Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
100 urban trends_1106_3_mb
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

100 urban trends_1106_3_mb

1,017

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,017
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 100The BMW Guggenheim Lab wasopen in Berlin from June 15, 2012through July 29, 2012.100 Urban Trends: A Glossary of Ideasfrom the BMW Guggenheim Lab Berlinwas developed by Maria Nicanor, Cura- A BM of Id Glos Urbantor, BMW Guggenheim Lab, and Amara W eas sar Gu yAntilla, Curatorial Assistant, BMW Gug- gg fromgenheim Lab. Be enhe the rlin im La bDesign: Sulki & Min, SeoulPhotos: Luke AbiolAll text and photos © 2012 Solomon R.Guggenheim Foundation, New York Trends
  • 2. 100 Urban Trends: and “collaborate” seem to have become 1 3-D Printer 52 Innovation the three big Cs of urban thinking of 2 Accessibility Design 53 Intergenerational InteractionA Glossary of Ideas from late — but that story is not new. Cluster- 3 Active Transformation 54 Intuitionthe BMW Guggenheim Lab ing, searching for a concentration of 4 Activist Citizen 55 Laser CutterBerlin people, and finding ways to collaborate 5 Aging Population 56 Learning by Doing have been part of the human experience 6 Anthropocentric Urbanism 57 Liegenschaftsfond politik After opening in New York in the sum- since prehistoric times. Then, as now, 7 Architecture of Necessity (Property-fund politics) mer of 2011, the BMW Guggenheim Lab people gathered in search of protection, 8 Arduino 58 Maker Movement traveled to Berlin. Over the course of conviviality, and exchange. 9 Behavior Change 59 Megacity thirty-three days, the Berlin Lab offered The terms that follow reflect this type 10 Bike Sharing 60 Minimum Variation —  free programs, including workshops, of urban exchange. Their definitions aim 11 Biking and Traffic Regulations Maximum Impact screenings, and tours, and implemented to document and take the “temperature” 12 Biking Safety 61 Mixed-Use urban projects in Berlin neighborhoods of a particular time and place — Berlin in 13 Body Language 62 Multidisciplinary and online — all centered around the the summer of 2012 — and to understand 14 Bottom-Up Urban Engagement 63 Non-Expert topic of life in cities today. As part of the what city experts and non-experts alike 15 City Center versus Periphery 64 Open Governance culmination of the Lab’s experience in gathered to discuss: what cities were, 16 Cities as Idea Generators 65 Open-Source Berlin, this glossary aims to identify 100 are, and can be. The terms included 17 Citizen Empowerment 66 Ownership of Public Space of the most talked-about trends in urban are new and old, classic and ephemer- 18 City as Organism 67 Participation thinking, all of which played a role during ally fashionable. Among them are some 19 Climate Change 68 Place-Making the Lab’s first European venue. of urbanism’s “usual suspects,” which 20 Closing the Loop 69 Rapid Prototypying Created as a resource, the glos- interestingly, keep reappearing in the 21 Collaboration 70 Reduce, Reuse, Recycle sary offers contextualized definitions urban discourse of the early twenty-first 22 Collaborative Urban Mapping 71 Responsive Infrastructure that apply to the way we understand, century. Each definition concludes with 23 Comfort 72 Self-Regulation design, and live in cities. Integral to an example of a Berlin Lab program that 24 Connectivity 73 Self-Solving this glossary is the concept of cities as illustrated the relevance and context of 25 Creativity 74 Sensor“idea makers.” In cities, people come each term. 26 Crowdfunding 75 Share Culture together, share their thoughts and com- What do people talk about today 27 Crowdsourcing 76 Skill Share mon interests, and generate the ideas when they discuss the future of cities? 28 Customization 77 Smart City that shape our world. Dense, growing Many things. One hundred of them follow. 29 Data Visualization 78 Space Activation cities have been and continue to be the 30 Decentralization 79 Space Consumer / Space Producer catalyst for human progress, powered by 31 Deregulation 80 Sustainable City daily proximity among their citizens as 32 Design-Build 81 Sustainable Tourism much as anything else. Despite some of 33 Digital Democracy 82 Temporary Architecture the drawbacks of such massive urban 34 Disneyfication 83 The New Architect centers, they may well embody the future 35 Do-It-Yourself (DIY) 84 Thinkering for human life. Today’s cities are compet- 36 Electric Car 85 Tinkering ing to attract more people; greater urban 37 Emission Reduction 86 Transformation density can mean more conflict, but it 38 Emotional Connections 87 Trust can also produce a greater diversity of 39 Emotional Intelligence 88 Upcycling viewpoints and more opportunity for 40 Empowerment Technologies 89 Urban Beauty positive change. 41 Environmental Footprint 90 Urban Data In recent years, there has been an 42 Experiential Technology 91 Urban Fatigue unequivocal shift in the study of cit- 43 Experimentation 92 Urban History ies. Urban thinking, whether related to 44 Food Consumption 93 Urban Intervention architecture or urbanism, has become 45 Forecasting 94 Urban Livability dramatically less focused on infrastruc- 46 Future of Parking 95 Urban Microhistories ture, and more on the ultimate goal and 47 Gentrification 96 Urban Mobility reason for the existence of cities — that 48 Hacker Space 97 Urban Psychology is, the well-being of the people that 49 Happy City 98 Urban Sound inhabit them and constitute their very 50 Hybridity 99 Urban Ugliness soul and essence. “Cluster,” “concentrate,” 51 Influencer 100 Vacant Space1,3-D Printer 2, Accessibility Design 3, Active Transformation 4, Activist CitizenA 3-D printer is a machine that prints Accessibility design is urban design that Active transformation is a state of Activist citizens are committed to com-objects by laying down successive layers takes into account the full spectrum of continual movement, improvement, and munity life and the urban environment.of plastic or other materials. 3-D print- other-abled (including elderly, disabled, change of the urban commons. Moti- Rather than relying on institutions orers have existed since the 1980s. Today, and handicapped) individuals by creating vated individuals can trigger moments the government to fix things, they leadseveral companies are working to create a user-friendly urban and domestic envi- of transformation, changing city life into change independently and embracemodels that are available for personal ronment. The Americans with Disabilities something more collaborative, sustain- active community involvement. In 2011,use and at a low price point. In the last Act of 1990 (ADA) was revised in 2010 able, and conducive to well-being. Time named “The Protester” the personfew years, the rise of 3-D printers in to include regulations and standards for of the year. This choice came after a Lab Team member Rachel Smith’s Labrapid prototyping has popularized and accessibility design in the United States. turbulent year of uprisings in the Arab Platz program called attention to thedemocratized the creation of objects at Accessibility design allows for an urban world that influenced the development of importance of public space, by trans-an individual level, proving that there is a landscape that is more considerate of the Occupy movement worldwide. These forming parking spaces for one wholeviable alternative to the previous depen- the needs of every citizen. movements illustrated the central role day and turning them into places fordence on industrial mass production. activism plays in city life. Designer John Schimmel and acces- leisure, cooking, socializing, and learning.This radical change has meant a turning sibility activist and organizer Raul At the Lab, Ernst-Dieter Lantermann ofpoint for a variety of fields, most notably Transforming Parking Space: Lab Platz Krauthausen conducted a workshop the Institute for Psychology at the Uni-biomedicine, architecture, and design. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- intended to identify and map locations versity Kassel examined activist groupsThus, 3-D printers are changing the way lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ with and without equal access. from a psychological perspective, explor-we understand and construct our built transforming-parking-space?instance_ ing how activism works and what positiveenvironment. Accessibility Walkabout id=1179 and negative effects it can have on sat- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-The BMW Guggenheim Lab in Berlin The Marathon of Transformation gath- isfaction in life. Lantermann argued that lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/hosted a two-week period of programs ered together a group of more than the way an individual sees himself as a accessibility-walkabout?instance_focused on making in which visitors used fifteen international and Berlin-based part of the larger society hugely affects id=12803-D printers to do rapid prototyping. Por- influencers and transformers and that individual’s emotional well-being.table 3-D printers were also developed, presented the ways in which they are Social Involvement — Life Satisfactionbuilt, and donated to various cultural actively bringing about urban change. and Participationproducers in Berlin. Marathon of Transformation bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-Marathon of Making Things bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ social-involvementlife-satisfactionparticilab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ event/marathon-of-transformation-how- pation?instance_id=1307marathon-of-making-things?instance_ would-you-transform-your-city?instance_ Related termsid=659 id=1161 Bottom-Up Urban EngagementRelated terms Citizen EmpowermentDo-It-Yourself (DIY)Empowerment TechnologiesMaker Movement
  • 3. 5,Aging Population 6, Anthropocentric Urbanism 7, Architecture of Necessity 8, Arduino 12, Bicycle Safety 13, 14, Body Language Bottom-Up UrbanToday, twenty percent of the population Anthropocentric urbanism refers to urban The architecture of necessity is design An Arduino is a piece of electronic hard- Bicycle safety includes rules and strate- Copenhagenize Index presented a Body language is a form of non-verbal Engagementis older than sixty-five; in 2060, every planning and city design that revolves conducted by everyday citizens in ware — a single-board microcontroller gies designed to protect cyclists from program at the Lab about the world’s human communication. While we mainly Bottom-up urban engagement placesthird person will have reached that age. solely around the needs and desires response to individual or collective needs used to create basic hardware-to-soft- risks associated with riding. Some of most bike-friendly cities. The Copenha- focus on verbal strategies for sharing the citizen at the root of urban change.The effect of the aging population on the of human beings. Mostly as a result of and site-specific conditions. Due to ware communication through circuitry these include personal safety precau- genize Index was developed in 2011 by information, body language is a power- The term “bottom-up” first appeared inurban environment and on social ser- the anthropocentric theories developed political restrictions and/or low-income control. Developed by a team of inven- tions like helmets and lights. Others Copenhagen Consulting as an index for ful form of communication that connects relation to its opposite, “top-down,” invices is one of the most significant global during the Enlightenment in the eigh- scenarios, neighborhoods and individuals tors led by Massimo Banzi, Arduinos require collective action from govern- measuring support of urban cycling in with our senses. Most of the communica- the 1942 edition of Harvard University’schallenges and opportunities of the next teenth century, the human being has make customized and informal alterations are widely used in computer program- ment or community organizations cities worldwide. The index measures tion that occurs in urban public space Quarterly Journal of Economics: “In thefifty years. Intergenerational exchange long constituted the gold standard by to their living spaces, thus creating inno- ming. As an easy-to-use module, the including bikeways, traffic laws, and rid- eighty major cities around the world occurs through conscious or uncon- long run it is part of the larger questioncreates opportunities for knowledge which all things are measured. Historical vative new typologies for architecture and device can be employed to test basic ing conduct. Higher bicycle-safety levels based on specific criteria including scious body language signals. For this of whether ‘bottom-up’ control can be assharing and social interaction. Urban architectural styles have operated on this urbanism. Ernesto Oroza coined the term programming functionality or even result in a greater number of bicycle bicycle infrastructure, bike share pro- reason, understanding, learning, and efficient as ‘top-down’ control.”design, community initiatives, and public assumption for centuries. However, more in his 2006 book, For an Architecture of operate a small robot. The Arduino is riders sharing city streets. grams, perception of safety, and politics. analyzing body language is of crucial In an urban context, this approachservices can help meet the needs of recent thinking and twentieth-century Necessity and Disobedience, to refer particularly practical for rapid prototyp- When these needs are met, cities importance for urban psychologists. has two key, complementary directions: During the Cycling Fast Facts presenta-young and old citizens alike. urban and environmental theories to the efficiency and ingenuity of Cuban ing. Its