commonly known as
the United Kingdom (UK)
or Britain
•It is the ninth largest island in the world
•Is made up of 3 countries - England,
Scotland, and Wales
•An association of nations consisting
of the United Kingdom and several
former British colonies that are now
sovereign sta...
•The name "England" is derived from
the Old English name ENGLALAND,
which means “LAND OF THE
ANGLES"
• Is a country that is part of the United
Kingdom.
•It shares land borders with Scotland to the
north and Wales to the wes...
•Its capital city is London
•Largest country on Great Britain
•Few surviving texts with little in
common.
•Language closer to modern German
than modern English.
•Frequently reflect non...
•Works frequently of a religiously
didactic content.
•Written for performance at court or
for festivals.
•Geoffrey Chaucer...
•Influence of Aristotle, Ovid, and other
Greco-Roman thinkers, as well as science
and exploration.
•Primarily texts for pu...
England 1660-1785

America 1750-1800

•Reaction to the expansiveness of the
Renaissance in the direction of order
and rest...
•Emphasized classical ideals of rationality
and control (human nature is constant
through time).
•Art should reflect the u...
•Writing should be well structured, emotion
should be controlled, and emphasize
qualities like wit.
•England: John Locke, ...
•America: Benjamin Franklin (Poor
Richard’s Almanack, autobiography),
Thomas Paine (“Common Sense”),
Thomas Jefferson (“Th...
England 1785-1830 America 1800-1860
•Reaction against the scientific rationality
of Neoclassicism and the Industrial
Revol...
•Elevation of the common man
(folklore, myth).
•Mystery and the supernatural.
•England: Robert Burns (“To a Mouse”), Willi...
America: Washington Irving (“Rip Van Winkle,” “The
Legend of Sleepy Hollow”), Edgar Allan Poe (“The
Raven,” Tales of the G...
American Transcendentalism (Romantic
philosophy)
Named for the core belief that our spiritual
nature transcends rationalit...
•Named for the reign of Queen Victoria, Britain’s
longest reigning monarch.
•Period of stability and prosperity for Britai...
Charles Dickens (David Copperfield, Oliver Twist,
Great Expectations), George Eliot (Middlemarch),
Thomas Hardy (Tess of t...
•Reaction against Romantic values (Civil War).
•Developed in France (Balzac, Flaubert, Zola).
•Emphasized the commonplace ...
•Naturalism – hyper-realism
•Named for the belief that man is simply a
higher order animal, and thus under the same
natura...
•Named for King Edward.
•Some see as a continuation of Victorian
Period; however, the status quo is
increasingly threatene...
•Joseph Conrad (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), H.G.
Wells (War of the Worlds), E.M. Forster (A Room with
a View, A Passage ...
•Reaction against the values which led to WWI.
•Influenced by Schopenhauer (“negation of the
will”), Nietzsche (Beyond Goo...
Poetry:
Ezra Pound (The Fourth Canto), T.S. Eliot
(Prufrock and other Observations, The Waste
Land, “The Hollow Men”), W.B...
Fiction:
James Joyce (Dubliners, A Portrait of the Artist as
a Young Man), Franz Kafka (The Metamorphosis,
The Trial, The ...
•Critical dispute over whether an actual period
or a renewal and continuation Modernism postWWII.
•Influenced by Freud, Sa...
Samuel Beckett (Waiting for Godot), Gabriel Garcia
Marques (One Hundred Years of Solitude), William
Burroughs (Naked Lunch...
White Cliffs of Dover
BUCKINGHAM PALACE
ST. PAUL CATHEDRAL
Kings College, Cambridge
BEN CLOCK
COAST OF CORNWALL
NATIONAL GALLERY OF
LONDON
BRITISH MUSEUM
CANTERBURY
CATHEDRAL
IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM
LAKE DISTRICT
STONE HENGE
YORK MINISTER
HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT
SALISBURY CATHEDRAL
WINDSOR CASTLE
STRATFORD UPON AVON
TATE MODERN
WESTMINSTER ABBEY
TOWER BRIDGE
LONDON
EYE
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
English-American Literature
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English-American Literature

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English-American Literature

  1. 1. commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain
  2. 2. •It is the ninth largest island in the world •Is made up of 3 countries - England, Scotland, and Wales
  3. 3. •An association of nations consisting of the United Kingdom and several former British colonies that are now sovereign states but still pay allegiance to the British Crown.
  4. 4. •The name "England" is derived from the Old English name ENGLALAND, which means “LAND OF THE ANGLES"
  5. 5. • Is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. •It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, while the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separate it from Continental Europe.
