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  1. 1. 100The BMW Guggenheim Lab wasopen in Berlin from June 15, 2012through July 29, 2012.100 Urban Trends: A Glossary of Ideasfrom the BMW Guggenheim Lab Berlinwas developed by Maria Nicanor, Cura- A BM of Id Glos Urbantor, BMW Guggenheim Lab, and Amara W eas sar Gu yAntilla, Curatorial Assistant, BMW Gug- gg fromgenheim Lab. Be enhe the rlin im La bDesign: Sulki & Min, SeoulPhotos: Luke AbiolAll text and photos © 2012 Solomon R.Guggenheim Foundation, New York Trends
  2. 2. 100 Urban Trends: and “collaborate” seem to have become 1 3-D Printer 52 Innovation the three big Cs of urban thinking of 2 Accessibility Design 53 Intergenerational InteractionA Glossary of Ideas from late — but that story is not new. Cluster- 3 Active Transformation 54 Intuitionthe BMW Guggenheim Lab ing, searching for a concentration of 4 Activist Citizen 55 Laser CutterBerlin people, and finding ways to collaborate 5 Aging Population 56 Learning by Doing have been part of the human experience 6 Anthropocentric Urbanism 57 Liegenschaftsfond politik After opening in New York in the sum- since prehistoric times. Then, as now, 7 Architecture of Necessity (Property-fund politics) mer of 2011, the BMW Guggenheim Lab people gathered in search of protection, 8 Arduino 58 Maker Movement traveled to Berlin. Over the course of conviviality, and exchange. 9 Behavior Change 59 Megacity thirty-three days, the Berlin Lab offered The terms that follow reflect this type 10 Bike Sharing 60 Minimum Variation —  free programs, including workshops, of urban exchange. Their definitions aim 11 Biking and Traffic Regulations Maximum Impact screenings, and tours, and implemented to document and take the “temperature” 12 Biking Safety 61 Mixed-Use urban projects in Berlin neighborhoods of a particular time and place — Berlin in 13 Body Language 62 Multidisciplinary and online — all centered around the the summer of 2012 — and to understand 14 Bottom-Up Urban Engagement 63 Non-Expert topic of life in cities today. As part of the what city experts and non-experts alike 15 City Center versus Periphery 64 Open Governance culmination of the Lab’s experience in gathered to discuss: what cities were, 16 Cities as Idea Generators 65 Open-Source Berlin, this glossary aims to identify 100 are, and can be. The terms included 17 Citizen Empowerment 66 Ownership of Public Space of the most talked-about trends in urban are new and old, classic and ephemer- 18 City as Organism 67 Participation thinking, all of which played a role during ally fashionable. Among them are some 19 Climate Change 68 Place-Making the Lab’s first European venue. of urbanism’s “usual suspects,” which 20 Closing the Loop 69 Rapid Prototypying Created as a resource, the glos- interestingly, keep reappearing in the 21 Collaboration 70 Reduce, Reuse, Recycle sary offers contextualized definitions urban discourse of the early twenty-first 22 Collaborative Urban Mapping 71 Responsive Infrastructure that apply to the way we understand, century. Each definition concludes with 23 Comfort 72 Self-Regulation design, and live in cities. Integral to an example of a Berlin Lab program that 24 Connectivity 73 Self-Solving this glossary is the concept of cities as illustrated the relevance and context of 25 Creativity 74 Sensor“idea makers.” In cities, people come each term. 26 Crowdfunding 75 Share Culture together, share their thoughts and com- What do people talk about today 27 Crowdsourcing 76 Skill Share mon interests, and generate the ideas when they discuss the future of cities? 28 Customization 77 Smart City that shape our world. Dense, growing Many things. One hundred of them follow. 29 Data Visualization 78 Space Activation cities have been and continue to be the 30 Decentralization 79 Space Consumer / Space Producer catalyst for human progress, powered by 31 Deregulation 80 Sustainable City daily proximity among their citizens as 32 Design-Build 81 Sustainable Tourism much as anything else. Despite some of 33 Digital Democracy 82 Temporary Architecture the drawbacks of such massive urban 34 Disneyfication 83 The New Architect centers, they may well embody the future 35 Do-It-Yourself (DIY) 84 Thinkering for human life. Today’s cities are compet- 36 Electric Car 85 Tinkering ing to attract more people; greater urban 37 Emission Reduction 86 Transformation density can mean more conflict, but it 38 Emotional Connections 87 Trust can also produce a greater diversity of 39 Emotional Intelligence 88 Upcycling viewpoints and more opportunity for 40 Empowerment Technologies 89 Urban Beauty positive change. 41 Environmental Footprint 90 Urban Data In recent years, there has been an 42 Experiential Technology 91 Urban Fatigue unequivocal shift in the study of cit- 43 Experimentation 92 Urban History ies. Urban thinking, whether related to 44 Food Consumption 93 Urban Intervention architecture or urbanism, has become 45 Forecasting 94 Urban Livability dramatically less focused on infrastruc- 46 Future of Parking 95 Urban Microhistories ture, and more on the ultimate goal and 47 Gentrification 96 Urban Mobility reason for the existence of cities — that 48 Hacker Space 97 Urban Psychology is, the well-being of the people that 49 Happy City 98 Urban Sound inhabit them and constitute their very 50 Hybridity 99 Urban Ugliness soul and essence. “Cluster,” “concentrate,” 51 Influencer 100 Vacant Space1,3-D Printer 2, Accessibility Design 3, Active Transformation 4, Activist CitizenA 3-D printer is a machine that prints Accessibility design is urban design that Active transformation is a state of Activist citizens are committed to com-objects by laying down successive layers takes into account the full spectrum of continual movement, improvement, and munity life and the urban environment.of plastic or other materials. 