Cyrus D. Verastigue Taekwon-Do • is a Korean martial art and the national sport of South Korea. • In Korean, tae means "to strike or break with foot"; kwon means "to strike or break with fist"; and do means "way," "method," or "art." • Thus, taekwon-do may be loosely translated as "the art of the foot and fist" or "the art of kicking and punching." • Some Korean terms: Jireugi - Punch Maki – Block Chariot - Attention Kyong Ne - Bow Choonbi - Ready Shijak - Start (to commence fighting at a tournament) Kooman - Stop Kallyo - Separate (no grappling in Taekwondo tournaments!) Kyesok – Continue Sogi - Stance Ap Sogi - Walking Stance Joochum Sogi - Horse Back (Sitting) Stance Moa Sogi - Close Stance Chariot Sogi - Attention Stance Choonbi Sogi - Ready Stance • Counting in Korean: 1 – Hana 4 – Net 7 – Ilkop 2 – Dool 5 – Dasot 8 – Yodol 10 - Yol 3 - Set 6 – Yasot 9 - Ahop
White Belt • Tae Kwon Do, the white belt signifies the beginning of day, and innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Tae Kwon Do. • Patterns: Saju Jirugi Saju Makgi Chon-ji CHON- JI - means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth. Stance: Parallel Ready Stance (Naranhi Choonbi Sogi) Movements: 19 SAJU JIRUGI - means four direction punch, literally. Ready Posture: Naranhi Choonbi Sogi Movements: 14 SAJU MAKGI - means four direction block Ready Posture: Naranhi Choonbi Sogi Movements: 16Yellow Belt (including 2nd degree) • The yellow belt signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root, as the Tae Kwon Do foundation is being laid. Your yellow belt is a symbol that you have truly begun the path that leads to the black belt. • Patterns: Dan-gun Do-san DAN-GUN - is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.. Ready Posture: Naranhi Choonbi Sogi Movements: 21 DO-SAN - is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement. Ready Posture: Naranhi Choonbi Sogi Movements: 24
Green Belt (including 2nd degree) • Signifies the plants growth as the Taekwondo skill begins to develop. • Patterns: Won-hyo Yul-gok WON-HYO - was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686. Ready Posture: Closed Ready Stance A (Moa Choonbi Sogi) Movements: 28 YUL-GOK - is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea" The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents "scholar". Ready Posture: Naranhi Choonbi Sogi Movements: 38Blue Belt (including 2nd degree) • Signifies the Heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses. • Patterns: Joong-gun Toi-gye JOONG-GUN - is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea- Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahns age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison. Ready Posture: Moa Choonbi Sogi B Movements: 32 TOI-GYE - is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo- Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents "scholar". . Ready Posture: Moa Choonbi Sogi B Movements: 37
Red Belt (including 2nd degree) • Signifies Danger, cautioning the the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away. • Patterns: Hwa-rang Choong-moo HWA-RANG - is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity. Ready Posture: Moa Choonbi Sogi C Movements: 29 CHOONG-MOO - was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality, checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. Ready Posture: Naranhi Choonbi Sogi Movements: 30 ____________________________________________________________ o About the Founder: Choi Hong Hi (9 November 1918 – 15 June 2002), also known as General Choi, was a South Korean army general and martial artist who is a controversial figure in the history of the Korean martial art of taekwon-do. Choi is widely regarded as the Founder of Taekwondo—most often by International Taekwon- Do Federation organizations.