  6. 6. •Its capital city is London •Largest country on Great Britain
  7. 7. •Few surviving texts with little in common. •Language closer to modern German than modern English. •Frequently reflect non-English influence. •Beowulf, “The Wanderer”
  8. 8. •Works frequently of a religiously didactic content. •Written for performance at court or for festivals. •Geoffrey Chaucer (The Canterbury Tales) • “The Cuckoo’s Song”, mystery plays
  9. 9. •Influence of Aristotle, Ovid, and other Greco-Roman thinkers, as well as science and exploration. •Primarily texts for public performance (plays, masques) and some books of poetry. •William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Ben Jonson, Francis Bacon, John Fletcher, Francis Beaumont.
  10. 10. England 1660-1785 America 1750-1800 •Reaction to the expansiveness of the Renaissance in the direction of order and restraint. •Developed in France (Moliere, Rousseau, Voltaire).
  11. 11. •Emphasized classical ideals of rationality and control (human nature is constant through time). •Art should reflect the universal commonality of human nature. (“All men are created equal.”) •Reason is emphasized as the highest faculty (Deism).
  12. 12. •Writing should be well structured, emotion should be controlled, and emphasize qualities like wit. •England: John Locke, John Milton (Paradise Lost), Alexander Pope (Essay on Man), Jonathon Swift (Gulliver’s Travels), Henry Fielding (Tom Jones), Daniel Defoe (Robinson Crusoe), Jane Austen (Sense and Sensibility, Emma, Pride and Prejudice).
  13. 13. •America: Benjamin Franklin (Poor Richard’s Almanack, autobiography), Thomas Paine (“Common Sense”), Thomas Jefferson (“The Declaration of Independence”), James Madison (“The Constitution of the United States”).
  14. 14. England 1785-1830 America 1800-1860 •Reaction against the scientific rationality of Neoclassicism and the Industrial Revolution. •Developed in Germany (Kant, Goethe). •Emphasized individuality, intuition, imagination, idealism, nature (as opposed to society & social order).
  15. 15. •Elevation of the common man (folklore, myth). •Mystery and the supernatural. •England: Robert Burns (“To a Mouse”), William Blake (Songs of Innocence, Songs of Experience), William Wordsworth (Lyrical Ballads, “Tintern Abbey,” “Intimations of Immortality,” “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”), Samuel Taylor Coleridge (“The Rime of the Ancient Mariner,” “Kubla Kahn”), Lord Byron (“Don Juan”), Percy Bysshe Shelley (“Ozymandias”), Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (Frankenstein), John Keats (“Ode on a Grecian Urn”), Sir Walter Scott (Ivanhoe).
  16. 16. America: Washington Irving (“Rip Van Winkle,” “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”), Edgar Allan Poe (“The Raven,” Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque, “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” “The Philosophy of Composition”), James Fennimore Cooper (The Last of the Mohicans), Herman Melville (Moby-Dick, Billy Budd), Nathaniel Hawthorne (Twice-Told Tales, The Scarlet Letter), William Cullen Bryant (“To a Waterfowl”), Oliver Wendell Holmes (“The Chambered Nautilus”), Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (“Paul Revere’s Ride”), James Russell Lowell (“The First Snowfall”).
  17. 17. American Transcendentalism (Romantic philosophy) Named for the core belief that our spiritual nature transcends rationality and religious doctrine; thus, it is found in intuition. Developed in New England, influenced by Eastern philosophy. Pro-suffrage & abolitionist. Ralph Waldo Emerson (Nature, “The American Scholar”), Henry David Thoreau (Walden, “Civil Disobedience”), Walt Whitman (Leaves of Grass).
  18. 18. •Named for the reign of Queen Victoria, Britain’s longest reigning monarch. •Period of stability and prosperity for Britain. •British society extremely class conscious. •Literature seen as a bridge between Romanticism and Modernism. •Generally emphasized realistic portrayals of common people, sometimes to promote social change. •Some writers continue to explore gothic themes begun in Romantic Period.
  19. 19. Charles Dickens (David Copperfield, Oliver Twist, Great Expectations), George Eliot (Middlemarch), Thomas Hardy (Tess of the D’Ubervilles), Robert Louis Stevenson (The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde), Rudyard Kipling (Jungle Book), Lewis Carroll (Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland), Charlotte Brontë (Jane Eyre), Emily Brontë (Wuthering Heights), Alfred, Lord Tennyson (In Memoriam), Elizabeth Barrett Browning (Sonnets from the Portuguese), Robert Browning (“My Last Duchess”), Matthew Arnold (“Dover Beach”), Oscar Wilde (The Importance of Being Earnest).