3-D print- other-abled (including elderly, disabled, change of the urban commons. Moti- Rather than relying on institutions orers have existed since the 1980s. Today, and handicapped) individuals by creating vated individuals can trigger moments the government to fix things, they leadseveral companies are working to create a user-friendly urban and domestic envi- of transformation, changing city life into change independently and embracemodels that are available for personal ronment. The Americans with Disabilities something more collaborative, sustain- active community involvement. In 2011,use and at a low price point. In the last Act of 1990 (ADA) was revised in 2010 able, and conducive to well-being. Time named “The Protester” the personfew years, the rise of 3-D printers in to include regulations and standards for of the year. This choice came after a Lab Team member Rachel Smith’s Labrapid prototyping has popularized and accessibility design in the United States. turbulent year of uprisings in the Arab Platz program called attention to thedemocratized the creation of objects at Accessibility design allows for an urban world that influenced the development of importance of public space, by trans-an individual level, proving that there is a landscape that is more considerate of the Occupy movement worldwide. These forming parking spaces for one wholeviable alternative to the previous depen- the needs of every citizen. movements illustrated the central role day and turning them into places fordence on industrial mass production. activism plays in city life. Designer John Schimmel and acces- leisure, cooking, socializing, and learning.This radical change has meant a turning sibility activist and organizer Raul At the Lab, Ernst-Dieter Lantermann ofpoint for a variety of fields, most notably Transforming Parking Space: Lab Platz Krauthausen conducted a workshop the Institute for Psychology at the Uni-biomedicine, architecture, and design. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- intended to identify and map locations versity Kassel examined activist groupsThus, 3-D printers are changing the way lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ with and without equal access. from a psychological perspective, explor-we understand and construct our built transforming-parking-space?instance_ ing how activism works and what positiveenvironment. Accessibility Walkabout id=1179 and negative effects it can have on sat- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-The BMW Guggenheim Lab in Berlin The Marathon of Transformation gath- isfaction in life. Lantermann argued that lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/hosted a two-week period of programs ered together a group of more than the way an individual sees himself as a accessibility-walkabout?instance_focused on making in which visitors used fifteen international and Berlin-based part of the larger society hugely affects id=12803-D printers to do rapid prototyping. Por- influencers and transformers and that individual’s emotional well-being.table 3-D printers were also developed, presented the ways in which they are Social Involvement — Life Satisfactionbuilt, and donated to various cultural actively bringing about urban change. and Participationproducers in Berlin. Marathon of Transformation bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-Marathon of Making Things bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ social-involvementlife-satisfactionparticilab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ event/marathon-of-transformation-how- pation?instance_id=1307marathon-of-making-things?instance_ would-you-transform-your-city?instance_ Related termsid=659 id=1161 Bottom-Up Urban EngagementRelated terms Citizen EmpowermentDo-It-Yourself (DIY)Empowerment TechnologiesMaker Movement
  3. 3. 5,Aging Population 6, Anthropocentric Urbanism 7, Architecture of Necessity 8, Arduino 12, Bicycle Safety 13, 14, Body Language Bottom-Up UrbanToday, twenty percent of the population Anthropocentric urbanism refers to urban The architecture of necessity is design An Arduino is a piece of electronic hard- Bicycle safety includes rules and strate- Copenhagenize Index presented a Body language is a form of non-verbal Engagementis older than sixty-five; in 2060, every planning and city design that revolves conducted by everyday citizens in ware — a single-board microcontroller gies designed to protect cyclists from program at the Lab about the world’s human communication. While we mainly Bottom-up urban engagement placesthird person will have reached that age. solely around the needs and desires response to individual or collective needs used to create basic hardware-to-soft- risks associated with