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  • 1. The Portuguese Empire by Ryan P. Swetz
  • 2.
    • During 15th & 16th Century, Portugal was a leading European Power.
    • Portugal had extensive colonial trading empire.
    • August 21, 1415 with the conquest of Ceuta, a city on the North African Coast, The Portuguese Empire was founded.
            • Period of Discovery
  • 3.
    • The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed in 1494 and divided the (largely undiscovered) world between the Spanish and the Portuguese.
    • Bartolomeu Dias turned The Cape of Good Hope in 1488 opening up trade with India.
    • Expanding the Empire
  • 4.
      • Famous Faces
      • Vasco de Gama rounded The Cape of Good Hope and solidified trade with India.
      • Prince Henry the Navigator took the lead role in promoting and financing Portuguese Maritime exploration till his death in 1460.
  • 5.
    • Unification
    • In 1581, Phillip was crowned Philip I of Portugal, uniting the 2 crowns and overseas empires under Spanish Habsburg rule.
    • The union had both benefits and drawbacks. (Portugal could sell slaves in the Spanish Americas for a higher price, on the other hand they were now dragged into conflicts with England, France, Dutch Republic.)
  • 6.
    • In 1500 navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral landed in Brazil and laid claim to it in the name of King Manuel I of Portugal.
    • Between 1500-1530 few expeditions came to chart the coast and collect brazilwood. (used to produce a valuable dye to stain luxury textiles.)
            • Colonial Brazil
  • 7.
    • Portuguese restricted colonial trade , Brazil was only allowed to export and import goods from Portugal and other Portuguese colonies
    • Tobacco, cotton, cachaca were produced but sugar by far the most important product.
    • First sugarcane farms established in mid 16th century.
    • Portuguese relied on aborigine slaves originally, then began importing African slaves to harvest the sugarcane.
    • The Sugarcane Cycle 1530-1700
  • 8. References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_empire http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_Brazil h ttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Portu gal