design is distributed under the experience an increase in cyclists, which first, a trend that encourages social, tions, Jorg Leben spoke about the needs At the Lab, the programs devoted to the advocate for a separation from anthro- citizens under Fidel Castro’s regime and Creative Commons license and low-cost has a positive effect on city livability and cooperative models of city organiza-The Ageless Evening at the Berlin Lab of cyclists and other road users. He topic of Urban Micro Lens explored how pocentric thinking in urban planning their approach to self-made solutions kits are available through a number of infrastructure. tion; second, a growing interest fromoffered an evening of intergenerational touched upon the importance of bicycle all forms of communication represent a and argue that it is this mindset that has for their everyday needs. Virserum Art organizations. government officials, academia, and theencounters through cooking, dance, age safety, the problematic of mixed traffic The World’s Most Bike-Friendly Cities skill that can be developed and perfected. caused many of the challenges faced by Museum has also used the term to talk professional sector in resorting to digital,simulation, and more. At the Lab, Making Sense with ­ rduinos A issues, the inefficiency of pavers, and the bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- When this is done successfully it can cities today. Cities that flourished under about sustainability in architecture. open-sourced data and models as key was a workshop that empowered issues of rights-of-way in different coun- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ dramatically improve our urban life.Ageless Evening an anthropocentric mindset were not resources for understanding urban Ernesto Oroza led a two-part workshop visitors to engage with basic electronics tries. Leben concluded that sufficient sidsel-birk-hjuler-the-worlds-most-bike-bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- created with a larger context in mind that The Basics of Perception and Urban interactions. at the Berlin Lab that had visitors docu- and programming in an effort to make space and keeping bikers away from friendly-cities?instance_id=1156lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ could be inclusive of the environment Micro Lens menting architectural hacks in Berlin small-scale interventions into our urban main roads would lead to an increase in Dietmar Offenhuber’s research centersageless-evening?instance_id=1243 and other living creatures. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- neighborhoods and compiling them into environment. bicycle use. on the possibilities and limitations of lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/Related term Natalie Jeremijenko, artist and engineer, a customized tabloid. He also gave a self-organized infrastructure. Based on Making Sense with Arduinos Cycling Fast Facts basics-of-perception-and-the-urban-Intergenerational Interaction explained how artistic interventions lecture about the Architecture of Neces- the work of the SENSEable City Lab, bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- micro-lens?instance_id=752 and urban actions can be successful sity in Cuba. Offenhuber discussed the effectiveness the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ prescriptions for a more inclusive urban and potential of bottom-up infrastructure Ernesto Oroza: event/making-things-sense-with- cycling-fast-facts?instance_id=1143 design that tackles environmental issues at the Berlin Lab in a lecture titled Can Provisional Space/Collaborative Design arduinos?instance_id=698 including pollution, overcrowded cities, Infrastructure Be Crowdsourced? bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-lab/ and lack of wildlife in city areas. berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ernesto- Can Infrastructure Be Crowdsourced? Natalie Jeremijenko: Toward a Healthy oroza-provisional-spacecollaborative- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where- Urban Environmental Commons design?instance_id=708 is-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- events/event/can-infrastructure-be- Architecture of Necessity and lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ crowdsourced?instance_id=761 Disobedience natalie-jeremijenko?instance_id=1175 bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Related terms the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Activist Citizen event/architecture-of-necessity-and- Citizen Empowerment disobedience?instance_id=1177 Related term Upcycling9,Behavior Change 10, Bike Sharing 11, Biking and Traffic 15, City Center versus Periphery 16, 17, Cities as Idea Generators Citizen EmpowermentBehavioral change is an ongoing pro- Bicycle-sharing programs provide bikes Copenhagenize Index presented a Regulations The city center is often the location of the C-Zone I Cities are successful forms of organiza- Citizen empowerment is the state of feel-cess of replacing the ways we respond for rent or temporary use in urban envi- program at the Lab about the world’s Biking and traffic regulations are the most significant, historical, cultural, and bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- tion because they attract people. And ing that one’s actions actively contributeto our environment with newly acquired ronments. Today, there are bike-sharing most bike-friendly cities. The Copenha- rules that ensure the orderly and safe political landmarks and institutions. At the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ when people gather together and inter- to urban decision-making processespatterns of action. Behavior standards programs in 165 cities around the world. genize Index was developed in 2011 by operation and interaction of motor vehi- times, this area also serves as the eco- event/c-zone-i?instance_id=1250 act, innovation happens and new ideas and change. By creating opportunitiesrespond to social norms and needs; in an Bike-sharing systems typically involve Copenhagen Consulting as an index for cles, bicycles, pedestrians, and others nomic hub, and is commonly frequented are generated. Thus, urban theorists and for communication and participation, citi- C-Zone IIurban context, certain targeted behavior- customized bike design, docking sta- measuring support of urban cycling in during transit. More recently, some urban by tourists. Hence cities are often economists identify cities as engines of zens feel empowered to contribute their bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-al shifts can lead to important changes tions, and an affordable membership cities worldwide. The index measures and traffic planners have come to believe characterized or known by the more progress and idea generation since their time, energy, and ideas in the city. the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/in urban interaction and design. The key fee to avoid theft and promote financial eighty major cities around the world that over-regulation of traffic and pedes- stereotyped postcard visions of their inception. event/c-zone-ii?instance_id=1256 Carsten Joost, a well-known Berlin activ-to large-scale urban improvement lies in sustainability. Bike sharing provides free based on specific criteria including trian flows can be counterproductive to city centers. Traditionally, the center is Identifying cities as centers for innovation ist from Media Spree Versenken, sharedthe majority of the population adopting or low-cost transportation with no emis- bicycle infrastructure, bike-sharing the safety and efficiency of urban mobil- the most highly valued area, in contrast Related term and collaborative thinking, Barry Kudrow- various strategies for social involvementand maintaining more behaviors that pro- sions. The system was first employed programs, perception of safety, and poli- ity, and that adequately designed, more with the city periphery, which has often Gentrification itz ran a workshop on idea generation during his lecture at the Lab, while givingduce small but incremental change for in Amsterdam in 1969 when a fleet of tics. When these needs are met, cities flexible and intuitive systems can lead to housed artists, immigrants, and those through improvisational practices that examples of how activists had changedthe common good. These could include bikes was painted white and distributed experience an increase in cyclists, which better mobility performance in cities. with low income. This creates a tension engaged visitors and encouraged them the urban landscape in Berlin.more responsible consumption and throughout the city. Other cities with bike- has a positive effect on city livability and that leads to various types of urban Philipp Poll from ADFC Berlin e.V. ex- to interact.waste practices and greater conviviality sharing programs include Berlin (with infrastructure. regeneration and gentrification process- A Waste of Time and Effort?and sharing. two programs, started in 2003 and 2009) plained biking and traffic regulations and es. Both areas require attention and can Idea Generation through Improvisation Twenty Years of Civic Participation Sidsel Birk Hjuler: showed how pedestrians, drivers, and Paris (2007), Barcelona (2007), and serve as creative incubators and urban bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-Through his programs, which explored The World’s Most Bike Friendly Cities bikers can be conditioned not to break London (2010), among others. New York transformation sites for rapid gentrifica- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/a-the power of technology in cities, Lab bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- traffic rules. Poll discussed how thought- City will be launching one in the spring tion. With the development of megacities, event/idea-generation-through- waste-of-time-and-effort-twenty-years-Team member Carlo Ratti argued that lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ ful design and planning that responds to of 2013. In major cities around the world, the notion of center versus periphery is improvisation?instance_id=653 of-civic-participation?instance_id=1281sensing and actuating is a powerful sidsel-birk-hjuler-the-worlds-most-bike- psychological responses to space can the programs are typically sponsored by a blurred one, as cities develop multipletransformative process that can lead to friendly-cities?instance_id=1156 offer intuitive guidance for those on the Related term Ernst-Dieter Lantermann of the Institute major corporations. centers and urban sprawl continues tobehavior change — the first step in large- road. Such improved planning efforts can Multidisciplinary for Psychology at the University Kassel, expand urban surfaces beyond precisescale transformation. Cycling Fast Facts featured a group of be more effective than mandatory rules examined activist groups from a psy- limits. biking experts to showcase a crosssec- in promoting road safety. chological perspective, exploring howCarlo Ratti’s Introduction tion of the Berlin cycling community to Maurice de Martin organized C-Zone, a activism works and what positive andbmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Cycling Fast Facts discuss the challenges and opportunities tour of Berlin’s fringe and often-neglected negative effects it can have on satisfac-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- of biking in cities. outer ring in the East Berlin neighbor- tion in life. Lantermann argued that thesanitary-cities-and-the-senseable- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ hoods of Lichtenberg, Treptow-Köpenick, way an individual sees himself as a partcity?instance_id=760 Cycling Fast Facts cycling-fast-facts?instance_id=1143 and Marzahn. The tour visited local of the larger society hugely affects that bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- experts and residents of non-central individual’s emotional wellbeing. lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Berlin areas to underscore the fact that cycling-fast-facts?instance_id=1143 Social Involvement — Life Satisfaction —  Berlin consists of more than just the cen- Participation tral zone more usually seen by tourists. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ social-involvementlife-satisfactionpartici pation?instance_id=1307 Related terms Activist Citizen Bottom-Up Urban Engagement
