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Multi farm-SharePoint-2013 Architecture Guide

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  • 1. Multi-farm architectures with SharePoint Server 2013DESIGN PRINCIPLES CROSS-FARM SERVICES EXAMPLE 1: SCALING WITH A DEDICATED SERVICES FARMIn SharePoint Server 2013, the features that support the Sharing services across farmssocial experience include dependencies that influence multi- · Some services can be shared across server farms. Other services canfarm architectures. be shared only within a single server farm. Services that support Cross-farm User Profile Managed Business Data SearchMicroblogging and Feeds — The Whats New page in the My Site provides an sharing across farms can be run in a central farm and consumed from service Metadata Connectivity Most commonly multiple farms.aggregated view of activities related to users interests, including microblogging applications shared services · In large environments, computing-intensive services can be run in afunctionality. Feeds for this page can come from multiple farms. central farm to minimize administration overhead and to scale out These service applications Description Farm A—Enterprise Services can be shared across multiple Secure Store MachineDistributed Cache — The distributed cache maintains the Whats New feed. This easily and efficiently as requirements grow. See “Example 1” farms. · One Enterprise services farm hosts all cross- IIS Web Site—“SharePoint Web Services” Service Translationfeeds infrastructure supports the read and write operations generated by users illustrated right. farm services except the User Profile serviceactivities and participation in microblogging. Application Pool application. · While the User Profile service application can be shared across farms, · A single content farm with the User ProfileUser Profile — User profile properties drive a broad set of SharePoint features this service must reside in the same datacenter as the farms that it Search Managed Business Data Machinefrom social collaboration to authorization. The User Profile service application is service, My Sites, and team sites. supports. See “Example 2” below. · Server-to-server authentication is Metadata Connectivity Translationtied more closely to content than in previous versions. configured between the two farms. WAN-friendly services Single-farm Usage and State Service PerformancePoint Microsoft SharePoint · Farms are in the same or differentWhen scaling beyond a single farm, the following design service Health Data Collection Foundation Subscription Settings Service datacenters.principles apply. The Search, Managed Metadata, and Machine Translation services can be shared across a wide area network (WAN). The Business Data applicationsOffload to a dedicated services farm first — If more than one farm is necessary, Connectivity service application can be used across WAN links These service applications User Profile Serviceoffload cross-farm services to a dedicated farm. App Work depending on how the Business Data Connectivity service is can be used only within a Management Management The User Profile Service application must be in single farm.The User Profile service must reside in the same datacenter as the content it implemented. the same datacenter as My Sites. If the All client-related services can onlysupports — The performance of social features require the User Profile service enterprise services farm and the content farm Farm B—Content Farm be used by a single farm.application to be located in the same datacenter as My Sites, team sites, and Cross-farm services support for WAN environments are in the same datacenter, the User Profilecommunity sites. Service application Supported over WAN Notes Service application can be included in the Excel Access Visio Word PowerPointSocial features work best with one My Site farm — If multiple content farms are connections? Services Services Graphics Automation Conversion enterprise services farm. IIS Web Site—“SharePoint Web Services”necessary, split the environment into one My Site farm and one or more farms for Search Yescollaboration content (team sites and community sites). See the 2nd architecture Managed Metadata Yes Advantages Application Poolexample in this model. Business Data Yes After the data cache is populated, the WAN link is not needed. · A single content farm and User ProfileMultiple My Site farms requires multiple User Profile service applications — Connectivity First-page browses are slow and might result in timeouts. service application greatly reduces User Profile Secure Store Subsequent requests for cached data are faster. For best results,A single instance of the User Profile service application can only be associated with place the Business Data Connectivity service near the data that complexity. Service Default groupone My Site host. If multiple My Site farms are necessary, multiple User Profile is consumes. · Performance for social features is optimizedservice applications are necessary as well. User Profile Not supported Using the User Profile service application across WAN links is when the User Profile service, My Sites, andThe App Catalog cannot be shared across farms — Multiple App Catalog’s will not supported. This service requires direct database access. For team sites are located on the same farm. Excel Access WAN environments, the User Profile Replication Engine is Services Servicesneed to be setup and managed. recommended instead. Application Pool Secure Store Service Yes The Secure