G&P - Chapter 10 - Info & TechPresentation Transcript
Ch. 10 Information of Technology
World Technology Access Television and Radio… Nearly 2 billion TV sets and 3 billion radio receivers are in the Global South Can powerfully affect even the illiterate through shortwave radio such as the BBC Some networks unite entire cultures, such as the Arabic Al-Jazeera
Pros of Global Media -Educates the world in Politics (everyone has roughly an equal chance of knowing what is going on) -Broadens views and opinions - Helps us gather data, as McNamara says -People can now find out just about anything via internet/ satellite television/radio
Cons of Global Media Under education- creates stereotypes caused by “media image” People may be undereducated and cannot fully understand print news Creates bandwagon affect Media sources can be biased and can be controlled in certain areas; the media can “hide” the full truth.
TIR in Relation to Politics Telephone, Internet, and Radio has changed tremendously since the early 1900s. Which today is the most important? Why? The numbers of those looking/using internet since 1995 has increased tremendously Cell phone use has boomed – usage of minutes has quadrupled from the early 90’s to 2000’s.
The Digital Divide Though the South is gaining tech, it isn’t nearly fast enough to keep up with the North Almost no computer access – too expensive The difference in access to information technology between the two is referred to as “The Digital Divide.” Some activists hope to close the North-South gap by closing the Digital Divide:
“Hole-in-the-wall” Experiment Activists are trying to use internet to help build up Global South For instance, one entrepreneur put a computer on an extremely poor street in India. Local children rapidly taught themselves how to use it.
Information: A tool for the Government As we have been repeatedly told, information is one of the most important assets a government can have. Interconnected government information makes dealing with transnational criminals substantially easier - drug lords, terrorists, etc. Governments can now easily handle huge amounts of information, storing it for specific needs.
Cont. Additionally, State Government can no longer hide info from each other because of the internet and technology For the USA, there is now the ability to monitor faxes, calls, radio conversations and data transmissions in foreign States. Satellite technology allows monitoring of the entire globe, and even a states own citizens:
Information: A tool against the Government Google Earth Attacks (Mumbai 2008) People can protest and attempt to overthrow the Gov. using technology. Ex. The 2001 Philippines Rebellion through text messages. Another example is TV coverage of the Vietnam War The increasing power of technology means the Government is having a harder time holding information back. Collective good problem becomes more manageable because cheaters can be identified.
Censorship and Information Control Some states resort to censorship of their internet access. The main one that people think of is China. Rumored to have over 30,000 internet police. Dissident comments are removed in minutes Amnesty International says that China “has the largest recorded number of imprisoned journalists and cyber-dissidents in the world.”
Transnational Communities Telecommunications is slowly beginning to decrease the power of nationalism and increasing belief in ideals that transcend borders (the identity principle at work!) You not only identify with your state but other aspects of other states. Tourism builds up transnational communities. People who travel understand and develop a deeper connection; as opposed to soaking in biased views from news.
Global Cultures Information revolution brings transparency to states actions. What is the result of this? Telecommunications is helping to create transnational communities. Importance of sports in the international system? What is cultural imperialism?