riding. Some of most bike-friendly cities. The Copenha- focus on verbal strategies for sharing the citizen at the root of urban change.The effect of the aging population on the of human beings. Mostly as a result of and site-specific conditions. Due to ware communication through circuitry these include personal safety precau- genize Index was developed in 2011 by information, body language is a power- The term “bottom-up” first appeared inurban environment and on social ser- the anthropocentric theories developed political restrictions and/or low-income control. Developed by a team of inven- tions like helmets and lights. Others Copenhagen Consulting as an index for ful form of communication that connects relation to its opposite, “top-down,” invices is one of the most significant global during the Enlightenment in the eigh- scenarios, neighborhoods and individuals tors led by Massimo Banzi, Arduinos require collective action from govern- measuring support of urban cycling in with our senses. Most of the communica- the 1942 edition of Harvard University’schallenges and opportunities of the next teenth century, the human being has make customized and informal alterations are widely used in computer program- ment or community organizations cities worldwide. The index measures tion that occurs in urban public space Quarterly Journal of Economics: “In thefifty years. Intergenerational exchange long constituted the gold standard by to their living spaces, thus creating inno- ming. As an easy-to-use module, the including bikeways, traffic laws, and rid- eighty major cities around the world occurs through conscious or uncon- long run it is part of the larger questioncreates opportunities for knowledge which all things are measured. Historical vative new typologies for architecture and device can be employed to test basic ing conduct. Higher bicycle-safety levels based on specific criteria including scious body language signals. For this of whether ‘bottom-up’ control can be assharing and social interaction. Urban architectural styles have operated on this urbanism. Ernesto Oroza coined the term programming functionality or even result in a greater number of bicycle bicycle infrastructure, bike share pro- reason, understanding, learning, and efficient as ‘top-down’ control.”design, community initiatives, and public assumption for centuries. However, more in his 2006 book, For an Architecture of operate a small robot. The Arduino is riders sharing city streets. grams, perception of safety, and politics. analyzing body language is of crucial In an urban context, this approachservices can help meet the needs of recent thinking and twentieth-century Necessity and Disobedience, to refer particularly practical for rapid prototyp- When these needs are met, cities importance for urban psychologists. has two key, complementary directions: During the Cycling Fast Facts presenta-young and old citizens alike. urban and environmental theories to the efficiency and ingenuity of Cuban ing. Its design is distributed under the experience an increase in cyclists, which first, a trend that encourages social, tions, Jorg Leben spoke about the needs At the Lab, the programs devoted to the advocate for a separation from anthro- citizens under Fidel Castro’s regime and Creative Commons license and low-cost has a positive effect on city livability and cooperative models of city organiza-The Ageless Evening at the Berlin Lab of cyclists and other road users. He topic of Urban Micro Lens explored how pocentric thinking in urban planning their approach to self-made solutions kits are available through a number of infrastructure. tion; second, a growing interest fromoffered an evening of intergenerational touched upon the importance of bicycle all forms of communication represent a and argue that it is this mindset that has for their everyday needs. Virserum Art organizations. government officials, academia, and theencounters through cooking, dance, age safety, the problematic of mixed traffic The World’s Most Bike-Friendly Cities skill that can be developed and perfected. caused many of the challenges faced by Museum has also used the term to talk professional sector in resorting to digital,simulation, and more. At the Lab, Making Sense with ­ rduinos A issues, the inefficiency of pavers, and the bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- When this is done successfully it can cities today. Cities that flourished under about sustainability in architecture. open-sourced data and models as key was a workshop that empowered issues of rights-of-way in different coun- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ dramatically improve our urban life.Ageless Evening an anthropocentric mindset were not resources for understanding urban Ernesto Oroza led a two-part workshop visitors to engage with basic electronics tries. Leben concluded that sufficient sidsel-birk-hjuler-the-worlds-most-bike-bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- created with a larger context in mind that The Basics of Perception and Urban interactions. at the Berlin Lab that had visitors docu- and programming in an effort to make space and keeping bikers away from friendly-cities?instance_id=1156lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ could be inclusive of the environment Micro Lens menting architectural hacks in Berlin small-scale interventions into our urban main roads would lead to an increase in Dietmar Offenhuber’s research centersageless-evening?instance_id=1243 and other living creatures. