past simple

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past simple

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past simple

  1. 1. PAST SIMPLE This tense is used to talk about completed actions in the past. Students: David Moscoso Jurado Shorlli Salazar
  2. 2. PAST EXPRESSIONS <ul><li>LAST MONTH/ WEEK / WEEKEND </li></ul><ul><li>YESTERDAY </li></ul><ul><li>AGO </li></ul>
  3. 3. PAST SIMPLE (AFFIRMATIVE FORM) <ul><li>It is formed with the following structure: </li></ul><ul><li>SUBJECT + VERB (PAST SIMPLE) + COMPLEMENT </li></ul>SHE STUDIED HARD YESTERDAY YOU WROTE A LOVE LETTER LAST WEEK HE READ A MAGAZINE 1 MONTH AGO
  4. 4. Exercises: <ul><li>Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past). </li></ul><ul><li>Last year I (spend) _______________ my holiday in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>It (be)________________ great. </li></ul><ul><li>I (travel)_____________ around by car with two friends and we (visit) ___________lots of interesting places. </li></ul><ul><li>In the evenings we usually ___________(go) to a pub. </li></ul><ul><li>One night we even (learn) ______________ some Irish dances. </li></ul>
  5. 5. PAST SIMPLE (NEGATIVE FORM) <ul><li>This structure includes the auxiliary “didn’t” </li></ul><ul><li>STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>SUBJECT + AUX. “DIDN’T” +VERB ( INFINITIVE) + COMPLEMENT </li></ul>THEY DIDN’T GO TO CLASS YESTERDAY HE DIDN’T WRITE A LOVE LETTER WE DIDN’T ATTEND ENGLISH CLASS
  6. 6. Exercises: <ul><li>They collected postcards. -> ____________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>You jumped high. -> __________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Albert played squash. -> _______________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher tested our English. -> _______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Fiona visited her grandma. -> ___________________________ </li></ul>Rewrite the sentences in the negative.
  7. 7. PAST SIMPLE (INTERROGATIVE FORM) yes / no questions) <ul><li>This form includes de auxiliary “DID” </li></ul><ul><li>STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>AUX. “DID” + SUBJECT + VERB (INFINITIVE) + COMPLEMENT </li></ul>Did you speak a lot last week? Did she write a book yesterday? Did they talk about their homework?
  8. 8. Exercises: <ul><li>Write questions in simple past. </li></ul><ul><li>Anna / the window / open __________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>she / home / walk ________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>you / in the garden / work __________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>you / a song / sing _________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>she / on a chair / sit ________________________________ </li></ul>
  9. 9. PAST SIMPLE (INTERROGATIVE FORM) SHORT ANSWERS <ul><li>These are called short answers because you answer with “YES” or “NOT” </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>Did you speak a lot last week? YES, I did NO, I didn’t Did she write a book yesterday? YES, She did NO, She didn’t.
  10. 10. EXERCISES: ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS Did Mayda go to the school yesterday? ______________________ Did They travel around the world 1year ago? ________________ Did We study English the last year? ________________________ Did You talk about politics yesterday? _______________________ Did he attend class the last week? _________________________

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