同位语从句

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英语同位语从句

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同位语从句

  1. 1. 同位语FLASH 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  2. 2. 同位语同位语appositive 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  3. 3. 同位语 同位语种类 : 有限制性和非限制性两种 1.[ 限制性同位语 ] 与前面的词的联系比较紧密 , 中间不能停顿 We teachers should be responsible for it. The book was written by the Russian novelist Turgenev. ( 屠格涅夫 ) 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  4. 4. 同位语 同位语种类 : 有限制性和非限制性两种 1.[ 非限制性同位语 ] 与前面的词的关系比较松散 ,之间常有一逗号隔开 < 表示略有停顿 > They are going to visit Tsingtao, a summer resot in northern China. ( 中国北方的避暑胜地 ) People, old and young, took to the streets to watch the parade. ( 观看游行 ) 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  5. 5. 同位语 用名词、代词、数词作同位语: This is my friend Harry. We both come from Hunan. We none of us said nothing. 我们谁也没说什么 You may leave it to us two. 你可把这事交给我们两个人 You three take these seats. 你们三个人坐这里 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  6. 6. 同位语 用形容词或词组作同位语 : People, old and young, took to the streets to watch the parade. 老老少少的人都走上街头来观看游行 The children like the animals , particularly the monkeys. 孩子们都喜欢那些动物,特别是猴子 I want very much to see these films , especially the one you mentioned. 我很想看这些电影,特别是你提到的那部 Mr Lin, our maths teacher, is a charming teacher. 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  7. 7. 同位语 用形容词或词组作同位语 : Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were on a trip to Canada to visit their cousins in Montreal on the Atlantic coast. Their friend, Danny Lin, was waiting at the airpot. He was going to take them and their baggage to catch "The True North", the cross-Canada train. Here in Vancouver has some of some of the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world. 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  8. 8. 同位语 句子作同位语 :C om e on! 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  9. 9. 同位语从句 同位语从句appositive clause 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  10. 10. 同位语从句 1. 概 在主从复合句中,用作同位语的从句,叫同位语从 念: 句。它一般跟在某些名词的后面。 < 作名词的同位语 > The Noun Clause can be used as an appositive in a sentence. e.g. The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting. 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  11. 11. 同位语从句 2. 功 [ 同位语从句 ] 对名词作出进一步解释,说明 能: 名词的具体内容 e.g. The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting. 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  12. 12. 同位语从句 1. 叫学生在课文中找出 : The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting. Some people have the idea that you can cross Canada in less than five days, but they forget the fact that Canada is 5,500 kilometres from coast to coast. The girls were surprised at the fact that ocean ships can sail up the Great Lakes. 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  13. 13. 同位语从句 3. 种(1) 由 that 引导的同位语从句 , 此处 that 只是个引导 类: 词 , 无意义 , 也不作任何成份 We were very excited at the news that our team had won.• I received a message that she would be late. Henry Adams made a promise that he would not open the letter until 2 o’clock. 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  14. 14. 同位语从句 3. 种(2) 由 whether 引导的同位语从句 , whether 的意思“是否”, 类: 但不作句子成份 We are not going to discuss the problem whether grass will be planted in the playground. 操场是否种草这个问题我们不打算讨论There is some doubt whether he will come.有点怀疑他是否会来。 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  15. 15. 同位语从句 3. 种(3) 由 what, who 等连接代词引导的同位语从句 类: Next comes the question what you want to put in the box. 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  16. 16. 同位语从句 3. 种(4) 由 when,where,how,why 等连接副词引导的同位语从句 类: I have no idea when he will be back. He refuses to answer the question how he became rich.• You have no idea how worried I was! 你不知 道我多着急• He had no idea why she left. 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  17. 17. 同位语从句 区别: [ 同位语从句 ]VS[ 定语从句 ]• 定语从句是从句对其先行词的修饰或限制 , 属于形容词 性从句的范畴 ; 而同位语从句是从句对前面抽象名词的 进一步的说明和解释 , 属于名词性从句的范畴,如 :• The news that our team has won the game was true.• 我们队赢了那场比赛的消息是真的。• ( 同位语从句 , 补充说明 news 到底是一个什么消息 )• The news that he told me yesterday was true.• 昨天他告诉我的那个消息是真的。• ( 定语从句 , news 在从句中作 told 的宾语 ) 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  18. 18. 同位语从句• The order that we should send a few people to help the other groups was received yesterday.• 我们应派几个人去帮别的几个小组的命令昨天收 到了。• ( 同位语从句 , 是对 order 的具体解释 , that 虽不作 成分 , 但不能省略 )• The order that we received yesterday was that we should send a few people to help the other groups.• 我们昨天收到的命令是我们应该派几个人去帮助 别的几个小组。• ( 定语从句 , 是名词 order 的修饰语 , that 在从句中 作 received 的宾语 , 可以省略 ) 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  19. 19. 同位语从句• 常跟的抽象名词有 :• 同位语从句前面的名词只能是 idea, fact, news, hope, belief, suggestion, proposal, word, thought, doubt, truth, possibility, promise, order 等有一定内涵的名词,而定 语从句的先行词可以是名词 , 代词 , 主句的 一部分或是整个主句。 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  20. 20. 同位语从句同位语从句与前面的名词是同位关系,即说明它前面名词的内容;定语从句与前面的名词是修饰与修饰的关系,即限定它前面的名词范围,或补充说明。 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  21. 21. 同位语从句 引导同位语从句的 that 是从属连词,在从句中不充当任何成分、通常不能省略;而引导定语从句的 that 是关系代词,除起连接作用外,还在从句中充当主语、宾语或表语等。当 that 充当宾语从句的宾语时可省略 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院
  22. 22. 同位语从句• Do you have any idea_____is going on in the classroom?• A. that B.what C.as D.which 王波 江西师范大学外国语学院

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