  • 4. 18, 19, 20, 21, 26,City as Organism Climate Change Closing the Loop Collaboration Crowdfunding 27, Crowdsourcing“City as organism” refers to the similarity Climate change is the slow alteration of “Closing the loop” is an expression used Collaboration — the act of cooperative Crowdfunding is a fundraising strategy Living by Sharing: Crowdsourcing is a problem-solving Karma Economy and Book Release between an urban system and a complex weather patterns that occurs over time to define the closure of a process, from work undertaken to achieve a common that relies on the collective support of Heidemarie Schwermer model that relies on the voluntary Hartz IV Moebel live organism formed by multiple, interre- as a result of various conditions, includ- its inception to its end, in a manner goal — is at the core of human interaction. many individuals who contribute a small bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- sharing of information or skills with an bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lated components. As with an organism, ing natural geographic transformation, that leaves no loose ends. In the urban Since the beginning of civilization, peo- amount of money to support a cause, the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ undefined public. Often relying on the lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ many of the elements that form a city orbital variations, evolution, and human context, “closing the loop” is increasingly ple have gathered in search of protection, start-up, artistic project, or relief fund. event/living-by-sharing-heidemarie- Internet, crowdsourcing allows for col- karma-economy-and-book-release- are not apparent to the naked eye, yet influence. There is serious debate about used to allude to the effectiveness of conviviality, and exchange. Within cities, This strategy relies primarily on the Inter- schwermer?instance_id=1273 laboration and participation between hartz-iv-moebel-hatje-cantz?instance_ they are essential to the city’s ability to the current and future repercussions of digital-to-physical interactions in cities. collaboration is crucial to the achieve- net to market needs and garner support. a variety of people from different back- id=1252 Karma Economy and Book Release function. It is important to give equal climate change. These effects may be Successful uses of digital technolo- ment of common goals for improving the Websites like Kickstarter have made this grounds and levels of expertise. The term Hartz IV Moebel Related terms importance to both the visible and invis- ultimately irreversible and are largely gies in cities, through sensor devices shared urban experience. type of fundraising popular. The trend was coined in 2006 by author Jeff Howe bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Crowdfunding ible areas of a city, as both are crucial to due to an increase in carbon dioxide or social media, for instance, are of no has extended to the world of architecture in an article for Wired. Lab Team member Corinne Rose’s Make lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Digital Democracy its development. levels — of which the highest levels are use if they do not manage to achieve an and design: a variety of product-design Space project initiated and implemented karma-economy-and-book-release- At the Lab, Dietmar Offenhuber dis- Open Governance produced in cities. Through large-scale impact on the physical world. That is, if and urban projects have sought fundingMaurice de Martin organized C-Zone, a a collaborative process through which a hartz-iv-moebel-hatje-cantz?instance_ cussed how crowdsourcing could be Open-Source governmental guidelines (such as the we amass large quantities of urban data through these avenues. Crowdfunding istour of Berlin’s fringe and often-neglected group of senior citizens worked together id=1252 applied to city infrastructure. In this talk, Kyoto Protocol of 1997) and individual ini- through cutting-edge sensors, but we fail a symptom of a larger social trend towardouter ring in the East Berlin neighbor- to create a community garden in a he gave examples of how this is being tiatives, urban planners and citizens are to implement a practical solution in the sharing and gift-based transactions. Related termhoods of Lichtenberg, Treptow-Köpenick, Berlin neighborhood. Through a blog done and explained the main issues and becoming more aware of these issues, real world to the questions the data was Crowdsourcingand Marzahn. The tour visited local that described the working process, the At the Lab, Coralie Winn and Ryan possibilities of this approach. Crowd- resulting in more responsible design and asking, we will not have closed the loop.experts and residents of non-central project functioned as a how-to guide for Reynolds from Gap Filler spoke about sourcing is thought to be a tool that could lifestyle choices that can lead to urgently Similarly, if we have thousands of friendsBerlin areas to underscore the fact that brainstorming solutions for spaces for DIY urbanism and regeneration in post- create smarter cities by allowing the needed reductions in emissions. on Facebook, yet fail to meet anyone forBerlin consists of more than just the cen- common use. The garden and blog also quake Christchurch, New Zealand, and addition of real-time sensing to all ele- coffee in weeks, the digital-physical looptral zone usually seen by tourists. Climate Media Factory presented a served as sources of inspiration for resi- gave examples of crowdsourced projects ments of an urban system. is not closed. session on climate change, cities, and dents and neighbors ready to transform a that had changed the fabric of the cityC-Zone I Can Infrastructure Be Crowdsourced? mobility and questioned how we can Carlo Ratti devoted a series of programs space of their own. after a natural disaster; Heidemariebmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where- better communicate climate change to to the topic of Scripted Spaces in which Schwermer developed her views on athe-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Make Space/Räume schaffen: is-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab- encourage more individual action. They he analyzed the ways in which physi- society based on sharing; and Van Boevent/c-zone-i?instance_id=1250 A Community Garden Project events/event/can-infrastructure-be- presented a variety of methods, includ- cal “actuation” has become increasingly Le-Mentzel presented his crowd-sourced bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- crowdsourced?instance_id=761C-Zone II ing social media, which could encourage important in the highly digital cities that Karma Economy project and book. lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-city-projects/bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- better education on Berlin’s climate- we inhabit. Van Bo Le-Mentzel held a book-release make-space-community-garden Marathon of Transformationthe-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ change data. event for a text that he created with Scripted Spaces bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-event/c-zone-ii?instance_id=1256 collaborators from around the world —  Tell Your City: Lectures on Narrating bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ a project that was facilitated through Climate Change lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ event/marathon-of-transformation-how- crowdsourcing. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- scripted-spaces?instance_id=1323 would-you-transform-your-city?instance_ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ id=1161 tell-your-city-lectures-on-narrating- climate-change?instance_id=123222, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31,Collaborative Urban Comfort Connectivity Creativity Customization Data Visualization Decentralization DeregulationMapping Comfort is a sense of physical or psy- Connectivity refers to the ability to Creativity is the ability to make connec- Customization is the method of respond- Data visualization is the representa- Decentralization is the process by which Deregulation is a process whereby thePeople have been documenting place chological ease, often characterized as connect people in better, more efficient tions that are not necessarily obvious ing to individual needs and directives. tion of information through graphs and elements of a whole are dispersed. The government decreases its involvementand advancing the science of cartog- a lack of hardship. Maximizing comfort ways that allow them to thrive to the best between seemingly unconnected things, Customization is often used to refer to other visual means. The purpose of data term is commonly used in the context and limits its amount of regulations. Itraphy for thousands of years. Unlike has not only fostered the ability to cope of their capacity. Cities have become leading to new ideas. Associative learn- a shift in manufacturing and production visualization is to translate complex of government to refer to a process has been argued that, in some cases,early maps, today’s mapping offers the with sometimes grueling urban condi- the larger connective tissue that can ing theories support a variety of methods to a more flexible methodology. The data sets or subjective information into that involves a greater sharing of power deregulation can increase individual orability to display a plurality of data and tions, but it has also become a measure provide the basis for connective strate- to connect abstract concepts in our term, which dates back at least as far easily digestible, graphic forms, bringing among various sectors and players. In institutional initiative, which allows forinformation with a high level of precision. of individual wealth, success, and status. gies. In urban environments, citizens brains in order to find novel outcomes, as the turn of the twentieth century, was together the practical need to com- the field of economics, the term refers more personalized and localized solu-Furthermore, the role of the cartographer Unfortunately, the irrepressible human can connect through the proliferation thus promoting creativity. featured in the 1997 book Future Perfect municate with an aesthetic sensibility. to responsible investment strategies tions to emerge in cities. However, theas a singular author has been replaced aspiration to find ease often creates of widespread technology, and just as by Stan Davis in which he discussed its Visualizing urban behavior and patterns that allocate funds to diverse lots, rather term and its applications are the subject Barry Kudrowitz led an active andwith a form of mapping that is produced behaviors that challenge individual importantly, through personal, narrative application to mass production. The last can create awareness about important than keeping all assets in one place. In of highly polarized debate. engaged workshop and talk about ideathrough collaboration and open-source health, ecological sustainability, and connections that reflect microhistories of decade has seen a dramatic increase in urban conditions (traffic, cell phone use, urban planning, decentralization has generation and creativity and suggested Ben Hamilton Baille, architect and urbandata sharing, leading to maps that can economic moderation — hence the need place. products and services that are designed bike usage, pollution levels) and can also been referred to as an alternative to cities’ a variety of tools to increase innovative designer, explained the principles ofcontain several layers of information in to look for sustainable, responsible ways and built to user specifications. Custom- lead to diagnosing situations that need central infrastructure and social systems. As a nexus for the exchange of ideas, thinking, from mind mapping to games street design and place-making byone single digital source. to find comfort in urban environments. ization has the potential to transform the improvement. A dispersion of centers is seen as a way the Lab functioned as a connective hub that can help release our inhibitions. The presenting new approaches to traffic way we build and inhabit cities, making to avoid dependency on a centralizedDuring the Marathon of Transformation Anton Burdakov’s Anchor Points program for experts and non-experts alike to put most successful designers and thinkers Dissected Trash Objects allowed visitors engineering, speed, safety, and civility them ever more flexible, personalized, system whose malfunction could causeday of programs, Joe Peach, the founder revealed how our perception of space forward urban theories, test out new don’t innovate through seriousness, but to engage in real-time data collec- practices. He claimed that deregulation and livable. widespread disruption.of This Big City, explained how digital can create feelings of comfort and secu- methods of urban participation, and through playful brainstorming and idea- tion, analysis, and visualization. Led by of traffic and pedestrian rules is a crucialurban citizen engagement projects, in rity by identifying whether we are inside share personal stories of transformation association, which are proven to foster Dale Dougherty discussed the turn Dietmar Offenhuber and Pablo Rey from A key component of decentralization has step towards street safety.particular collaborative urban mapping, or outside a so-called protected space. and experimentation. creativity. towards customization and personal Basurama, the workshop exposed the been the increase in democratizing the Street Design and Place-Making:contribute to city transformation. fabrication rather than mass production hidden waste processes associated with uses of technology. This concept was the Anchor Points Through his programs, Lab Team How Play and Humor Help Us Innovate New Approaches to Traffic Engineering, in his talk What is the Maker Movement? global consumables. core element of José Gómez Márquez’sThe Marathon of Transformation bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- member Carlo Ratti explored the power bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Speed, Safety, and Civility He claimed that making has created a programs at the Lab.bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ of technology in cities. In a video for the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Dissected Trash Objects bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- prototyping revolution that fosters experi-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ anchor-points?instance_id=1241 the Lab, Carlo explains how the Lab is event/how-play-and-humor-help-us- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Empowerment Technologies lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ mentation, customization, and innovation.event/marathon-of-transformation-how- a mobile platform that gives people an innovate?instance_id=654 lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/what- street-design-and-place-making-new-would-you-transform-your-city?instance_ opportunity to think about architecture What is the Maker Movement? dissected-trash-objects?instance_ is-the-lab/people/berlin-lab-team/ approaches-to-traffic-engineering- Related termid=1161 and design — and how both relate to bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- id=1282 jose-gomez-marquez speed-safety-and-civility-?instance_ Innovation cities. Ratti points out that today, new lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ id=1144Foodscape Mapping engaged visitors in Related term Related term technologies have allowed people to dale-dougherty-what-is-the-maker-collaboratively mapping waste and para- Collaborative Urban Mapping Empowerment Technologies Related term connect and act on a different level and movement?instance_id=685sites, sewage systems, smells, markets, Self-Regulation come together in new ways.and the food supply chain, as well as theeconomic trends in the area connected Carlo Ratti on the BMW Guggenheim Labwith food. bmwguggenheimlab.org/multimedia/ media/157?library_id=1Foodscape Mappingbmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Related termlab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Urban Microhistoriesmapping-the-edible?instance_id=765
