The berlin wall
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The berlin wall

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The berlin wall The berlin wall Presentation Transcript

  • The Berlin Wall
    By: Gina and Pear
  • Background
    After WWII, Berlin was
    divided into 4 occupation
    zones.
    The Marshall Plan (US)
    aided Western Berlin(1947)
    Increased emigration
    to the Western side.
  • Building of the Wall
    On August 13, 1961, construction began (barb wire).
    On August 15, concrete blocks were built.
    Symbol of the Cold War
    "Berlin wird leben und die Mauer wird fallen." ("Berlin will live and the wall will fall.") – Willy Brandt .. Mayor of West Berlin
  • Berlin in the 1960s-1980s
    Many families were split
    Americans complained
    In 1972, West Berliners were guaranteed access to East Berlin
    People in the West had more freedom than the East (Economic Miracle)
    - could travel freely
    East Berlin West Berlin
  • The Fall of Berlin Wall
    Communist countries rose up but failed (1950-1970)
    New Government in East Germany elected (1989)
    Schabowski was sent to speak to a press Conference
    In November 9, 1989 the Berlin Wall was opened
    Symbol for the end of Cold War
    "we have decided today (um) to implement a regulation that allows every citizen of the German Democratic Republic (um) to (um) leave the GDR through any of the border crossings.“
    WHEN?
    "immediately, without delay."
  • Result/Consequences
    Approximately 200 people killed
    On October 3, 1990:
    Union between East and
    West Germany
  • Bibliography
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall#Immediate_effects
    http://www.coldwar.org/articles/80s/fall_berlin_wall.asp
    http://www.wilsoncenter.org/coldwarfiles/index.cfm?fuseaction=units.details&thisunit=1&page=14