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- neighborhoods and compiling them into environment. bicycle use. on the possibilities and limitations of lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/Related term Natalie Jeremijenko, artist and engineer, a customized tabloid. He also gave a self-organized infrastructure. Based on Making Sense with Arduinos Cycling Fast Facts basics-of-perception-and-the-urban-Intergenerational Interaction explained how artistic interventions lecture about the Architecture of Neces- the work of the SENSEable City Lab, bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- micro-lens?instance_id=752 and urban actions can be successful sity in Cuba. Offenhuber discussed the effectiveness the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ prescriptions for a more inclusive urban and potential of bottom-up infrastructure Ernesto Oroza: event/making-things-sense-with- cycling-fast-facts?instance_id=1143 design that tackles environmental issues at the Berlin Lab in a lecture titled Can Provisional Space/Collaborative Design arduinos?instance_id=698 including pollution, overcrowded cities, Infrastructure Be Crowdsourced? bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-lab/ and lack of wildlife in city areas. berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ernesto- Can Infrastructure Be Crowdsourced? Natalie Jeremijenko: Toward a Healthy oroza-provisional-spacecollaborative- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where- Urban Environmental Commons design?instance_id=708 is-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- events/event/can-infrastructure-be- Architecture of Necessity and lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ crowdsourced?instance_id=761 Disobedience natalie-jeremijenko?instance_id=1175 bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Related terms the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Activist Citizen event/architecture-of-necessity-and- Citizen Empowerment disobedience?instance_id=1177 Related term Upcycling9,Behavior Change 10, Bike Sharing 11, Biking and Traffic 15, City Center versus Periphery 16, 17, Cities as Idea Generators Citizen EmpowermentBehavioral change is an ongoing pro- Bicycle-sharing programs provide bikes Copenhagenize Index presented a Regulations The city center is often the location of the C-Zone I Cities are successful forms of organiza- Citizen empowerment is the state of feel-cess of replacing the ways we respond for rent or temporary use in urban envi- program at the Lab about the world’s Biking and traffic regulations are the most significant, historical, cultural, and bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- tion because they attract people. And ing that one’s actions actively contributeto our environment with newly acquired ronments. Today, there are bike-sharing most bike-friendly cities. The Copenha- rules that ensure the orderly and safe political landmarks and institutions. At the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ when people gather together and inter- to urban decision-making processespatterns of action. Behavior standards programs in 165 cities around the world. genize Index was developed in 2011 by operation and interaction of motor vehi- times, this area also serves as the eco- event/c-zone-i?instance_id=1250 act, innovation happens and new ideas and change. By creating opportunitiesrespond to social norms and needs; in an Bike-sharing systems typically involve Copenhagen Consulting as an index for cles, bicycles, pedestrians, and others nomic hub, and is commonly frequented are generated. Thus, urban theorists and for communication and participation, citi- C-Zone IIurban context, certain targeted behavior- customized bike design, docking sta- measuring support of urban cycling in during transit. More recently, some urban by tourists. Hence cities are often economists identify cities as engines of zens feel empowered to contribute their bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-al shifts can lead to important changes tions, and an affordable membership cities worldwide. The index measures and traffic planners have come to believe characterized or known by the more progress and idea generation since their time, energy, and ideas in the city. the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/in urban interaction and design. The key fee to avoid theft and promote financial eighty major cities around the world that over-regulation of traffic and pedes- stereotyped postcard visions of their inception. event/c-zone-ii?instance_id=1256 Carsten Joost, a well-known Berlin activ-to large-scale urban improvement lies in sustainability. Bike sharing provides free based on specific criteria including trian flows can be counterproductive to city centers. Traditionally, the center is Identifying cities as centers for innovation ist from Media Spree Versenken, sharedthe majority of the population adopting or low-cost transportation with no emis- bicycle infrastructure, bike-sharing