  • 5. 32, 33, 34, 35, 40, 41, 42, 43,Design-Build Digital Democracy Disneyfication Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Empowerment Environmental Footprint Experiential Technology ExperimentationDesign-build is a process whereby the Digital democracy is the implementation Disneyfication refers to the transforma- Do-It-Yourself (DIY) refers to an impulse Technologies The ecological footprint is an indicator of Experiential technology is an immersive Experimentation is a word that comesdesign and construction of a structure of information technologies, communica- tion of the built environment to resemble to learn and make without relying on Empowerment technologies are innova- human pressure on the Earth’s natural digital environment that allows citizens to from science and refers to methods ofis conceived of and implemented by a tion technologies, and social media in the logic of a theme park. While the term experts. The term was first used in the tive uses of technology that empower resources. In particular, it represents the experience an event or a place without testing a thesis. It is a process of action,single entity. This process is particularly service of political and government pro- has been used broadly by social scien- 1950s as home improvements were citizens in the process of actively contrib- amount of land or water needed to sus- being there physically. reflection, and learning whereby neweffective when working with students or cesses. In a successful form, it provides tists, it was first coined by Sharon Zukin popularized by a widespread shift to the uting to their built environment. Following tain a segment of the population or an ideas can be tested and, if successful, C.A.P.E. is a Computer Automatedamateurs who can be exposed to the full broader citizen participation while in- in 1996. The term is used to describe suburbs. Today, this approach has been a do-it-yourself philosophy, tangible individual. Each year, the UN publishes a implemented. Experimentation is a key Personal Environment, created by thespectrum of processes that go into the creasing transparency. Digital democracy a process of urban transformation that adopted by skilled builders and hobbyists actions like making, building, and hack- number that is calculated based on vari- element of healthy cities, which should Brussels-based performance groupcreation of a building or development also serves to increase accountability increases homogeneity and simulated alike who have taken making into their ing lead to greater citizen participation ous metrics measuring humanity’s stress embrace challenges to the status quo CREW, that was showcased at the Berlininitiative. The term has been adopted by among government agencies and the reality rather than the preservation of his- own hands to improve their domestic and and thus empowerment within the urban on the environment, which is increasing and seek ways to push thoughtful prog- Lab. Using guided virtual-reality headsetartists and architects who create tempo- participating public. torical elements and cultural difference. urban environment. environment. at unsustainable rates, especially in cit- ress forward in creative, original ways. devices, visitors explored the site of therary projects on a short timeline. ies. A recent report claimed that by the The Open Governance Panel at the Cold War Center: Checkpoint Charlie Van Bo Le-Mentzel talked about his col- The Lending Library and Engineering 2011 tsunami in Tohoku, Japan and took The Lab project itself is a form of urban year 2030 we will need approximatelyThe Lab hosted a four-day collabora- Lab discussed the influence of new sought to observe and analyze the pre- lection of DIY home and furniture design, Genius Bar developed by José Gómez a walk through Brussels, questioning the experimentation through creative urban two Earths to support us. This hyper-tive design-build project led by Peter technology on our communication and vailing spectacle culture that has come instructions for which are available for Márquez empowered visitors to use tech- limits of reality and asking whether we interventions and programs. At the Lab, consumption is a pressing issue thatFattinger. Visitors were involved in the decision-making processes. Panel- to unfold in one of Berlin’s most iconic download online and in his new book, nology to meet their own needs. even need to be in a city to experience it. certain experiments were also car- requires everyone — from high officials tobrainstorming, planning, and ultimately ists included Dieter Zinnbauer, Senior historic locations. The panel of experts Hartz IV Moebel. The project seeks to ried out, such as Testing, Testing!, an Lending Library and Engineering average citizens — to commit to collec- C.A.P.E: Into the Heart of the Experiencethe building process of this structure, Program Manager of Emerging Policy discussed the need for a Cold War democratize good, cheap design and experiment and study by the University Genius Bar tive problem solving. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-which became a temporary, mobile Issues, Research and Knowledge Group museum at Checkpoint Charlie and the affordable homes, and engage people in of Waterloo’s Professor Colin Ellard, bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/kitchen that later hosted cookouts and at Transparency International; Anke benefits or disservices that the theme the building process. Natalie Jeremijenko, artist and engineer, which launched at the Lab in New York. lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ event/cape-into-the-heart-of-the-cooking events at the Lab and at offsite Domscheit-Berg, the founder and director park effect can have on collective urban explained how artistic interventions and Through Ellard’s ongoing initiative, visi- Karma Economy and Book Release lending-library?instance_id=1149 experience?instance_id=1266Berlin locations. of opengov.me; and Helmut K. Anheier, memory. actions can be successful prescriptions tors take part in a study of the emotional bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Professor of Sociology and Dean at the Related terms for environmental issues including pol- and physiological effect of various urbanLearning by Doing Cold War Center: Checkpoint Charlie lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Hertie School of Governance. Do-It-Yourself (DIY) lution, overcrowded cities, and lack of spaces.bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- karma-economy-and-book-release- Maker Movement wildlife in city areas.the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Open Governance Panel the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ hartz-iv-moebel-hatje-cantz?instance_ Testing, Testing!event/design-build-learning-by- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- event/cold-war-center-checkpoint- id=1252 Natalie Jeremijenko: Toward a Healthy bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-doing?instance_id=1314 lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ charlie?instance_id=1306 Urban Environmental Commons lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Related terms open-governance-panel?instance_ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- testing-testing-berlin4?instance_id=1289Related term Hackerspace id=1317 lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Maker Movement natalie-jeremijenko?instance_id=1175 Related terms Climate Change Emission Reduction36, 37,Electric Car Emission Reduction 38, 39, 44, 45, 46, 47, Emotional Connections Emotional Intelligence Food Consumption Forecasting Future of Parking GentrificationAn electric car is an automobile that Emission reduction is a process of While today we have more and more Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the Food consumption is the act of eat- Forecasting is the practice of making pre- Parking — the practice of storing one’s Gentrification is a globally spread urbanis propelled by partial or full electrical energy efficiency intended to decrease digital friends, we experience fewer capacity to identify, measure, and control ing animal or vegetable elements in dictions about events that have not yet automobile — typically happens along phenomenon whereby underdevelopedenergy. Since the mid-2000s, the produc- pollution. Cities have the capacity to emotional connections in our “real-world” one’s emotions and recognize emotional order to sustain life and provide energy. occurred. Forecasting typically involves city streets in blocks of pavement areas are transformed. The process istion of electric cars has experienced a approach emission reduction in innova- daily lives. In growing cities, we are see- information as it is expressed by others. Historically, the location of markets and data analysis and statistical methods to reserved for the purpose. This practice of often coupled with rising rents, a shiftrenaissance due to advances in battery tive ways, allowing for a full-systems ing a decline in the number, value, and The EI, as opposed to the IQ (intelligence food-distribution centers has been a cru- predict the future. Founded in 1968, the using street space for parking is drain- in the social fabric of neighborhoods,and power management technologies approach to this challenge. duration of our physical interactions with quotient), is a measure of one’s capac- cial component for the establishment and Institute for the Future pioneered the ing city infrastructure and space. As our and, in many cases, the influx of multi-and concerns about peak oil prices and people. Designers and architects are ity to perceive emotional signals. Peter planning of cities, and has also affected field of forecasting and currently offers a cities become increasingly populous, we national corporations. Every individual During the Cycling Fast Facts presenta-the environmental consequences of approaching city planning in a way that Salovey, Daniel Goleman, and John economic and social transactions. Food compelling look into future trends, pos- have less space to store cars. With this life choice has the potential to promote tions, Frank Müller, CEO, Urban-e GmbH,carbon dioxide emissions. The current facilitates meaningful interactions. D. Mayer are the leading psychologists is not equally accessible in cities around sibilities, and challenges. in mind, “the future of parking” explores gentrification in cities. talked about how to replace your cardebate around electric cars points to the working on the subject, and have been the world: hunger affects 925 million alternatives for personal automobile use with a cargo e-bike. He showcased the Bubble Lab was an event meant to foster Matthias Böttger of Raumtaktik and DAZ Tracking Gentrification was a gentrifica-near-future possibility of urban environ- active in this area of study since the people and 98 percent of them live in and storage. advantages of e-bikes and cargo e-bikes communication between strangers in (Deutsche Architektur Zentrum) involved tion tour led by urban curator Jurgenments with 100-percent electric car 1990s. EI combines the ability to perceive developing countries. Cities are working and advocated for replacing cars with an age of growing cities with increasing- a group of students from the University of The Parking 2.0 panel at the Lab explor- Breiter. For more than five hours, partici-usage. This would dramatically change with empathetic emotions — critical skills to eradicate hunger through innovative electric bikes for more sustainable urban ly anonymous interactions. Strangers Montreal and other participants in a plan- ed the negative impacts of our existing pants had the opportunity to walk aroundurban spaces, given the need to create for urban dwellers who seek to create a new initiatives facilitated by technology. environments. met and spoke, illustrating the need to ning session at the Lab for the future of personal mobility system and what new two already gentrified areas: Mitte andcharging and parking spaces for these more convivial social network. Eliminating extreme hunger worldwide communicate, collaborate, and share cities. The participants broke into groups, demands urban parking will face in the Prenzlauer Berg. The tour gave annew types of vehicles. The adoption of Cycling Fast Facts is one of the United Nations’ Millennium common visions in urban life. At the Lab, Isabel Dziobek used the and each one was charged with forecast- near future. In addition, the daylong insightful view of the origins, causes, andhybrid vehicles, which combine oil usage bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Development Goals. Emotionstrainer