Why plagiarize?How we respond.Building skills.Strategies .Turnitin.com
“ Students are not wedded to  the integrity of their own  writing and do not  necessarily assume that  others are either.”...
WHY DO STUDENTS PLAGIARIZE?We live in amashup culture
WHY DO STUDENTS PLAGIARIZE?Focused on success,achievement (Blum,2009).  Blum, Susan (2009). Academic integrity and student...
INSECURE ABOUT OWN WRITING ABILITY“Cheat to compete” (Harris, 2012)   Harris, R. (2012, February 28). Anti-plagiarism stra...
WHY DO STUDENTS PLAGIARIZE?        Skills deficient
ETHICAL INFORMATION USEUnawar               Intentionae                    lUnethica                EthicallUnskille      ...
RESPONSES: APPEAL TO MORALITYHonor codesAcademic  integrityIntellectual  honesty     Blum, Susan (2009). Academic integrit...
RESPONSES: FOLLOW THE LAWLengthy regulations and procedures in student handbookThreats of failure, expulsion     Blum, Sus...
OR:Academic integrity as a set of skills to be learned
WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Recognize the need for information.
WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?State a research question, problem or issue.
WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Determine information requirements in various disciplines for the research questions, problems or issu...
WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Use information technology tools to locate and retrieve relevant information.
WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Organize information.
WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Analyze and evaluate information.
WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Communicate using a variety of information resources and technologies.
WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Understand the ethical and legal issues surrounding information and information technology.
STRATEGIES TO ADDRESS PLAGIARISMIntroduce plagiarism as a focus of a unit  (Karon, 2012)A. Selected readings about plagiar...
Addressing plagiarism: focus on bothwriting and research as inquiry processes                             Wonder &        ...
CREATE CHECKPOINTS TO OBSERVE ANDCOACH STUDENTS’ PROGRESSAsk students for:• A topic statement or description of a  paper’s...
CREATE ASSIGNMENTS THAT ARE DIFFICULT ORIMPOSSIBLE TO PLAGIARIZE--Connect the paper’s topic to one or  more articles, stor...
REQUIRE A MODIFIED ANNOTATEDBIBLIOGRAPHY IN WHICH YOU ASK• How (How did you find this information? Which  database or sear...
HAVE STUDENTS WRITE A REFLECTION ON THEWRITING AND RESEARCH PROCESSWhat worked well for you?What were your greatest challe...
TEACH AND MONITOR DIGITAL NOTE-TAKING:         AVOID “COPY/PASTE” SYNDROME BY         REQUIRING STUDENTS TO COPY/PASTESour...
TEACH DIGITAL NOTE-TAKING. INTRODUCETOOLS LIKE EVERNOTE OR DIIGO FOR TAKINGAND SHARING NOTES. http://www.evernote.com
STUDENTS SHARE NOTES WITH YOU AND/OREACH OTHER
DIIGO   http://www.diigo.comPlug in foryourbrowser
DIIGO PREVIEW
My “sticky             What Inote”             highlightedcomments             .
Lists can be shared withinstructor, other students inclass.
USE STUDENTS’ NOTES TO ASSESS PROGRESS•   Paraphrasing•   Direct quotation•   In-text citation•   If it’s not in the notes...
ADJUST ASSIGNMENT TIMELINE BY SPEEDING UP    AND SLOWING DOWNS                           Old Way                          ...
TURNITIN.COMChallenge:If you were a student trying to  “defeat” Turnitin.com, what  strategies would you use?
TURNITIN.COMWhat would the successful deployment of those strategies teach students about plagiarism and academic integrity?
REFERENCESBlum, Susan (2009). Academic integrity and student plagiarism: A question    of education, not ethics. Chronicle...
A FEW OTHER RECOMMENDED SOURCESBrake, A. (2012, July 15). Plagiarism and academic integrity NCWC . In North   Carolina Wes...
Plagiarism: Ethics, Intentions & Skills
Plagiarism: Ethics, Intentions & Skills
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Plagiarism: Ethics, Intentions & Skills

  1. 1. Why plagiarize?How we respond.Building skills.Strategies .Turnitin.com
  2. 2. “ Students are not wedded to the integrity of their own writing and do not necessarily assume that others are either.” Blum, Susan (2009). Academic integrity and student plagiarism: A question of education, not ethics. Chronicle of Higher Education 55(24), A35.