the safety and efficiency of urban mobil- the most highly valued area, in contrast Related term and collaborative thinking, Barry Kudrow- various strategies for social involvementand maintaining more behaviors that pro- sions. The system was first employed programs, perception of safety, and poli- ity, and that adequately designed, more with the city periphery, which has often Gentrification itz ran a workshop on idea generation during his lecture at the Lab, while givingduce small but incremental change for in Amsterdam in 1969 when a fleet of tics. When these needs are met, cities flexible and intuitive systems can lead to housed artists, immigrants, and those through improvisational practices that examples of how activists had changedthe common good. These could include bikes was painted white and distributed experience an increase in cyclists, which better mobility performance in cities. with low income. This creates a tension engaged visitors and encouraged them the urban landscape in Berlin.more responsible consumption and throughout the city. Other cities with bike- has a positive effect on city livability and that leads to various types of urban Philipp Poll from ADFC Berlin e.V. ex- to interact.waste practices and greater conviviality sharing programs include Berlin (with infrastructure. regeneration and gentrification process- A Waste of Time and Effort?and sharing. two programs, started in 2003 and 2009) plained biking and traffic regulations and es. Both areas require attention and can Idea Generation through Improvisation Twenty Years of Civic Participation Sidsel Birk Hjuler: showed how pedestrians, drivers, and Paris (2007), Barcelona (2007), and serve as creative incubators and urban bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-Through his programs, which explored The World’s Most Bike Friendly Cities bikers can be conditioned not to break London (2010), among others. New York transformation sites for rapid gentrifica- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/a-the power of technology in cities, Lab bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- traffic rules. Poll discussed how thought- City will be launching one in the spring tion. With the development of megacities, event/idea-generation-through- waste-of-time-and-effort-twenty-years-Team member Carlo Ratti argued that lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ ful design and planning that responds to of 2013. In major cities around the world, the notion of center versus periphery is improvisation?instance_id=653 of-civic-participation?instance_id=1281sensing and actuating is a powerful sidsel-birk-hjuler-the-worlds-most-bike- psychological responses to space can the programs are typically sponsored by a blurred one, as cities develop multipletransformative process that can lead to friendly-cities?instance_id=1156 offer intuitive guidance for those on the Related term Ernst-Dieter Lantermann of the Institute major corporations. centers and urban sprawl continues tobehavior change — the first step in large- road. Such improved planning efforts can Multidisciplinary for Psychology at the University Kassel, expand urban surfaces beyond precisescale transformation. Cycling Fast Facts featured a group of be more effective than mandatory rules examined activist groups from a psy- limits. biking experts to showcase a crosssec- in promoting road safety. chological perspective, exploring howCarlo Ratti’s Introduction tion of the Berlin cycling community to Maurice de Martin organized C-Zone, a activism works and what positive andbmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Cycling Fast Facts discuss the challenges and opportunities tour of Berlin’s fringe and often-neglected negative effects it can have on satisfac-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- of biking in cities. outer ring in the East Berlin neighbor- tion in life. Lantermann argued that thesanitary-cities-and-the-senseable- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ hoods of Lichtenberg, Treptow-Köpenick, way an individual sees himself as a partcity?instance_id=760 Cycling Fast Facts cycling-fast-facts?instance_id=1143 and Marzahn. The tour visited local of the larger society hugely affects that bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- experts and residents of non-central individual’s emotional wellbeing. lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Berlin areas to underscore the fact that cycling-fast-facts?instance_id=1143 Social Involvement — Life Satisfaction —  Berlin consists of more than just the cen- Participation tral zone more usually seen by tourists. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ social-involvementlife-satisfactionpartici pation?instance_id=1307 Related terms Activist Citizen Bottom-Up Urban Engagement