software to ask if ing a future scenario for a city. event, Labplatz called attention to the physical manifestations of gentrificationwith partly electric-powered engines, is lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Bubble Lab our daily interactions would change if Nicola Twilley, author of the blog Edible importance of public space by transform- in the area, and analyzed how the samea transitional step toward an all-electric cycling-fast-facts?instance_id=1143 bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- The Future is the New “But”: Wild Specu- we taught people how to better read Geography and co-director of Studio X at ing parking spaces into places for leisure, process is starting in the nearby area ofautomotive environment. lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ lations about the Future of Cities Related terms emotions. Columbia University Graduate School of cooking, socializing, and learning. Wedding. bubble-lab?instance_id=1264 bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-Plug In Park Up explored e-mobility and Climate Change Architecture, gave a talk and led a work- Emotionstrainer lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Parking 2.0; The Future of Parking Tracking Gentrification Tour bythe future of parking by inviting experts Electric Car Related term shop that explored the need for making bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- future-is-the-new-but-wild-speculations- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Jurgen Breiterfrom the fields of mobility, cycling, and Emotional Intelligence food production and consumption pro- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ about-the-future-of-cities?instance_ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-climate change. cesses in cities more transparent. emotionstrainer?instance_id=1279 id=1255 hypothetical-parking-20?instance_ the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/Plug In Park Up Foodscape Mapping id=1265 event/tracking-gentrification-?instance_ Related termbmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- id=1315 Emotional Connections Labplatz lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-plug-in-park-up?instance_id=717 mapping-the-edible?instance_id=765 lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/Related terms transforming-parking-space?instance_Climate Change id=1179Urban Mobility
  • 6. 48, 49, 50, 51, 56,Hackerspace Happy City Hybridity Influencer Learning by Doing 57, Liegenschaftsfond politik 58, Maker MovementHackerspaces offer a place for like- The Happy City is the concept that Hybridity is a term that originated in An influencer is a person whose actions “Learning by doing,” a theory that comes Design Build: Learning by Doing (Property-fund politics) The Maker movement is a participatory,minded individuals to gather and share cultivating “urban joy” can dramatically biology to refer to the offspring of two dif- affect change on a large scale or within from economics, refers to the capacity bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Liegenschaftsfonds is the policy where- social culture that invites and inspiresideas and resources. Emerging out of improve the city on an emotional, infra- ferent species. It has since been adopted a group of people. The term, commonly of workers to self-educate and improve the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ by city-owned plots in Berlin are sold in all kinds of people and communitiesthe Maker Movement over the past few structural, and economic level. Coming by theorists working with identity politics, used in sociology, psychology, ethics, their skills on the job. In the realm of event/design-build-learning-by- a bidding process where monetary value to invent, build, and hack. Making andyears, hackerspaces have proliferated down to the core value of trust, citizens post-colonialism, race, and multicultural- geopolitics, and economics, recently pedagogy, it refers to a style of learning doing?instance_id=1314 determines the selling process. The pol- doing with your hands encouragesglobally. Hackerspaces serve a diverse who feel good about where they live ism. With their dynamic mix of cultures has been widely adopted online to refer that resists the traditional hierarchy of icy raises a number of important issues, creativity, innovation, and ultimately, Related termsgroup of individuals, most commonly are more likely to take care of it, spend and ideas, today’s cities are places to websites or web content that exerts a education and elevates practical activ- including the privatization of public land design thinking. This mentality advocates Do-It-Yourself (DIY)those involved with engineering, science, money, and socialize with strangers. where hybridity thrives. strong effect on public opinion. ity and experience as viable sources and the support of organizations whose for transparency in design and produc- Participationcomputer programming, art, and digital for knowledge. Architects such as Frank social contribution is high, but whose tion and resists built-in obsolescence. It At the Lab, Charles Montgomery led a In his talk about socially engaged archi- The Marathon of Transformation gath-technology. By pooling resources and Lloyd Wright were important advocates operating budget is low. The Liegen- also favors self-initiated production over tour to test the theory that urban design tecture, Andres Lepik, Director of the ered together a group of more thanexpertise, hackerspaces provide a gen- of learning by doing in architecture and schaftsfonds was established in 2001 in consumerism. The Maker Faire, which can alter the way we feel and treat other Architekturmuseum of TUM, discussed fifteen international and Berlin-basederative platform for citizens to innovate design. These leaders in the field based Berlin as a company, the full shareholder was founded by Dale Dougherty in 2006, people. Later, he gave a talk about his the new hybrid role of the architect and influencers and transformers whoand build digital and physical interven- their designs and educational methods of which is the city of Berlin. is an important meeting point for makers research for his forthcoming book, The the shifts and ethical obligations that the presented the ways they are activelytions in the city. on teaching architecture students to worldwide, as are the two leading maker- Happy City. architectural profession now faces. affecting urban change. Free Space Berlin: A Panel Discussion make things with their hands in order oriented journals, Make and Craft.Bilal Ghalib talked about the prolifera- on the Berliner Liegenschaften invited Green City, Grey City, Good City: Mirko Zardini, Director of the Canadian Marathon of Transformation to incorporate experience into theirtion of hackerspaces around the world key stakeholders and politicians to dis- Dale Dougherty, founder of Make, Workshop with Charles Montgomery Centre for Architecture (CCA), also bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- theoretical education. Architects andin the last four years. He shared his cuss the crisis of the sale of public land explained the basics of the maker move- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where- discussed how he sees the role of the the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ designers can validate learning by doingresearch into hackerspaces in countries in Berlin. ment, the attributes of a maker, and the is-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab- architect evolving. The profession is event/marathon-of-transformation-how- by encouraging participation by expertsin the Middle East, where governments long-term effects of the maker phi- events/event/green-city-grey-city- changing rapidly and demands flex- would-you-transform-your-city?instance_ and non-experts alike, and by valuing Free Space Berlin: A Panel Discussionhave traditionally been less supportive losophy on personal life, business, and good-city-workshop-with-charles- ibility in addition to the traditional, more id=1161 participation over being correct or highly on the Berliner Liegenschaftenof open-source or free information, and culture. montgomery?instance_id=1278 defined work scope of architects and skilled. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-how these spaces have created new urban planners. lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ What is the Maker Movement?opportunities for learning and sharing. The Happy City Fattinger Orso Architektur, a Vienna- free-space-berlin-a-panel-discussion- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Andres Lepik: Moderators of Change — based design and fabrication studio, ledSkillshare Workshop on-the-berliner-liegenschaften?instance_ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Socially Engaged Architecture a workshop in which participants col-bmwguggenheimlab.org/ id=1244 dale-dougherty-what-is-the-maker- event/charles-montgomery-the-happy- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- lectively conceived of, prepared plans for,where-is-the-lab/new-york-lab/ movement?instance_id=685 city?instance_id=1305 the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ and built a temporary outdoor structure Related termnew-york-lab-events/event/ event/andres-lepik-moderators- over a period of only four days. Vacant Space Related termsskillshare-workshop?instance_id=1178 Related terms of-changesocially-engaged- Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Urban LivabilityRelated terms architecture?instance_id=1248 Empowerment TechnologiesMaker Movement Learning by Doing Actions: What You Can Do with the City bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ actions-what-you-can-do-with-the- city?instance_id=65752, 53, 54, 55, 59, 60, 61, 62,Innovation Intergenerational Intuition Laser Cutter Megacity Minimum Variation —  Mixed-Use MultidisciplinaryInnovation refers to activities at the fore- Interaction Intuition involves the use of sense-based A laser cutter is a device used to sever Megacity is a term used by the United Maximum Impact Mixed-use buildings are designed to Multidisciplinary practice refers to afront of society that challenge the status Intergenerational interaction is the shar- abilities and the unconscious to make durable materials with a powerful, Nations Center for Human Settlements to Large-scale change is usually the result incorporate a variety of uses for other- collaborative approach that encour-quo and push for meaningful progress. ing of activities, space, and knowledge decisions rather than relying entirely targeted laser beam. Originally used in describe “urban agglomerations” con- of the accumulation of many minor wise single-use structures. Rejecting the ages those with diverse backgroundsOften used in the field of science, tech- between the old and young. As our on reason or comprehensible, tangible industrial manufacturing, the tool has sisting of more than ten million people. changes. It is through this minimal varia- notions that buildings should be confined to contribute to a project or to solving anology, and the arts, the term implies aging population surpasses that of any information. Originating from Carl Jung’s recently been democratized for wide- One of the greatest challenges facing tion that we will achieve the maximum to specialized or themed purposes and problem. The term can be traced back tothe production of new ideas or notable previous time in history, it is becoming writings about ego in the 1920s, where spread use among independent citizens, society today is the rapid acceleration impact. Many architects and designers that people of different ages and socio- scientific publications of the 1930s andimprovements to existing ideas. increasingly important that the barriers, he posited that intuition comes from a makers, and crafters. of the population concentrated in these today are concerned with making small economic status should be separate, ’40s, where it was sometimes used to both physical and mental, that keep peo- person’s clarity of perception, the term urban centers. Despite the challenges changes in order to create a more sus- proponents of mixed-use development describe work conducted across multipleToy designer Barry Kudrowitz led an During its first weeks in Berlin, the Lab ple of different ages apart are removed. has been used in the field of psychol- of megacities, they are thought to be the tainable and socially responsible city. seek to encourage a healthy balance fields. In our current age of over-special-interactive talk that focused on the con- housed a state-of-the-art laser cutter and ogy and neurology to refer to right-brain key to a sustainable future for the planet, that stimulates social well-being, creative ization, multidisciplinary projects have anections between innovation, humor, Ageless Evening brought together ran daily workshops to teach people how Architecture curator and historian Andres activity. Intuition is a key component for mainly due to their efficient concentration industries, and the economy at large. central role in bringing together the mostand play. psychologists, artists, and theater to use it to make customized creations. Lepik spoke about the social respon- the creativity and innovation required in of services, products, and people. advanced knowledge from each area performers to create an evening of inter- sibility of architecture, art, and design. During his Happy City lecture, CharlesHow Play and Humor Help Us Innovate urban development and design. Marathon of Making and applying it towards a common goal. generational socializing and sharing. As part of its film series, the Lab featured Beyond its function, architecture has Montgomery brought up examples ofbmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- At the Lab, Gerd Gigerenzer argued that Megacities (Michael Glawogger, Austria, a strong influence on society: forms, how the implementation of mixed-used The Lab itself is a multidisciplinary urbanthe-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Ageless Evening lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ intuition can be a powerful tool for deci- 1998), a movie that tells stories of sur- materials, proportions, and the design of building in the city of Vancouver brought project that brings together experts fromevent/how-play-and-humor-help-us- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- marathon-of-making-things?instance_ sion making and should be considered vival in four megacities around the world: buildings as a whole permanently shape tangible examples of social improvement a multiplicity of fields to focus on oneinnovate?instance_id=654 lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ id=659 more widely in addition to other hard Mumbai, Mexico City, Moscow, and New the everyday life of individuals. and neighborhood development. topic: cities. All programs, collaborators,Related term ageless-evening?instance_id=1243 data or reason-based methods. York. and staff of the Lab study cities from a Andres Lepik: Moderators of Change — The Happy CityCreativity Related term multidisciplinary perspective in order The Power of Intuition Megacities Socially Engaged Architecture bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Aging Population to crowdsource a richer, more holistic bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ learning experience about our urban lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ event/charles-montgomery-the-happy- environment. the-power-of-intuition-?instance_id=1274 screening-megacities?instance_id=1277 event/andres-lepik-moderators- city?instance_id=1305 of-changesocially-engaged- Related term architecture?instance_id=1248 Hybridity
