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  1. 1. Blade Form Optimization for MaximumMomentumIt was early morning on the way to the FSYS office.Suddenly the handy began ringing and I intuitively noticed that it is very urgent thing.Yes of course it was.He was a staff of a symposium that will be held in two weeks in Korea.The main topic of the symposium was about Wind Energy and his request was my participation as alecturer for a leading edge technique session.I was about to answer "NO" very politely since the schedule was already full of other issues. But it was heconcluded the conversation before my negative reaction."Thanks MR Park, I trust you. Bye."Ok, lets make it done. I have tools and colleagues to support me tightly !Check list.1. Which Form ? = Not all wind power plant but just a blade.2. How to vary ? = Pitch and Chord (Why? Why not!)3. CAD = FFW4. Optimizer = FFW5. CFD = Star CCM+6. Software Coupling = FFW.It seemed not bad and I pushed the project straight forward.Blade modelI used the blade example model in FFW directly.
  2. 2. blade model is parameterized.Pitch, Thickness, Chord and the radial position are defined with continuous functions.Camber, Camber Position and Blade length are defined with constant values.
  3. 3. VariationPitch value is controlled by pitch function in the 3D idea. VariationIn the same fashion with pitch variation, it could be seen in the movie below. is very critical phase to decide how to perform CFD calculation.FRIENDSHIP SYSTEMS has very cooperative partner of CD-Adapco Nuernberg Germany.I made contact with them and asked them for Mesh and Java-Macro of the blade geometry.The kindest CD-Adapco support team took care of it and made me feel comfortable.All what I did to them were to give the information about :  Wind Speed 11 m/s  RPM 500  Geometry of blade in STL file format.What they gave me back were :  JAVA Macro file that create the reasonable surface and volume meshes for the given STL file.  Sim file, i.e. Simulation file, which will run the java macro file in STARCCM+.
  4. 4. FFW know where the Java macro file is. Then FFW will, JUST ONCE, import the file and recognize asthe code embedded in itself. And Let FFW know where the result file (CSV file format this case) is. ThenFFW will, JUST ONCE, import the CSV file and recognize what is the final result value of the CFD analysis.Optimization Condition Design Variables Pitch Control Point [-0.5,1] Chord Control Point [0.1, 0.5] Objective Value Momentum ( Multiply -1 to the result value due to the minimization algorithm) Design variants number 100 designs Search Engine Sobol Engine for DoE.
  5. 5. distribution of searching points by SobolThe distribution of the objective value for each design.
  6. 6. chord values have periodic distances between the minimum of objective vales. But the pitchvalues show very distinguishing valley shape for the minimum objective. One interesting phenomenon isthat pitch variation has another baby range of minimization but I ignored it this time to research thereason more deeply due to the time limit.
  7. 7. resultSorry that I did not create the beautiful pictures of flow and pressure distribution as post-processing. Theallowed actual working time for this speedy project was just 3 days. Without the effective support andcooperation from CD-Adapco team this could not be done in the reasonable time. (Thanks again Martin!)I was happy to be able to help the customer to manage the important session successfully and alsopleased to hear the applause from the audience. ㅁ