Background After WWII, Berlin was divided into 4 occupation zones. The Marshall Plan (US) aided Western Berlin(1947) Increased emigration to the Western side.
Building of the Wall On August 13, 1961, construction began (barb wire). On August 15, concrete blocks were built. Symbol of the Cold War "Berlin wird leben und die Mauer wird fallen." ("Berlin will live and the wall will fall.") – Willy Brandt .. Mayor of West Berlin
Berlin in the 1960s-1980s Many families were split Americans complained In 1972, West Berliners were guaranteed access to East Berlin People in the West had more freedom than the East (Economic Miracle) - could travel freely East Berlin West Berlin
The Fall of Berlin Wall Communist countries rose up but failed (1950-1970) New Government in East Germany elected (1989) Schabowski was sent to speak to a press Conference In November 9, 1989 the Berlin Wall was opened Symbol for the end of Cold War "we have decided today (um) to implement a regulation that allows every citizen of the German Democratic Republic (um) to (um) leave the GDR through any of the border crossings.“ WHEN? "immediately, without delay."
Result/Consequences Approximately 200 people killed On October 3, 1990: Union between East and West Germany