  • 7. 63,Non-Expert 64, 65, 69, 70, 71, 72, Open Governance Open-Source Rapid Prototyping Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Responsive Infrastructure Self-RegulationA non-expert is an individual who Dietmar Offenhuber shared how Open governance harnesses technology “Open-source” refers to any software Rapid prototyping — a model for quickly “Reduce, reuse, recycle” is the motto Responsive infrastructure is the theory Self-regulation is a model whereby theengages in an activity despite having no crowdsourcing could be applied to to enable widespread participation and whose code is designed in such a way realizing new designs using 3-D printing that has been adopted to educate and that the relationship between user and user is asked to monitor and control hisformal training or background in it. This city infrastructure. In this talk, he gave collaboration in governmental decision- that the user participates in the cre- and other digital platforms — has caused promote responsible ways to discard system can allow for two-way feedback. or her own behavior, rather than relyingtype of participation is essential to city examples of how this is being done and making processes. In 2009, the Obama ation of data. The term was originally a prototyping revolution in just the past waste while making it useful. The “three Responsive infrastructure is directly on an outside entity to do so. If properlydevelopment because cities are made what the main issues and possibilities administration implemented an initia- coined by a group of engineers in 1998 few years. As the first and second indus- Rs” explain a hierarchy of processing related to the notion of intelligent build- implemented in cities, it can effectivelyup of individuals who are not necessar- are. Crowdsourcing is considered a tool tive, OpenGov, which allows all citizens when they founded the Open Source trial revolutions signified a shift from waste, with the first tier being the reduc- ings and smart cities. Responsive city mobilize a participatory civic body thatily experts. Rather, these people have that can create smarter cities by allowing to access information about policy and Initiative. This term is closely related to the handmade to the machine-made to tion of consumption, the second, the infrastructure systems are designed collectively monitors and improves citypowerful lived experiences that can be the addition of real-time sensing to all decision-making, while surveying citizen free software, Copyleft, and Creative the assembly line, this third revolution reuse of existing materials, and the third, to measure, respond, and alter their life without the input of policing or heavy-harnessed as valuable resources for elements in an urban system. ideas and suggestions. Commons — all initiatives that seek to represents a dramatic shift in manufac- recycling. services and appearances based on a handed control.identifying issues and solutions in cities. democratize access to information. turing. With 3-D printing technology, we specific set of needs. Can Infrastructure be Crowdsourced? The Open Governance panel brought Jo Royle, build project manager and skip- Ben Hamilton Baille, architect and urbanThe notion of the non-expert resonates are able to produce at low cost, in low bmwguggenheimlab.org/where- together Dieter Zinnbauer, Transparency Joseph Grima spoke about open-source per of the Plastiki, presented the Plastiki Poiesis Fellows Orit Halpern and Nerea designer, explained the principles ofin the context of the rise of crowd- quantities, with minimal labor, and with a is-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab- International; Anke Domscheit-Berg, the architecture at the Lab. Grima analyzed project: an eighteen-meter-long catama- Calvillo, together with Poiesis program street design and place-making bysourced urban initiatives. Relying on new level of precision and customization. events/event/can-infrastructure-be- founder of Opengov.me; and Helmut K. this trend, which allows the ideas of ran built from 12,500 reclaimed plastic director Harel Shapira, discussed the presenting new approaches to trafficthe power of the many non-experts that This technology is creating remarkable crowdsourced?instance_id=761 Anheier, Dean of the Hertie School of multiple people and especially end users bottles and other waste products. dangers and opportunities of fully engineering, speed, safety, and civilityconstitute a city, such measures work to opportunities for the technology and Governance to discuss the possibilities to come together in the form of a built responsive cities, such as the extreme practices. He claimed that deregulationcreate a detailed piece of information or Related terms medical fields; for cities, rapid prototyp- Plastiki Expedition: Jo Royle and challenges of open governance. artifact. example of Songdo, Korea — a city of traffic and pedestrian rules is a crucialinfrastructure. Learning by Doing ing allows us to dramatically alter the bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- built from scratch and used as a testing step towards street safety. Intuition Open Governance Panel Open-Source Architecture urban landscape to meet our needs at an lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/At the Lab, several programs spoke to ground for cutting-edge sensor technolo- Maker Movement bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- accelerated rate. plastiki-expedition-jo-royle?instance_ Street Design and Place-Making:the importance of the non-expert in city gies by Cisco Systems. Tinkering lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ id=1236 New Approaches to Traffic Engineering,life, including The Power of Intuition and The Lab in Berlin hosted a two-week open-governance-panel?instance_ joseph-grima-and-carlo-ratti-on-open- Beautiful Data: Visualization, Territory, Speed, Safety, and CivilityCan Infrastructure Be Crowdsourced? period of programs focused on making, Related term id=1317 source-architecture?instance_id=1158 and the Future of Urban Space bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- where visitors used 3-D printers to do UpcyclingDr. Gerd Gigerenzer argued that intu- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Related terms Related terms rapid prototyping. Portable 3-D printersition can be a powerful tool for decision lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ street-design-and-place-making-new- Digital Democracy Open Governance were also developed, built, and donatedmaking and should be considered more beautiful-data-visualization-territory-and- approaches-to-traffic-engineering- Open-Source Participation to various cultural producers in Berlin.widely as a complementary addition the-future-of-urban-space?instance_ speed-safety-and-civility-?instance_ Responsive Infrastructureto other hard data or rational-based Marathon of Making Things id=1316 id=1144methods. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Related terms Related term lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/The Power of Intuition Open-Source Deregulation marathon-of-making-things?instance_bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Smart City id=659lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/the-power-of-intuition-?instance_id=1274 Related terms 3-D Printer Customization66,Ownership of Public Space 67, Participation 68, 73, 74, 75, 76, Place-Making Self-Solving Sensor Share Culture Skill SharePublic space is a term that derives from Free Space Berlin: A Panel Discussion Participation is the process by which Place-Making is a term that refers to Self-solving is a process of independent A sensor is a tool that measures the Even though sharing is a concept as A skill share is a platform for individu-the Latin word poplicus (people). It on the Berliner Liegenschaften invited citizens make valued contributions within a practice of making inclusive design problem-solving facilitated by creative- prescribed physical quality or presence ancient as human culture itself, in recent als to exchange knowledge. The mostdescribes the free use of shared land key stakeholders and politicians to dis- any collective activity. Participation is decisions for the well-being of all. thinking strategies. It helps to build up of something and communicates that years technology has enabled sharing on notable skill share, Skillshare Interna-over which no one person has sole cuss the crisis of the sale of public land particularly important in maintaining a Place-Making involves policy-makers, people’s skills while minimizing their data through an electronic or digital an unprecedented level. Through com- tional, has roots in the Service Civilownership. This concept of the com- in Berlin. functioning democracy. Internet culture designers, and community members reliance on various federal and state device. Examples of common sensors munity websites, live interface, and social International (SCI), an organizationmons goes back to Greek and Roman and open-source platforms have in- who are interested in creating new urban apparatuses. Self-solving is an important include a thermometer, a smartphone, or media, sharing has become a viable established in the wake of World War I to Free Space Berlin: A Panel Discussionideals and has percolated throughout creased citizen participation in recent environments and places that can bring mindset for the responsible citizen, who, a carbon dioxide detector. Complex sen- alternative to monetary exchange on- encourage servicemen across borders to on the Berliner LiegenschaftenWestern culture to shape the notion of years. The Occupy movement and other people together and be conducive to with the power of technology or other sors are becoming ever more ubiquitous and off-line. Sharing is most common in share skills and services. In the city, this bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-public space in contemporary cities. The participatory movements have also various needs. means, can solve most of his problems in cities — especially as the popularity of transportation, infrequent-use items, and ethos of skill sharing can create solidar- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/right for people to peacefully assemble is helped take citizen participation in urban without relying on the expertise of spe- smartphones increases — and are usu- physical spaces. While sharing thrives on ity based on cooperation and generosity. free-space-berlin-a-panel-discussion- Jörg Stollmann led a tour of Gropiusstadt,inscribed in the United States Constitu- social welfare to the next step, generat- cialists or the need to buy new devices. ally mentioned when discussing smart a peer-to-peer level, it is also a logic that on-the-berliner-liegenschaften?instance_ where he and his team are working with The Lab in Berlin became an activetion. However, in each country, public ing citizen-involvement initiatives and cities. However, without a meaningful must be considered in city planning to be id=1244 and for its residents in a setting of com- Upstall Kreuzberg, a Kreuzberg-based center for skill sharing between localsspace and the right to it is defined differ- questioning city governance that is understanding and analysis of the data implemented on a large scale as more munity-based research and design. Their group of architects and urban planners, and international participants and visitors.ently. Strategies that seek to give back Related term neither transparent nor participatory. they are built to collect, sensors can people demand carpooling, bike sharing, goal is to turn this urban complex, built in presented their proposal for the transfor- Workshops like the Lending Library andpublic space to the citizens come as a Liegenschaftsfond politik prove senseless and devoid of any