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Afghan war By Jug and Pun
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Afghan war By Jug and Pun

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  • 1. The Afghan War By Jug and Pun
  • 2. Background
    • The Afghan war lasted for ten years.
    • It started from December 27 th , 1979, and ended on February 15 th , 1989
    • The war was between Soviet supported Afghan communist government, and the anti-communist guerilla fighters called Mujahideen.
  • 3. How did it start?
    • The root: overthrow of the centrist Afghanistan government in April 1978 by left-wing military officers, who handed power over to two Marxist-Leninist political parties, the Khalq ("Masses") and Parcham ("Flag")
    • They had very little votes and accepted the help from the Soviet Union
    • Together, they began land and social reforms that were resented by anti-communists and Muslims.
    • The rebellion of the Mujahideen grew in response, spreading all over the country
  • 4. Who was involved?
    • The communist side: The soviet union, and the Afghan government.
    • The anti communist side: The mujahideen which were supported by several anti communists countries, such as US,UK,Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia.
  • 5. Why did it happen?
    • Soviet Union saw that it was a good chance to spread more communism.
    • Many muslims are against communism
    • Muslims tribal based insurgencies arose against the the communist government.
  • 6. Soviet’s goal
    • To make Afghanistan into a communist country
    • Getting rid of the communist resistance, the Mujahideens
    “ According to the official version of history, CIA aid to the Mujahadeen began during 1980, that is to say, after the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan, 24 Dec 1979. “ Zbigniew Brzezinski
  • 7. What Happened?
    • 1979 The Soviet controlled cities, large towns.
    • 1980-1981 The Mujahideen spread out freely throughout the countryside. The Soviet troops tried to crush the them by many tactics, but the guerrilla fighters escaped their attacks.
    • 1982 The war quickly settled down into a stalemate
    • 1982 – 1983 The Soviets then attempted to eliminate the Mujahideen's by bombing the rural areas. By 1982 some 2.8 million Afghans had immigrated a to Pakistan, and another 1.5 million had immigrated to Iran.
    • 1984 – 1988 The Mujahideen had the upper hand by using shipments of weapons from the US through Pakistan, such as shoulder-fired antiaircraft missiles.
    • In early 1989 the United States, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the Soviet Union signed an agreement to withdraw Soviet troops and return Afghanistan to a status of peace.
  • 8. How did it end/Soviet’s withdrawal
    • After 10 years of fighting where not really much was accomplished, the Soviets withdraw in 1989.
    • During the last part of the war, Soviet prepared to withdraw focusing on only defending against the Mujahideens
    • Almost 15000 Soviets soldiers had died in the War
    • About one million Afghans had been perished
    • The Soviet war in Afghanistan was one of the events that led to the end of the USSR
  • 9. Results/Consequences
    • After the war, Afghanistan became one the poorest country in the world.
    • The Soviets eventually lost the war, which is one of the factors that made the Soviet Union collapsed
    • The Afghan government was in ruins after the Soviets left in early 1989.
    • The Taliban, arose from the Mujahideen during the Afghan Civil War. (Mujahideen has many groups, Taliban was one of them, and the strongest out of all the groups in Mujahideen
  • 10. Conclusion
    • This war was a disaster for the Soviet union.
    • They lost the war, which made them looked weak and pathetic
    • Afghanistan on the other hand, continued to a Civil War.
    • The Taliban arose from the Mujahideen after the civil war.
  • 11. Bibliography
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_afghan_war#Consequences_of_the_war
    • http://www.coldwar.org/articles/70s/afghan_war.asp
    • http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB57/soviet.html
    • http://www.historycommons.org/timeline.jsp?before_9/11=sovietafghanwar&timeline=complete_911_timeline