  20. 20. •Reaction against Romantic values (Civil War). •Developed in France (Balzac, Flaubert, Zola). •Emphasized the commonplace and ordinary (as opposed to the romanticized individual). •Sought to depict life as it was, not idealized. •Mark Twain (The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn), Ambrose Bierce (“An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge”), William Dean Howells (A Modern Instance), Theodore Dreiser (Sister Carrie).
  21. 21. •Naturalism – hyper-realism •Named for the belief that man is simply a higher order animal, and thus under the same natural constraints and limitations as other animals. •Controlled by heredity and environment. •Stephen Crane (Maggie: A Girl of the Street, The Red Badge of Courage), Jack London (“To Build a Fire”), Upton Sinclair (The Jungle).
  22. 22. •Named for King Edward. •Some see as a continuation of Victorian Period; however, the status quo is increasingly threatened. •Distinction between literature and popular fiction.
  23. 23. •Joseph Conrad (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), H.G. Wells (War of the Worlds), E.M. Forster (A Room with a View, A Passage to India), George Bernard Shaw (Major Barbara), A.C. Bradley (Shakespearean Tragedy).
  24. 24. •Reaction against the values which led to WWI. •Influenced by Schopenhauer (“negation of the will”), Nietzsche (Beyond Good and Evil), Kierkegaard (Fear and Trembling), as well as Darwin and Marx. •If previous values are invalid, art is a tool to establish new values (Pound: “Make it new”). •Writers experiment with form. •Form and content reflect the confusion and vicissitudes of modern life. •Expositions and resolutions are omitted; themes are implied rather than stated.
  25. 25. Poetry: Ezra Pound (The Fourth Canto), T.S. Eliot (Prufrock and other Observations, The Waste Land, “The Hollow Men”), W.B. Yeats (The Wanderings of Oisin and Other Poems, The Swans at Coole), H.D. (“Pear Tree”), Wallace Stevens (Harmonium), William Carlos Williams (“The Red Wheelbarrow,” “This Is Just to Say”), Robert Frost (Mending Wall, The Road Not Taken).
  26. 26. Fiction: James Joyce (Dubliners, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man), Franz Kafka (The Metamorphosis, The Trial, The Castle), Ernest Hemingway (In Our Time, The Sun Also Rises), William Faulkner (As I Lay Dying, The Sound and the Fury), F. Scott Fitzgerald (The Great Gatsby), John Steinbeck (The Grapes of Wrath), Thornton Wilder (Our Town, The Bridge at San Luis Rey), D.H. Lawrence (The Rainbow), Virginia Woolf (Mrs. Dalloway, To the Lighthouse).
  27. 27. •Critical dispute over whether an actual period or a renewal and continuation Modernism postWWII. •Influenced by Freud, Sartre, Camus, Derrida, and Foucault. •Deconstruction: Text has no inherent meaning; meaning derives from the tension between the text’s ambiguities and contradictions revealed upon close reading. •Some believe it leads directly to the countercultural revolution of the 1960s.
  28. 28. Samuel Beckett (Waiting for Godot), Gabriel Garcia Marques (One Hundred Years of Solitude), William Burroughs (Naked Lunch), J.D. Salinger (A Catcher in the Rye), Kurt Vonnegut (Slaughterhouse Five), Thomas Pynchon (Gravity’s Rainbow), John Updike (Rabbit Run), Phillip Roth (Portnoy’s Complaint, American Pastoral), J.M. Coetzee (Life & Times of Michael K), Joyce Carol Oates (“Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?”), Margaret Atwood (The Handmaiden’s Tale), Cormac McCarthy (Blood Meridian), Allen Ginsberg (Howl and Other Poems), Charles Bukowski (The Last Night of the Earth Poems).
  29. 29. White Cliffs of Dover
  30. 30. BUCKINGHAM PALACE
  31. 31. ST. PAUL CATHEDRAL
  32. 32. Kings College, Cambridge
  33. 33. BEN CLOCK
  34. 34. COAST OF CORNWALL
  35. 35. NATIONAL GALLERY OF LONDON
  36. 36. BRITISH MUSEUM
  37. 37. CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL
  38. 38. IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM
  39. 39. LAKE DISTRICT
  40. 40. STONE HENGE
  41. 41. YORK MINISTER
  42. 42. HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT
  43. 43. SALISBURY CATHEDRAL
  44. 44. WINDSOR CASTLE
  45. 45. STRATFORD UPON AVON
  46. 46. TATE MODERN
  47. 47. WESTMINSTER ABBEY
  48. 48. TOWER BRIDGE
  49. 49. LONDON EYE
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