  3. 3. WHY DO STUDENTS PLAGIARIZE?We live in amashup culture
  4. 4. WHY DO STUDENTS PLAGIARIZE?Focused on success,achievement (Blum,2009). Blum, Susan (2009). Academic integrity and student plagiarism: A question of education, not ethics. Chronicle of Higher Education 55(24), A35.
  5. 5. INSECURE ABOUT OWN WRITING ABILITY“Cheat to compete” (Harris, 2012) Harris, R. (2012, February 28). Anti-plagiarism strategies for research papers. Virtualsalt. Retrieved from
  6. 6. WHY DO STUDENTS PLAGIARIZE? Skills deficient
  7. 7. ETHICAL INFORMATION USEUnawar Intentionae lUnethica EthicallUnskille Skilledd
  8. 8. RESPONSES: APPEAL TO MORALITYHonor codesAcademic integrityIntellectual honesty Blum, Susan (2009). Academic integrity and student plagiarism: A question of education, not ethics. Chronicle of Higher Education 55(24), A35.
  9. 9. RESPONSES: FOLLOW THE LAWLengthy regulations and procedures in student handbookThreats of failure, expulsion Blum, Susan (2009). Academic integrity and student plagiarism: A question of education, not ethics. Chronicle of Higher Education 55(24), A35.
  10. 10. OR:Academic integrity as a set of skills to be learned
  11. 11. WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Recognize the need for information.
  12. 12. WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?State a research question, problem or issue.
  13. 13. WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Determine information requirements in various disciplines for the research questions, problems or issues.
  14. 14. WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Use information technology tools to locate and retrieve relevant information.
  15. 15. WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Organize information.
  16. 16. WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Analyze and evaluate information.
  17. 17. WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Communicate using a variety of information resources and technologies.
  18. 18. WHAT ARE THE SKILLS?Understand the ethical and legal issues surrounding information and information technology.
  19. 19. STRATEGIES TO ADDRESS PLAGIARISMIntroduce plagiarism as a focus of a unit (Karon, 2012)A. Selected readings about plagiarism instructors as audienceB. Select and evaluate a paper from a paper mill.C. Reflect on readings/experiencePaper mills with some free content:http://www.coastal.edu/library/presentations/mills2.ht ml Karon, J. (2012). A positive solution for plagiarism. Chronicle of Higher Education 54(4). Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/article/A-Positive- Solution-for/134498/.
  20. 20. Addressing plagiarism: focus on bothwriting and research as inquiry processes Wonder & Investigate Reflect on process Formulate and question product Gather & Evaluate Revise Informatio n Draft and get Organize feedback
  21. 21. CREATE CHECKPOINTS TO OBSERVE ANDCOACH STUDENTS’ PROGRESSAsk students for:• A topic statement or description of a paper’s theme, a thesis statement.• Early or working bibliography• Notes (see Evernote, Diigo)• Outline• Three different openings for a paper (Rocklin, 1996)• Other check-in points? Rocklin, T. (1996). Downloadable term papers: What’s a prof to do? University of Iowa Center for Teaching. Retrieved October 8, 2012, from http://centeach.uiowa.edu/plagiarismRocklin.shtml.
  22. 22. CREATE ASSIGNMENTS THAT ARE DIFFICULT ORIMPOSSIBLE TO PLAGIARIZE--Connect the paper’s topic to one or more articles, stories or other readings from class (e.g., a recent reflective essay about nature and its connection to themes from a novel).--Change the point of view or audience for the piece of writing.--Other examples? Harris, R. (2012, February 28). Anti-plagiarism strategies for research papers. Virtualsalt. Retrieved from
  23. 23. REQUIRE A MODIFIED ANNOTATEDBIBLIOGRAPHY IN WHICH YOU ASK• How (How did you find this information? Which database or search tool did you use?)• Who (Who is the author and why should you trust him/her?)• Why (Why is this particular document truly relevant to your thesis/research?) (Idea from conversations with Joyce Valenza, Springfield Township PA Librarian)
  24. 24. HAVE STUDENTS WRITE A REFLECTION ON THEWRITING AND RESEARCH PROCESSWhat worked well for you?What were your greatest challenges?Which resources were most helpful?What advice about the research and writing would you give someone else who is about to do this assignment?What do you most need to work on to improve your own research process/writing process?