Store Service works across WAN links but is not Disadvantages recommended because it might negatively affect the Web Application—My Sites Web Application—Team Sites · May result in a large content farm.Configuring server-to-server authentication between farms performance of other services over a WAN link. Word Work Automation ManagementMulti-farm environments involve communication between farms. Server-to-server Machine Translation Yes Service http://teamauthentication allows farms to access and request resources from one another on http://mybehalf of users. Server-to-server authentication uses the Open Authorization APPLYING SOFTWARE UPDATES Visio App http://my/personal/<user>(OAuth) 2.0 protocol. Graphics ManagementFarms that provide service applications and the farms that consume these require aserver-to-server authentication. In addition to the basic farm-level trust that isconfigured, additional configuration is necessary between farms for specific In multi-farm environments, the order in which the farms Example 1 — Update farms in the following order Example 2 — Update farms in the following order Team 1 Team 2 Team 3scenarios and features, such as eDiscovery and Business Intelligence. are updated is important. When updating environments 1. Farm A — Enterprise Services farm 1. Farm A — Enterprise Services farmIn Example 1, the two farms require a server-to-server authentication relationship. with multiple farms, update farms in the following order: 2. Farm B — Content farm 2. Farm B — My Site farmIn Example 2, below, Farm A (Enterprise Services) and Farm B (My Sites) require a · Service farmsserver-to server authentication relationship with every other farm in the · My site farm 3. Farms C-E — Content farms (the order of these is notenvironment. Content farms (Farms C-F) do not require server-to-server · Content farms For more information about the patching and update important unless one of these farms is hosting a servicerelationships with each other. process for SharePoint farms, see the following model: application that is shared with other farms) It’s important to update service farms before updating Enterprise-scale farms for SharePoint Server 2013.Office Web Apps does not require a server-to-server authentication relationship farms that consume services. Service farms support The Office Web Apps farm can be updated independentlywith SharePoint farms. connections with farms that are running an earlier version of the SharePoint farms.For more information, see the following articles in the TechNet library: of the software. However, if a consuming farm is running a· Plan for server-to-server authentication in SharePoint 2013 later version of the software, this can cause issues.· Configure server-to-server authentication in SharePoint 2013 EXAMPLE 2: SCALING TO MULTIPLE CONTENT FARMS Description · One enterprise services farm hosts all Farm A—Enterprise Services IIS Web Site—“SharePoint Web Services” Farm G—Office Web Apps cross-farm services, including the User Profile service application. Application Pool · A dedicated My Site farm and one or more content farms. Search Managed Business Data Machine User Profile · Trust certificates are exchanged between Metadata Connectivity Translation farms that share and consume service applications. The appropriate services are configured for sharing and consuming across farms. · Server-to-server authentication is configured between the following farms: · Farm A and B · Farm A and C · Farm A and D · Farm A and F · Farm B and C · Farm B and D · Farm B and E · Farm B and F · All farms reside in the same datacenter. Advantages · Allows scaling beyond a single content Farm B—My Site Farm farm. · Site feeds and community site aggregation works across all farms. IIS Web Site—“SharePoint Web Services” · Allows failover of a farm without Application Pool impacting other farms. Disadvantages · Additional farms to manage. · The environment is limited to a single My Site farm. If more than one My Site farm is Excel Access Default group Farm C—Content Farm Farm D—Content Farm Farm E—Content Farm Farm F—Content Farm required, multiple User Profile Service Services Services IIS Web Site— IIS Web Site— IIS Web Site— IIS Web Site— applications must be incorporated and the “SharePoint Web Services” “SharePoint Web Services” “SharePoint Web Services” “SharePoint Web Services” User Profile Replication Engine can be set up to replicate the user profile properties Word Work Application Pool Application Pool Application Pool Application Pool that are necessary for social features. Automation Management Application Pool Default group Default group Default group Default group Excel Access Excel Access Excel Access Excel Access Web Application—My Sites Services Services Services Services Services Services Services Services Visio App Graphics Management http://my Word Work Word Work Word Work Word Work Application Pool Application Pool Application Pool Automation Management Application Pool Automation Management Automation Management Automation Management Secure Store http://my/personal/<user> Service Web Application—Team Sites and Web Application—Team Sites and Web Application—Team Sites and Web Application—Team Sites and community sites community sites community sites App community sites Visio App Visio App Visio App Visio Graphics Management Graphics Management Graphics Management Graphics Management © 2012 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. To send feedback about this documentation, please write to us at ITSPdocs@microsoft.com.