  4. 4. 18, 19, 20, 21, 26,City as Organism Climate Change Closing the Loop Collaboration Crowdfunding 27, Crowdsourcing“City as organism” refers to the similarity Climate change is the slow alteration of “Closing the loop” is an expression used Collaboration — the act of cooperative Crowdfunding is a fundraising strategy Living by Sharing: Crowdsourcing is a problem-solving Karma Economy and Book Release between an urban system and a complex weather patterns that occurs over time to define the closure of a process, from work undertaken to achieve a common that relies on the collective support of Heidemarie Schwermer model that relies on the voluntary Hartz IV Moebel live organism formed by multiple, interre- as a result of various conditions, includ- its inception to its end, in a manner goal — is at the core of human interaction. many individuals who contribute a small bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- sharing of information or skills with an bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lated components. As with an organism, ing natural geographic transformation, that leaves no loose ends. In the urban Since the beginning of civilization, peo- amount of money to support a cause, the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ undefined public. Often relying on the lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ many of the elements that form a city orbital variations, evolution, and human context, “closing the loop” is increasingly ple have gathered in search of protection, start-up, artistic project, or relief fund. event/living-by-sharing-heidemarie- Internet, crowdsourcing allows for col- karma-economy-and-book-release- are not apparent to the naked eye, yet influence. There is serious debate about used to allude to the effectiveness of conviviality, and exchange. Within cities, This strategy relies primarily on the Inter- schwermer?instance_id=1273 laboration and participation between hartz-iv-moebel-hatje-cantz?instance_ they are essential to the city’s ability to the current and future repercussions of digital-to-physical interactions in cities. collaboration is crucial to the achieve- net to market needs and garner support. a variety of people from different back- id=1252 Karma Economy and Book Release function. It is important to give equal climate change. These effects may be Successful uses of digital technolo- ment of common goals for improving the Websites like Kickstarter have made this grounds and levels of expertise. The term Hartz IV Moebel Related terms importance to both the visible and invis- ultimately irreversible and are largely gies in cities, through sensor devices shared urban experience. type of fundraising popular. The trend was coined in 2006 by author Jeff Howe bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Crowdfunding ible areas of a city, as both are crucial to due to an increase in carbon dioxide or social media, for instance, are of no has extended to the world of architecture in an article for Wired. Lab Team member Corinne Rose’s Make lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Digital Democracy its development. levels — of which the highest levels are use if they do not manage to achieve an and design: a variety of product-design Space project initiated and implemented karma-economy-and-book-release- At the Lab, Dietmar Offenhuber dis- Open Governance produced in cities. Through large-scale impact on the physical world. That is, if and urban projects have sought fundingMaurice de Martin organized C-Zone, a a collaborative process through which a hartz-iv-moebel-hatje-cantz?instance_ cussed how crowdsourcing could be Open-Source governmental guidelines (such as the we amass large quantities of urban data through these avenues. Crowdfunding istour of Berlin’s fringe and often-neglected group of senior citizens worked together id=1252 applied to city infrastructure. In this talk, Kyoto Protocol of 1997) and individual ini- through cutting-edge sensors, but we fail a symptom of a larger social trend towardouter ring in the East Berlin neighbor- to create a community garden in a he gave examples of how this is being tiatives, urban planners and citizens are to implement a practical solution in the sharing and gift-based transactions. Related termhoods of Lichtenberg, Treptow-Köpenick, Berlin neighborhood. Through a blog done and explained the main issues and becoming more aware of these issues, real world to the questions the data was Crowdsourcingand Marzahn. The tour visited local that described the working process, the At the Lab, Coralie Winn and Ryan possibilities of this approach. Crowd- resulting in more responsible design and asking, we will not have closed the loop.experts and residents of non-central project functioned as a how-to guide for Reynolds from Gap Filler spoke about sourcing is thought to be a tool that could lifestyle choices that can lead to urgently Similarly, if we have thousands of friendsBerlin areas to underscore the fact that brainstorming solutions for spaces for DIY urbanism and regeneration in post- create smarter cities by allowing the needed reductions in emissions. on Facebook, yet fail to meet anyone forBerlin consists of more than just the cen- common use. The garden and blog also quake Christchurch, New Zealand, and addition of real-time sensing to all ele- coffee in weeks, the digital-physical looptral zone usually seen by tourists. Climate Media Factory presented a served as sources of inspiration for resi- gave examples of crowdsourced projects ments of an urban system. is not closed. session on climate change, cities, and dents and neighbors ready to transform a that had changed the fabric of the cityC-Zone I Can Infrastructure Be