Amy Edmondson (1999) “ Psychological Safety” “ If you want to increase your success rate, double your failure rate.” Thomas Watson Sr.
“ Origins of Genius” (Simonton, 1999)
Fail your way to success (Klem, 1997)
Thomas Watson Sr. IBM
Perfectionism is an incapacitating fear of failure that permeates our lives, especially those areas that we care about most. It is an approach, a cognitive and emotional schema, that we hold toward the journey of our lives, toward the process of getting from point A to point B.
Perfection Vs. Excellence Characteristics Defensive 自卫性 Open to Suggestions 开放 Half Empty 空的一半 Half Full 满的一半 Over Generalize Realistic No Self-Acceptance Unconditional Acceptance Static Dynamic Perfection Excellence Fear of failure Failure as feedback Focus on Destination Journey and Destination
Perfection Vs. Excellence Consequences Temporary Relief Lasting Satisfaction Inevitable Failure Possibility of Success Wastes time Appropriate Time Allocation Prone to disorders Healthy Approach Hurts Self-Esteem Continuous Improvement Harms Relationships Allows for Growth Anxiety/Stress Creative Tension Perfection Excellence Performance? Less Pain More Gain
“ Emphasizing effort gives a child a variable that they can control. They come to see themselves as in control of their success. Emphasizing natural intelligence takes it out of the child’s control, and it provides no good recipe for responding to a failure.”
Intelligence versus Effort
Harmful Praise? (Dweck, 2005) “ When you praise kids' intelligence and then they fail, they think they're not smart anymore, and they lose interest in their work. In contrast, kids praised for effort show no impairment and often are energized in the face of difficulty.”