G&P - Chapter 10 - Info & Tech


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G&P - Chapter 10 - Info & Tech

  1. 1. Ch. 10<br />Information of Technology<br />
  2. 2. World Technology Access<br /> Television and Radio…<br />Nearly 2 billion TV sets and 3 billion radio receivers are in the Global South<br />Can powerfully affect even the illiterate through shortwave radio such as the BBC<br />Some networks unite entire cultures, such as the Arabic Al-Jazeera<br />
  3. 3. Pros of Global Media<br />-Educates the world in Politics (everyone has roughly an equal chance of knowing what is going on)<br />-Broadens views and opinions<br />- Helps us gather data, as McNamara says<br />-People can now find out just about anything via internet/ satellite television/radio <br />
  4. 4. Cons of Global Media<br />Under education- creates stereotypes caused by “media image”<br />People may be undereducated and cannot fully understand print news<br />Creates bandwagon affect<br />Media sources can be biased and can be controlled in certain areas; the media can “hide” the full truth.<br />
  5. 5. TIR in Relation to Politics<br />Telephone, Internet, and Radio has changed tremendously since the early 1900s. Which today is the most important? Why?<br />The numbers of those looking/using internet since 1995 has increased tremendously<br />Cell phone use has boomed – usage of minutes has quadrupled from the early 90’s to 2000’s.<br />
  6. 6. The Digital Divide<br />Though the South is gaining tech, it isn’t nearly fast enough to keep up with the North<br />Almost no computer access – too expensive<br />The difference in access to information technology between the two is referred to as “The Digital Divide.”<br />Some activists hope to close the North-South gap by closing the Digital Divide: <br />
  7. 7. “Hole-in-the-wall” Experiment<br />Activists are trying to use internet to help build up Global South<br /> For instance, one entrepreneur put a computer on an extremely poor street in India. Local children rapidly taught themselves how to use it. <br />
  8. 8. Information: A tool for the Government<br />As we have been repeatedly told, information is one of the most important assets a government can have.<br />Interconnected government information makes dealing with transnational criminals substantially easier - drug lords, terrorists, etc.<br />Governments can now easily handle huge amounts of information, storing it for specific needs.<br />
  9. 9. Cont.<br />Additionally, State Government can no longer hide info from each other because of the internet and technology<br />For the USA, there is now the ability to monitor faxes, calls, radio conversations and data transmissions in foreign States.<br />Satellite technology allows monitoring of the entire globe, and even a states own citizens:<br />
  10. 10. Information: A tool against the Government<br />Google Earth Attacks (Mumbai 2008)<br />People can protest and attempt to overthrow the Gov. using technology. <br />Ex. The 2001 Philippines Rebellion through text messages.<br />Another example is TV coverage of the Vietnam War<br />The increasing power of technology means the Government is having a harder time holding information back.<br />Collective good problem becomes more manageable because cheaters can be identified.<br />
  11. 11. Censorship and Information Control<br />Some states resort to censorship of their internet access. The main one that people think of is China.<br />Rumored to have over 30,000 internet police.<br />Dissident comments are removed in minutes<br />Amnesty International says that China “has the largest recorded number of imprisoned journalists and cyber-dissidents in the world.”<br />
  12. 12. Transnational Communities<br />Telecommunications is slowly beginning to decrease the power of nationalism and increasing belief in ideals that transcend borders (the identity principle at work!)<br />You not only identify with your state but other aspects of other states.<br />Tourism builds up transnational communities.<br />People who travel understand and develop a deeper connection; as opposed to soaking in biased views from news.<br />
  13. 13. Global Cultures<br />Information revolution brings transparency to states actions. What is the result of this?<br />Telecommunications is helping to create transnational communities.<br />Importance of sports in the international system?<br />What is cultural imperialism? <br />