Crowdsourced? mobility and questioned how we can Carlo Ratti devoted a series of programs space of their own. after a natural disaster; Heidemariebmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where- better communicate climate change to to the topic of Scripted Spaces in which Schwermer developed her views on athe-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Make Space/Räume schaffen: is-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab- encourage more individual action. They he analyzed the ways in which physi- society based on sharing; and Van Boevent/c-zone-i?instance_id=1250 A Community Garden Project events/event/can-infrastructure-be- presented a variety of methods, includ- cal “actuation” has become increasingly Le-Mentzel presented his crowd-sourced bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- crowdsourced?instance_id=761C-Zone II ing social media, which could encourage important in the highly digital cities that Karma Economy project and book. lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-city-projects/bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- better education on Berlin’s climate- we inhabit. Van Bo Le-Mentzel held a book-release make-space-community-garden Marathon of Transformationthe-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ change data. event for a text that he created with Scripted Spaces bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-event/c-zone-ii?instance_id=1256 collaborators from around the world —  Tell Your City: Lectures on Narrating bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ a project that was facilitated through Climate Change lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ event/marathon-of-transformation-how- crowdsourcing. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- scripted-spaces?instance_id=1323 would-you-transform-your-city?instance_ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ id=1161 tell-your-city-lectures-on-narrating- climate-change?instance_id=123222, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31,Collaborative Urban Comfort Connectivity Creativity Customization Data Visualization Decentralization DeregulationMapping Comfort is a sense of physical or psy- Connectivity refers to the ability to Creativity is the ability to make connec- Customization is the method of respond- Data visualization is the representa- Decentralization is the process by which Deregulation is a process whereby thePeople have been documenting place chological ease, often characterized as connect people in better, more efficient tions that are not necessarily obvious ing to individual needs and directives. tion of information through graphs and elements of a whole are dispersed. The government decreases its involvementand advancing the science of cartog- a lack of hardship. Maximizing comfort ways that allow them to thrive to the best between seemingly unconnected things, Customization is often used to refer to other visual means. The purpose of data term is commonly used in the context and limits its amount of regulations. Itraphy for thousands of years. Unlike has not only fostered the ability to cope of their capacity. Cities have become leading to new ideas. Associative learn- a shift in manufacturing and production visualization is to translate complex of government to refer to a process has been argued that, in some cases,early maps, today’s mapping offers the with sometimes grueling urban condi- the larger connective tissue that can ing theories support a variety of methods to a more flexible methodology. The data sets or subjective information into that involves a greater sharing of power deregulation can increase individual orability to display a plurality of data and tions, but it has also become a measure provide the basis for connective strate- to connect abstract concepts in our term, which dates back at least as far easily digestible, graphic forms, bringing among various sectors and players. In institutional initiative, which allows forinformation with a high level of precision. of individual wealth, success, and status. gies. In urban environments, citizens brains in order to find novel outcomes, as the turn of the twentieth century, was together the practical need to com- the field of economics, the term refers more personalized and localized solu-Furthermore, the role of the cartographer Unfortunately, the irrepressible human can connect through the proliferation thus promoting creativity. featured in the 1997 book Future Perfect municate with an aesthetic sensibility. to responsible investment strategies tions to emerge in cities. However, theas a singular author has been replaced aspiration to find ease often creates of widespread technology, and just as by Stan Davis in which he discussed its Visualizing urban behavior and patterns that allocate funds to diverse lots, rather term and its applications are the subject Barry Kudrowitz led an active andwith a form of mapping that is produced behaviors that challenge individual importantly, through personal, narrative application to mass production. The last can create awareness about important than keeping all assets in one place. In of highly polarized debate. engaged workshop and talk about ideathrough collaboration and open-source