as multidimensional, with both material and immaterial dimensions. He also believed that successful communities must share common principles on what is important for well-being, and that consultations are an essential tool to develop consensus on what is important for the good life. </li></ul>
    20. 21. Layard <ul><li>Be socially connected </li></ul><ul><li>Be physically active </li></ul><ul><li>Take notice of your surroundings and savour them </li></ul><ul><li>Keep learning </li></ul><ul><li>Give Regularly </li></ul>
    21. 22. Buddhist Hermit <ul><li>Learn to meditate </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate altruism </li></ul><ul><li>Practice mindfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Make space for spirituality </li></ul><ul><li>Find a spiritual teacher </li></ul>
    22. 23. NEF’s Five a day <ul><li>Connect </li></ul><ul><li>Be active </li></ul><ul><li>Take notice </li></ul><ul><li>Keep learning </li></ul><ul><li>Give </li></ul>
    23. 25. Network Activities <ul><li>Exploring Sustainable Wellbeing Toolkit </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Search </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul>
    24. 26. What next - questions?
    25. 27. Questions? [email_address]