real shared Internet connection, and other Ernst-Dieter Lantermann discussed the the 1960s, into a new place for improved mation of a coveted empty lot of land in Engineering Genius Bar encouraged MITreaction to the elements of exclusion that interest or usefulness. collective resources. psychology of participation at the Lab design and social interactions. the district of Kreuzberg. The five-hectare program organizers to share their skillscan happen in public space. in his lecture about social involvement, lot for sale is owned by the federal gov- Physical Objects That Talk Back was a Heidemarie Schwermer shared her with visitors and vice versa. Step by Step: A Walk throughPutting public space back into the hands while activist Carsten Joost described his ernment, and at risk of being sold to the workshop that explored how to turn inani- experience of living without money for Gropiusstadt Lending Library and Engineeringof citizens was a core element of several lifelong experience as a highly participa- highest bidder without contemplation of mate objects into intelligent devices that more than sixteen years. She engaged bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Genius BarLab programs, including Labplatz and tory citizen. the neighborhood’s qualities and needs. respond to human input. Lab participants in a conversation about the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-Free Space Berlin: A Panel Discussion Upstall was founded in 2011 by a group how she has managed to live without her A Waste of Time and Effort? event/step-by-step-a-walk-through- Physical Objects That Talk Back lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/on the Berliner Liegenschaften. of professionals interested in active own apartment and with only a few pos- Twenty Years of Civic Participation gropiusstadt?instance_id=1270 bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- lending-library?instance_id=1149 citizenship who took it upon themselves sessions, just by sharing.Labplatz called attention to the impor- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ to responsibly develop the empty lot Related termtance of public space by transforming lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/a- event/physical-objects-that-talk- Living by Sharing: based on a series of carefully considered Share Cultureparking spaces for one whole day and waste-of-time-and-effort-twenty-years- back?instance_id=700 Heidemarie Schwermer criteria.turning them into places for leisure, cook- of-civic-participation?instance_id=1281 bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Related terming, socializing, and learning. Marathon of Transformation: How Would the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ Social Involvement — Life Satisfaction Smart City You Transform Your City? event/living-by-sharing-heidemarie-Labplatz and Participation bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- schwermer?instance_id=1273bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Swap Shop event/marathon-of-transformation-how-transforming-parking-space?instance_ social-involvementlife-satisfactionpartici bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- would-you-transform-your-city?instance_id=1179 pation?instance_id=1307 lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ id=1161 swap-shop?instance_id=1272 Related terms Digital Democracy Related term Open Governance Open-Source Open-Source
  • 8. 77,Smart City 78, 79, 80, 85, 86, 87, Space Activation Space Consumer / Sustainable City Tinkering Transformation Trust 88, UpcyclingThe Smart City refers to the city that Space activation is the practice of Space Producer The sustainable city is engineered to A tinkerer is someone who enjoys repair- Active transformation is a state of Effective urban relationships are largely As opposed to recycling, which con-offers both the physical infrastructure and bringing life to unused urban spaces. Individuals can be associated with two create the smallest possible ecological ing or inventing with machine parts. This continual movement, improvement, and based on notions of trust, rather than verts and downgrades used materials,the technological apparatus to support Turning spaces into vibrant areas can opposing attitudes when it comes to city footprint by employing state-of-the-art act of innovation through doing and change of the urban commons. Change systems that rely on control. While strate- upcycling is the practice of reusinga sophisticated, underlying information, be undertaken by city governments or space and how it is created and used. conservation strategies and public edu- repairing is what tinkering is all about. agents and motivated individuals can gies of trust imply uncertainty about the available materials for new purposes ofcommunication, and sensing network. by individual initiatives. Spaces that are Some may identify with the more pas- cation, and minimizing waste, pollution, The word derives from “tinker,” used as trigger moments of transformation and outcomes — which can prove challeng- equal or higher value than that of theThe presence of cutting-edge technology used and lived in increase safety, encour- sive approach of a consumer of urban and resource consumption. Environmen- early as the twelfth century to refer to make full system change possible for ing for some — they are also known to object they originally came from. Thein an urban environment does not, in age socio-economic interactions in spaces, while others might consider tal consciousness in architecture goes someone who repaired household uten- cities. The best way to achieve trans- benefit process-driven thinking and term became popular in the mid-1990sitself, constitute a smart city. Smart cities neighborhoods, and lead to an improved themselves active space producers. back to Reyner Banham’s 1969 book, sils. It has been widely appropriated by formation is through “transformation experimentation. Trust leads to more con- when the effectiveness of recycling wascan only become such when the balance feeling of ownership and belonging to a The passive, consumerist behavior is The Architecture of the Well-Tempered the maker community. champions,” individuals who push pos- vivial cities in ever more diverse urban being questioned and a rediscoverybetween technology and its benefits to city area. encouraged by a more capitalist trend Environment. Since then, the field of sible transformation forward by showing contexts. of craft and making was taking place. Making Things Digital engaged visitorspeople is successfully achieved. of thought that imagines citizens as end “green urbanism” has grown and pro- successful examples of their own trans- Upcycling gives value to repurposed Dynamic Public Spaces was an intensive in tinkering, an act that gives us the Field Trips took visitors on biking excur- receivers. However, leading urbanists duced ecological strategies designed formative power. materials by adding a design element toPoiesis Fellows Orit Halpern and Nerea two-day workshop led by researchers possibility to change our relationship to sions to meet individuals from various and city activists stress the importance to maintain and build more sustainable the final product and investing it with theCalvillo, together with Poiesis program from the MIT SENSEable City Lab and machines and electronics, creating a The Marathon of Transformation gath- backgrounds and professions as they of encouraging citizens to take on the urban models. Many buildings seek “cool” factor that sustainable items havedirector Harel Shapira, shared their the Austrian Institute of Technology. two-way dialogue. ered together a group of more than told their own personal Berlin stories. For producer role. Through ownership of LEED certification in order to be granted acquired in recent years. Some argueresearch about smart cities, with a focus The first part of the workshop covered fifteen international and Berlin-based each edition, in an act of trust, Berlin one’s space, changes and actions can sustainable, green status. However, Making Things Digital that upcycling can render a producton the city of Songdo, Korea. the basic theory and science of crowd influencers and transformers who citizens opened the doors of their homes be made in the fabric of our cities. more recent trends indicate that LEED bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- counterproductive if the amount of pack- dynamics and how humans act in public presented the ways in which they are and businesses, letting Lab visitors in toBeautiful Data certification for buildings does not lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ aging to market it results in the creation spaces. The workshop then continued Lab Team member Rachel Smith’s actively affecting urban change. learn about their way of life.bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- solely determine sustainability in design. making-things-digital?instance_id=701 of more disposable materials. with a hands-on component where a Labplatz program called attention to thelab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Rather, LEED criteria should become Marathon of Transformation Field Trips group of visitors went to Alexanderplatz importance of public space by taking Related terms Andreas Strauss, artist and designer,beautiful-data-visualization-territory-and- the rule for responsible building, with bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- for a site-specific action. They altered over parking spaces and transforming Maker Movement explained how, by adding function tothe-future-of-urban-space?instance_ an additional set of behavior-centered the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ public space and, with the help of image them into places for leisure, cooking, Thinkering everyday items, we can create a mental-id=1316 practices leading the way towards more event/marathon-of-transformation-how- field-trips-f?instance_id=770 processing and 3-D cameras, document- socializing, and learning. ity of reuse. Strauss engaged visitors in a sustainable cities and buildings. would-you-transform-your-city?instance_Related term ed the effects of the intervention. Related terms workshop to collectively convert a waste Labplatz id=1161Sensor Making Environment explored how do-it- Deregulation receptacle into a mobile stove. When Dynamic Public Spaces bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- yourself technologies can enable citizens Intuition closed, the object looks like a regular bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ to better understand and improve their trash bin. When opened, it looks like a lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ transforming-parking-space?instance_ environmental footprint. gas stove with surfaces for serving and dynamic-public-spaces?instance_ id=1179 preparing food. id=1183 Making Environment Related term bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Soupermobile: Build a Dumpster Kitchen Place-Making lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- making-environment?instance_id=704 the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ event/soupermobile-build-a-dumpster- kitchen?instance_id=1321 Related term Reduce, Reuse, Recycle81, 82, 83, 84, 89, 90, 91, 92,Sustainable Tourism Temporary Architecture The New Architect Thinkering Urban Beauty Urban Data Urban Fatigue Urban HistoryThe objective of sustainable tourism is to Temporary architecture refers to struc- Human beings have created spaces and Thinkering is a combination of the words Urban beauty is the subjective assess- Urban data is the information that cities Urban fatigue is a condition common in Urban history is the branch of historysupport the local economy by channeling tures that are meant to exist only for a built structures since prehistoric times. “tinkering” and “thinking.” It suggests a ment of the aesthetic values of a city. produce, which is measured and turned city dwellers, where city life results in dedicated to the study of cities. Its focusthe best assets of a city into tourism in limited amount of time. Sometimes, tem- However, the specialization and definition mode of thinking that brings together Some argue that allowing layers of into facts, figures, and visualizations. increased anxiety, fatigue, stress, and is on the ways cities originated and howa responsible way. This can be achieved porary architecture can also be mobile. of those who build as architects is a mod- the thought moment with the execution history and urban decay to be revealed According to Google CEO Eric Schmidt, overstimulation. Stress produced by the the process of urbanization developedthrough communication, inspiration, and Temporary architecture is not created ern phenomenon. During medieval times moment, a shift that is facilitated by tech- produces the ultimate urban aesthetic. the amount of data collected between demands of city life is one of the lead- from the time of the first human settle-positive deviance from tourism norms. with the goal of permanence — rather, and earlier, those in charge of building nology and rapid prototyping platforms. Others prefer new, pristine developments the dawn of humanity and 2003 is equiv- ing silent epidemics of the modern era, ments to the present. Urban history is ofThe future of a positive, socially engaged its value lies in the impact it can have were more anonymously associated with that are clean, orderly, and employ the alent to the amount we now produce with serious physical and psychological great importance to discussions about Joseph Grima explained that “thinkering”tourism relies on resilience, ecology, on people within a limited period of time. craftsmen or artisans. Only in the modern newest technology or