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A very brief summary of Mihaly Csikzentmihalyi's book: Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

A very brief summary of Mihaly Csikzentmihalyi's book: Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

Published in: Education

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  • 1. The Flow Experience
  • 2. His Work and Research
  • 3. Prof Csikszentmihalyi
    Born in Croatia, this Hungarian
    Psychology professor at the University of Chicago
    is known for his studies on creativity and
    happiness. He is one of the notable
    Researchers in the field of
    positive psychology.
  • 4. Perfect Balance
    Factors determining FLOW
    The challenge level matches the skill level.
    A high challenge with low skill produces anxiety but with high skill might produce FLOW if other conditions are optimal.
  • 5. Eight Optimal Factors for FLOW
  • 6. Necessary Criteria for Flow
    The people interviewed by Csikszentmihalyi all spoke about these components
    More than 8,000 subjects, from all walks of life
    Remember these 8 and apply them
  • 7. Clarity of Goals
  • 8. No conflicts or confusion about what you have to do.
    What are the impediments to the clarity of goals? (Unconscious sabotage? “Fear of success”)
    How can clarity of goals make our activities/work more satisfying?
    How can you make your goals clear?
    1. Clarity of Goals
  • 9. 2. Immediate & Clear Feedback
    Gives constant information about performance
    Know immediately how to alter performance for optimum results
    Enhances the focus on the activity
    If this is not present, we might relax or become disinterested in the goal/activity
    What experience do you love and engage in where you have immediate and constant feedback?
  • 10. 3. Challenge = Skill
  • 11. Challenge = Skill
    When skill level meets challenge, we begin to love the activity, even if at first we did not.
    How do you feel when the task/challenges appears to be impossible?
    Is it always impossible?
    How can you best gauge your skill level (realistically) without selling yourself short?
  • 12. 4. Focus is all
  • 13. 5. Escape into the present
  • 14. 6. Choose the Edge for Optimal Growth
  • 15. Self Merges
  • 16. 7. Transcendence
    Absorption into the activity
    Loosening of the ego consciousness
    Brain can only process 120 bits of information per second and total focus will often result in a reduced “body sense”
    Forget yourself to find yourself: recall the flow experience and the sense of self-esteem is improved
  • 17. 8. Time is Transformed
    Jjjohn’sphotostream on Flickr
  • 18. Time wraps itself around your experience. So much is packed into the flow moment; a few seconds might seem like many minutes; many hours might feel like a few minutes.
    jjjohn’sphotostream on Flickr
  • 19. What Will You Do to Cultivate Flow?
  • 20. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience
    People who learn to control inner experience will be able to determine the quality of their lives, which is as close as any of us can come to being happy.
    MihalyCsikszentmihalyi, Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience, 1990