  25. 25. TEACH AND MONITOR DIGITAL NOTE-TAKING: AVOID “COPY/PASTE” SYNDROME BY REQUIRING STUDENTS TO COPY/PASTESource Passage What this passage means/how this supports my argument By analyzing these "free essays" before Having students explore the paper mill sites canKaron the class, students learn firsthand that actually help them see that this is not a good the papers available over the Internet option. often are far inferior to what they could produce on their own. When they occasionally happen on a strong paper, they will remark that it is too good: No professor would believe that such a professionally written piece had come from a student for a course assignment.Blum Given the nuances of citation and their Avoiding plagiarism while using sources correctly is entanglement with issues of educational complicated and requires layers of skills that are built goals, originality, intertextuality, over time. An institutional awareness of the complexity of this issue and a willingness for all instructors and selfhood, and individuality, it is clear support staff to… that students cannot simply be handed a brochure and be expected to get it. The message has to be broadcast over and over, by many sincere people who have given it much thought.
  26. 26. TEACH DIGITAL NOTE-TAKING. INTRODUCETOOLS LIKE EVERNOTE OR DIIGO FOR TAKINGAND SHARING NOTES. http://www.evernote.com
  27. 27. STUDENTS SHARE NOTES WITH YOU AND/OREACH OTHER
  28. 28. DIIGO http://www.diigo.comPlug in foryourbrowser
  29. 29. DIIGO PREVIEW
  30. 30. My “sticky What Inote” highlightedcomments .
  31. 31. Lists can be shared withinstructor, other students inclass.
  32. 32. USE STUDENTS’ NOTES TO ASSESS PROGRESS• Paraphrasing• Direct quotation• In-text citation• If it’s not in the notes but it’s in the paper….???
  33. 33. ADJUST ASSIGNMENT TIMELINE BY SPEEDING UP AND SLOWING DOWNS Old Way FT Finding Information Using Producing IA N New WayR I Finding Info. Using ProducingT S H
  34. 34. TURNITIN.COMChallenge:If you were a student trying to “defeat” Turnitin.com, what strategies would you use?
  35. 35. TURNITIN.COMWhat would the successful deployment of those strategies teach students about plagiarism and academic integrity?
  36. 36. REFERENCESBlum, Susan (2009). Academic integrity and student plagiarism: A question of education, not ethics. Chronicle of Higher Education 55(24), A35.Harris, R. (2012, February 28). Anti-plagiarism strategies for research papers. Virtualsalt. Retrieved from http://www.virtualsalt.com/antiplag.htm.Karon, J. (2012). A positive solution for plagiarism. Chronicle of Higher Education 54(4). Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/article/A-Positive- Solution-for/134498/.Rocklin, T. (1996). Downloadable term papers: What’s a prof to do? University of Iowa Center for Teaching. Retrieved October 8, 2012, from http://centeach.uiowa.edu/plagiarismRocklin.shtml.
  37. 37. A FEW OTHER RECOMMENDED SOURCESBrake, A. (2012, July 15). Plagiarism and academic integrity NCWC . In North Carolina Wesleyan LibGuides. Retrieved October 19, 2012, from http://ncwc.libguides.com/content.php?pid=247608&sid=2045074Carbone, N. (n.d.). Thinking and talking about plagiarism. In Strategies for Teaching with Online Tools . Retrieved October 14, 2012, from http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/technotes/workshops/plagiarismhelp.htmHoward, R.M. (2010). Journal articles and book chapters. Retrieved October 14, 2012 from http://wrt-howard.syr.edu/articles.html.Leland, B. (2002, January 29). Plagiarism and the web. Retrieved October 14, 2012, from http://www.wiu.edu/users/mfbhl/wiu/plagiarism.htmMcKenzie, J. (1998, May). The new plagiarism: Seven antidotes to prevent highway robbery in an electronic age. In From Now On. Retrieved October 14, 2012, from http://fno.org/may98/cov98may.html
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