building tech- every two days. With this proliferation of effects. the future of cities. No city can know its is the idea that, through a mix of tinker-economy, and prosperity. Sustain- It can encourage architects to think on era did architecture become differentiated niques. This multiplicity of perspectives, data comes the task of filtering and mak- future without first analyzing, understand- ing and thinking, design can reach new Body Cartography revealed that, in cities,able tourism is built on a foundation a more cross-disciplinary plane and from the work of the craftsman or engineer and the patchwork that the city becomes ing accessible this wealth of information. ing, and accepting its past. levels of functionality and efficiency. In we often censor our feelings to pushof social and community connections inspire inhabitants to act, think, and feel as a profession in its own right. This eleva- as a result, is the ultimate manifestation the past, reaching the consumer with a Poiesis Fellows Orit Halpern and Nerea against overstimulation created by over- Cold War Center: Checkpoint Charlieand can thus empower citizens and in unconventional ways. Temporary archi- tion of the architect reached its apogee at of urban beauty. finished product was the goal. Now, we Calvillo, together with Poiesis program crowded, loud, densely populated urban sought to observe and analyze the his-neighborhoods. tecture can give a sense of place without the end of the twentieth century with the often see the end user participating in What is Beautiful? featured presenta- director Harel Shapira, delivered a talk situations. The program worked on undo- tory of one of Berlin’s most iconic historic stasis, while challenging the concept rise of the so-called “starchitect.”Manda Brookman, director of CoaST, the packaging and creation of the end tions and a panel discussion about the about the use of data in Smart Cities. ing this behavior by trying to promote locations. The panel of experts dis- of what a building can be. Temporary In the last decade, the professionOne Planet Tourism, led a two-part product. perception of beauty in cities by leading empathy with our physical surroundings. cussed the future of Checkpoint Charlie architecture also enables the subversive. of architect has undergone dramatic Beautiful Data: Visualization, Territorymaster class about sustainable tourism academic and professional figures in and the need for a Cold War museum in In a world of cloud living, temporary shifts, due in part to the combination of Joseph Grima and Carlo Ratti on and the Future of Urban Space Feeling the City: An Investigation inpractices. the fields of aesthetics, architecture, and its location, as well as the benefits or dis- architecture has become the expression economic hardship and slowed-down Open-Source Architecture bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Urban Empathy urban planning in Berlin. Wolfgang Wel- services that the theme-park effect canSustainable Tourism Master Class of a society in constant flux. construction practices with the impossi- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- sch discussed the subjectivity of beauty have on collective urban memory.bmwguggenheimlab.org/multimedia/ bility of sustaining starchitect aspirations lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ beautiful-data-visualization-territory-and- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ The Temporary Architecture panel as a condition of unique human-centeredmedia/106?library_id=1 for yet more iconic creations. Specialists joseph-grima-and-carlo-ratti-on-open- the-future-of-urban-space?instance_ feeling-the-city-an-investigation-in- Cold War Center: Checkpoint Charlie included Teddy Cruz, Estudio Teddy vision. He analyzed one of modernity’s and theorists in the architectural sphere source-architecture?instance_id=1158 id=1316 urban-empathy?instance_id=1182 bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is- Cruz; Robert Kronenberg, Roscoe Chair key principles — that only from a human point to a need for a New Architect, a the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/ of Architecture, University of Liverpool, Related term perspective can we understand the world Related term revised role whereby the architect acts event/cold-war-center-checkpoint- School of Architecture; Jürgen Mayer H.; Tinkering as valuable. Smart City as a social catalyst, community organizer, charlie?instance_id=1306 Lena Kleinheinz, Magma Architecture; and facilitator for organizing space and What is Beautiful? and Peter Fattinger, Design-Build. The brokering urban relationships. bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- panelists engaged in a deep discussion lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ of the purpose and potential of tempo- Andres Lepik, architecture curator and what-is-beautiful?instance_id=1267 rary buildings. historian, spoke about the new role of the architect who needs to act more like Related term Temporary Architecture Panel a community organizer than a top-down Urban Ugliness bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- designer in the traditional sense. lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ temporary-architecture-panel?instance_ Andres Lepik: Moderators of Change —  id=1318 Socially Engaged Architecture bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-lab/ berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/andres- lepik-moderators-of-changesocially- engaged-architecture?instance_id=1248
  • 9. 93, 94, 95, 96,Urban Intervention Urban Livability Urban Microhistories Urban MobilityUrban intervention refers to activities that Urban livability is a contemporary term Urban microhistories are individual or Urban mobility refers to the ability todisrupt the habitual functioning of a city. for quality of life — a level of well- collective stories that often go unnoticed get oneself from point A to point B in anInterventions are typically performed by being based on various measurable in large cities. Microhistories distance urban environment. The options for cityartists or activists. Ranging from street criteria. Mercer’s Quality of Living index themselves from the official narrative of a transport are varied, and include walk-art and design challenges to ephemeral measures the political and social envi- city and focus instead on the importance ing, biking, and other forms of privately orgatherings, flash mobs, and celebrations, ronment; economic environment; medical of smaller, valuable experiences that publicly operated transportation. Expand-this type of activity achieves a temporary and health considerations; socio-cultural create the true fabric of city narratives. ing populations, urban sprawl, and thesocial cohesiveness and surprise factor environment; schools; natural environ- Urban microhistories offer a powerful dangerous effects of carbon dioxide arethat urban dwellers crave. ment; public services and transport; portrait of the city that preserves cultural all issues to consider when addressing recreation; and housing. Recently, the difference and personal voices. the challenges and opportunities relatedMirko Zardini, Director of the Canadian term “livability” has become more widely to urban mobility. Encouraging multi-Centre for Architecture (CCA), described The Lab placed a high value on the used to define the same set of criteria. mobility systems that incorporate walking,the CCA’s Actions project in which they exploration of Berlin microhistories. Two car sharing, bike sharing, public trans-documented and catalogued practi- Colin Ellard, research psychologist and programs in particular explored hidden portation networks, and new city designcal and poetic urban interventions and professor at the University of Waterloo, narratives that took visitors on unusual that reduces commuting are examplesactions carried out throughout the world. talked about environmental design as it city explorations: Field Trips took visitors of strategies designed to improve urban relates to health and described how our on biking excursions to meet individualsJoe Hatchiban runs a notorious weekly mobility. minds and bodies respond to the design from different backgrounds and profes-Karaoke event in Prenzlauer Berg’s of the urban environment that surrounds sions as they told their own personal Lab Team member Rachel Smith’sMauerpark that brings thousands of us. Berlin stories. Another program orga- Dynamic Connections Map, developedstrangers together. Similarly, Music on nized a visit to the home and studio of for the Berlin Lab, is the world’s firstthe Move transformed urban space Colin Ellard: Environmental Design and Ekkehard Maaß, German Democratic interactive biking map to explore urbanthrough a mobile karaoke unit. Human Health Republic (GDR) civil rights activist and mobility through biking. The Dynamic bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the-Actions: What You Can Do with the City musician. Maaß gave an introduction to Connections Map rates different Berlin lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- his art salon where — behind the Iron streets on their amenability for cycling, colin-ellard?instance_id=1174lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Curtain — GDR artists and dissidents based on traffic volume, topography, andactions-what-you-can-do-with-the- secretly met. safety considerations. Users can identifycity?instance_id=657 which streets should have future biking Field Trips infrastructure, creating a crowdsourcedMusic on the Move bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- map of the potential future biking net-bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ work in Berlin.lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ field-trips-f?instance_id=770music-on-the-move?instance_id=1220 Rachel Smith’s Dynamic Connections Ekkehard Maaß Map bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where- lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ is-the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-city- ekkehard-maass-?instance_id=1335 projects/237dynamicconnections.de/ Related term Electric Car97,Urban Psychology 98, 99, 100 Urban Sound Urban Ugliness Vacant SpaceUrban psychology is part of the study Urban sound refers to the vast range of Like urban beauty, urban ugliness is the Vacant space is land that has temporarilyof environmental psychology, that is, sounds that the city produces. From the subjective assessment of the aesthetic fallen out of use. In cities, vacant lots pro-the study of our environment and how rhythm of the steam engine to the drone values of a city. Some argue that allow- vide opportunities for spontaneous urbanit affects us. Urban psychology studies of the automobile, the sound of our cities ing layers of history and urban decay to interventions, public gathering, and lei-the effects of cities and urban living on has always been a defining characteristic be revealed produces the ultimate urban sure, but can also become determiningpeople’s mental health and well-being of urban life. While these sounds have aesthetic. Others prefer new, pristine factors in the city’s economic well-being.by addressing a variety of areas such served as creative inspiration for various developments that are clean, orderly, If not managed correctly by city govern-as urban fatigue, stress, overstimulation, artists, from the Futurists to John Cage, and employ the newest technology or ments, an abundance of empty lots canfear, anxiety, happiness, and our relation- they also contribute to overstimulation. building techniques. lead to urban speculation and safetyship to space. Through recent developments in technol- issues. As a part of the What is Beautiful? Panel, ogy, sound can also be harnessed asAt the Lab, most of the programs orga- Jürgen Krusche, Institut für Gegen- At the Marathon of Transformation, a valuable tool for measuring variousnized by Lab Team member Corinne wartskunst, Zürcher Hochschule der Gap Filler presented a variety of urban datasets in the city.Rose were connected to the larger topic Künste, gave a presentation where he projects that made temporary use ofof urban psychology. Notable among Shintaro Miyazaki led a workshop that analyzed the locally well-known state- vacant spaces in New Zealand after thethese was a talk by renowned psycholo- made audible the invisible waves through ment, “Berlin is ugly and it is good.” Christchurch earthquake. They explainedgist Gerd Gigerenzer about the power of which information travels. We learned Krusche described the value of the ugly how short urban experiments provide anintuition and Tom Stafford’s lecture on the that sound can be a valuable tool in visu- in the discourse about urban develop- opportunity for citizens to test long-termpsychological perception of cities. alizing information, especially ephemeral ment and the need for complexity in solutions. data networks. cities to make them more functional.The Power of Intuition Marathon of Transformationbmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Infoscape Listening What is Beautiful? bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- the-lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/the-power-of-intuition-?instance_id=1274 lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ lab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ event/marathon-of-transformation-how- infoscape-listening?instance_id=1322 what-is-beautiful?instance_id=1267 would-you-transform-your-city?instance_Lenses and Filters: the Mind and the City id=1161bmwguggenheimlab.org/where-is-the- Related termlab/berlin-lab/berlin-lab-events/event/ Urban Beauty Related termlenses-and-filters-the-mind-and-the- Liegenschaftsfond politikcity?instance_id=1259

×