health, ecological sustainability, and connections that reflect microhistories of decade has seen a dramatic increase in urban conditions (traffic, cell phone use, urban planning, decentralization has generation and creativity and suggested Ben Hamilton Baille, architect and urbandata sharing, leading to maps that can economic moderation — hence the need place. products and services that are designed bike usage, pollution levels) and can also been referred to as an alternative to cities’ a variety of tools to increase innovative designer, explained the principles ofcontain several layers of information in to look for sustainable, responsible ways and built to user specifications. Custom- lead to diagnosing situations that need central infrastructure and social systems. As a nexus for the exchange of ideas, thinking, from mind mapping to games street design and place-making byone single digital source. to find comfort in urban environments. ization has the potential to transform the improvement. A dispersion of centers is seen as a way the Lab functioned as a connective hub that can help release our inhibitions. The presenting new approaches to traffic way we build and inhabit cities, making to avoid dependency on a centralizedDuring the Marathon of Transformation Anton Burdakov’s Anchor Points program for experts and non-experts alike to put most successful designers and thinkers Dissected Trash Objects allowed visitors engineering, speed, safety, and civility them ever more flexible, personalized, system whose malfunction could causeday of programs, Joe Peach, the founder revealed how our perception of space forward urban theories, test out new don’t innovate through seriousness, but to engage in real-time data collec- practices. He claimed that deregulation and livable. widespread disruption.of This Big City, explained how digital can create feelings of comfort and secu- methods of urban participation, and through playful brainstorming and idea- tion, analysis, and visualization. Led by of traffic and pedestrian rules is a crucialurban citizen engagement projects, in rity by identifying whether we are inside share personal stories of transformation association, which are proven to foster Dale Dougherty discussed the turn Dietmar Offenhuber and Pablo Rey from A key component of decentralization has step towards street safety.particular collaborative urban mapping, or outside a so-called protected space. and experimentation. creativity. towards customization and personal Basurama, the workshop exposed the been the increase in democratizing the Street Design and Place-Making:contribute to city transformation. fabrication rather than mass production hidden waste processes associated with uses of technology. This concept was the Anchor Points Through his programs, Lab Team How Play and Humor Help Us Innovate New Approaches to Traffic Engineering, in his talk What is the Maker Movement? global consumables. core element of José Gómez Márquez’sThe Marathon of Transformation bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- member Carlo Ratti explored the power bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Speed, Safety, and Civility He claimed that making has created a programs at the Lab.bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ of technology in cities. In a video for the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Dissected Trash Objects bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- prototyping revolution that fosters experi-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ anchor-points?instance_id=1241 the Lab, Carlo explains how the Lab is event/how-play-and-humor-help-us- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Empowerment Technologies lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ mentation, customization, and innovation.event/marathon-of-transformation-how- a mobile platform that gives people an innovate?instance_id=654 lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/what- street-design-and-place-making-new-would-you-transform-your-city?instance_ opportunity to think about architecture What is the Maker Movement? dissected-trash-objects?instance_ is-the-lab/people/berlin-lab-team/ approaches-to-traffic-engineering- Related termid=1161 and design — and how both relate to bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- id=1282 jose-gomez-marquez speed-safety-and-civility-?instance_ Innovation cities. Ratti points out that today, new lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ id=1144Foodscape Mapping engaged visitors in Related term Related term technologies have allowed people to dale-dougherty-what-is-the-maker-collaboratively mapping waste and para- Collaborative Urban Mapping Empowerment Technologies Related term connect and act on a different level and movement?instance_id=685sites, sewage systems, smells, markets, Self-Regulation come together in new ways.and the food supply chain, as well as theeconomic trends in the area connected Carlo Ratti on the BMW Guggenheim Labwith food. bmwguggenheimlab.org/multimedia/ media/157?library_id=1Foodscape Mappingbmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Related termlab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Urban Microhistoriesmapping-the-edible?instance_id=765